The Anthropology major is designed to give students exposure to the four main fields of anthropology:

  1. Cultural Anthropology, which focuses on living cultures and their social relationships.
  2. Physical or Biological Anthropology, which is the comparative study of human variation and evolution.
  3. Archaeology, which studies the material remains of past cultures.
  4. Linguistics, the study of human languages.

Students gain a rich perspective on both the universal threads that bind humans together and the rich tapestry of global cultural diversity. Students with a major in anthropology leave Marquette with great chances of admission to graduate and professional schools. Others pursue careers in education, public health, international business, archaeology, human rights work, historic preservation and more.

Cultural Anthropology and Linguistics Courses:
ANTH 2101Cultural Anthropology3
ANTH 2203Human Geography3
ANTH 2301Language and Culture3
ANTH 3100Urban Anthropology3
ANTH 3312Anthropology of Religion3
ANTH 3330Gender and Sexuality in Cross-Cultural Perspective3
ANTH 3350Native Peoples of North America3
ANTH 3360People and Cultures of the Middle East3
ANTH 4316Culture Change and Development3
ANTH 4320Culture, Law and Violence3
Physical Anthropology Courses:
ANTH 1201Introduction to Biological Anthropology3
ANTH 2201Human Evolutionary Process3
ANTH 3153Demography3
ANTH 4247Bioarchaeology: Linking Bones and Behavior3
ANTH 4251Human Osteology and Odontology3
ANTH 4252Origins of the Human Species3
ANTH 4253Forensic Anthropology3
ANTH 4255Sex and Evolution3
Archaeology Courses:
ANTH 2401Archaeology and Prehistoric Cultures3
ANTH 2501Science, Myth and Fraud3
ANTH 3250Prehistory of North America3
ANTH 3543Archaeology of Ancient Egypt3
ANTH 3546Archaeology in Action: Ethnographic and Experimental Approaches3
ANTH 4144The Rise of Agriculture3
ANTH 4245Archaeology of Complex Societies3
ANTH 4247Bioarchaeology: Linking Bones and Behavior3
ANTH 4964Archaeological Fieldwork3


  • ANTH 4986 Advanced Internship in Anthropology may not be counted toward the major or minor in Anthropology.

Major in Anthropology

The major in anthropology consists of six required courses (18 credit hours) and four elective courses (12 credit hours) for a total of 30 credit hours as listed below. Three of the electives must be upper-division. The major also requires 6 credit hours of social science from one or more of the following programs: Criminology and Law Studies, Economics, Political Science, Psychology, Social Welfare and Justice or Sociology.

Required Courses:
ANTH 1001Being Human3
ANTH 2101Cultural Anthropology3
ANTH 2201Human Evolutionary Process3
ANTH 2401Archaeology and Prehistoric Cultures3
ANTH 3100Urban Anthropology3
ANTH 4997Capstone: Theory and Practice in Anthropology3
Elective Courses: Choose four ANTH courses, three of which must be upper division.*12
Up to two of the following courses may be counted as electives:
Culture, Health and Illness
Arabs and Muslims in Global Context
Global Aid and Humanitarianism
Total Credit Hours:30

Additional Social Science Requirements:

Two courses from one or more of the following areas: CRLS, ECON, POSC, PSYC, SOWJ, SOCI6
Total Credit Hours:6


  • *Electives: Up to two of SOCI 3500 Culture, Health and IllnessSOWJ 3450 Arabs and Muslims in Global Context  or  SOWJ 4700 Global Aid and Humanitarianism can count as electives in the ANTH major.
  • Students wishing to complete double majors in ANTH, SOWJ or SOCI must complete the requirements for both majors. Two courses that are accepted by both majors (see the list of approved courses within each major's bulletin section) may double count for both majors, for a total of 54 credit hours.

Minor in Anthropology

The minor in anthropology consists of 18 credit hours, including one required introductory anthropology course (3 credit hours) and five courses of electives (15 credit hours).

Required Course:
ANTH 1001Being Human3
*Elective Courses - Choose five of the following15
Anthropology Courses OR one of the SOWJ or SOCI courses listed below:
Culture, Health and Illness
Arabs and Muslims in Global Context
Global Aid and Humanitarianism
Total Credit Hours:18


ANTH 1001. Being Human. 3 cr. hrs.

Introduction to four fields of anthropology (sociocultural anthropology, linguistic, biological, and archaeological anthropology). Emphasizes continuities and differences across human communities in different time periods and geographic origins, and develops anthropological methods for dismantling ethnocentrism and racism.

ANTH 1201. Introduction to Biological Anthropology. 3 cr. hrs.

The evolution of humans and history of evolutionary concepts. Evolutionary process documented in genetic principles, primate behavior, human ancestors and ongoing evolution in the human species.

ANTH 2101. Cultural Anthropology. 3 cr. hrs.

Traditional and contemporary approaches to ethnographic fieldwork are reviewed as bases for cultural study, and innovation in method and theory. Provides grounding in undertaking the anthropological study of universal human challenges such as meeting subsistence needs, resolving conflict, organizing kin groups, navigating illness and coping with change.

ANTH 2201. Human Evolutionary Process. 3 cr. hrs.

Darwinian models of evolutionary process. Critiques of the Darwinian model with reference to macroevolutionary process in the order Primates and microevolutionary events in the species sapiens.

ANTH 2203. Human Geography. 3 cr. hrs.

Description and world distribution of landscapes with (1) an analysis of past and present interplay among land forms, biota, and human activity; (2) an investigation into the manner in which culture is both restricted and stimulated by different habitats; and (3) a critique of the ecological problems resulting from modifying the landscape. Fulfills geography requirement for social studies teaching certification.

ANTH 2301. Language and Culture. 3 cr. hrs.

The role of language in human life. Comparative linguistic analysis. Interdependence of language and culture.

ANTH 2401. Archaeology and Prehistoric Cultures. 3 cr. hrs.

Fundamentals of archaeology, the study of past cultures through their material remains. Focuses on methods used to identify, date, interpret and conserve archaeological data. Discussion of how theory, historical developments, contemporary issues and ethical concerns shape fieldwork, laboratory analyses and cultural reconstructions.

ANTH 2501. Science, Myth and Fraud. 3 cr. hrs.

Using the tools of scientific inquiry, critical reasoning, and multicultural understanding, surveys a variety of historic and modern misconceptions about past cultures. Includes how to assess claims about the past, using archeological data and interpretative tools; and apply these new standards to gain appreciation for some truly exciting recent archeological discoveries. Prereq: ANTH 1001 or cons. of instr.

ANTH 3100. Urban Anthropology. 3 cr. hrs.

Invites students to practice diverse anthropological research methods in Milwaukee (like visual anthropology, material culture analysis), emphasizing the ways in which urban culture and community produce unique configurations of work, play, health, economics and solidarity. Prereq: ANTH 1001 or ANTH 2101 recommended.

ANTH 3153. Demography. 3 cr. hrs.

Methods of analyzing population structure in small-scale societies, including studies of mortality and fertility patterns in bio-social and environmental contexts. Prereq: ANTH 1001.

ANTH 3250. Prehistory of North America. 3 cr. hrs.

Archaeology of North America, including Mexico, from earliest migrations to European contact; background for historic Indian peoples. Archaeological methods and controversies. ANTH 3201 recommended.

ANTH 3312. Anthropology of Religion. 3 cr. hrs.

Cross-cultural perspective on religion in human societies. Examples from Western and non-Western societies, rituals, healing, revitalization, role of religion.

ANTH 3330. Gender and Sexuality in Cross-Cultural Perspective. 3 cr. hrs.

Examination of gender and sexuality in selected societies around the world, including contemporary American society. The effects of race, ethnicity, class and other forms of vulnerability as they intersect with gender roles and gender oppression.

ANTH 3350. Native Peoples of North America. 3 cr. hrs.

Ethnology of native peoples of North America: culture areas, major cultural patterns, history, and present conditions. Importance of American Indian studies to anthropological theory.

ANTH 3360. People and Cultures of the Middle East. 3 cr. hrs.

Explores the variety of Middle Eastern cultures with reference to topics of central concern to cultural anthropology: environment, economics, social structure, political systems, religion, and culture change. Nomadic, rural agricultural, and urban groups are discussed. Recommended: ANTH 1001 or ANTH 2101.

ANTH 3543. Archaeology of Ancient Egypt. 3 cr. hrs.

The archaeological and historic record is used to provide a survey of ancient Egyptian socio-cultural development. Emphasis is given to the interaction of economic, political and religious forces involved in state formation. The development of religious belief in Egypt is studied through surveys of iconography and an introduction to reading hieroglyphs. ANTH 1001 or cons. of instr.

ANTH 3546. Archaeology in Action: Ethnographic and Experimental Approaches. 3 cr. hrs.

Introduces students to the theories and methods of ethnoarchaeology: how archaeologists understand material culture patterns and cultural content through the study of living groups. Case studies highlight the historical development of the field and the variety of approaches that are used. Prereq: ANTH 2401 recommended.

ANTH 3986. Internship in Anthropology. 3 cr. hrs.

Field experience in a community social service agency for the purpose of furthering the student's integration of theory and practice in a professional setting. Placement is for a minimum of 140 hours per term under the supervision of agency personnel, and includes a weekly seminar with the internship coordinator. S/U grade assessment. Limited enrollment. Prereq: Sr. stndg., ANTH major, and cons. of internship coordinator.

ANTH 4144. The Rise of Agriculture. 3 cr. hrs.

Process and variation in the development of farming and herding societies. Archaeological record pertaining to domestication of plants and animals in North and South America, Near East, Africa and East Asia. Prereq: ANTH 1001.

ANTH 4245. Archaeology of Complex Societies. 3 cr. hrs.

Patterns of processes involved in the development of complex social systems. Archaeological records of state formation and urbanization in Egypt, Mesopotamia and Mesoamerica. Prereq: ANTH 1001.

ANTH 4247. Bioarchaeology: Linking Bones and Behavior. 3 cr. hrs.

Reconstruct patterns of human behavior from integrated biological data sets. Archaeological evidence drawn from human skeletal, plant and faunal remains. Addresses questions of nutrition, pathology, occupation and mortuary ritual. Prereq: ANTH 1001 or ANTH 1201.

ANTH 4251. Human Osteology and Odontology. 3 cr. hrs.

The anatomy of the skeleton and teeth. Methods of analysis of biological dynamics of past populations including reconstruction of population structure and patterns of disease. Prereq: ANTH 2201.

ANTH 4252. Origins of the Human Species. 3 cr. hrs.

The biological past of the species sapiens. The biological legacy of the non-human primate past and the fossils which exemplify the evolutionary trends of our species. Prereq: ANTH 2201.

ANTH 4253. Forensic Anthropology. 3 cr. hrs.

Survey of the applications of human biology in criminalistics, including forensic applications of skeletal analysis, dermatoglyphics, DNA and hair. Studies methods of handling and analyzing these evidentiary materials, as well as the probative value eash has in the criminal justice system. Special emphasis on the methods of personal identification. Reviews case studies of mass disasters, human rights abuses and homicides to demonstrate the utility of techniques taught in the course. Prereq: ANTH 1001.

ANTH 4255. Sex and Evolution. 3 cr. hrs.

The evolutionary significance of sex. Mechanisms of reproduction and sexual reproduction as a source of variation. Reproductive anatomy, sexual strategies and adaptation as well as sexual selection in the order Primates. Prereq: ANTH 2201.

ANTH 4316. Culture Change and Development. 3 cr. hrs.

Societal changes analyzed from holistic anthropological perspective. Recognizing factors of long-term cultural change; modernization of the West and Third World countries; ecological and social problems related to development in the contemporary world. Prereq: Recommended: ANTH 1001 and ANTH 2101.

ANTH 4320. Culture, Law and Violence. 3 cr. hrs.

Compares legal cultures around the globe with respect to the state's use of violence to intervene in violence. Case studies include domestic violence, sexual assault and incarceration. Focuses on theories and field methods for researching legal sites. Prereq: ANTH 1001, CRLS 1001, SOCI 1001 or SOWJ 1001.

ANTH 4420. Refugees and Migration. 3 cr. hrs.

Examines the figure of the refugee in anthropological studies, forces contributing to migration and the ways in which displacement shapes the refugee life course. Familiarizes students with institutional approaches to refugee-related interventions and the challenges and ethics of migration.

ANTH 4931. Topics in Anthropology. 3 cr. hrs.

Lectures and discussions in an area which, because of its topicality, is not the subject of a regular course. The special topics will be designated in the Schedule of Classes.

ANTH 4964. Archaeological Fieldwork. 3 cr. hrs.

An introduction to methods used in the excavation and analysis of prehistoric sites. Surveying techniques, stratigraphy, analyses of soils and landforms, analytical fundamentals of prehistoric material remains. Summer term offering only. Prereq: ANTH 2401 and SOCI 2060 or equiv.

ANTH 4986. Advanced Internship in Anthropology. 3 cr. hrs.

Continuation of the internship experience (ANTH 3986). Placement is for a minimum of 140 hours per term of supervised practice at the same agency as the previous term and includes a weekly seminar with the internship coordinator. Credits earned cannot be counted toward the major. S/U grade assessment. Limited enrollment. Prereq: Sr. stndg., ANTH 3986, and cons. of internship coordinator.

ANTH 4995. Independent Study in Anthropology. 1-3 cr. hrs.

Faculty-supervised, independent study/research of a specific area or topic in anthropology. Prereq: Cons. of dept. ch.

ANTH 4997. Capstone: Theory and Practice in Anthropology. 3 cr. hrs.

Project-based course in which students develop an original anthropological research project, exploring theories and methods from different anthropological perspectives. Prereq: Sr. stndg and twelve credit hours of course work in Anthropology.

ANTH 4999. Senior Thesis. 1-3 cr. hrs.

For majors in Anthropology. Research project and paper prepared under faculty supervision. Strongly recommended for students planning to enter graduate programs. Prereq: Sr. stndg. and cons. of dept. ch.