Chairperson: Michelle Mynlieff, Ph.D.
Department of Biological Sciences website

The Department of Biological Sciences offers or participates in six different majors, five which lead to a B.S. degree and one which leads to a B.A. degree. The purpose of all of these degree programs is to provide instruction in the diverse disciplines that make up modern biology. A major emphasis of these degree programs is to familiarize students with the practice of designing, performing and analyzing biological experiments; toward this goal, stand-alone laboratory courses taught by faculty are a central component of the curriculum for each major. The degree programs teach students critical thinking skills and prepare them for a wide variety of careers including medicine, dentistry, research, biotechnology, pharmacy/pharmacology, public health, and environmental and sustainability studies.

Majors in the Department

Biological Sciences: The major in Biological Sciences (BSCI) provides a comprehensive education in biology, including courses in cell biology, genetics, evolutionary biology, physiology, neurobiology, biochemistry, molecular biology, immunobiology, ecology, microbiology and plant biology.

Physiological Sciences: The Physiological Sciences major (PHSC) offers students a course of study that is more focused on human and animal structure and function. After introductory courses in cell biology and genetics, students in this major concentrate on physiology, neurobiology and anatomy. Students majoring in Biological Sciences or Physiological Sciences can apply for the Disciplinary Honors Program in Biological Sciences which provides experiential learning opportunities such as independent research, internships, research-based laboratory courses and accompanying seminars.

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology: The major in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (BIMB) is offered jointly with the Department of Chemistry. Courses in biochemistry, cell biology, genetics, physical chemistry and quantitative analysis allow students to understand both complex biological phenomena and the underlying chemical mechanisms. Students majoring in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology can apply for the Disciplinary Honors Program in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, which provides experiential learning opportunities such as independent research, internships, research-based laboratory courses and accompanying seminars.

Biological Sciences for Education: Students in the College of Education with a desire to teach high school biology can earn a B.S. degree with a second major, Biological Sciences for Education.

Interdisciplinary Majors

Bioinformatics: Bioinformatics is a field that lies at the intersection of biology, statistics and computer science and focuses on the generation and analysis of large biological data sets. The interdisciplinary Bioinformatics major (INBI), offered jointly with the Department of Computer Science, provides sufficient depth in both biology and computer science to approach problems in bioinformatics from the perspective of both parent fields, Biology and Computer Science. The program is designed to prepare individuals to use the computational tools of bioinformatics to solve problems or analyze data sets in biological sciences. For more information about the interdisciplinary Bioinformatics major (INBI), visit the College of Arts and Sciences Interdisciplinary Majors and Minors section of the Undergraduate Bulletin.

Environmental Studies: The interdisciplinary major in Environmental Studies (INES) leads to a B.A. degree and prepares students to address pressing environmental issues using an interdisciplinary approach. The curriculum of this major allows students to understand the science of the environment and the political, social, economic, philosophical and ethical issues related to restoring and protecting the environment. This is an ideal major for students who intend to pursue a career that focuses on the environment (e.g., environmental management, restoration, mitigation, consulting, policy, economics), or who intend to pursue graduate or professional school in environmental science, law, business, policy, economics, philosophy, theology or ethics. For more information about the interdisciplinary Environmental Studies major (INES), visit the College of Arts and Sciences Interdisciplinary Majors and Minors section of the Undergraduate Bulletin.

Direct Admit program to Physical Therapy

Undergraduate students who have been admitted directly into the six year doctor of physical therapy degree program may complete a B.S. in Physiological Sciences with physical therapy courses taken in the fourth year counting towards the B.S. in Physiological Sciences.

Pre-dental Scholars

Students are directly admitted to the Pre-dental Scholars Program or accepted into the program after their freshman year. In this program, students complete three years of courses in the College of Arts and Sciences for a minimum of 96-97 credits (depending on courses) by the end of the third year. The fourth year of the program consists of Dental School course requirements, which typically consist of approximately 44 credit hours and are counted toward the B.S. in Biological Sciences or Physiological Sciences.

EARLY ASSURANCE PHARMD PROGRAM with a major in Biological Sciences

The Department of Biological Sciences has partnered with the Medical College of Wisconsin School of Pharmacy to offer a 3+3 program allowing students to obtain a B.S. in Biological Sciences and a Doctor of Pharmacy degree, spending three years on each campus. Students apply to the program in the freshman or sophomore year and courses taken in the first year of the pharmacy program count towards the B.S. in Biological Sciences.

B.S./M.B.A. Accelerated Degree Programs

The Department of Biological Sciences together with the Graduate School of Management offers an accelerated degree program which allow students to earn their B.S. in Biological Sciences, Physiological Sciences or Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and a master of business administration (M.B.A.), all within a five-year time period.

Notes:

  • The Department of Biological Sciences offers two freshman-level survey courses that introduce students to diverse career options in the area of Biological Sciences: BIOL 1004 Biology and the Health Professions is recommended for students considering a career in the health professions, while BIOL 1003 Biology Matters is recommended for students interested in exploring other career opportunities.

  • With recent changes to the MCAT exam, pre-health majors are advised to take the following courses as part of their undergraduate program: BIOL 3101 Biochemistry and the Molecular Basis of Biology, MATH 4740 Biostatistical Methods and Models, PSYC 1001 General Psychology and SOCI 1001 Principles of Sociology.

Major in Biological Sciences

The major in Biological Sciences consists of two required courses (6 credits), four reinforcing level courses (12 credits), three lab courses (8-9 credits) and three elective courses at the mastery level (9-10 credits) for a total of 35-37 credit hours as well as the cognate course requirements (30-32 credits) in chemistry, physics and mathematics or computer science chosen from the lists below.

Notes:

  • Majors are encouraged to take upper-division lab courses, although one lower-division lab course may be used to satisfy this requirement.

For elective courses

  • A maximum of one course from the Department of Biomedical Sciences in a subject that is not offered by the Department of Biological Sciences.
  • By consent of instructor and departmental chairperson, any biological sciences graduate course.
Required:6
General Biology 1
General Biology 2
Reinforcing Level - Choose four of the following:12
Biochemistry and the Molecular Basis of Biology
Genetics
Cell Biology
Ecology
Evolutionary Biology
Mastery Level - Choose three of the following: 2, 39-10
Genomics and Bioinformatics
Advanced Ecology
Molecular Evolution
Plant Biology
Conservation Biology
Cellular Neurobiology
Animal Development
Human Physiology
Exercise Physiology
Microbiology
Immunobiology
Independent Study in Biology
The Physical Basis of Biological Structure and Function
Experimental Methods in Molecular Biophysics
Lab Courses - Choose three of the following:8-9
Foundations in Biological Inquiry
Principles of Biological Investigation
Experimental Molecular Biology
Experimental Genetics
Experimental Cell Biology
Experimental Ecology and Field Biology
Tropical Ecology in Panama
Experimental Neurobiology
Experimental Vertebrate Anatomy and Development
Experimental Physiology
Experimental Microbiology
Laboratory Research Project in Biological Sciences
Applying the Internship Experience
Total Credit Hours:35-37
Cognate Course Requirements:
Chemistry courses:
CHEM 1001General Chemistry 14
or CHEM 1013 General Chemistry 1 for Majors
CHEM 1002General Chemistry 24
or CHEM 1014 General Chemistry 2 for Majors
CHEM 2111Organic Chemistry 14
or CHEM 2113 Organic Chemistry for Majors 1
CHEM 2112Organic Chemistry 24
or CHEM 2114 Organic Chemistry for Majors 2
Physics courses:
PHYS 1001General Physics 14
or PHYS 1003 General Physics with Introductory Calculus 1
PHYS 1002General Physics 24
or PHYS 1004 General Physics with Introductory Calculus 2
Mathematics and Computer Science:
MATH 1410Calculus for the Biological Sciences3-4
or MATH 1450 Calculus 1
MATH or COSC Course - Choose one additional course 43-4
Total Credit Hours:30-32

Typical Program for Biological Science Majors

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 10013BIOL 10023
BIOL 100411BIOL 100311
CHEM 1001 or 10134BIOL 1101 (Optional)33
ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)3CHEM 1002 or 10144
PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)3
 MATH 141043
 14 17
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
Reinforcing BIOL course3CHEM 2112 or 21144
CHEM 2111 or 21134PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3
MATH or COSC elective53DSCV (MCC)6, 73
CORE 1929 (MCC)3Reinforcing BIOL course3
Elective3Reinforcing BIOL course or elective83
 16 16
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
Reinforcing BIOL elective93Mastery BIOL course3
PHYS 1001 or 10034BIOL lab3
DSCV (MCC)6, 73PHYS 1002 or 10044
Electives6DSCV (MCC)6, 73
 Elective3
 16 16
Senior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
Mastery BIOL course3Mastery BIOL course3
BIOL lab3BIOL lab3
CORE 4929 (MCC) or elective3CORE 4929 (MCC) or elective3
DSCV (MCC)6, 73Elective3
Elective3 
 15 12
Total Credit Hours: 122

Note: A minimum of 120 credits is required for the degree.

MAJOR in biological sciences: early assurance pharmd program

The major in biological sciences is open to students who are admitted to, and maintain good standing in, the Early Assurance PharmD program. In this program, students complete three years of course work at Marquette, with a minimum of 90 total credit hours and 18 upper division credit hours. After the third year, students matriculate to the three-year PharmD program at the Medical College of Wisconsin School of Pharmacy. Upon successful completion of the first year of the PharmD program, reverse transfer of credits allows students to be awarded a bachelor's degree from Marquette.

The major consists of six required biology courses (17-18 credit hours), one additional laboratory course (3 credit hours), and one biology elective (3 credit hours), as well as twelve cognate course requirements (40-43 credit hours). Students must also complete all requirements of the Marquette Core Curriculum (MCC) in the first three years.

Required:17-18
General Biology 1
Honors General Biology 1
General Biology 2
Honors General Biology 2
Principles of Biological Investigation
Foundations in Biological Inquiry
Biochemistry and the Molecular Basis of Biology
Genetics
Cell Biology
Lab Courses - Choose one of the following:3
Experimental Molecular Biology
Experimental Genetics
Experimental Cell Biology
Experimental Ecology and Field Biology
Tropical Ecology in Panama
Experimental Neurobiology
Experimental Microbiology
Laboratory Research Project in Biological Sciences
Applying the Internship Experience
Elective - Choose one of the following:3
Ecology
Evolutionary Biology
Genomics and Bioinformatics
Advanced Ecology
Plant Biology
Conservation Biology
Cellular Neurobiology
Animal Development
Microbiology
The Physical Basis of Biological Structure and Function
Experimental Methods in Molecular Biophysics
Total Credit Hours:23-24
Cognate Course Requirements:16
Chemistry Courses:
General Chemistry 1
General Chemistry 1 for Majors
General Chemistry 2
General Chemistry 2 for Majors
Organic Chemistry 1
Organic Chemistry for Majors 1
Organic Chemistry 2
Organic Chemistry for Majors 2
Physics Courses:8
General Physics 1
General Physics with Introductory Calculus 1
General Physics 2
General Physics with Introductory Calculus 2
Calculus Course:3
Calculus for the Biological Sciences
Calculus 1
Statistics Course - Choose one of the following:3-4
Modern Elementary Statistics
Biostatistical Methods and Models
Psychological Measurements and Statistics
Public Speaking Course - Choose one of the following:3
Group and Team Communication
Professional Communication
English Composition Course:3
Foundations in Rhetoric
Two Additional Electives in Calculus, Economics, Ethics, Humanities, Religion or Social Sciences 14-6
Total Credit Hours:40-43

TYPICAL PROGRAM FOR BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES MAJOR - EARLY ASSURANCE PHARMD PROGRAM

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 10013BIOL 10023
CHEM 1001 or 10134CHEM 1002 or 10144
ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)3ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)3
THEO 1001 or PHIL 1001 (MCC)3MATH 141013
COMM 1100 or CMST 20003BIOL 1101 or ELECTIVE23
 16 16
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 33013BIOL 32013
CHEM 2111 or 21134BIOL 2001 or ELECTIVE23
CORE 1929 (MCC)3CHEM 2112 or 21144
Statistics cognate3-4PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3
 DSCV (MCC)3,4
 13-14 13
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 31013PHYS 1002 or 10044
PHYS 1001 or 10034BIOL Lab or elective3
BIOL Lab or elective3CORE 49293
DSCV (MCC)3,43DSCV (MCC)3,43
Elective3DSCV (MCC)3,43
 16 16
Total Credit Hours: 90-91

Major in Biological Sciences: Pre-dental Scholars

This major in biological sciences is open to students who were directly admitted to the Pre-dental Scholars Program or students who were accepted into the program after their freshman year. In this program, students complete three years of courses in the College of Arts and Sciences for a minimum of 96-97 credits (depending on courses) by the end of the third year. The fourth year of the program consists of Dental School course requirements, which typically consist of approximately 44 credit hours.

The major consists of six required biology courses (17-18 credit hours), one laboratory course (3 credit hours) and the first year Dental School course requirements, as well as eight cognate course requirements (30-31 credit hours) in chemistry, mathematics and physics chosen from the lists below. Certain courses in the first year dental curriculum are counted toward completion of the major in Biological Sciences (BISC 7410 Microbiology, BISC 7514 Human Microanatomy, BISC 7515 Biomedical Systems 1, BISC 7516 Biomedical Systems 2 and DEIN 7121 Oral Biology); in addition, other courses (i.e.DEIN 7114 Introduction to Clinical Practice 1 DEIN 7118 Dental Rounds 1, DEIN 7124 Introduction to Clinical Practice 2, DEIN 7128 Dental Rounds 2, DEGD 7113 Dental Anatomy and Occlusion 1, DEGD 7123 Dental Anatomy and Occlusion 2) count toward the total credit hour requirement for the Bachelor of Science degree as well as for dental school requirements. After successful completion of these dental courses a B.S. degree is conferred.

Note:

  • Dental curriculum for all dental students is determined by the Dental School and is subject to change.

  • Students must achieve a grade of C or better in those courses in order to count them toward the B.S. completion.

Required Courses:
BIOL 1001General Biology 13
BIOL 1002General Biology 23
BIOL 2001Principles of Biological Investigation3
or BIOL 1101 Foundations in Biological Inquiry
BIOL 3101Biochemistry and the Molecular Basis of Biology3
BIOL 3201Genetics3
BIOL 3301Cell Biology3
Laboratory Courses - Choose one of the following:3
Experimental Molecular Biology
Experimental Genetics
Experimental Cell Biology
Experimental Ecology and Field Biology
Tropical Ecology in Panama
Experimental Neurobiology
Experimental Vertebrate Anatomy and Development
Experimental Physiology
Experimental Microbiology
Laboratory Research Project in Biological Sciences
Total Credit Hours:21
Cognate Course Requirements:
Chemistry Courses:
CHEM 1001General Chemistry 14
or CHEM 1013 General Chemistry 1 for Majors
CHEM 1002General Chemistry 24
or CHEM 1014 General Chemistry 2 for Majors
CHEM 2111Organic Chemistry 14
or CHEM 2113 Organic Chemistry for Majors 1
CHEM 2112Organic Chemistry 24
or CHEM 2114 Organic Chemistry for Majors 2
Mathematics Courses:
MATH 1410Calculus for the Biological Sciences3-4
or MATH 1450 Calculus 1
MATH 4740Biostatistical Methods and Models 13
or MATH 1700 Modern Elementary Statistics
Physics Courses:
PHYS 1001General Physics 14
or PHYS 1003 General Physics with Introductory Calculus 1
PHYS 1002General Physics 24
or PHYS 1004 General Physics with Introductory Calculus 2
Total Credit Hours:30-31

Typical Program for Biological Sciences Major - Pre-dental Scholars Curriculum

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 10013BIOL 10023
CHEM 1001 or 10134CHEM 1002 or 10144
ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)3ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)3
PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3MATH 141013
Elective3BIOL 1101 (Optional) or elective23
 BISC 1030 (Recommended)1
 16 17
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 2001 or ELECTIVE23BIOL 32013
BIOL 33013CHEM 2112 or 21144
CHEM 2111 or 21134PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3
MATH 474033DSCV (MCC)4,53
CORE 1929 (MCC)3DSCV (MCC) or elective4,53
 16 16
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 31013Biology lab (upper division)3
PHYS 1001 or 10034PHYS 1002 or 10044
DSCV (MCC)4,53CORE 4929 (MCC)3
DSCV (MCC) or elective4,53DSCV (MCC)4,53
Elective3Elective3
 16 16
Total Credit Hours: 97
  • Must complete a minimum of 96 or 97 credits, depending on number of electives.

Year One - Dental Curriculum

First Year
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 74104BISC 75164
BISC 75144BISC 75174
BISC 75153BISC 75184
DEGD 71123DEGD 71223
DEGD 71132DEGD 71232
DEIN 71103DEIN 71203
DEIN 71143DEIN 71214
DEIN 71181DEIN 71242
 DEIN 71281
 23 27
Total Credit Hours: 50

Note: Dental curriculum for all dental students is determined by the Dental School. This represents a sample year one schedule and is subject to change. The curriculum for years two through four are also the same as other dental students. Certain courses in the first year dental curriculum are counted toward completion of the bachelor of science degree as well as for dental school requirements. Students must achieve a grade of C or better in those courses in order to count them toward the B.S. completion.

Biological Sciences B.S. / M.B.A. Accelerated Degree Programs

The Department of Biological Sciences together with the Graduate School of Management offers an accelerated degree program which allow students to earn their B.S. in Biological Sciences, and a master of business administration (M.B.A.), all within a five-year time period.

During the first four years of the program, students complete both their course work requirements for their B.S. degree and the necessary prerequisite courses for the M.B.A. degree in the College of Business Administration. In addition, undergraduate students begin their M.B.A. graduate work in their senior year by taking two graduate level courses.

To be considered for admission to the B.S./M.B.A. five-year program, applicants must formally apply to the Graduate School of Management during their junior year at Marquette University. For more detailed information and details of a typical five-year course work plan, please refer to the Graduate School of Management Bulletin and contact the Department of Biological Sciences or the Graduate School of Management.

Major in Biological Sciences for Education

Biological Sciences for Education is a second major for students in the College of Education who wish to teach biology at the high school level. The major consists of five required courses (14-15 credit hours), one additional biology course (3-4 credit hours), one lab course (3 credit hours) and three elective courses (9 credit hours) for a total of 29-31 credit hours as well as the cognate course requirements in chemistry, physics, mathematics or computer science (22 credit hours) chosen from the lists below.

Required:
BIOL 1001General Biology 13
BIOL 1002General Biology 23
BIOL 3201Genetics3
BIOL 3301Cell Biology3
BIOL 2001Principles of Biological Investigation3
or BIOL 1101 Foundations in Biological Inquiry
Choose one additional course from the following:3-4
Plant Biology
Human Physiology
Microbiology
Lab Courses - Choose one of the following:3
Experimental Molecular Biology
Experimental Genetics
Experimental Cell Biology
Experimental Ecology and Field Biology
Tropical Ecology in Panama
Experimental Neurobiology
Experimental Vertebrate Anatomy and Development
Experimental Physiology
Experimental Microbiology
Electives - Choose three of the following not previously taken:9
Plants, Pathogens and People
Biology of Human Disease
Biochemistry and the Molecular Basis of Biology
Ecology
Evolutionary Biology
Genomics and Bioinformatics
Advanced Ecology
Plant Biology
Conservation Biology
Cellular Neurobiology
Animal Development
Human Physiology
Exercise Physiology
Microbiology
Immunobiology
Total Credit Hours:30-31

Notes: Electives

  • Any lab course from the lab course listing above not previously taken.
  • With consent of instructor and department chairperson any Biological Sciences graduate course.
  • One Biomedical Sciences course in a subject not offered by Biological Sciences.
  • Courses offered by other departments with consent of department chairperson.
Cognate courses: six courses required:
Chemistry: three courses required
CHEM 1001General Chemistry 14
or CHEM 1013 General Chemistry 1 for Majors
CHEM 1002General Chemistry 24
or CHEM 1014 General Chemistry 2 for Majors
CHEM 2111Organic Chemistry 14
or CHEM 2113 Organic Chemistry for Majors 1
Mathematics: two courses required
MATH 4740Biostatistical Methods and Models 13
MATH 1410Calculus for the Biological Sciences (highly recommended)3-4
or MATH 1450 Calculus 1
Physics: one course required
PHYS 1001General Physics 13-4
or PHYS 1008 Astronomy and Space Physics
or PHYS 1009 Earth and Environmental Physics
or ARSC 1020 Major Concepts in Modern Science 1
Total Credit Hours:21-23

Typical Program for Biological sciences for Education Majors

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 10013BIOL 10023
CHEM 1001 or 10134CHEM 1002 or 10144
EDUC 10003EDUC 42173
EDUC 1001 (ESSV1 (MCC))3PHIL 1001 or ENGL 1001 (MCC)3
ENGL 1001 or PHIL 1001 (MCC)3THEO 1001 (MCC)3
 16 16
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 33013BIOL 32013
CHEM 21114Biology elective3
CORE 19293EDUC 20023
EDUC 20013DSCV (MCC)1,23
PHYS 10093DSCV (MCC)1,23
 16 15
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 20013Biology elective3
Biology elective3Biology lab3
EDUC 40033EDUC 40003
EDUC 40373EDUC 42974
MATH 474033DSCV (MCC)1,23
 15 16
Senior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 4406, 4701, or 48013EDUC 496515
CORE 4929 (MCC)3 
EDUC 40173 
EDUC 45403 
DSCV (MCC)1,2 
 12 15
Total Credit Hours: 121

Major in Physiological Sciences

Provides students interested in physiology and neurobiology a strong foundation in biological sciences, cell biology and biochemistry and further studies in neurobiology, human physiology and anatomy, muscle and exercise physiology. The major consists of six required courses (19 credit hours), one anatomy course (3-4 credit hours), four reinforcing level elective courses (12 credit hours), and one mastery-level course (3 credits) for a total of 37-38 credit hours as well as the cognate course requirements (33-34 credit hours) in chemistry, physics, mathematics, and philosophy or theology chosen from the lists below.

Required:
BIOL 1001General Biology 13
BIOL 1002General Biology 23
BIOL 4501Cellular Neurobiology3
BIOL 4502Experimental Neurobiology3
BIOL 4701Human Physiology4
BIOL 4702Experimental Physiology3
Choose one of the following anatomy courses:3-4
Experimental Vertebrate Anatomy and Development
Clinical Human Anatomy
Reinforcing Level - Choose four courses from the following:12
Biochemistry and the Molecular Basis of Biology
Genetics
Cell Biology
Ecology
Evolutionary Biology
Mastery Level - Choose one of the following:3
Experimental Molecular Biology
Experimental Genetics
Experimental Cell Biology
Genomics and Bioinformatics
Advanced Ecology
Experimental Ecology and Field Biology
Tropical Ecology in Panama
Plant Biology
Conservation Biology
Biochemistry 2: Bioenergetics and Metabolism
Animal Development
Exercise Physiology
Microbiology
Experimental Microbiology
Immunobiology
Laboratory Research Project in Biological Sciences
Applying the Internship Experience
Independent Study in Biology
The Physical Basis of Biological Structure and Function
Experimental Methods in Molecular Biophysics
Total Credit Hours:37-38

Cognate Course Requirements:

Chemistry Courses:
CHEM 1001General Chemistry 14
or CHEM 1013 General Chemistry 1 for Majors
CHEM 1002General Chemistry 24
or CHEM 1014 General Chemistry 2 for Majors
CHEM 2111Organic Chemistry 14
or CHEM 2113 Organic Chemistry for Majors 1
CHEM 2112Organic Chemistry 24
or CHEM 2114 Organic Chemistry for Majors 2
Mathematics Courses:
MATH 1410Calculus for the Biological Sciences3-4
or MATH 1450 Calculus 1
MATH 4740Biostatistical Methods and Models 23
Philosophy or Theology courses:
PHIL 4335Biomedical Ethics3
or THEO 4450 Medical Ethics
Physics Courses:
PHYS 1001General Physics 14
or PHYS 1003 General Physics with Introductory Calculus 1
PHYS 1002General Physics 24
or PHYS 1004 General Physics with Introductory Calculus 2
Total Credit Hours:33-34

Typical Program for Physiological Sciences Majors

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 10013BIOL 10023
CHEM 1001 or 10134CHEM 1002 or 10144
ENGL 1001 or ESSV 1 (MCC)13ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)13
PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3MATH 141033
BIOL 100421BIOL 1101 (optional)43
 BIOL 1003 (Recommended)21
 14 17
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
Reinforcing BIOL course3Reinforcing BIOL course3
CHEM 2111 or 21134CHEM 2112 or 21144
MATH 474053PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3
CORE 1929 (MCC)3DSCV (MCC)7, 83
Elective63Elective63
 16 16
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 47014BIOL 45013
BIOL 4702 or REINFORCING BIOL COURSE93BIOL 4502 or REINFORCING BIOL COURSE3
PHYS 1001 or 10034PHYS 1002 or 10044
DSCV (MCC)7, 83PHIL 43353
 DSCV (MCC)7, 83
 14 16
Senior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 4702 or MASTERY BIOL COURSE3BIOL 4502 or MASTERY BIOL COURSE3
BISC 31354Reinforcing or Mastery BIOL Course3
CORE 4929 (MCC) or elective3CORE 4929 (MCC) or elective3
DSCV (MCC)7, 83Elective3
Elective3 
 16 12
Total Credit Hours: 121

Major in Physiological Sciences: Pre-dental Scholars

This major in physiological sciences is open to students who were directly admitted to the Pre-dental Scholars Program or students who were accepted into the program after their freshman year. In this program, students complete three years of courses in the College of Arts and Sciences for a minimum of 98 credits by end of third year. The fourth year of the program consists of Dental School course requirements, which typically consist of approximately 44 credit hours.

The major consists of seven required biology courses, including one laboratory course, and the first year Dental School course requirements, as well as nine cognate course requirements in chemistry, mathematics, philosophy or theology, and physics chosen from the lists below. Certain courses in the first year dental curriculum are counted toward completion of the Major in Physiological Sciences (BISC 7410 Microbiology, BISC 7514 Human Microanatomy, BISC 7515 Biomedical Systems 1, BISC 7516 Biomedical Systems 2 and DEIN 7121 Oral Biology); in addition, other courses (i.e., DEIN 7114 Introduction to Clinical Practice 1, DEIN 7118 Dental Rounds 1, DEIN 7124 Introduction to Clinical Practice 2, DEIN 7128 Dental Rounds 2; DEGD 7113 Dental Anatomy and Occlusion 1, DEGD 7123 Dental Anatomy and Occlusion 2) count toward the total credit hour requirement for the Bachelor of Science degree as well as for dental school requirements. After successful completion of these dental courses a B.S. degree is conferred.

Notes:

  • Dental curriculum for all dental students is determined by the Dental School and is subject to change.

  • Students must achieve a grade of C or better in those courses in order to count them toward the B.S. completion.

Required Courses:
BIOL 1001General Biology 13
BIOL 1002General Biology 23
BIOL 3101Biochemistry and the Molecular Basis of Biology3
BIOL 3301Cell Biology3
BIOL 4501Cellular Neurobiology3
BIOL 4701Human Physiology4
Laboratory Course Requirement:
BIOL 4502Experimental Neurobiology3
or BIOL 4702 Experimental Physiology
First Year Dental School Requirements for BS Completion:
BISC 7410Microbiology4
BISC 7514Human Microanatomy4
BISC 7515Biomedical Systems 13
BISC 7516Biomedical Systems 24
DEIN 7121Oral Biology4
DEIN 7114Introduction to Clinical Practice 13
DEIN 7124Introduction to Clinical Practice 22
DEGD 7113Dental Anatomy and Occlusion 12
DEGD 7123Dental Anatomy and Occlusion 22
DEIN 7118Dental Rounds 11
DEIN 7128Dental Rounds 21
Total Credit Hours:52
Cognate Course Requirements:
Chemistry Courses:
CHEM 1001General Chemistry 14
or CHEM 1013 General Chemistry 1 for Majors
CHEM 1002General Chemistry 24
or CHEM 1014 General Chemistry 2 for Majors
CHEM 2111Organic Chemistry 14
or CHEM 2113 Organic Chemistry for Majors 1
CHEM 2112Organic Chemistry 24
or CHEM 2114 Organic Chemistry for Majors 2
Mathematics Courses:
MATH 1410Calculus for the Biological Sciences3-4
or MATH 1450 Calculus 1
MATH 4740Biostatistical Methods and Models 13
Ethics Course - Choose one of the following:
PHIL 4335Biomedical Ethics3
or THEO 4450 Medical Ethics
Physics Courses:
PHYS 1001General Physics 14
or PHYS 1003 General Physics with Introductory Calculus 1
PHYS 1002General Physics 24
or PHYS 1004 General Physics with Introductory Calculus 2
Total Credit Hours:33-34

Typical Program for Physiological Sciences Majors - Pre-dental Scholars

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 10013BIOL 10023
CHEM 1001 or 10134CHEM 1002 or 10144
ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)3ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)3
PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3MATH 141013
Elective3BISC 1030 (recommended)1
 Elective3
 16 17
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 33013CHEM 2112 or 21144
CHEM 2111 or 21134PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3
MATH 474023DSCV (MCC)3,43
CORE 1929 (MCC)3Electives6
DSCV (MCC)3,43 
 16 16
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 31013BIOL 45013
BIOL 47014BIOL 4502 or DSCV (MCC)3, 43
BIOL 4702 or DSCV (MCC)3. 43PHYS 1002 or 10044
PHYS 1001 or 10034PHIL 433553
DSCV (MCC)3, 43CORE 4929 (MCC)3
 17 16
Total Credit Hours: 98
  • Must complete a minimum of 98 credits, depending on courses.

Year One - Dental Curriculum

First Year
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 74104BISC 75164
BISC 75144BISC 75174
BISC 75153BISC 75184
DEGD 71123DEGD 71223
DEGD 71132DEGD 71232
DEIN 71103DEIN 71203
DEIN 71143DEIN 71214
DEIN 71181DEIN 71242
 DEIN 71281
 23 27
Total Credit Hours: 50

Note: Dental curriculum for all dental students is determined by the Dental School. This represents a sample year one schedule and is subject to change. The curriculum for years two through four are also the same as other dental students. Certain courses in the first year dental curriculum are counted toward completion of the Bachelor of Science degree as well as for dental school requirements. Students must achieve a grade of C or better in those courses in order to count them toward the B.S. completion.

Major in Physiological Sciences: Physical Therapy

Open only to undergraduate students who have been admitted directly into the six year doctor of physical therapy degree program, are in good academic standing prior to the beginning of the professional phase of the program and want to earn a bachelor of science degree from the Klingler College of Arts and Sciences after four years of study. The major consists of 20 required courses (59 credit hours) as well as 11 cognate course requirements (39-40 credit hours) in chemistry, physics, mathematics, philosophy and psychology chosen from the lists below.

Note:

  • For information on the physical therapy program, please see the College of Health Sciences section in this bulletin. Students admitted directly to the doctoral PT program who are interested in the Physiological Sciences major should contact the Department of Biological Sciences as soon as possible, and then consult with an adviser in the Department of Physical Therapy.
Required:
Biology Courses:
BIOL 1001General Biology 13
BIOL 1002General Biology 23
BIOL 3201Genetics3
BIOL 3301Cell Biology3
BIOL 4501Cellular Neurobiology3
BIOL 4502Experimental Neurobiology3
BIOL 4701Human Physiology4
BIOL 4702Experimental Physiology3
Biomedical Sciences Courses:
BISC 3135Clinical Human Anatomy4
BISC 7130Human Gross Anatomy5
Physical Therapy Courses:
PHTH 1001Introduction to Physical Therapy and Medical Terminology1
PHTH 4512Culture and Disability3
PHTH 7120Pharmacology in Physical Therapy2
PHTH 7503Patient/Client Management 13
PHTH 7504Patient/Client Management 22
PHTH 7513Health Care Policy/Management3
PHTH 7515Clinical Pathology and Pathophysiology 4
PHTH 7516Geriatric Rehabilitation2
PHTH 7525Kinesiology 1: The Upper Extremity3
PHTH 7528Physical Therapy Evaluation, Tests and Measures2
Total Credit Hours:59
Cognate Course Requirements: 11 courses:
Chemistry courses:
CHEM 1001General Chemistry 14
or CHEM 1013 General Chemistry 1 for Majors
CHEM 1002General Chemistry 24
or CHEM 1014 General Chemistry 2 for Majors
CHEM 2111Organic Chemistry 14
or CHEM 2113 Organic Chemistry for Majors 1
CHEM 2112Organic Chemistry 24
or CHEM 2114 Organic Chemistry for Majors 2
Mathematics:
MATH 1410Calculus for the Biological Sciences3-4
or MATH 1450 Calculus 1
MATH 4740Biostatistical Methods and Models 13
Ethics Course:
PHIL 4335Biomedical Ethics3
or THEO 4450 Medical Ethics
Physics Courses:
PHYS 1001General Physics 14
or PHYS 1003 General Physics with Introductory Calculus 1
PHYS 1002General Physics 24
or PHYS 1004 General Physics with Introductory Calculus 2
Psychololgy Courses:
PSYC 1001General Psychology3
PSYC 3101Developmental Psychology: Conception Through Adolescence3
or
Developmental Psychology: Adulthood and Aging
or
Abnormal Psychology
Total Credit Hours:39-40

Typical Program for Physiological Sciences Major - Physical Therapy Concentration

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 10013BIOL 10023
CHEM 1001 or 10134CHEM 1002 or 10144
ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)3ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)3
PSYC 10013MATH 141013
PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3
 16 16
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 33013BIOL 32013
BISC 31354CHEM 2112 or 21144
CHEM 2111 or 21134CORE 1929 (MCC)3
MATH 474023DSCV (MCC)3, 43
DSCV (MCC)3, 43DSCV (MCC)3, 43
 17 16
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 47014BIOL 45013
BIOL 47023BIOL 45023
PHYS 1001 or 10034PHYS 1002 or 10044
PSYC 3101, 3120, or 34013PHIL 433553
DSCV (MCC)3, 43CORE 4929 (MCC)3
 PHTH 10011
 17 17
Senior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 71305PHTH 71202
PHTH 45123PHTH 75042
PHTH 75033PHTH 75154
PHTH 75133PHTH 75162
 PHTH 75253
 PHTH 75282
 14 15
Total Credit Hours: 128

Physiological Sciences B.S./M.B.A. Accelerated Degree Programs

The Department of Biological Sciences together with the Graduate School of Management offers accelerated degree programs which allow students to earn their B.S. in Physiological Sciences and a master of business administration (M.B.A.), all within in a five-year time period.

During the first four years of the program, students complete both their course work requirements for their B.S. degree and the necessary prerequisite courses for the M.B.A. degree in the College of Business Administration. In addition, undergraduate students begin their M.B.A. graduate work in their senior year by taking two graduate level courses.

To be considered for admission to the B.S./M.B.A. five-year program, applicants must formally apply to the Graduate School of Management during their junior year at Marquette University. For more detailed information and details of a typical five-year course work plan, refer to the Graduate School of Management Bulletin and contact the Department of Biological Sciences or the Graduate School of Management.


 

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

The major in biochemistry and molecular biology consists of 53-58 credit hours in biology, chemistry, mathematics and physics courses as listed below. Additional cognate courses in mathematics and physics are required.

Required Biological Sciences courses (18 cr. hrs.):
BIOL 1001General Biology 13
BIOL 1002General Biology 23
BIOL 3201Genetics3
BIOL 3301Cell Biology3
BIOL 4102Experimental Molecular Biology3
BIOL 4532Biochemistry 2: Bioenergetics and Metabolism3
Required Chemistry Courses (23-26 cr. hrs.)
CHEM 1001General Chemistry 14
or CHEM 1013 General Chemistry 1 for Majors
CHEM 1002General Chemistry 24
or CHEM 1014 General Chemistry 2 for Majors
CHEM 3201Quantitative Analysis4
CHEM 4530Biochemistry 1: Macromolecular Structure and Function3
Organic Chemistry Sequence - Choose one of the following:8
Organic Chemistry 1
and Organic Chemistry 2
Organic Chemistry for Majors 1
and Organic Chemistry for Majors 2
Physical Chemistry - Choose one of the following:3-6
Physical Chemistry: Fundamentals with Applications in Biological Sciences
Physical Chemistry 1
and Physical Chemistry 2
Additional Laboratory Course Requirement - Choose option one or option two:3
Option 1:
Laboratory Research Project in Biological Sciences
Undergraduate Research in Chemistry
Option 2 (choose one of the following):
Experimental Genetics
Experimental Cell Biology
Experimental Ecology and Field Biology
Tropical Ecology in Panama
Experimental Neurobiology
Experimental Vertebrate Anatomy and Development
Experimental Physiology
Experimental Microbiology
Elective Courses - Choose any two of the following not previously taken:6-8
Biology Courses:
Ecology
Evolutionary Biology
Genomics and Bioinformatics
Experimental Genetics
Experimental Cell Biology
Advanced Ecology
Experimental Ecology and Field Biology
Tropical Ecology in Panama
Molecular Evolution
Plant Biology
Conservation Biology
Cellular Neurobiology
Experimental Neurobiology
Animal Development
Experimental Vertebrate Anatomy and Development
Human Physiology
Experimental Physiology
Exercise Physiology
Microbiology
Experimental Microbiology
Immunobiology
Laboratory Research Project in Biological Sciences
Applying the Internship Experience
Independent Study in Biology
Independent Study in Biomedical Sciences
Chemistry Courses:
Instrumental Analysis
Characterization of Organic Compounds
Inorganic Chemistry
Introduction to Quantum Chemistry
Undergraduate Research in Chemistry
Mathematics Courses:
Calculus 3
Differential Equations
Biostatistical Methods and Models
Statistical Methods
Psychological Measurements and Statistics
Physics Courses:
The Physical Basis of Biological Structure and Function
Experimental Methods in Molecular Biophysics
Total Credit Hours:53-58

Notes:

  • Students who take CHEM 4433 Physical Chemistry 1 and CHEM 4434 Physical Chemistry 2 are required to take only one additional elective in biological sciences, chemistry or mathematics.
  • A second BIOL 4956 Laboratory Research Project in Biological Sciences course may be taken as an elective if previously taken as a laboratory course.
  • Honors courses are available from both departments by contract with the instructors. Courses available for honors credit are identified.

Cognate Course Requirements:

Mathematics Courses:
MATH 1450Calculus 14
MATH 1451Calculus 24
Physics Sequence - Choose one of the following:8
General Physics 1
and General Physics 2
General Physics with Introductory Calculus 1
and General Physics with Introductory Calculus 2
Total Credit Hours:16

Typical Program for Biochemistry/Molecular Biology Majors

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 10013BIOL 10023
CHEM 1001 or 10134CHEM 1002 or 10144
MATH 14504MATH 14514
ENGL 1001 or PHIL 1001 (MCC)3PHIL 1001 or ENGL 1001 (MCC)3
BIOL 100411BIOL 100311
 15 15
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
CHEM 2111 or 21134CHEM 2112 or 21144
PHYS 1001 or 10034PHYS 1002 or 10044
BIOL 33013BIOL 32013
CORE 1929 (MCC)3DSCV (MCC)3,43
THEO 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)23THEO 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)23
 17 17
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
CHEM 320154Biology lab (upper division)63
CHEM 45303BIOL 45323
DSCV (MCC)3,43CHEM 44313
Electives6DSCV (MCC)3,43
 Elective3
 16 15
Senior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
Biochemistry/Molecular Biology elective3-4BIOL 41023
DSCV (MCC)3,43Biochemistry/Molecular Biology elective3
CORE 4929 or ELECTIVE3CORE 4929 or ELECTIVE3
Electives 3Electives6
 12-13 15
Total Credit Hours: 122-123

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology B.S./M.B.A. Accelerated Degree Programs

The Departments of Biological Sciences and Chemistry together with the Graduate School of Management offer an accelerated degree programs which allow students to earn their B.S. in Biochemistry & Molecular Biology and a master of business administration (M.B.A.), all within in a five-year time period.

During the first four years of the program, students complete both their coursework requirements for their B.S. degree and the necessary prerequisite courses for the M.B.A. degree in the College of Business Administration. In addition, undergraduate students begin their M.B.A. graduate work in their senior year by taking two graduate level courses.

To be considered for admission to the B.S./M.B.A. five-year program, applicants must formally apply to the Graduate School of Management during their junior year at Marquette University. For more detailed information and details of a typical five-year coursework plan, please refer to the Graduate School of Management Bulletin and contact the Departments of Biological Sciences and/or Chemistry or the Graduate School of Management.

 

Minor in Biological Sciences

The minor in Biological Sciences consists of four required courses listed below (13 credit hours) and two electives chosen from Biological Sciences or one Biological Sciences elective and ANTH 2201 Human Evolutionary Process (6-7 credit hours) for a total of 19-20 credit hours.

Note:

  • BIOL 1009 Biology for Non-Science Majors, BIOL 1406 Plants, Pathogens and People, BIOL 1410 Biology of Human Disease, and BIOL 4956 Laboratory Research Project in Biological Sciences cannot be taken except with consent of department chair.
Required:
BIOL 1001General Biology 13
BIOL 1002General Biology 23
BIOL 2001Principles of Biological Investigation3
CHEM 1001General Chemistry 14
or CHEM 1013 General Chemistry 1 for Majors
Electives - Choose two of the following:6-7
Human Evolutionary Process
Biochemistry and the Molecular Basis of Biology
Genetics
Cell Biology
Ecology
Evolutionary Biology
Genomics and Bioinformatics
Advanced Ecology
Conservation Biology
Plant Biology
Cellular Neurobiology
Animal Development
Human Physiology
Exercise Physiology
Microbiology
Immunobiology
Total Credit Hours:19-20

Department of Public Instruction Certification

College of Education students wishing to pursue Department of Public Instruction Certification should follow the biological sciences minor. The minor consists of five required courses (15 credit hours) and one additional upper division elective course in Biological Sciences (3-4 credit hours) for a total of 18-19 credit hours as follows:

Required:
BIOL 1001General Biology 13
BIOL 1002General Biology 23
BIOL 2001Principles of Biological Investigation3
BIOL 3201Genetics3
BIOL 3301Cell Biology3
Elective - Choose one additional upper-division BIOL course.3-4
Total Credit Hours:18-19

Program Director: Thomas Eddinger, Ph.D.

The Disciplinary Honors Program in Biological Sciences focuses on experiential learning, either as independent laboratory research or an internship, and science communication.  The program is open to students majoring in any of the majors offered by the Department of Biological Sciences.  Students majoring in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology may choose to follow either the Biological Sciences or Chemistry Disciplinary Honors Program in consultation with their advisors.

Curriculum Requirements

Recommended prerequisite course work:

BIOL 1001HHonors General Biology 1 (or BIOL 1001)3
BIOL 1002HHonors General Biology 2 (or BIOL 1002)3
BIOL 1101Foundations in Biological Inquiry3
Total Credit Hours:9

Requirements for Biological Sciences Disciplinary Honors:

Students must complete two research experiences from the four options listed below and one of the listed seminars or graduate-level courses. Students may only do one honors internship for the disciplinary honors major, but the research requirement could be fulfilled by two terms of laboratory research in BIOL or another approved department.

At least one of the following three courses:
BIOL 4956HHonors Laboratory Research Project in Biological Sciences3
BIOL 3986HHonors Internship in Biological Sciences - Part-time0
or BIOL 3987H Honors Internship in Biological Sciences - Full-time
BIOL 9002HHonors Student Study/Research Placeholder in Biology0
An additional research experience should be taken from the following (Requires department approval from BSCI Disciplinary Honors director):3
Experimental Molecular Biology
Tropical Ecology in Panama
Experimental Microbiology
Honors Laboratory Research Project in Biological Sciences
Independent Study in Biology
And
One of the following seminar coures: (Similar seminar courses in MSCS, Physics, or other Arts and Sciences departments with prior approval)
BIOL 4931Topics in Biology1
BIOL 4953Seminar in Undergraduate Research1
BISC 4146HHonors Physiology In Depth: Contemporary Issues1
BISC 4151HHonors Advanced Pathology1
BISC 4214HHonors Advanced Biochemistry1
BISC 4341HHonors Advanced Cellular Genetics and Cancer1
BISC 4851HHonors Advanced Systems Neuroscience1

Additional Requirements

  • Public presentation (talk/poster) describing results/outcomes of research/internship. Can be fulfilled by giving a public presentation based on work done in BIOL 4956H Honors Laboratory Research Project in Biological Sciences, BIOL 4987 Applying the Internship Experience, BIOL 9002H Honors Student Study/Research Placeholder in Biology, BIOL 4102 Experimental Molecular Biology, BIOL 4403 Tropical Ecology in Panama, BIOL 4802 Experimental Microbiology, BIOL 4995 Independent Study in Biology. The program director will inform students of presentation opportunities and determine which presentations fulfill the requirements of the program.
  • A minimum 3.200 cumulative GPA in the major at graduation is required to graduate with disciplinary honors.

Eligibility

  • Overall cumulative GPA of 3.200 or higher.
  • Identified faculty mentor/intern sponsor for disciplinary honors work.
  • Written proposal: A written proposal is required for students applying for the BSCI disciplinary honors program. The proposal should identify the honors courses for which the student is planning to enroll and explain how these courses correspond to and will benefit them in their anticipated career. The program director evaluates applications and makes decisions regarding admission to the program. Information is available on the department website to facilitate the application process in the spring of the sophomore year or fall of the junior year.

Application

Students are encouraged to apply in the spring term of the sophomore year, but applications are also be accepted in the fall term of the junior year. Applications can be made directly to the Biological Sciences department. Questions can be directed to the program director.

Program Director: Thomas Eddinger, Ph.D.

The Disciplinary Honors Program in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology focuses on experiential learning, in the form of either laboratory research or internship, and on science communication. The program is open to students majoring in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.

Curriculum Requirements

Recommended prerequisite course work:

BIOL 1001HHonors General Biology 1 (or BIOL 1001)3
BIOL 1002HHonors General Biology 2 (or BIOL 1002)3
BIOL 1101Foundations in Biological Inquiry3
BIOL 2953Entering Research 11
BIOL 2954Entering Research 21
CHEM 1001HHonors General Chemistry 14
or CHEM 1013H Honors General Chemistry 1 for Majors
CHEM 1002HHonors General Chemistry 24
or CHEM 1014H Honors General Chemistry 2 for Majors
Total Credit Hours:19

Requirements for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Disciplinary Honors:

Students must complete a minimum of six credits with at least one seminar and two research experiences from the courses listed below. Students may only do one honors internship for the disciplinary honors major, but the research requirement could be fulfilled by two terms of laboratory research.

At least one of the following:
CHEM 4931HHonors Topics in Chemistry1
BIOL 4931HHonors Topics in Biology1
Student must complete a total of at least 5 additional credits from the following list of courses:
BIOL 4931HHonors Topics in Biology1
CHEM 4931HHonors Topics in Chemistry1
BIOL 4956HHonors Laboratory Research Project in Biological Sciences (may be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits)1-3
CHEM 4956HHonors Undergraduate Research in Chemistry (may be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits)1-3
BIOL 4987HHonors Applying the Internship Experience3

Additional Requirements

  • Public presentation (talk/poster) describing results/outcomes of research/internship. Can be fulfilled by giving a public presentation based on work done in BIOL 4956H Honors Laboratory Research Project in Biological Sciences, CHEM 4956H Honors Undergraduate Research in Chemistry or BIOL 4987H Honors Applying the Internship Experience . The program director will inform students of presentation opportunities and determine which presentations fulfill the requirements of the program.
  • A minimum 3.200 cumulative GPA in the major at graduation is required to graduate with disciplinary honors.

Eligibility

  • 1.  Overall cumulative GPA of 3.200 or higher.
  • 2.  Identified faculty mentor/intern sponsor for disciplinary honors work.
  • 3.  Written proposal: A written proposal is required for students applying for the Biochemistry & Molecular Biology disciplinary honors program. The proposal should identify the honors courses for which the student is planning to enroll and explain how these courses correspond to and will benefit them in their anticipated career. The program director evaluates applications and makes decisions regarding admission to the program. Information is available on the department website to facilitate the application process in the spring of the sophomore year or fall of the junior year.

Application

Students are encouraged to apply in the spring term of the sophomore year, but applications are also be accepted in the fall term of the junior year. Applications can be made directly to the Biological Sciences department. Questions can be directed to the program director.

Biology-International Courses

BIOLI 4403. Tropical Ecology in Panama. 3 cr. hrs.

Tropical Ecology is the study of the biotic and abiotic interactions that shape the origin, maintenance and consequences of species diversity in the tropics. The incredibly high species diversity found in tropical forests has intrigued biologists for centuries, including such luminaries as Darwin and Wallace and continues to engage biologists today. Explores a variety of different forest types within the Republic of Panama to gain an appreciation for the basic patterns and processes of tropical forests and the mechanisms believed to be responsible for them. Modeled after the Organization for Tropical Biology’s Tropical Ecology Field Course. Prereq: BIOL 3400 or cons. of instr.

Biology Courses

BIOL 1001. General Biology 1. 3 cr. hrs.

Covers the molecular basis of life, biology of the cell, genetics and evolution in a genetic context. 3 hrs. lec., disc.

BIOL 1001H. Honors General Biology 1. 3 cr. hrs.

Covers the molecular basis of life, biology of the cell, genetics and evolution in a genetic context. As an Honors Program course, includes a more intensive research or project component. 3 hrs. lec., disc. Prereq: Admission to Marquette University Honors Program.

BIOL 1002. General Biology 2. 3 cr. hrs.

Covers the diversity of Life, plant form and function, animal form and function, ecology and evolution in context of diversity. 3 hrs. lec., disc. Prereq: BIOL 1001 or cons. of instr.

BIOL 1002H. Honors General Biology 2. 3 cr. hrs.

Covers the diversity of Life, plant form and function, animal form and function, ecology and evolution in context of diversity. As an Honors Program course, includes a more intensive research or project component. 3 hrs. lec., disc. Prereq: BIOL 1001 or BIOL 1001H; or cons. of instr.; and admission to Marquette University Honors Program.

BIOL 1003. Biology Matters. 1 cr. hr.

A seminar to introduce students early in their academic careers to modern biological and biomedical research. Students learn about various career paths biological science graduates can take. Medical school, dental school, and graduate school will be discussed, along with the possibility of combining biology with disciplines such as law, finance and computer science. Primarily for freshmen and sophomores. S/U grade assessment.

BIOL 1004. Biology and the Health Professions. 1 cr. hr.

A seminar to introduce students to health-related career paths available to Arts & Sciences students. Primarily for freshmen. S/U grade assessment. Prereq: Enrolled in the College of Arts and Sciences.

BIOL 1009. Biology for Non-Science Majors. 3 cr. hrs.

Designed for non-science students, the course introduces biological concepts and will focus on how scientific knowledge is created. Special emphasis on cell function, evolutionary biology, genetics, and modern genetic methods. Topics covered will include inheritance of genetic traits, cloning, and biotechnology, nervous system evolution, speciation, and extinction. 3 hrs. lec., disc. May be counted toward the Natural Science requirement of the College Curriculum.

BIOL 1101. Foundations in Biological Inquiry. 3 cr. hrs.

Develop research questions based on hypothesis, design and conduct experiments, analyze data, and draw conclusions using basic biology research techniques and laboratory practices (pipetting, microscopy, solution preparation, sterile technique, spectrophotometry, PCR/DNA electrophoresis, data analysis and basic statistics, etc.). 1 hr. lect, 3 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIOL 1001 or BIOL 1001H, and cons. of instr.

BIOL 1406. Plants, Pathogens and People. 3 cr. hrs.

Plant diseases and their effects on food supplies and human history. Biology of plants and the pathogens that cause plant diseases. Controversies related to pesticide use, biological control, genetic engineering, biodiversity. Covers the major biology concepts. Hands-on activities and class discussions. Designed for nonscience students and Biological Science for Education majors. Does not fulfill major requirements for other biological science majors.

BIOL 1410. Biology of Human Disease. 3 cr. hrs.

Explores human physiology in relationship to health and disease. Topics include the cardiovascular system, heart disease, the immune system, infectious diseases, cancer, drug addiction, the brain and neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease. Emphasis on understanding scientific reporting and critically assessing the value and importance of published findings. Students are required to research, analyze and critique an independent topic based on science in the news. Designed for nonscience students and Biological Science for Education majors. Does not fulfill major requirements for other biological science majors.

BIOL 1420. Introduction to Environmental Biology. 3 cr. hrs.

Provides an introduction to environmental biology both for non-science majors as well as students interested in pursuing environmental studies. Topics include global ecology and sustainability; fossil fuels, greenhouse gasses, housing, food production and water. Challenges students to draw on their introspective skills to form positions for use in class discussions and debates. Explorations of ethical and spiritual issues surrounding topics provide a framework for deeper discussions in the tradition of Jesuit education.

BIOL 1510. Neuroscience for Non-majors. 3 cr. hrs.

An introduction to the biology of human behavior. Students learn first, how the biological function of the brain affects thoughts, emotions, feelings and open behavior; and second, how our brain is affected by evolution, genes, life experiences and hormones.

BIOL 2001. Principles of Biological Investigation. 3 cr. hrs.

Introduction to selected instrumentation and techniques, including light microscopy, staining, aseptic procedures, spectrophotometry, gel electrophoresis, and immunoassays. Topics may include: photosynthesis, protein quantification, bacteria, fungi, nematodes, histology, evolution, embryo development, and physiology of the nervous system. Recommended for freshman and sophomores who have completed BIOL 1002 but may be taken concurrently. 1 hr. lec., 3 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIOL 1001 or BIOL 1001H.

BIOL 2953. Entering Research 1. 1 cr. hr.

A one-credit seminar for undergraduate students that is the first in a two-course series, designed to complement the independent research experience. Students meet weekly to share their research experiences and to get feedback on the progress of their research projects.

BIOL 2953H. Honors Entering Research 1. 1 cr. hr.

A one-credit seminar for undergraduate students that is the first in a two-course series, designed to complement the independent research experience. Students meet weekly to share their research experiences and to get feedback on the progress of their research projects. As a Honors Program course, includes a more intensive research or project component. Prereq: Admission to the BSCI Disciplinary Honors Program.

BIOL 2954. Entering Research 2. 1 cr. hr.

A one-credit seminar for undergraduate students that is the second in a two course series, designed to complement the independent research experience. Students meet weekly to share their research experiences and to get feedback on the progress of their research projects.

BIOL 2954H. Honors Entering Research 2. 1 cr. hr.

A one-credit seminar for undergraduate students that is the second in a two course series, designed to complement the independent research experience. Students meet weekly to share their research experiences and to get feedback on the progress of their research projects. As a Honors Program course, includes a more intensive research or project component. Prereq: Admission to the BSCI Disciplinary Honors Program.

BIOL 3101. Biochemistry and the Molecular Basis of Biology. 3 cr. hrs.

Major themes in biochemistry are examined in the context of mammalian physiology. Topics include: protein structure and enzyme catalysis, carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in relation to energy production, protein and nucleic acid synthesis, and the nature of the genetic code. 3 hrs. lec., disc. Prereq: BIOL 1002 or BIOL 1002H and CHEM 2111 or CHEM 2113 (which may be taken concurrently). CHEM 2112 or CHEM 2114 are highly recommended; or cons. of instr.

BIOL 3201. Genetics. 3 cr. hrs.

Analysis of mechanisms of inheritance with emphasis on the nature of the gene, inheritance of genetic traits, and organisms with special advantages as model genetic systems. 3 hrs. lec., disc. Prereq: BIOL 1001 or BIOL 1001H.

BIOL 3301. Cell Biology. 3 cr. hrs.

The cell is the basic unit of life; it is the fundamental unit from which all organisms are built. The concepts as well as the scientific evidence that underlie our current understanding of cellular organization and function are emphasized. Key cellular processes including membrane function, signaling, transcriptional regulation, protein targeting, vesicular trafficking, cytoskeleton, cell cycle regulation, and cell death are discussed. These processes are related to our understanding of human disease. 3 hrs. lec., disc. Prereq: BIOL 1001 or BIOL 1001H.

BIOL 3400. Ecology. 3 cr. hrs.

Introductory study of the complex interactions of living organisms, including both micro-and macro-organisms, with each other and with their chemical and physical environments. Emphasis on the scientific principles involved in these interactions. 3 hrs. lec., disc. Prereq: BIOL 1002 or BIOL 1002H; or cons. of instr.

BIOL 3404. Evolutionary Biology. 3 cr. hrs.

Evolution is integral to understanding all facets of the life sciences with scientist Theodosius Dobzhansky famously stating, “nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution.” Covers core topics in evolution including: the history of evolutionary thought in biology, genetic variation, development, population genetics, classification and phylogeny; the fossil record; biogeography, natural selection and adaptation, genetic drift, speciation and sexual selection. Prereq: BIOL 1001 or BIOL 1001H; and BIOL 1002 or BIOL 1002H; or cons. of instr.

BIOL 3986. Internship in Biological Sciences - Part-time. 0 cr. hrs.

Experience with a business or not-for-profit organization that affords students an opportunity to apply and integrate the biology knowledge and skills they have gained in the classroom to a professional workplace setting. For students completing a part-time internship during the fall or spring term (or summer months). Placement is in a preapproved internship position for a minimum of 140 hours per semester (or summer) and under the supervision of the organization personnel and the internship director. Prereq: Cons. of internship dir.

BIOL 3986H. Honors Internship in Biological Sciences - Part-time. 0 cr. hrs.

Experience with a business or not-for-profit organization that affords students an opportunity to apply and integrate the biology knowledge and skills they have gained in the classroom to a professional workplace setting. For students completing a part-time internship during the fall or spring term (or summer months). Placement is in a preapproved internship position for a minimum of 140 hours per semester (or summer) and under the supervision of the organization personnel and the internship director. Prereq: Cons. of internship dir; admission to the BSCI Disciplinary Honors Program.

BIOL 3987. Internship in Biological Sciences - Full-time. 0 cr. hrs.

Experience with a business or not-for-profit organization that affords students an opportunity to apply and integrate the biology knowledge and skills they have gained in the classroom to a professional workplace setting. For students completing a pre-approved full-time internship or co-op, with no other enrollment, during the fall or spring terms. Allows students to remain in full-time status for deferment purposes, while completing the internship; however, there is no financial aid provided for this class. Placement is for a minimum of 450 hours per term under the supervision of an internship mentor/supervisor. Prereq: Cons. of internship dir.

BIOL 3987H. Honors Internship in Biological Sciences - Full-time. 0 cr. hrs.

Experience with a business or not-for-profit organization that affords students an opportunity to apply and integrate the biology knowledge and skills they have gained in the classroom to a professional workplace setting. For students completing a pre-approved full-time internship or co-op, with no other enrollment, during the fall or spring terms. Allows students to remain in full-time status for deferment purposes, while completing the internship; however, there is no financial aid provided for this class. Placement is for a minimum of 450 hours per term under the supervision of an internship mentor/supervisor. Prereq: Cons. of internship dir.; admission to the BSCI Disciplinary Honors Program.

BIOL 4102. Experimental Molecular Biology. 3 cr. hrs.

Purification, characterization and molecular analysis of proteins, nucleic acids, lipids and other biomolecules with emphasis on standard techniques widely used in research laboratories. 1 hr. lec., 4 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIOL 3101, which may be taken concurrently with cons. of instr.

BIOL 4201. Genomics and Bioinformatics. 3 cr. hrs.

The analysis of the structure, organization, function and evolution of prokaryotic and eukaryotic genomes. Students gain an understanding of how recent technological advances have revolutionized the field of genomics and of how large genomic datasets are generated, analyzed and visualized. Prereq: BIOL 3201 or cons. of instr.

BIOL 4202. Experimental Genetics. 3 cr. hrs.

Genetic organization, function, engineering, and inheritance in procaryotic and eucaryotic organisms. 1 hr. lec., 4 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIOL 3201, which may be taken concurrently; and cons. of dept. ch.

BIOL 4302. Experimental Cell Biology. 3 cr. hrs.

Molecular and biochemical studies of cellular structure and organization in relation to integrated cellular function. 1 hr. lec., 4 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIOL 3301 and cons. of dept. ch.

BIOL 4401. Advanced Ecology. 3 cr. hrs.

Attain in-depth understanding of the ecology of the natural world beyond the scope of introductory-level general ecology. Learn about patterns and processes of ecological populations and communities, the mechanisms believed to be responsible for these processes, and the emergent properties of ecosystems. Focus on major theories in ecology and the empirical investigations that support or refute these theories. Read classic papers that introduced or popularized major theories in ecology, as well as more recent empirical tests of those theories. Prereq: BIOL 3400 or equiv.; or cons. of instr.

BIOL 4402. Experimental Ecology and Field Biology. 3 cr. hrs.

Experimental approach of both laboratory and field exercises designed to emphasize experimental design, ecological measurement, observation, modeling and statistical analyses of fundamental concepts in ecology. 1 hr. lec., 4 hr. lab. Prereq: BIOL 3400 or equiv.

BIOL 4403. Tropical Ecology in Panama. 3 cr. hrs.

Tropical Ecology is the study of the biotic and abiotic interactions that shape the origin, maintenance and consequences of species diversity in the tropics. The incredibly high species diversity found in tropical forests has intrigued biologists for centuries, including such luminaries as Darwin and Wallace and continues to engage biologists today. Explores a variety of different forest types within the Republic of Panama to gain an appreciation for the basic patterns and processes of tropical forests and the mechanisms believed to be responsible for them. Modeled after the Organization for Tropical Biology’s Tropical Ecology Field Course. Prereq: BIOL 3400 or cons. of instr.

BIOL 4404. Molecular Evolution. 3 cr. hrs.

Covers introductory topics in molecular evolution based on readings from the literature. Topics include online sequence databases, sequence alignment, detecting natural selection, building phylogenetic trees, testing alternative phylogenetic hypotheses, molecular clocks, reconstructing ancestral sequences and gene duplication and loss. Students learn to use several software packages to perform these analyses. Prereq: BIOL 3404 or equiv.

BIOL 4406. Plant Biology. 3 cr. hrs.

Despite their tremendous diversity in form, seed plants share many similarities in their cellular organization, metabolism, and core development paradigms. Primary course objectives include student familiarity with organization, growth and development of vascular plants; application of genetic engineering to plants; and concepts of plant evolution and reproduction from algae to flowering plants. 3 hrs. lec. Prereq: BIOL 1002 or BIOL 1002H or cons. of instr.

BIOL 4410. Conservation Biology. 3 cr. hrs.

The goals of conservation biology are to understand the causes and consequences of biodiversity loss – from genes to populations to species to ecosystems – and to develop tools and techniques to conserve biodiversity. Reviews what is known about the causes and consequences of current biodiversity loss, established and emerging strategies and tools to conserve biodiversity, and the ecological and evolutionary theory underlying these strategies. Includes population-modeling approaches such as population viability analysis, life-history tables, and sustainable harvest models, and conservation techniques such as species recovery plans, reserve design, habitat suitability models, seed banks, and restoration ecology. Focuses on the implications of biodiversity for ecosystem function and services, as well as the implications of conservation for policy, economics, and society. Builds essential skills for a career in biology, natural-resource management or conservation, including critical review of evidence and scientific literature, quantitative and conceptual modeling and practical decision making. Prereq: BIOL 3400 or cons. of instr.

BIOL 4501. Cellular Neurobiology. 3 cr. hrs.

General principles of the organization and function of the vertebrate nervous system. Topics include the cellular and molecular mechanisms of cell excitability, synaptic transmission, and how neuromodulators regulate these functions in neuronal networks; mechanisms of learning and memory at the synaptic level; sensory systems from transduction to higher-order processing; and motor systems from the neuromuscular junction to voluntary movement to provide an integrative understanding of the nervous system. A functional approach to neuroanatomy are integrated throughout the course. 3 hrs. lec., disc. Prereq: BIOL 1002 or BIOL 1002H.

BIOL 4502. Experimental Neurobiology. 3 cr. hrs.

Experimental analysis of synapses and neuronal circuitry using a variety of preparations and electrophysiological techniques. The basic electrical properties of excitable cells and chemical communication between cells are investigated. 1 hr. lec., 4 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIOL 4501, which may be taken concurrently, and cons. of dept. ch.; or BIOL 4701 and cons. of dept. ch.

BIOL 4532. Biochemistry 2: Bioenergetics and Metabolism. 3 cr. hrs.

An exploration of the thermodynamic, cellular and molecular features contributing to the organization and regulation of major metabolic pathways in plants and animals. Major topics focus on the thermodynamic and mechanistic principles governing pathways associated with carbohydrate, nucleic acid, lipid and amino acid metabolism. The integration, regulation and origins of these metabolic systems are explored in the context of biotechnology and disease. Prereq: BIOL 3301, CHEM 2112 or CHEM 2114, CHEM 4530.

BIOL 4601. Animal Development. 3 cr. hrs.

The study of the ordered formation of complex, multi-cellular organisms from a single cell. A multidisciplinary exploration of the integrative processes underlying animal development, incorporating techniques of cellular and molecular biology for the study of development. 3 hrs. lec. Prereq: BIOL 3301 or cons. of instr.

BIOL 4602. Experimental Vertebrate Anatomy and Development. 3 cr. hrs.

Study of vertebrate anatomy at both gross and microscopic levels, facilitated by dissection of representative mammals and examination of microscope slides. Includes a developmental component supported by a study of early chick embryos. Prereq: BIOL 1001 or BIOL 1001H and BIOL 1002 or BIOL 1002H, or equiv. and cons. of dept. ch.

BIOL 4701. Human Physiology. 4 cr. hrs.

Designed to explain to students in Biological Sciences, Physiological Sciences and Physical Therapy curricula the systemic and cellular mechanisms responsible for cellular, organ, and system functions in the human organism. 4 hrs. lec., disc. Prereq: BIOL 1002 or BIOL 1002H; or cons. of instr. BIOL 3301 recommended.

BIOL 4702. Experimental Physiology. 3 cr. hrs.

Investigation of selected topics relating to the regulation of physiological activity in vertebrate organisms. Emphasis on use of modern recording systems and experimental preparation of the vertebrate for the study of integrated systemic functions. 1 hr. lec., 4 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIOL 4701, which may be taken concurrently; cons. of dept. ch.

BIOL 4703. Exercise Physiology. 3 cr. hrs.

Study of the effects of acute and chronic exercise on selected organ systems. Particular emphasis is placed on muscle, cardiovascular, respiratory and environmental physiology. Prereq: BIOL 4701 or equiv., or cons. of instr.

BIOL 4801. Microbiology. 3 cr. hrs.

Study of selected groups of microorganisms (algae, bacteria, and fungi). Topics include microbial morphology, taxonomy and metabolic activities, and the effect of microorganisms on man and on the earth. 3 hrs. lec., disc. Prereq: BIOL 1002 or BIOL 1002H.

BIOL 4802. Experimental Microbiology. 3 cr. hrs.

Basic modern approaches to the laboratory investigation of microorganisms. A major part of the course is in-depth analysis of unknown microorganisms that students isolate from the environment. Prereq: BIOL 4801; cons. of dept. ch.

BIOL 4806. Immunobiology. 3 cr. hrs.

Cellular and molecular mechanisms of the immune response. Nature of antigens and antibodies and their interactions. Topics include: complement, immediate and delayed hypersensitivity, transplantation and tumor immunobiology, immunosuppression and immunological tolerance. 3 hrs. lec., disc.

BIOL 4931. Topics in Biology. 1 cr. hr.

Analysis of selected topics under faculty supervision. S/U grade assessment. A maximum of 3 cr. hrs. of BIOL 4931 will be counted towards major. Prereq: Cons. of instr.

BIOL 4931H. Honors Topics in Biology. 1 cr. hr.

Analysis of selected topics under faculty supervision. S/U grade assessment. A maximum of 3 cr. hrs. of BIOL 4931 can be counted towards major. As a Honors Program course, includes a more intensive research or project component. Prereq: Cons. of instr.; admission to the BSCI Disciplinary Honors Program.

BIOL 4953. Seminar in Undergraduate Research. 1 cr. hr.

Designed to enhance the undergraduate research experience. Emphasis is on critical reading of the literature, presentation skills and research ethics. Prereq: Concurrent enrollment in BIOL 4956 or BIOL 4956H.

BIOL 4953H. Honors Seminar in Undergraduate Research. 1 cr. hr.

Designed to enhance the undergraduate research experience. Emphasis is on critical reading of the literature, presentation skills and research ethics. As a Honors Program course, includes a more intensive research or project component. Prereq: Concurrent enrollment in BIOL 4956 or BIOL 4956H; admission to the BSCI Disciplinary Honors Program.

BIOL 4956. Laboratory Research Project in Biological Sciences. 1-3 cr. hrs.

Laboratory experience in experimental design and analysis of a selected research project with faculty guidance and supervision. A maximum of six cr. hrs. of BIOL 4995 and BIOL 4956 combined can be counted toward the major. Prereq: Cons. of dept. ch.

BIOL 4956H. Honors Laboratory Research Project in Biological Sciences. 1-3 cr. hrs.

Laboratory experience in experimental design and analysis of a selected research project with faculty guidance and supervision. A maximum of six cr. hrs. of BIOL 4995 and BIOL 4956 combined can be counted toward the major. As a Honors Program course, includes a more intensive research or project component. Prereq: Cons. of dept. ch.; admission to the BSCI Disciplinary Honors Program.

BIOL 4987. Applying the Internship Experience. 3 cr. hrs.

Weekly seminar that normally follows the completion of a full-time or part-time internship experience. Designed to apply and integrate the theory and practice of a biology education in a professional setting. Students engage with career preparedness and professional development activities, while also reflecting on and communicating the skills and knowledge that they have gained during their internship experiences. Prereq: BIOL 3986 or BIOL 3986H, either may be taken concurrently; or BIOL 3987 or BIOL 3987H; and cons. of internship dir.

BIOL 4987H. Honors Applying the Internship Experience. 3 cr. hrs.

Weekly seminar that normally follows the completion of a full-time or part-time internship experience. Designed to apply and integrate the theory and practice of a biology education in a professional setting. Students engage with career preparedness and professional development activities, while also reflecting on and communicating the skills and knowledge that they have gained during their internship experiences. S/U grade assessment. Prereq: BIOL 3986 or BIOL 3986H, either may be taken concurrently; or BIOL 3987 or BIOL 3987H; and cons. of internship dir.; admission to the BSCI Disciplinary Honors Program.

BIOL 4995. Independent Study in Biology. 1-3 cr. hrs.

Readings and analyses of published papers on selected topics in biology. Prereq: Jr. or Sr. stndg., cons. of instr., and cons. of dept ch. A maximum of six (6) cr. hrs. of BIOL 4995 and BIOL 4956 combined can counted toward the major.

BIOL 4995H. Honors Independent Study in Biology. 1-3 cr. hrs.

Readings and analyses of published papers on selected topics in biology. As a Honors Program course, includes a more intensive research or project component. A maximum of six (6) cr. hrs. of BIOL 4995H and BIOL 4956H combined can be counted toward the major. Prereq: Jr. or Sr. stndg., cons. of instr., and cons. of dept ch.; admission to the BSCI Disciplinary Honors Program.

BIOL 9002H. Honors Student Study/Research Placeholder in Biology. 0 cr. hrs.

Used to enroll a honors student who is not enrolled in the term, but is on campus for an educational experience other than academic credit, such as work in a lab or clinic. Used for tracking purposes only. SNC/UNC grade assessment. Prereq: Cons. of dept. ch.