The Anthropology major is designed to give students exposure to the four main fields of anthropology:

  1. Cultural Anthropology, which focuses on living cultures and their social relationships.
  2. Physical or Biological Anthropology, which is the comparative study of human variation and evolution.
  3. Archaeology, which studies the material remains of past cultures.
  4. Linguistics, the study of human languages.

Students gain a rich perspective on both the universal threads that bind humans together and the rich tapestry of global cultural diversity. Students with a major in anthropology leave Marquette with great chances of admission to graduate and professional schools. Others pursue careers in education, public health, international business, archaeology, human rights work, historic preservation and more.

Cultural Anthropology and Linguistics Courses:
ANTH 2101Cultural Anthropology3
ANTH 2203Human Geography3
ANTH 2301Language and Culture3
ANTH 3100Urban Anthropology3
ANTH 3101Economic Anthropology3
ANTH 3312Anthropology of Religion3
ANTH 3330Women and Men in Cross-Cultural Perspective3
ANTH 3350Native Peoples of North America3
ANTH 3360People and Cultures of the Middle East3
ANTH 4316Culture Change and Development3
ANTH 4320Culture, Law and Violence3
Physical Anthropology Courses:
ANTH 1201Introduction to Biological Anthropology3
ANTH 2201Human Evolutionary Process3
ANTH 3153Demography3
ANTH 4247Bioarchaeology: Linking Bones and Behavior3
ANTH 4251Human Osteology and Odontology3
ANTH 4252Origins of the Human Species3
ANTH 4253Forensic Anthropology3
ANTH 4255Sex and Evolution3
Archeology Courses:
ANTH 2501Buried Cities and Lost Tribes3
ANTH 3201Archaeology and Prehistoric Cultures3
ANTH 3242Prehistory of South America3
ANTH 3250Prehistory of North America3
ANTH 3543Archeology of Ancient Egypt3
ANTH 3546Archaeology in Action: Ethnographic and Experimental Approaches3
ANTH 4144The Rise of Agriculture3
ANTH 4245Archaeology of Complex Societies3
ANTH 4964Archaeological Fieldwork3


  • ANTH 4986 Advanced Internship in Anthropology may not be counted toward the major or minor in Anthropology.

Major in Anthropology

The major in anthropology consists of five required courses (15 credit hours) and five elective courses (15 credit hours) for a total of 30 credit hours as listed below. Four of the electives must be upper-division. The major also requires 6 credit hours of social science from one or more of the following programs: Criminology and Law Studies, Economics, Political Science, Psychology, Social Welfare and Justice or Sociology.

Required Courses:
ANTH 1001Being Human3
ANTH 2101Cultural Anthropology3
ANTH 2201Human Evolutionary Process3
ANTH 3201Archaeology and Prehistoric Cultures3
ANTH 4997Capstone: Theory and Practice in Anthropology3
* Elective Courses: Choose five ANTH courses, four of which must be upper division.15
Up to two of the following courses may be counted as electives:
Culture, Health and Illness
Arabs and Muslims in Global Context
Global Aid and Humanitarianism
Total Credit Hours30

Additional Social Science Requirements:

Two courses from one or more of the following areas: CRLS, ECON, POSC, PSYC, SOWJ, SOCI6
Total Credit Hours6


  • *Electives: Up to two of SOCI 3500 Culture, Health and IllnessSOWJ 3450 Arabs and Muslims in Global Context  or  SOWJ 4700 Global Aid and Humanitarianism can count as electives in the ANTH major.
  • Students wishing to complete double majors in ANTH, SOWJ or SOCI must complete the requirements for both majors. Two courses that are accepted by both majors (see the list of approved courses within each major's bulletin section) may double count for both majors, for a total of 54 credit hours.

Minor in Anthropology

The minor in anthropology consists of 18 credit hours, including one required introductory anthropology course (3 credit hours) and five courses of electives (15 credit hours).

Required Course:
ANTH 1001Being Human3
*Elective Courses - Choose five of the following15
Anthropology Courses OR one of the SOWJ or SOCI courses listed below:
Culture, Health and Illness
Arabs and Muslims in Global Context
Global Aid and Humanitarianism
Total Credit Hours18


ANTH 1001. Being Human. 3 cr. hrs.

Introduction to the methods and theoretical questions that define the four fields of anthropology: sociocultural anthropology, linguistics, biological anthropology and archaeology. Cross-cultural comparisons across time and geographic areas illustrate the global diversity of cultural ideas and actions. Focuses on developing the ability to understand one's own culture in relation to this diversity, in order to encourage informed and ethical engagement with diverse groups in ways that foster inclusion and equity.

ANTH 1201. Introduction to Biological Anthropology. 3 cr. hrs.

The evolution of humans and history of evolutionary concepts. Evolutionary process documented in genetic principles, primate behavior, human ancestors and ongoing evolution in the human species.

ANTH 2101. Cultural Anthropology. 3 cr. hrs.

Fundamentals of ethnology, the comparative study of cultures, through a survey of anthropological community studies that represent a variety of world areas. Examines localized responses to universal human challenges such as meeting subsistence needs, resolving conflict, and coping with change. Traditional approaches to ethnographic fieldwork are reviewed as basis for considering innovations in method and theory.

ANTH 2201. Human Evolutionary Process. 3 cr. hrs.

Darwinian models of evolutionary process. Critiques of the Darwinian model with reference to macroevolutionary process in the order Primates and microevolutionary events in the species sapiens.

ANTH 2203. Human Geography. 3 cr. hrs.

Description and world distribution of landscapes with (1) an analysis of past and present interplay among land forms, biota, and human activity; (2) an investigation into the manner in which culture is both restricted and stimulated by different habitats; and (3) a critique of the ecological problems resulting from modifying the landscape. Fulfills geography requirement for social studies teaching certification.

ANTH 2301. Language and Culture. 3 cr. hrs.

The role of language in human life. Comparative linguistic analysis. Interdependence of language and culture.

ANTH 2501. Buried Cities and Lost Tribes. 3 cr. hrs.

Using the tools of scientific inquiry, critical reasoning, and multicultural understanding, surveys a variety of historic and modern misconceptions about past cultures. Includes how to assess claims about the past, using archeological data and interpretative tools; and apply these new standards to gain appreciation for some truly exciting recent archeological discoveries. Prereq: ANTH 1001 or consent of instructor.

ANTH 3100. Urban Anthropology. 3 cr. hrs.

The anthropological analysis of social and cultural institutions in contemporary, pluralistic, industrial based, urban societies. The course emphasizes the contribution made to understanding such societies by use of the traditional analytic techniques developed by anthropologists for studying the institutions of simpler, smaller communities, techniques that complement those used by other social sciences. Recommended: ANTH 1001 or ANTH 2101.

ANTH 3101. Economic Anthropology. 3 cr. hrs.

The distributive aspects of nonliterate societies. Inter-relations of distribution with productive organization, division of labor, etc. Consideration of the problem and strategies of economic development. ANTH 1001 recommended.

ANTH 3153. Demography. 3 cr. hrs.

Methods of analyzing population structure in small-scale societies, including studies of mortality and fertility patterns in bio-social and environmental contexts. Prereq: ANTH 1001.

ANTH 3201. Archaeology and Prehistoric Cultures. 3 cr. hrs.

Fundamentals of archaeology, the study of past cultures through their material remains. Focuses on methods used to identify, date, interpret and conserve archaeological data. Discussion of how theory, historical developments, contemporary issues and ethical concerns shape fieldwork, laboratory analyses and cultural reconstructions.

ANTH 3242. Prehistory of South America. 3 cr. hrs.

Primitive and civilized peoples of ancient Middle and South America from Paleo-Indian period to Aztecs, Mayas, and Incas. Development of the great Indian nations and discussion of marginal areas. ANTH 3201 recommended.

ANTH 3250. Prehistory of North America. 3 cr. hrs.

Archaeology of North America, including Mexico, from earliest migrations to European contact; background for historic Indian peoples. Archaeological methods and controversies. ANTH 3201 recommended.

ANTH 3312. Anthropology of Religion. 3 cr. hrs.

Cross-cultural perspective on religion in human societies. Examples from Western and non-Western societies, rituals, healing, revitalization, role of religion.

ANTH 3330. Women and Men in Cross-Cultural Perspective. 3 cr. hrs.

Examination of roles and statuses of men and women, and of ideology of the nature of men and women, in selected societies around the world, including contemporary American society. The effects of political and economic conditions and policy initiatives on men and women.

ANTH 3350. Native Peoples of North America. 3 cr. hrs.

Ethnology of native peoples of North America: culture areas, major cultural patterns, history, and present conditions. Importance of American Indian studies to anthropological theory.

ANTH 3360. People and Cultures of the Middle East. 3 cr. hrs.

This course explores the variety of Middle Eastern cultures with reference to topics of central concern to cultural anthropology: environment, economics, social structure, political systems, religion, and culture change. Nomadic, rural agricultural, and urban groups are discussed. Recommended: ANTH 1001 or ANTH 2101.

ANTH 3543. Archeology of Ancient Egypt. 3 cr. hrs.

The archeological and historic record is used to provide a survey of ancient Egyptian socio-cultural development. Emphasis is given to the interaction of economic, political and religious forces involved in state formation. The development of religious belief in Egypt is studied through surveys of iconography and an introduction to reading hieroglyphs. ANTH 1001 or cons. of instr.

ANTH 3546. Archaeology in Action: Ethnographic and Experimental Approaches. 3 cr. hrs.

Introduces students to the theories and methods of ethnoarchaeology: how archaeologists understand material culture patterns and cultural content through the study of living groups. Case studies highlight the historical development of the field and the variety of approaches that are used. Recommended: ANTH 3201.

ANTH 3986. Internship in Anthropology. 3 cr. hrs.

Field experience in a community social service agency for the purpose of furthering the student's integration of theory and practise in a professional setting. Placement is for a minimum of 140 hours per semester under the supervision of agency personnel, and includes a weekly seminar with the internship coordinator. S/U grade assessment. Limited enrollment. Prereq: Sr. stndg., ANTH major, and cons. of internship coordinator.

ANTH 4144. The Rise of Agriculture. 3 cr. hrs.

Process and variation in the development of farming and herding societies. Archaeological record pertaining to domestication of plants and animals in North and South America, Near East, Africa, and East Asia. Prereq: ANTH 3201 or cons. of instr.

ANTH 4245. Archaeology of Complex Societies. 3 cr. hrs.

Patterns of processes involved in the development of complex social systems. Archaeological records of state formation and urbanization in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Mesoamerica. Prereq: ANTH 3201.

ANTH 4247. Bioarchaeology: Linking Bones and Behavior. 3 cr. hrs.

Reconstruct patterns of human behavior from integrated biological data sets. Archaeological evidence drawn from human skeletal, plant, and faunal remains. Address questions of nutrition, pathology, occupation, and mortuary ritual. Prereq: ANTH 3201 or cons. of instr.

ANTH 4251. Human Osteology and Odontology. 3 cr. hrs.

The anatomy of the skeleton and teeth. Methods of analysis of biological dynamics of past populations including reconstruction of population structure and patterns of disease. Prereq: ANTH 2201.

ANTH 4252. Origins of the Human Species. 3 cr. hrs.

The biological past of the species sapiens. The biological legacy of the non-human primate past and the fossils which exemplify the evolutionary trends of our species. Prereq: ANTH 2201.

ANTH 4253. Forensic Anthropology. 3 cr. hrs.

Survey of the applications of human biology in criminalistics, including forensic applications of skeletal analysis, dermatoglyphics, DNA and hair. Studies methods of handling and analyzing these evidentiary materials, as well as the probative value eash has in the criminal justice system. Special emphasis on the methods of personal identification. Reviews case studies of mass disasters, human rights abuses and homicides to demonstrate the utility of techniques taught in the course. Prereq: ANTH 1001.

ANTH 4255. Sex and Evolution. 3 cr. hrs.

The evolutionary significance of sex. Mechanisms of reproduction and sexual reproduction as a source of variation. Reproductive anatomy, sexual strategies and adaptation as well as sexual selection in the order Primates. Prereq: ANTH 2201.

ANTH 4316. Culture Change and Development. 3 cr. hrs.

Societal changes analyzed from holistic anthropological perspective. Recognizing factors of long-term cultural change; modernization of the West and Third World countries; ecological and social problems related to development in the contemporary world. Recommended: ANTH 1001 and ANTH 2101.

ANTH 4320. Culture, Law and Violence. 3 cr. hrs.

Explores domestic violence, sexual assault and the death penalty in different legal cultures across the globe. Focuses on how different cultures define and respond to violent crime as it relates to family, intimate partner violence and sexual assault. Includes discussion of cultural variations in the death penalty. Prereq: ANTH 1001, CRLS 1001, SOCI 1001, OR SOWJ 1001.

ANTH 4931. Topics in Anthropology. 3 cr. hrs.

Lectures and discussions in an area which, because of its topicality, is not the subject of a regular course. The special topics will be designated in the Schedule of Classes.

ANTH 4964. Archaeological Fieldwork. 3 cr. hrs.

An introduction to methods used in the excavation and analysis of prehistoric sites. Surveying techniques, stratigraphy, analyses of soils and landforms, analytical fundamentals of prehistoric material remains. Summer term offering only. Prereq: ANTH 3201 and SOCI 2060 or equiv.

ANTH 4986. Advanced Internship in Anthropology. 3 cr. hrs.

Continuation of the internship experience (ANTH 3986). Placement is for a minimum of 140 hours per semester of supervised practice at the same agency as the previous semester and includes a weekly seminar with the internship coordinator. Credits earned cannot be counted toward the major. S/U grade assessment. Limited enrollment. Prereq: Sr. stndg., ANTH 3986, and cons. of internship coordinator.

ANTH 4995. Independent Study in Anthropology. 1-3 cr. hrs.

Supervised study of a specific area or topic in anthropology. Prereq: Cons. of dept. ch.

ANTH 4997. Capstone: Theory and Practice in Anthropology. 3 cr. hrs.

Major theoretical concepts and issues of Anthropology from 19th century beginnings to present. An overview of the development of the science with study of key figures and critiques of current work. Prereq: Sr. stndg and twelve hours of course work in Anthropology.

ANTH 4999. Senior Thesis. 1-3 cr. hrs.

For majors in Anthropology. Research project and paper prepared under faculty supervision. Strongly recommended for students planning to enter graduate programs. Prereq: Sr. stndg. and cons. of dept. ch.