Chairperson: David Baker, Ph.D.
Department of Biomedical Sciences website

The Marquette University Department of Biomedical Sciences offers a Biomedical Sciences major and minor area of study for undergraduate students interested in pursuing clinical and non-clinical careers in health care and related fields. In addition, the department offers graduate courses for the Interdisciplinary Neuroscience Graduate Program and professional level courses for students in Marquette health professional programs.

The primary purpose of the major and minor is to provide a concentration of human- and medically-oriented courses in areas such as anatomical sciences, biochemistry, neuroscience, microbiology, molecular biology, pathology, pharmacology and physiology. The curriculum provides students with the opportunity to acquire the concepts, principles, facts and terminology fundamental to all health care professions and related fields. The major can also be tailored to an individual’s career interests preparing the student for a number of careers beyond the clinical professions.

Lastly, the department also hosts a variety of accelerated degree and advanced programs for students in the undergraduate major. Biomedical Sciences offers accelerated direct admission entry into the Doctor of Physical Therapy, Doctor of Dental Surgery and J.D. (Juris Doctor/Doctor of Law) programs. Biomedical sciences students also have an opportunity for early admission to the Physician Assistant Studies program, Interdisciplinary Neuroscience Ph.D. program, Doctor of Occupational Therapy, Exercise and Rehabilitation Science M.S. program and Master of Business Administration (M.B.A.) program at Marquette University as well as the Pharm.D. and Global Health Equity M.S. programs at the Medical College of Wisconsin. For students who demonstrate exceptional work in the areas of research and community engagement and maintain high academic standards, the department offers the opportunity to receive Disciplinary Honors in Biomedical Sciences. More information about these programs can be found below.

Pre-medical and Pre-Dental studies

The Biomedical Sciences major at Marquette provides uniquely powerful preparation for students planning to pursue careers in medicine or dentistry. The opportunity to study distinctively human, medical science-related courses at the undergraduate level is exceedingly rare. In addition, courses in the curriculum are taught by faculty who are biomedical scientists, many of whom also teach in Marquette School of Dentistry. Students in this program pursue course work in the anatomical sciences (including gross anatomy), biochemistry and physiology, all taught from a clinical, human perspective. The curriculum provides students with the opportunity to acquire concepts, principals, facts and terminology fundamental to not only medicine, but to all health professions and related fields. In addition, the wide range of course options and flexibility in the major allows students to develop degree plans that match their areas of interest, such as, neuroscience, head and neck anatomy, public health, genetics, microbiology, pharmacology, research, etc. The program boasts exceptionally high acceptance rates to medical and dental schools, and tremendous success among graduates competing for medical residencies following medical school.

Early Admission to Physician Assistant Studies

Partnering with the Department of Physician Assistant Studies at Marquette University, the Biomedical Sciences department provides a 3+2 early admission opportunity to the Physician Assistant (PA) Studies program. Students who complete the first three years of the pre-physician assistant curriculum are eligible to apply to the Marquette University Physician Assistant Studies program as early as the summer after their sophomore year. Admitted students complete their undergraduate degree in Biomedical Sciences within the first year of the PA program. A Master of Physician Assistant Studies degree is awarded upon graduation from the PA program. Students who do not enter the PA program their Senior year continue within the Biomedical Sciences major. The department has course outlines for those who enter the PA program following their Senior year and for those who complete the standard bachelor’s degree. Students work with their advisers to identify the most appropriate program.

Pre-Dental Scholars

Partnering with the School of Dentistry at Marquette University, the Biomedical Sciences department offers an accelerated option as part of the Pre-Dental Scholar program, allowing students to complete their undergraduate degree within the first year of the dental school program. Students who are admitted directly to the Pre-Dental Scholar program or those admitted following freshmen year must meet the academic standards set by the School of Dentistry to continue within the program. Students who do not meet the academic requirements work with their advisers to complete the standard Biomedical Sciences major.

Interdisciplinary Neuroscience PhD Accelerated Degree Program (ADP)

The graduate school offers a combined bachelor’s-doctoral pathway program available to outstanding Marquette University biomedical sciences undergraduate students. This program enables students to complete their undergraduate degree within the first year of the neuroscience graduate program, allowing them to complete their doctorate in less time than traditional graduate students. Biomedical sciences undergraduate students can apply for early admission to the neuroscience doctoral program in the first term of their junior year. The cellular and molecular neuroscience specialization must be chosen. Students may request permission to move to another specialization, though requests are not guaranteed.

Students accepted into this program are eligible to enroll in up to 14 credits (7-8 credits/semester) of graduate neuroscience courses in their senior year that can be used to fulfill both undergraduate and graduate degree requirements. Interested students should contact their adviser early in their undergraduate career to plan the curriculum for the biomedical sciences major accordingly. Students must submit an application to the Graduate School, indicate their interest in the accelerated degree program and meet all other admission criteria as stated in the Application Requirements section. GRE test scores are not required.

Direct Admit Physical Therapy

Partnering with the Physical Therapy program at Marquette University, the Biomedical Sciences department offers an accelerated option for the Direct Admit Physical Therapy program, allowing students to complete their undergraduate degree within the first year of the professional phase of the program. Students who are admitted directly to the Physical Therapy program or those admitted following their junior year (space permitting) must meet the academic standards set by the Physical Therapy Department to continue within the program. Students who do not meet the academic requirements work with their advisers to complete the standard Biomedical Sciences major.

EXERCISE AND REHABILITATION SCIENCE M.S. ACCELERATED DEGREE PROGRAM

The Department of Biomedical Sciences together with the Graduate School offers an accelerated degree program which allows accepted students to complete graduate course work in the Exercise and Rehabilitation Science M.S. program in their senior year of undergraduate study. 

Marquette undergraduate students majoring in Biomedical Sciences can apply for admission to the Exercise and Rehabilitation Science M.S. program in their junior year. Students accepted into the program are eligible to enroll in up to 14 (or 17) credits of graduate course work during the senior year. Credits earned for graduate courses can be used to fulfill both undergraduate and graduate degree requirements. 

Early Assurance PharmD Program

The Biomedical Sciences department participates in the Early Assurance PharmD program through the university’s partnership with the Medical College of Wisconsin (MCW) School of Pharmacy. The 3+3 Early Assurance PharmD program allows students in the Biomedical Sciences major to earn dual degrees, a bachelor’s degree from Marquette University and a Doctor of Pharmacy degree from the Medical College of Wisconsin, in a total of six years. Students accepted to this program who meet all eligibility requirements throughout the program, can matriculate to MCW’s Schools of Pharmacy in their senior year. A bachelor of science degree from Marquette University is awarded after successful completion of the first year at MCW. Applications to the program are due at the start of the spring term in freshman or sophomore year. Interested students should consult with their academic adviser in biomedical sciences. More detailed information can be found in the university Special Academic Programs section of this bulletin.

GLOBAL HEALTH EQUITY M.S. ACCELERATED DEGREE PROGRAM

The Department of Biomedical Sciences together with the Medical College of Wisconsin Global Health Equity M.S. program offers an accelerated degree program which allow students to earn their B.S. in Biomedical Sciences, and a master of science (M.S.) in Global Health Equity, all within a five-year time period.

Marquette undergraduate students majoring in Biomedical Sciences can apply for admission to the Global Health Equity M.S. program in the second term of their junior year. Students accepted into the program are eligible to enroll in up to 12 credits of pre-approved course work during the senior year to fulfill both undergraduate and graduate degree requirements.  

Due to the structure of the program within the senior year, careful planning as early as sophomore year is encouraged. Interested students should contact their undergraduate adviser to be connected with the program contact within the Biomedical Sciences Department.

Pre-Law Scholars

Partnering with the Law School at Marquette University, the Biomedical Sciences department offers an accelerated option as part of the Pre-Law Scholar program, allowing students to complete their undergraduate degree within the first year of the law school program. Students who are admitted directly to the Pre-Law Scholar program must meet the academic standards set by the Law School to continue within the program. Students who do not meet the academic requirements work with their advisers to complete the standard Biomedical Sciences major.

MBA Accelerated Degree Program (ADP)

Marquette undergraduate students majoring in Biomedical Sciences can apply for admission to the Master of Business Administration (M.B.A.) program in the second term of their junior year. Students accepted into this program are eligible to enroll in up to 12 credits of M.B.A. course work that carry graduate credit during their senior year. Credits obtained for these courses can be used to fulfill both undergraduate and graduate degree requirements. Due to the number of prerequisite courses required for admission to the M.B.A. program, the M.B.A. accelerated degree option requires careful planning as early as freshman year. Interested students should contact their adviser early in their undergraduate career. Once students inform the Graduate School of Management of their completion of undergraduate degree requirements, their admission as a regular degree status (RDS) student in the Graduate School of Management is activated.

Disciplinary Honors Program

The Disciplinary Honors Program in Biomedical Sciences is designed for students to demonstrate exceptional work in the areas of research and community engagement, and maintain high academic standards. Students involved in this program must go beyond normal expectations in these areas by generating an honors proposal that integrates course work, research, community engagement, writing and oral presentations into a coherent plan of work. There are two specific focuses within the program, one in which the emphasis is on scientific research and the other on community engagement, although all students must include some experience in each area.

Graduation with Disciplinary Honors in Biomedical Sciences requires completion of the portfolio and participation in a second-term senior year capstone course. Students are also required to prepare a presentation describing how they completed their honors plan.

Degree requirements

Academic Performance

All students must comply with the College of Health Sciences graduation requirements. Candidates for a degree must earn at least the minimum number of credits listed in their curriculum and a minimum GPA of 2.000 (C average). Students must earn a C- or better in all major courses. Major courses completed with a D+ or below do not count toward the 33 credits required for the BISC major (or 18 credits for the minor), but do count toward the minimum 128 total credits required for the B.S. degree. A waiver may be submitted if a BISC content area course taken in the senior year is completed with a grade of D+ or D provided students complete at least 33 credits in the major with a C- or above and meets the minimum BISC major gpa of 2.000 or above.  A waiver request will be granted for no more than one course and cannot be applied towards the BISC required courses (BISC 3135, 4145 or biochemistry).

Candidates for the baccalaureate degree with a major in Biomedical Sciences must complete a minimum of 128 credit hours including the following requirements:

Area Credit Hours
Marquette Core Curriculum (MCC) 30
Required Foundational Courses 24-27
Major 33
General Electives to achieve 128 total credits

Marquette Core Curriculum (MCC) - 30 Credits

Refer to the Marquette Core Curriculum (MCC) in the University section of this bulletin for courses that will meet requirements.  The university allows a maximum of two courses in the Discovery Tier to apply towards a primary major.

Required Foundational Courses

All students are required to complete:

BIOL 1001General Biology 13
BIOL 1002General Biology 23
CHEM 1001General Chemistry 14
CHEM 1002General Chemistry 24
CHEM 2111Organic Chemistry 11-4
or BISC 2050 Organic Chemistry for the Health Sciences
One of the following laboratory science courses:3
Principles of Biological Investigation
Concepts in Medical Laboratory Medicine
Diagnostics Technology (For students admitted to the PA program)
One of the following statistics courses:3
Modern Elementary Statistics
Statistical Methods
Biostatistical Methods and Models
Psychological Measurements and Statistics ((4 credits))
Social Statistics
One of the following Health and Society Courses:2
Epidemiology (Can be used as a Health and Society Cognate or BISC elective, but not both)
Global Health
Biology, Moral Behavior and Policy (Can be used as a Health and Society Cognate or BISC elective, but not both)
Modern Plagues: Stress, Trauma and Addiction (Can be used as a Health and Society Cognate or BISC elective, but not both)
Politics of U.S. Health Care (or POSC 4381 with special permission)
Comparative Health Politics and Policy (or POSC 4461 with special permission)
Health Communication
Health, Science and Environmental Communication
Writing for Health and Medicine
Medicine and Literature
Culture and Health
Women's Health
Veteran Health and Culture
Primary Health Care Concepts
Public Health
Clinical Decision Making 2 (for students admitted to the PA program)
Introduction to Life-Span Developmental Psychology for the Health Professions
Developmental Psychology: Conception Through Adolescence
Developmental Psychology: Adulthood and Aging
Human Sexuality
Health Psychology
Sociology of the Life Course
Culture, Health and Illness
Health Care Systems
Race, Gender and Medicine
Men, Masculinities and Health
Sociology of Aging
Introduction to Social Welfare and Justice
Human Behavior in the Social Environment
Global Aid and Humanitarianism
Advanced Spanish for Health Care
Theology and Global Health
Note: Biomedical Sciences often offers special topics courses (BISC 4930 and BISC 4931) which may be approved for the Health and Society cognate. Students should confirm with their adviser whether a course fulfills the requirement. To request approval, a student must submit a Health and Society Approval Form, available in the department office.
One of the following medical ethics courses (minimum 1 credit):1
Bioethics for Healthcare: Foundations, Dilemmas and Decision-Making (Can be used as a Health and Society Cognate or Medical Ethics Cognate, but not both)
Biomedical Ethics (3 credits)
Applied Ethics for the Health Sciences (1 credit)
Medical Ethics (3 credits)
Total Credit Hours:24-27

Students who are interested in pursuing a professional or graduate education (i.e. pre-med, pre-dental) should take the following courses:

Organic Chemistry 1
Organic Chemistry 2
General Physics 1
General Physics 2
Principles of Biological Investigation
Calculus for the Biological Sciences
Principles of Sociology
General Psychology

Typical four-year curriculum plans for Biomedical Sciences, Pre-Physician Assistant Studies, Direct Admit Physical Therapy, Pre-PharmD program, STEM-MBA and Pre-Dental Scholars follow the listing of Biomedical Sciences Major requirements.

Biomedical Sciences Major

The major in biomedical sciences consists of a minimum of 33 credit hours completed with a C- grade or better and meet a minimum cumulative GPA of 2.000. A maximum of 9 transfer credits can be applied towards the major. The following courses are required:

Required Courses
BISC 3135Clinical Human Anatomy4
BISC 3213Biochemistry3-4
or BISC 2070 Biochemistry for the Health Professions
BISC 4145/5145Human Physiology 14
Content Areas: Choose the number of courses/credits indicated from each of the content areas below.
Anatomy and Systems (One course, a maximum of 3 credits apply toward the major)3
Nutritional Aspects of Health
Head and Neck Anatomy
Anatomy Teaching Practicum
Systems Neuroscience
Functional Neuroanatomy 1
Principles of Human Embryology 1
Endocrinology 1
Human Microanatomy (4 credits; only 3 credits apply toward the 33 total credits needed for the major, all credits apply towards the 128 overall credits needed for the degree)
Human Gross Anatomy (5 credits; must be enrolled in the DPT program; only 3 credits apply towards the 33 total credits needed for the major, all credits apply towards the 128 overall credits needed for the degree)
Medical Anatomy (6 credits; must be enrolled in the MPA program; only 3 credits apply towards the 33 total credits needed for the major, all credits apply towards the 128 overall credits needed for the degree)
Biomedical Systems 1 (Pre-Dental Scholars only)
Cell and Molecular (Two courses, a minimum of 6 credits)6
Human Microbiology (Substitute BISC 7410 for Pre-Dental Scholar or MPA program only)
Microbiology
Molecular Neuroscience
Molecular Pathology (can be used for either Cell and Molecular Content Area or Diseases and Pathology Content Area, but not both) 1
Biology of Aging
Human and Applied Medical Genetics 1
Neuroscience Foundations 1 (for students admitted to the NRSC program)
Genetics
Cell Biology
Cellular Neurobiology
Immunobiology
Diseases and Pathology (Two courses, a minimum of 6 credits)6
General Pathology
Pharmacology (Substitute BISC 7220 for MPA program only)
Medical Pharmacology
Outbreaks, Epidemics and Pandemics
Diseases of the Brain 1
Molecular Pathology (can be used for either Cell and Molecular Content Area or Diseases and Pathology Content Area, but not both) 1
Modern Plagues: Stress, Trauma and Addiction
Clinical Pathology and Pathophysiology (only for students admitted to DPT program)

Biomedical Sciences Electives: 5-6 credit hours selected from the following list, or any additional courses within a content area listed above, to total the 33 credit hours required for the major completed with a minimum grade of C-.

BISC 1001Contemporary Issues in Biomedical Sciences (required course for all first semester freshman)1
BISC 1030Introduction to Dentistry (can only be applied as an elective for Pre-Dental Scholars)1
BISC 3110Nutritional Aspects of Health3
BISC 3112Head and Neck Anatomy3
BISC 3115Human Microbiology3
BISC 3136Gross Anatomy for the Biomedical Sciences2
BISC 3150General Pathology3
BISC 3850Systems Neuroscience3
BISC 3859Evolution3
BISC 3987Internship in Biomedical Sciences-Work Period0
BISC 4010Neuroeconomics: The Neuroscience of Decision Making3
BISC 4020Molecular Neuroscience3
BISC 4113Anatomy Teaching Practicum3
BISC 4120Pharmacology3
BISC 4140/5140Functional Neuroanatomy 13
BISC 4142Science and Society 21
BISC 4146Physiology In Depth: Contemporary Issues 21
BISC 4147Human Physiology Laboratory 1
BISC 4150Outbreaks, Epidemics and Pandemics3
BISC 4151Advanced Pathology 21
BISC 4153Epidemiology (can fulfill Health and Society Cognate or BISC elective, but not both)3
BISC 4155/5155Diseases of the Brain 13
BISC 4157Global Health3
BISC 4159/7159Public Health Program Planning, Implementation and Evaluation3
BISC 4160/5160Molecular Pathology 13
BISC 4165Microbiology Laboratory1
BISC 4170Biology, Moral Behavior and Policy (can fulfill Health and Society Cognate or BISC elective, not both)3
BISC 4173/5173Principles of Human Embryology 13
BISC 4210Biology of Aging 3
BISC 4214Advanced Biochemistry 21
BISC 4275Modern Plagues: Stress, Trauma and Addiction (can fulfill Health and Society Cognate or BISC elective, but not both)3
BISC 4325/5325Endocrinology 13
BISC 4340/5340Human and Applied Medical Genetics3
BISC 4341Advanced Cellular Genetics and Cancer 21
BISC 4460Practical Cases in Medicine3
BISC 4514Human Microanatomy4
BISC 4851Advanced Systems Neuroscience 21
BISC 4931Topics in Biomedical Sciences 21-3
BISC 4953Readings in Human Anatomy 21
BISC 4986Internship in Biomedical Sciences (maximum 6 credits, 3 credits toward BISC major)1-3
BISC 4987Internship in Biomedical Sciences-Grading Period (maximum 6 credits, 3 credits toward BISC major)1-3
BISC 4988Research Internship in Biomedical Sciences (maximum 6 credits, 3 credits toward BISC major)1-3
BISC 4989Research Internship in Biomedical Sciences-Grading Period (maximum 6 credits, 3 credits toward BISC major)1-3
BISC 4991HHonors Community Engagement in Biomedical Sciences (Only for students in the Disciplinary Honors Program; maximum 6 credits, 3 credits toward BISC major)1-3
BISC 4995Independent Study in Biomedical Sciences (Maximum 6 credits, 3 credits toward BISC major) 21-3
BISC 4997HCapstone for Disciplinary Honors Program in Biomedical Sciences (Only for students in the Disciplinary Honors Program)1
BISC 7514Human Microanatomy (only for Pre-Dental Scholars)4
BISC 7516Biomedical Systems 2 (only for Pre-Dental Scholars)4
BISC 8002Neuroscience Foundations 2 (for students admitted to the NRSC ADP program)4
BIOL 4102Experimental Molecular Biology3
BIOL 4202Experimental Genetics3
BIOL 4302Experimental Cell Biology3
BIOL 4501Cellular Neurobiology3
BIOL 4502Experimental Neurobiology3
BIOL 4702Experimental Physiology3
BIOL 4802Experimental Microbiology3
BIOL 4806Immunobiology3
EXPH 5192Advanced Exercise Physiology (only for students admitted to EXRS program)3
MLSC 2050Forensic Science3
MLSC 2060Public Health3
PHAS 7260Pediatric Medicine (only for students admitted to MPA program)3
PHTH 7120Pharmacology in Physical Therapy (only for students admitted to DPT program)2
A maximum of nine transfer credit hours can be applied toward the requirements for a major

Curricula Information

Typical Program for Biomedical Sciences Majors

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 10011BIOL 100213
BIOL 100113CHEM 100214
CHEM 100114PSYC 1001 or ELECTIVE13
ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)3PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3
PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)3
General elective3 
 17 16
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 31354CHEM 2112 or ELECTIVE14
CHEM 2111 or BISC 2050 (and 3 cr. electives)4BISC 2070 or 32133-4
BIOL 2001 or OTHER APPROVED LAB COGNATE3Statistics cognate3
MATH 1410 or ELECTIVE13CORE 1929 (MCC)3
General elective3DSCV (MCC)2, 33
 17 16-17
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
PHYS 1001 or ELECTIVE14PHYS 1002 or ELECTIVE14
BISC 41454Diseases and Pathology course3
Anatomy and Systems course43Cell and Molecular course3
Health and Society cognate3DSCV (MCC)2, 33
DSCV (MCC)2, 33 
 17 13
Senior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
Cell and Molecular course3Diseases and Pathology course3
BISC elective3BISC elective3-2
DSCV (MCC)2, 33Medical Ethics1
General elective7CORE 4929 (MCC)3
 General electives6
 16 16-15
Total Credit Hours: 128

​Typical Program for Biomedical Sciences Majors - Direct Admit Physical Therapy Students

Partnering with the Physical Therapy program at Marquette University, the Biomedical Sciences Department has established an accelerated option for the Direct Admit Physical Therapy program, allowing students to complete their undergraduate degree after the first year of the professional phase of the program. Students who were admitted directly to the Physical Therapy Program or those admitted following their Junior year (space permitting) must meet the academic standards set by the Physical Therapy Department to continue in the program. Students who do not meet the academic requirements work with their advisers to complete the standard Biomedical Sciences major.

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 10011BIOL 10023
BIOL 10013CHEM 10024
CHEM 10014PSYC 10013
ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)3PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3
PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)3
General elective3 
 17 16
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 31354BISC 2070 (or BISC 3213 for 4 cr.)3
BISC 20501BIOL 20013
PSYC 2101 (or PSYC 3101, 3120 or 3410 for DPT)3Statistics cognate3
CORE 1929 (MCC)3PHTH 100131
DSCV (MCC)1,23DSCV (MCC)1, 23
General elective2DSCV (MCC)1, 23
 16 16
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
PHYS 10014PHYS 10024
BISC 41454Diseases and Pathology course3
Cell and Molecular course3Cell and Molecular course3
Health and Society cognate3BISC elective3
DSCV (MCC)1, 23Medical Ethics 1
 CORE 4929 (MCC)3
 17 17
Senior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 7130 (Anatomy and Systems)45PHTH 7120 (BISC Elective)2
PHTH 4512 (ESSV2)3PHTH 7515 (Disease and Pathology)4
Remaining DPT Curriculum6Remaining DPT Curriculum9
 14 15
Total Credit Hours: 128

Typical Program for Biomedical Sciences Majors - Pre-Dental Scholars

Partnering with the School of Dentistry at Marquette University, the Biomedical Sciences Department has established an accelerated track option through the Pre-Dental Scholar Program, allowing students to complete their undergraduate degree within the first year of the dental school program. Students who were admitted directly to the Pre-Dental Scholar Program or those admitted following Freshmen year must meet the academic standards set by the School of Dentistry to continue in the program. Students who do not meet the academic requirements work with their advisers to complete the standard Biomedical Sciences major.

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 10011BIOL 10023
BIOL 10013CHEM 10024
CHEM 10014BISC 10301
ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)3PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3
PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)3
General elective3General elective3
 17 17
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 31354CHEM 21124
CHEM 21114BISC 2070 (or BISC 3213 for 4 cr.)3
Statistics cognate3BIOL 20013
CORE 1929 (MCC)3DSCV (MCC)1, 23
General elective3DSCV (MCC)1, 23
 17 16
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
PHYS 10014PHYS 10024
BISC 41454Diseases and Pathology course3
Disease and Pathology course3Cell and Molecular course3
Health and Society cognate3Medical Ethics1
DSCV (MCC)1, 23CORE 4929 (MCC)3
 DSCV (MCC)1, 23
 17 17
Senior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 7410 (Cell and Molecular)4BISC 7516 (BISC elective)4
BISC 7514 (BISC elective)4D1 Clinical Curriculum312
BISC 7515 (Anatomy and Systems)3 
Remaining D1 Clinical Curriculum3 
 11 16
Total Credit Hours: 128

Typical Program for Biomedical Sciences B.S. / Physician Assistant Studies Early Admission Option3

Partnering with the Department Physician Assistant Studies at Marquette University, the Biomedical Sciences Department has created an opportunity for early admission into the two-year Physician Assistant Studies (PA) program. Students who complete the first three years of the pre-physician assistant curriculum are eligible to apply to the Marquette University PA program in their junior year. Admitted students begin their PA1 year in summer after junior year and complete their undergraduate degree in Biomedical Sciences after the first year of the physician assistant program. A Master of Physician Assistant Studies is awarded upon graduation from the PA program. Students who do not enter the PA program before their senior year complete the standard Biomedical Sciences major.

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours 
BISC 10011PSYC 1001 (or other social science for pre-PA)3 
BIOL 10013BIOL 10023 
CHEM 10014CHEM 10024 
ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)3ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)3 
PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3 
General elective3  
 17 16 
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours 
BISC 31354BISC 32134 
CHEM 21114CHEM 21124 
CORE 1929 (MCC)3Statistics Cognate3 
DSCV (MCC)1,23DSCV (MCC)1, 23 
General elective3BISC 20201 
 17 15 
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHoursSummer TermHours
BISC 41454Diseases and Pathology course3BISC 7220 (Disease & Pathology)3
BISC 3115 (Cell &Molecular)3Cell and Molecular course3BISC 7230 (Anatomy & Sys/Elective)6
DSCV (MCC)1, 23BISC Elective3PHAS 7270 (Lab Cognate)3
DSCV (MCC)1,23Medical Ethics1Remaining PA Curriculum 5
Elective3CORE 4929 (MCC)3 
 Elective3 
 16 16 17
Senior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours 
PA Curriculum 18PHAS 7116 (BISC Health & Society)2 
 PHAS 7260 (BISC Elective)3 
 PA Curriculum14 
 18 19 
Total Credit Hours: 151

Typical Program for Biomedical Sciences B.S. / Medical College of Wisconsin (MCW) PharmD Early Assurance Program3

Partnering with the Medical College of Wisconsin Pharmacy School, the Biomedical Sciences Department has created an opportunity for early admission into the PharmD program. MU students in the biomedical sciences major are eligible to apply to the competitive Medical College of Wisconsin Pharmacy School's Early Assurance program early spring of the freshmen or sophomore year. Admitted students who complete all program requirements, earn an undergraduate degree in Biomedical Sciences from Marquette University after the first year of the PharmD program. A Doctor of Pharmacy is awarded by MCW upon successful completion of the three-year PharmD program. Students who do not enter the PharmD program before the senior year continue within the Biomedical Sciences major to complete the bachelor’s degree.

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 10011BIOL 10023
CHEM 10014CHEM 10024
BIOL 10013PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3
PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)3
ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)3MATH 1100 (or other higher level MATH course)3
General elective3 
 17 16
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 31354CHEM 21124
CHEM 21114BISC 2070 (or BISC 3213 for 4 cr.)3
PSYC 10013BIOL 20013
CORE 1929 (MCC)3DSCV (MCC)1, 23
DSCV (MCC)1,23General elective3
 17 16
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 41454Diseases and Pathology course3
Statistics Cognate3BISC Elective3
DSCV (MCC)1, 23Medical Ethics1
DSCV (MCC)1, 23CORE 4929 (MCC)3
General elective4COMM 1100, CMST 2000, or CMST 31203
 17 13
Total Credit Hours: 96

Note: Senior Year completed at MCW.

For students accepted to the Early Assurance PharmD Program with MCW, the reverse transfer agreement allows for courses satisfactorily completed in the first year at MCW to transfer to MU (credits only, not grades) to satisfy the degree requirements listed below. Students who meet all early assurance program requirements3 are eligible to walk in MU's graduation ceremony in May of their first year at MCW.  

Department Credit Hours
BISC Cellular and Molecular Content 8
BISC Anatomy and Systems Content 3
BISC Disease and Pathology Content 5
BISC Health and Society 3
General Electives 13

Typical Program for Biomedical Sciences B.S. / Neuroscience PH.D. Accelerated Degree Program. 

The Department of Biomedical Sciences together with the Graduate School offers an accelerated degree program which allows accepted students to complete graduate course work in the Neuroscience Ph.D. program in their senior year of undergraduate study.

Marquette undergraduate students majoring in Biomedical Sciences can apply for admission to the Neuroscience Ph.D. program in their junior year. Students accepted into the program are eligible to enroll in up to 14 (or 17) credits of graduate course work during the senior year. Credits earned for graduate courses can be used to fulfill both undergraduate and graduate degree requirements. 

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 10011BIOL 10023
BIOL 10013CHEM 10024
CHEM 10014PSYC 10013
ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)3PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3
PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)3
General elective3 
 17 16
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 31354CHEM 2112 or ELECTIVE4
CHEM 2111 or BISC 2050 (and 3 cr. elective)4BISC 2070 or 3213 (4 credits)3
BIOL 2001 or OTHER APPROVED LAB COGNATE3Statistics cognate3
MATH 1410 or ELECTIVE3CORE 1929 (MCC)3
General elective3DSCV (MCC)1, 23
 17 16
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
PHYS 1001 or ELECTIVE4PHYS 1002 or ELECTIVE4
BISC 41454Diseases and Pathology course3
Cellular and Molecular Course3BISC 3850 (Anatomy and Systems)3
Health and Society cognate3Medical Ethics1
DSCV (MCC)1, 23General elective3
 DSCV (MCC)1, 23
 17 17
Senior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 8001 (Cell and Molecular course)34BISC 8002 (BISC Elective)34
Disease and Pathology Course3BISC 5140 (BISC Elective)33
General elective3General elective2
DSCV (MCC)1, 23CORE 4929 (MCC)3
NRSC Curriculum 33NRSC Curriculum - applies towards graduate degree only3
 16 12
Total Credit Hours: 128

TYPICAL PROGRAM FOR BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES B.S. / Exercise and Rehabilitation Science m.s. ACCELERATED DEGREE PROGRAM. 

The Department of Biomedical Sciences together with the Graduate School offers an accelerated degree program which allows accepted students to complete graduate course work in the Exercise and Rehabilitation Science M.S. program in their senior year of undergraduate study. 

Marquette undergraduate students majoring in Biomedical Sciences can apply for admission to the Exercise and Rehabilitation Science M.S. program in their junior year. Students accepted into the program are eligible to enroll in up to 14 (or 17) credits of graduate course work during the senior year. Credits earned for graduate courses can be used to fulfill both undergraduate and graduate degree requirements. 

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 10011BIOL 100213
BIOL 100113CHEM 100214
CHEM 100114PSYC 100113
ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)3PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3
PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)3
General elective3 
 17 16
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 31354CHEM 2112 or ELECTIVE14
CHEM 2111 or BISC 2050 (and 3 cr. electives)4BISC 2070 or 32133-4
BIOL 2001 or OTHER APPROVED LAB COGNATE3Statistics cognate3
MATH 1410 or ELECTIVE13CORE 1929 (MCC)3
General elective3DSCV (MCC)2, 33
 17 16-17
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
PHYS 1001 or ELECTIVE14PHYS 1002 or ELECTIVE14
BISC 41454Diseases and Pathology course3
Anatomy and Systems course43Cell and Molecular course3
Health and Society cognate3DSCV (MCC)2, 33
DSCV (MCC)2, 33 
 17 13
Senior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
Cell and Molecular course3Diseases and Pathology course3
DSCV (MCC)2, 33BISC elective3-2
EXPH 5192 (BISC Elective)53Medical Ethics1
EXPH 519551CORE 4929 (MCC)3
EXRS 695851EXRS ELECTIVE53
General elective4EXRS 696051
 General elective3
 15 17-16
Total Credit Hours: 128

Note: Graduate students involved in research are required to enroll on GRAD 9953 Seminar in Conduct of Research.

BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES B.S. / MEDICAL COLLEGE OF WISCONSIN (MCW) Global Health Equity M.S. Accelerated degree program

The Department of Biomedical Sciences together with the Medical College of Wisconsin Global Health Equity M.S. program offers an accelerated degree program which allow students to earn their B.S. in Biomedical Sciences, and a master of science (M.S.) in Global Health Equity, all within a five-year time period.

Marquette undergraduate students majoring in Biomedical Sciences can apply for admission to the Global Health Equity M.S. program in the second term of their junior year. Students accepted into the program are eligible to enroll in up to 12 credits of pre-approved course work during the senior year to fulfill both undergraduate and graduate degree requirements.  

Due to the structure of the program within the senior year, careful planning as early as sophomore year is encouraged. Interested students should contact their undergraduate adviser to be connected with the program contact within the Biomedical Sciences Department. 

Biomedical Sciences B.S. / M.B.A. Accelerated Degree Programs

The Department of Biomedical Sciences together with the Graduate School of Management offers an accelerated degree program which allow students to earn their B.S. in Biomedical Sciences, and a master of business administration (M.B.A.), all within a five-year time period.

Marquette undergraduate students majoring in Biomedical Sciences can apply for admission to the Master of Business Administration (MBA) program in the second term of their junior year. Prerequisites for the MBA program include the requirements for the minor in Business Administration, along with MATH 1400 or 1450 (AP credits accepted). Students accepted into the program are eligible to enroll in up to 12 credits of MBA course work during the senior year. Credits obtained for these MBA courses can be used to fulfill both undergraduate and graduate degree requirements. Due to the number of prerequisite courses required to apply to the MBA program, this accelerated degree option requires careful planning as early as freshman year. 

Interested students should contact their undergraduate adviser and review the MBA information on the Graduate School of Management website. Once students inform the Graduate School of Management of their completion of undergraduate degree requirements, their admission as a regular degree status student in the Graduate School of Management is activated.

Biomedical Sciences B.S. / O.T.D. Accelerated Degree Program

Partnering with the Occupational Therapy Program, the Biomedical Sciences Department has created an opportunity for early admission into the three-year Occupational Therapy (OT) program. Students need to have all the prerequisites completed before the start of the professional phase. Contact the OT program to learn more about this early entry program.

Biomedical Sciences Minor

Requires 18 credit hours. All courses in the minor must be completed with grades of C- or higher and an overall grade point average of 2.000.

BISC 1035Principles of Human Anatomy4
BISC 1060Chemistry for the Health Professions3
BISC 2070Biochemistry for the Health Professions3
BISC 3110Nutritional Aspects of Health3
BISC 3112Head and Neck Anatomy3
BISC 3115Human Microbiology3
BISC 3135Clinical Human Anatomy4
BISC 3150General Pathology3
BISC 3213Biochemistry4
BISC 3850Systems Neuroscience3
BISC 3859Evolution3
BISC 4010Neuroeconomics: The Neuroscience of Decision Making3
BISC 4020Molecular Neuroscience3
BISC 4120Pharmacology3
BISC 4140Functional Neuroanatomy3
BISC 4145Human Physiology4
BISC 4147Human Physiology Laboratory 1
BISC 4160Molecular Pathology3
BISC 4165Microbiology Laboratory1
BISC 4173Principles of Human Embryology3
BISC 4210Biology of Aging 3
BISC 4275Modern Plagues: Stress, Trauma and Addiction 3
BISC 4325Endocrinology3
BISC 4340Human and Applied Medical Genetics3
BISC 4514Human Microanatomy4
BISC 4931Topics in Biomedical Sciences1-3
BISC 4995Independent Study in Biomedical Sciences (Maximum of 3 credits applied toward the minor)1-6
MLSC 2200Concepts in Medical Laboratory Medicine3
A maximum of nine transfer credit hours can be applied toward the requirements for a minor.

For students in non-science majors interested in pursuing a minor in biomedical sciences, BISC 1035 Principles of Human Anatomy (offered spring term), fulfills the anatomy prerequisite for many courses in the minor. In addition, BISC 1060 Chemistry for the Health Professions (offered fall term) and BISC 2070 Biochemistry for the Health Professions (offered spring term) fulfill the chemistry and biochemistry prerequisites for most other BISC minor courses. Students should plan to take these three courses first to best navigate the minor. 

Program Director: Doug Lobner, Ph.D.
Honors Committee: Doug Lobner, Ph.D., Bob Peoples, Ph.D., Maria Crowe, Ph.D., Kevin Siebenlist, Ph.D.

The Disciplinary Honors Program in Biomedical Sciences is designed for students to demonstrate exceptional work in the areas of research and community engagement, as well maintain high academic standards. Students involved in this program must go beyond normal expectations in these areas by generating an honors proposal that integrates coursework, research, community engagement, writing, and oral presentations into a coherent plan of work. There are two specific focuses within the program, one in which the emphasis is on scientific research and the other on community engagement, although all students must include some experience in each area.

Graduation with Disciplinary Honors in Biomedical Sciences requires completion of the portfolio and participation in a second-semester senior year capstone course. As part of this course, students are required to prepare a presentation describing how they completed their Honors Plan.

Curricular Requirements

Honors students within each focus are required to complete five courses which may be applied simultaneously to the Biomedical Sciences major as elective credit. Students should consult the Biomedical Sciences major bulletin to confirm which Honor’s courses may be used toward Biomedical Sciences elective credit.

For their laboratory research experience, students within the research focus must complete six credits of BISC 4995H Honors Independent Study in Biomedical Sciences (students enroll twice, for three credits each class session) or complete three credits of BISC 4995H Honors Independent Study in Biomedical Sciences and participate in the Biomedical Sciences Summer Research Program. Participation in the summer research program is indicated by registration for a 0 credit summer course (BISC 9002H).

Research Focus Requirements – 2 courses (3 or 6 credits)

Questions about the research focus can be directed to Dr. Lobner, Doug.Lobner@marquette.edu

  • Six credits of honors laboratory research (BISC 4995H Honors Independent Study in Biomedical Sciences) (enrolling twice, for three credits each class session), or three credits plus participation in the summer research program (BISC 9002H)
  • Thematic research plan-related curriculum
  • Additional extra-curricular activities should be considered (seminar series, etc.)
  • Inclusion of community engagement component (For example: assist with anatomy lab tours for high school students)
  • A written component of the plan is required during one of the independent study courses or the capstone course.

Community Engagement Focus Requirements – 2 courses (6 credits)

Questions about the community engagement focus can be directed to Autumn Swanson, Autumn.Swanson@marquette.edu

  • Six credits of honors community engagement course (BISC 4991H Honors Community Engagement in Biomedical Sciences) (enrolling twice, for three credits each class session)
  • Thematic community engagement plan-related curriculum
  • Additional extra-curricular activities should be considered (seminar series, etc.)
  • Inclusion of relevant research component (For example: attend a research-based seminar series)
  • A written component of the plan is required during one of the independent study courses or the capstone course.

Curricular Requirements for both the Research and Community Engagement Focuses – 3 courses (3 credits).

In addition to the individual focus requirements, all students within the program must take two one-credit Honors courses as well as the Honors Program capstone course.

Choose two of the following courses:
BISC 4151HHonors Advanced Pathology1
BISC 4146HHonors Physiology In Depth: Contemporary Issues1
BISC 4214HHonors Advanced Biochemistry1
BISC 4341HHonors Advanced Cellular Genetics and Cancer1
BISC 4851HHonors Advanced Systems Neuroscience1
BISC 4953HReadings in Human Anatomy1
Required Capstone:
Disciplinary Honors Capstone (BISC 4997H)1

Academic Standards

Students must have a 3.200 cumulative grade point average for entry into the Disciplinary Honors Program in Biomedical Sciences. Students must achieve a 3.200 cumulative grade point average in order to graduate with an Honors Program degree. If students drop below a 3.200 in any given semester during the junior year or any subsequent year, they receive a letter of warning from the director. If students drop below a 3.200 cumulative GPA, they are placed on Honors Program academic probation; if they do not achieve a 3.200 cumulative by the end of the following semester, they are removed from the program. Students must earn a grade of C or better in a course for it to count toward the Honors Degree.

Eligibility

The program is structured to be completed over the last two years of students' academic career. Sophomores are eligible to apply to the program near the end of the spring semester as long as they meet the 3.2 minimum cumulative GPA requirement.

Application

The application requires a comprehensive Honors Plan addressing three core honors themes: Academic Excellence, Research, and Community Engagement. Along with the Honors Plan submission, students must identify a faculty mentor who will sponsor their plan.

The Disciplinary Honors Program in Biomedical Sciences Committee approves the plans and selects a limited number of honors applicants to participate in the program.

Sample proposals, application deadline and application forms can be accessed at the Department of Biomedical Sciences Web page.

Courses

BISC 1001. Contemporary Issues in Biomedical Sciences. 1 cr. hr.

Introduction to the field of biomedical sciences with a special emphasis on current topics in health and medicine, development of critical thinking skills, and professional development. S/U grading basis. Prereq: BISC major with Freshman stndg.

BISC 1015. Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology. 5 cr. hrs.

Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology is an introduction to the structures and functions of the human body. Laboratory included. Prereq: NURS major, CLLS major, or cons. of instr.

BISC 1030. Introduction to Dentistry. 1 cr. hr.

An introduction to the diverse aspects of the dental profession, featuring guest speakers and hands-on laboratory techniques. Applies towards BISC elective. S/U grade assessment. Prereq: Cons. of dept. ch.

BISC 1035. Principles of Human Anatomy. 4 cr. hrs.

A study of the fundamental anatomical structure and organization of the organs and systems of the human body. Not to be taken for credit by students who have completed BISC 3135. Prereq: BIOL 1001.

BISC 1060. Chemistry for the Health Professions. 3 cr. hrs.

An introduction to general chemistry and organic chemistry stressing those aspects necessary for the health professions. Prereq: NURS major.

BISC 2015. Anatomy and Physiology for the Health Sciences 1. 3 cr. hrs.

The first module of a human anatomy and physiology course sequence for pre-professional students in the health sciences. Provides an introduction to the structures and functions of the human body. Laboratory included. Prereq: EXPH or ATTR major.

BISC 2016. Anatomy and Physiology for the Health Sciences 2. 3 cr. hrs.

The second module of a human anatomy and physiology course sequence for pre-professional students in the health sciences. Provides an introduction to the structures and functions of the human body. Laboratory included. Prereq: BISC 2015.

BISC 2020. Medical Terminology. 1 cr. hr.

Studies medical terminology organized by body systems with a focus on prefixes, suffixes, word roots and their combining form. Does not apply towards BISC major electives. Prereq: BISC 3135 and BISC major.

BISC 2050. Organic Chemistry for the Health Sciences. 1 cr. hr.

An introduction to organic chemistry stressing those aspects necessary for biochemistry and health care. Prereq: CHEM 1001 and CHEM 1002.

BISC 2070. Biochemistry for the Health Professions. 3 cr. hrs.

Survey course of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, enzymes, bioenergetics, metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleotides. Emphasis placed on health and disease. Prereq: BISC 1060; or courses in general and organic chemistry; or cons. of instr.

BISC 3110. Nutritional Aspects of Health. 3 cr. hrs.

Basic principles and fundamentals of human nutrition. Nutrients are discussed in terms of sources, absorption, metabolism and utilization, deficiency, requirements, and assessment of status. Life cycle nutrition and nutrition in disease states. Intended audience: future health care professionals. Applies toward the Anatomy and Systems Content Area. Not to be taken for credit by students who have earned credit for HEAL 2045. Prereq: Jr. stndg. and a course in biochemistry; or enrolled in the Biomedical Sciences Post-Bacc program; or cons. of instr.

BISC 3112. Head and Neck Anatomy. 3 cr. hrs.

Survey of neuroanatomy, sensory systems and speech, muscular and vascular systems, and osteology of the head and neck. An emphasis is placed on functional anatomy and significant clinical correlates. Laboratory included. Applies toward the Anatomy and Systems Content Area. Not to be taken for credit by students who are enrolled in or have earned credit for BISC 4113. Prereq: BISC 3135 and BISC major; or cons. of instr.

BISC 3115. Human Microbiology. 3 cr. hrs.

A medical microbiology course focusing on the general biology of bacterial, viral, fungal and parasitic pathogens of human medical importance and the response of the human host. Important infectious diseases of humans are taught based on body system with an emphasis on etiology, pathogenesis, epidemiology, treatment and control. Basic identification procedures and microbial control (sterilization, disinfection, antibiotics, vaccination) are also addressed. Applies toward the Cell and Molecular Content Area. Prereq: BIOL 1002, and a biochemistry course, which may be taken concurrently; or cons. of instr.

BISC 3135. Clinical Human Anatomy. 4 cr. hrs.

A regional approach to human anatomy where all body systems are integrated. Correlations between structure and function are emphasized. Required course for BISC major. Laboratory included. Prereq: BISC major, BIOL 1001 and BIOL 1002 and Soph. stndg.; or cons. of instr.

BISC 3136. Gross Anatomy for the Biomedical Sciences. 2 cr. hrs.

This undergraduate human gross anatomy laboratory course takes a regional approach to the dissection of human cadaveric material and includes all body structures/systems. Space reserved for Biomedical Sciences majors in good standing. Enrollment is limited based upon specimen availability. Applies toward BISC major as elective credit only. Prereq: BISC 3135 and cons. of instr.

BISC 3150. General Pathology. 3 cr. hrs.

Overview of cellular degenerations, inflammation and neoplasia. Various organ systems and their primary disease states will then be presented. These systems include musculoskeletal, nervous, cardiovascular, pulmonary, reproductive, digestive, endocrine, and integument. Taught using lecture note handouts, Power Point, websites and examination objectives. Applies toward the Diseases and Pathology Content area. Prereq: BISC 3135 and BISC 4145, which may be taken concurrently; or enrolled in the Biomedical Sciences Post-Baccalaureate program; or cons. of instr.

BISC 3213. Biochemistry. 4 cr. hrs.

The chemistry of cells in health and disease. Structure and function of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids; enzyme function, cell signaling, cellular metabolism and biological information flow (molecular biology). Prereq: CHEM 2112 or CHEM 2114, which may be taken concurrently, or enrolled in the Biomedical Sciences Pre-Dental Post-Baccalaureate program.

BISC 3850. Systems Neuroscience. 3 cr. hrs.

Broad overview of neural systems supporting perception, learning, and behavior. Highly integrative with various thematic content including: functional organization of the nervous system, sensory and motor systems, neural encoding, motivation, emotion, learning and memory. Application of each topic to mental health is discussed. Applies toward the Anatomy and Systems Content Area. Prereq: BIOL 1001.

BISC 3859. Evolution. 3 cr. hrs.

Evolution consists of describing its history and analyzing its causes and mechanisms. Emphasizes the general principles of evolution, the hypotheses about the causes of evolutionary change that apply to the most organisms, and the major patterns of change that have characterized many different groups. Applies toward the BISC major electives. Prereq: BIOL 1001 and BIOL 1002, a biochemistry course, and cons. of instr.

BISC 3987. Internship in Biomedical Sciences-Work Period. 0 cr. hrs.

Working period of a summer co-op or intern experience in an approved biomedical sciences related field. Features educational activity and productive work related to health care delivery or industrial or administrative aspects of health care. Prereq: Cons. of BISC internship director.

BISC 3989. Research Internship in Biomedical Sciences-Work Period. 0 cr. hrs.

Work period of summer, mentored research on a topic approved by Biomedical Sciences in an off-campus research laboratory. SNC/UNC grade assessment. Prereq: Cons. of instr.

BISC 4010. Neuroeconomics: The Neuroscience of Decision Making. 3 cr. hrs.

Designed for students who have an understanding of the fundamentals of neuroscience and would like to learn more about how specific brain processes contribute to the decision to follow a course of action. Topics include valuation, learning, emotion, social behavior and action selection. Applies toward the BISC major electives. Prereq: BISC 3850, BISC 4140 or PSYC 3601.

BISC 4020. Molecular Neuroscience. 3 cr. hrs.

Examines living brains at the most fundamental level – that of ions, molecules, membrane structures and cells. Touches upon the molecular machinery responsible for information processing by neuronal and non-neuronal brain cells. Focuses on the common motifs involved in intra and inter-cellular communication, including membrane excitability, electrochemical signal transduction, synaptic transmission and short and long-term storage of memories. Uses this information to gain insight into the mechanistic basis of a range of brain states. Applies toward the Cell and Molecular Content Area. Prereq: BIOL 1001 and Soph. stndg.

BISC 4113. Anatomy Teaching Practicum. 3 cr. hrs.

Applies active learning strategies and advanced anatomy knowledge to teach human gross anatomy in a laboratory setting to graduate or professional students as well as advanced undergraduate students. Students are evaluated on teaching and anatomy project presentation. Must have completed Anatomy Fellows Program in previous summer. Applies toward the Anatomy and Systems Content Area. Prereq: BISC major and BISC 9002.

BISC 4120. Pharmacology. 3 cr. hrs.

Covers the fundamentals of human pharmacology and the basic principles dictating drug action within the human body. Focuses on the therapeutic actions and clinical applications of various drug classes with emphasis on cellular mechanisms, physiological responses, adverse reactions and clinical indications, accompanied by general discussion on the pathological conditions for which common therapeutic agents are used. Applies toward the Diseases and Pathology Content Area. Prereq: A course in biochemistry and BISC 4145; or enrolled in the Biomedical Sciences Post-Baccalaureate program; or cons. of instr.

BISC 4140. Functional Neuroanatomy. 3 cr. hrs.

Examines the basic structure and function of the central nervous system from spinal cord to cerebral cortex. Material is presented within both clinical and basic contexts. Based on the understanding of the normal circuitry and function of the brain, students progress toward developing the preliminary skills to diagnose or explain clinically relevant neurological disorders. Laboratory included. Applies toward the Anatomy and Systems Content Area. Prereq: BISC 3135.

BISC 4142. Science and Society. 1 cr. hr.

A discussion-based course focused on topics that are determined collaboratively, but may include human sexuality, mental and physical health, human evolution, race and identity and violence. Students integrate the knowledge gained from past course work to critically read and evaluate popular, journalistic and scholarly writing on topics related to human biology. Applies toward the BISC major electives. Prereq: BISC Major, Jr. stndg.

BISC 4142H. Science and Society. 1 cr. hr.

A discussion-based disciplinary honors course focused on topics that are determined collaboratively, but may include human sexuality, mental and physical health, human evolution, race and identity and violence. Students integrate the knowledge gained from past course work to critically read and evaluate popular, journalistic and scholarly writing on topics related to human biology. As an Honors Program course, includes a more intensive research or project component. Applies toward the BISC major electives. Prereq: Jr. stndg. and admission to BISC Disciplinary Honors Program.

BISC 4145. Human Physiology. 4 cr. hrs.

Human physiology including blood and circulation, muscular, neuronal and sensory systems, renal and respiratory systems, digestion, metabolism, reproduction, their control by the endocrine and central nervous systems, and clinical correlates. Prereq: BISC 3135; and BISC 2070 or BISC 3213, which may be taken concurrently; and Jr. stndg.

BISC 4146. Physiology In Depth: Contemporary Issues. 1 cr. hr.

In depth treatment of selected topics in physiology with an emphasis on contemporary issues relevant to health and physiology. Applies toward the BISC major electives. Prereq: BISC 4145.

BISC 4146H. Honors Physiology In Depth: Contemporary Issues. 1 cr. hr.

In depth treatment of selected topics in physiology with an emphasis on contemporary issues relevant to health and physiology. As an Honors Program course, includes a more intensive research or project component. Applies toward the BISC major electives. Prereq: BISC 4145 and admission to BISC Disciplinary Honors Program.

BISC 4147. Human Physiology Laboratory. 1 cr. hr.

Uses virtual laboratory technology and a team-based learning approach to investigate fundamental concepts of human physiology. Clinical correlates are emphasized in a problem-based learning format. Applies toward the BISC major electives. Prereq: BISC 4145, which may be taken concurrently.

BISC 4150. Outbreaks, Epidemics and Pandemics. 3 cr. hrs.

Through case studies, discussion, and group work, students develop an understanding of how infectious disease epidemics occur, what can be done to control them and why control efforts succeed or fail. By exploring the characteristics of pathogens and human hosts that contribute to disease spread, students gain the knowledge and skills to understand the implications of newly emerging pathogens and are able to advocate for what needs to be done to prevent outbreaks. Applies toward the Diseases and Pathology Content Area. Prereq: BISC 3115 and Sr. stndg.

BISC 4151. Advanced Pathology. 1 cr. hr.

In depth coverage of selected topics in pathology, with an emphasis on current topics that are in the news and relevant to health and disease. Applies toward the BISC major electives. Prereq: BISC 3150.

BISC 4151H. Honors Advanced Pathology. 1 cr. hr.

In depth coverage of selected topics in pathology, with an emphasis on current topics that are in the news and relevant to health and disease. As an Honors Program course, includes a more intensive research or project component. Applies toward the BISC major electives. Prereq: BISC 3150 and admission to BISC Disciplinary Honors Program.

BISC 4153. Epidemiology. 3 cr. hrs.

An introduction to the basic concepts of epidemiology. The distribution and determinants of diseases in specified populations and the application to control of health problems. Emphasizes epidemiologic study designs for investigating associations between risk factors and disease outcomes. Epidemiological approaches evaluate health services, population health and policy. Applies to either the Health and Society cognate or the BISC major electives, but not both. Prereq: BISC major and Jr. stndg.; or Public Health Equity minor and CLLS 2060; or cons. of instr.

BISC 4155. Diseases of the Brain. 3 cr. hrs.

Examines pathological states involving the central nervous system to better understand brain function. Presents opportunities to develop critical thinking skills, utilize the scientific method and explore how research investigates the complexity of brain function, while developing a deeper understanding of the neurosciences. Explores how deficits in cognition and other aspects of brain function provides insight into normal brain function and what it means to be human, by focusing on diseases of the brain. Applies toward the Diseases and Pathology Content Area. Prereq: BISC 3135 and BISC 4145; or cons. of instr.

BISC 4157. Global Health. 3 cr. hrs.

Disease knows no borders. The health of populations in one country can be affected by public health threats or events across the globe. Policy decisions made in a country regarding public health could impact the health of people beyond its borders. Globalization shapes public health challenges and has profound influence on the capacities of countries to respond to health threats that often lie outside the control of any nation and outside health sector. Simply, globalization on health and the transfer of health threats exist. Opportunities across national borders could be utilized to solve global health challenges. Learners are introduced to the world’s vast diversity of determinants of health and disease. Learners have an opportunity to critically appraise health systems in different parts of the world. Learners analyze current and emerging global health priorities, including infectious diseases, poverty, conflicts and emergencies, health inequity, principles and impact of health systems reforms, and major global initiatives for disease prevention and health promotion. Explores an understanding of a global health system and its shortcomings, challenges and ways of addressing global public health challenges. Importantly, helps learners to develop skills in critical thinking and problem solving in relation to health issues that gross geographical boundaries. Can apply to either the Health and Society cognate, or the BISC major electives, but not both. Prereq: Jr. stndg.; and CLLS 2060 or BISC 4153.

BISC 4159. Public Health Program Planning, Implementation and Evaluation. 3 cr. hrs.

Offers insight on careful planning and evaluation of public health programs, essential competencies for public health professionals. Presents concepts of health equity and health promotion, identifying health problems in community settings, developing programs and identifying activities. With an outcome focus, students are challenged to initiate project ideas that consider the needs of communities, engage relevant stakeholders and incorporate community centered activities. By use of planning and evaluation frameworks, learners utilize tools to monitor program progress and evaluate short-, medium- and long-term success. Prereq: CLLS 2060 or BISC 4153 or enrolled in the Public Health and Equity minor.

BISC 4160. Molecular Pathology. 3 cr. hrs.

Cellular and molecular basis of human diseases, therapeutic interventions and current research efforts. Applies toward the Cell and Molecular Content Area or the Diseases and Pathology Content Area, but not both. Prereq: BISC major and a course in biochemistry, which may be taken concurrently; or cons. of instr.

BISC 4165. Microbiology Laboratory. 1 cr. hr.

Introduction to various topics of microbiology laboratory including the isolation, cultivation, enumeration and characterization of bacteria of human medical importance. Students develop proficiency in aseptic transfer of organisms, gram staining, culturing on differential and selective media, biochemical testing and aseptic technique. Students use a light microscope to examine clinically relevant samples of pathogenic bacteria, fungi, protozoa and helminths. Specialized techniques include: antibiotic susceptibility testing, anaerobic cultivation, preparation and staining of fungi and immunological assays. Applies toward the BISC major electives. Lab fee. Prereq: BISC 3115 and cons. of instr.

BISC 4170. Biology, Moral Behavior and Policy. 3 cr. hrs.

A multidisciplinary course on moral decision making as it relates to public policy in healthcare. Examines the foundation of moral behavior and advances to the neural substrates of decision making with an emphasis on the learning, reward processing, and emotional systems that control behavior. Also incorporates discussions of specific ethical issues in biomedical sciences, paying particular attention to the nature of the dilemma and the voices guiding public policy. Can apply to either the Health and Society cognate, or the BISC major electives, but not both. Prereq: BISC 3135.

BISC 4173. Principles of Human Embryology. 3 cr. hrs.

System by system approach to the understanding of the sequence of human embryonic and fetal development. Covers early events, including gametogenesis, implantation and placentation, to give a foundation for discussing the development of major organ systems. Discusses the underlying causes of morphological errors in development which lead to congenital malformations. Stresses the effects of harmful (teratogenic) substances early in the developmental period. Provides a basic understanding of early inductive influences on major organ systems. Applies toward the Anatomy and Systems Content Area. Prereq: BIOL 1002, BISC 3135, and Jr. stndg.

BISC 4210. Biology of Aging. 3 cr. hrs.

Explore clinical, behavioral, genetic and cellular aspects of human aging. Maintains a focus on how aging occurs at the molecular, cellular and systems level using preclinical work in model organisms and how this contributes to decline in physiological processes and emergence of diseases commonly associated with aging as well as those that are not (schizophrenia, depression, addiction). Additional focus is placed on clinical aspects of aging, including patient care and current/novel anti-aging therapies being utilized in the clinic. Applies toward the Cell and Molecular Content Area. Prereq: BISC 4145.

BISC 4214. Advanced Biochemistry. 1 cr. hr.

Biochemistry is the body of knowledge upon which much of medical science is built. A living cell requires three things in order to maintain and propagate life: precursors, energy and information. Designed around the in depth examination of structure and function of selected precursors; how they are used to generate energy, store energy, or build more complex biomolecules; and how the information molecules control these processes. The topics covered depend on current health news and student interest. Applies toward the BISC major electives. Prereq: BISC 3213.

BISC 4214H. Honors Advanced Biochemistry. 1 cr. hr.

Biochemistry is the body of knowledge upon which much of medical science is built. A living cell requires three things in order to maintain and propagate life: precursors, energy and information. Designed around the in depth examination of structure and function of selected precursors; how they are used to generate energy, store energy, or build more complex biomolecules; and how the information molecules control these processes. The topics covered depend on current health news and student interest. As an Honors Program course, includes a more intensive research or project component. Applies toward the BISC major electives. Prereq: BISC 3213 and admission to BISC Disciplinary Honors Program.

BISC 4275. Modern Plagues: Stress, Trauma and Addiction. 3 cr. hrs.

Examines the biological underpinnings and consequences of stress, post-traumatic stress disorder and addiction and explores their interrelationships and societal impacts. Can apply to either the Health and Society cognate or toward the Diseases and Pathology Content Area, but not both. Prereq: BISC 4145 and cons. of instr.

BISC 4325. Endocrinology. 3 cr. hrs.

Introduction to the field of endocrinology. Focuses on understanding the endocrine system, principles of hormone regulation, hormone signaling mechanisms and endocrine disorders. Topics include reproduction, stress responses, metabolic function, growth and homeostasis. Applies toward the Anatomy and Systems Content Area. Prereq: BISC 4145 or BIOL 4701.

BISC 4340. Human and Applied Medical Genetics. 3 cr. hrs.

Provides an overview of genetic principles that are relevant to human health and disease. Topics include: packaging and sequence architecture of the human genome, Human Genome Project, patterns of Mendelian inheritance in humans, development, genetic alterations and metabolic disease hemoglobinopathies, immunogenetics, genetic testing and gene therapy. Consists of didactic lectures with interspersed clinical cases. Intended for students interested in a career in medical professions. Applies toward the Cell and Molecular Content Area. Prereq: BISC 2070, BISC 3213, or BIOL 3101.

BISC 4341. Advanced Cellular Genetics and Cancer. 1 cr. hr.

A discussion-based focus on current advances in cellular genetics and cancer research. Students discuss current articles from the news or the primary literature related to the class topics. Includes a lecture component to provide background information for each topic. Applies toward the BISC major electives. Prereq: BISC 4340.

BISC 4341H. Honors Advanced Cellular Genetics and Cancer. 1 cr. hr.

A discussion-based focus on current advances in cellular genetics and cancer research. Students discuss current articles from the news or the primary literature related to the class topics. Includes a lecture component to provide background information for each topic. As an Honors Program course, includes a more intensive research or project component. Applies toward the BISC major electives. Prereq: BISC 4340 and admission to BISC Disciplinary Honors Program.

BISC 4381. Politics of U.S. Health Care. 3 cr. hrs.

Examines the American health care system, health care policies, and underlying politics. Provides an overview of the organization and financing of health care in the United States. Examines the impact of the political system, political parties and interest groups, and values on the health care system and health policies at national and state levels. Covers health care reform politics, including the Democrats’ 2010 Affordable Care Act and Republican reform alternatives. Also focuses on the social determinants of health and policies for vulnerable populations. Applies toward the Health and Society cognate. Same as POSC 4381. Prereq: Jr. stndg.

BISC 4460. Practical Cases in Medicine. 3 cr. hrs.

Provides an exciting opportunity to explore real-life, medical scenarios where students can apply the science they have learned throughout their undergraduate education to diagnose and develop treatment options. For each clinical case, students also examine how socio-cultural factors determine health outcomes. This experience is reinforced with service learning. Due to the medical nature of the clinical cases utilized in the course, preference is given to pre-medical and pre-physician assistant students. Applies toward the BISC major electives. Prereq: BISC 4145 and cons. of instr.

BISC 4461. Comparative Health Politics and Policy. 3 cr. hrs.

Explores through comparative analysis the ways in which different nations address the goals of equitable access, affordability and quality in health care. Considers the similarities and differences in health policy challenges facing rich and developing nations. Employs comparative analysis of different models of health care provisions and financing, and examines the underlying politics of health care systems and policies in different countries. Applies toward the Health and Society cognate. Same as POSC 4461. Prereq: Jr. stndg.; or enrolled in the Biomedical Sciences Post-Baccalaureate program.

BISC 4514. Human Microanatomy. 4 cr. hrs.

A study of the microscopic structure of cells, tissues and organs of the human body. Emphasizes structure-function relationships and on the interaction of various cell types, tissues and organ systems. Includes laboratory. Applies toward the Anatomy and Systems Content Area. Prereq: BIOL 1001 and BISC 3135; or cons. of instr.

BISC 4851. Advanced Systems Neuroscience. 1 cr. hr.

Discusses current topics in neuroscience research to develop an appreciation for how neuroscientists unlock the mysteries of the brain to better understand human health and disease. Applies toward the BISC major electives. Prereq: BISC 3850.

BISC 4851H. Honors Advanced Systems Neuroscience. 1 cr. hr.

Discusses current topics in neuroscience research to develop an appreciation for how neuroscientists unlock the mysteries of the brain to better understand human health and disease. As an Honors Program course, includes a more intensive research or project component. Applies toward the BISC major electives. Prereq: BISC 3850 and admission to BISC Disciplinary Honors Program.

BISC 4931. Topics in Biomedical Sciences. 1-3 cr. hrs.

Selected topics in biomedical sciences. Specific topics will be designated in the Schedule of Classes.

BISC 4931H. Honors Topics in Biomedical Science. 1-3 cr. hrs.

Selected topics in biomedical sciences. Specific topics will be designated in the Schedule of Classes. Prereq: Cons. of dept. ch. and admission to BISC Disciplinary Honors Program.

BISC 4953. Readings in Human Anatomy. 1 cr. hr.

Explores and discusses primary literature in human gross anatomy and related fields. Students choose primary literature of interest and class sessions consist in student-lead discussions of weekly readings. Assignments include reflective writing and presentations. Applies toward the BISC major electives. Prereq: BISC 3136.

BISC 4953H. Readings in Human Anatomy. 1 cr. hr.

Explores and discusses primary literature in human gross anatomy and related fields. Students choose primary literature of interest and class sessions consist in student-lead discussions of weekly readings. Assignments include reflective writing and presentations. As an Honors Program course, includes a more intensive research or project component. Applies towards BISC major elective. Prereq: BISC 3136 and admission to BISC Disciplinary Honors Program.

BISC 4986. Internship in Biomedical Sciences. 1-3 cr. hrs.

Co-op or intern experience in the biomedical industry. Features educational activity and productive work related to health care delivery or industrial or administrative aspects of health care. S/U grade assessment. Limited to a maximum of 6 credits with a maximum 3 credits applied towards the BISC major. Prereq: Cons. of internship dir.

BISC 4987. Internship in Biomedical Sciences-Grading Period. 1-3 cr. hrs.

Working period of a summer co-op or intern experience in an approved biomedical sciences related field. Features educational activity and productive work related to health care delivery or industrial or administrative aspects of health care. S/U grade assessment. Limited to a maximum of 6 credits with a maximum of 3 credits applied toward the BISC major. Prereq: Cons. of BISC internship director.

BISC 4988. Research Internship in Biomedical Sciences. 1-3 cr. hrs.

Mentored research on a topic approved by Biomedical Sciences in an off-campus research laboratory. Can be taken for a maximum total of 6 credits, maximum of 3 credits can be applied toward BISC major. S/U grade assessment. Prereq: Cons. of dept. ch.

BISC 4989. Research Internship in Biomedical Sciences-Grading Period. 1-3 cr. hrs.

Grading period of summer, mentored research on a topic approved by Biomedical Sciences in an off-campus research laboratory. Limited to a maximum of 6 credits with a maximum of 3 credits applied toward the BISC major. S/U grade assessment. Prereq: Cons. of dept. ch.

BISC 4991H. Honors Community Engagement in Biomedical Sciences. 1-3 cr. hrs.

Students are expected to not just be involved in community engagement, but to develop a new community engagement program. At the end of the term students give a PowerPoint presentation to the biomedical sciences faculty. A paper may be required by the faculty mentor. As an Honors Program course, includes a more intensive research or project component. Can be taken for a maximum total of 6 credits, maximum of 3 credits can be applied towards BISC major. Prereq: Admission to BISC Disciplinary Honors Program.

BISC 4995. Independent Study in Biomedical Sciences. 1-6 cr. hrs.

Research on a selected topic under the direction of a faculty member of the Department of Biomedical Sciences. Can be taken for a maximum total of 6 credits, maximum of 3 credits can be applied towards BISC major. Prereq: Cons. of dept. ch.

BISC 4995H. Honors Independent Study in Biomedical Sciences. 1-6 cr. hrs.

Research on a selected topic under the direction of a faculty member of the Department of Biomedical Sciences. Can be taken for a maximum total of 6 credits, maximum of 3 credits can be applied towards BISC major. As an Honors Program course, includes a more intensive research or project component. Prereq: Cons. of dept. ch. and admission to BISC Disciplinary Honors Program.

BISC 4997H. Capstone for Disciplinary Honors Program in Biomedical Sciences. 1 cr. hr.

Designed to assist the student in reflecting on the entirety of their honors experience and generating a comprehensive presentation of that experience. As an Honors Program course, includes a more intensive research or project component. Prereq: Admission to BISC Disciplinary Honors Program.

BISC 7001. Principles of Dentistry. 1 cr. hr.

Surveys the dental profession from the perspectives of participating clinicians, residents and students. Included is an introduction to clinical specialties, procedures, practice settings, as well as alternatives to clinical practice. Prereq: Enrolled in the BISC pre-dental enhancement program.

BISC 7002. Dental Health and Society. 1 cr. hr.

An introduction to the field of dentistry with an emphasis on how it can impact an individual’s overall health and address dental health disparities in the country. Prereq: Enrolled in the BISC pre-dental enhancement program.

BISC 7005. Professional Development 1. 0 cr. hrs.

Designed to focus on and improve the skills necessary for a successful application to dental school or other graduate/career path upon completion of the program. Focuses on the application building aspect within career development. SNC/UNC grade assessment. Prereq: Enrolled in the BISC pre-dental enhancement program.

BISC 7006. Professional Development 2. 0 cr. hrs.

Designed to focus on and improve the skills necessary for a successful application to dental school or other graduate/career path upon completion of the program. Focuses on the interview skill aspect of career development. SNC/UNC grade assessment. Prereq: Enrolled in the BISC pre-dental enhancement program.

BISC 7007. Professional Development 3. 0 cr. hrs.

Designed to focus on and improve the skills necessary for a successful application to dental school or other graduate/career path upon completion of the program. Focuses on the transition from the post-baccalaureate program to the student's future goals. SNC/UNC grade assessment. Prereq: Enrolled in the BISC pre-dental enhancement program.

BISC 7021. Medical and Dental Terminology. 1 cr. hr.

Provides a foundation for the understanding and use of common terminology in the medical field, with particular emphasis on dentistry. Designed to introduce basic prefixes, suffixes, and word roots, and their combining forms, as well as advanced clinical terminology specific to the dental profession. Prereq: Enrolled in the BISC pre-dental enhancement program.

BISC 7130. Human Gross Anatomy. 5 cr. hrs.

A human gross anatomy course including lecture and a cadaver dissection laboratory. Anatomy of the limbs, back, thorax, abdomen, pelvis, and head and neck is approached on a regional basis. Lectures emphasize regional anatomical relationships, functional aspects of the systems, and provide a guide to the dissections. Applies toward the Anatomy and Systems Content Area, but only 3 of the 5 credits apply toward the 33 credits required for the major. Additional lab fee applies. Prereq: PHTH, PHAS or OCTH major.

BISC 7150. Outbreaks, Epidemics and Pandemics. 3 cr. hrs.

Through case studies, discussion, and group work, students develop an understanding of how infectious disease epidemics occur, what can be done to control them and why control efforts succeed or fail. By exploring the characteristics of pathogens and human hosts that contribute to disease spread, students gain the knowledge and skills to understand the implications of newly emerging pathogens and are able to advocate for what needs to be done to prevent outbreaks. Applies toward the Diseases and Pathology Content Area. Prereq: Enrolled in the BISC pre-dental enhancement program.

BISC 7153. Epidemiology. 3 cr. hrs.

An introduction to the basic concepts of epidemiology. The distribution and determinants of diseases in specified populations and the application to control of health problems. Emphasizes epidemiologic study designs for investigating associations between risk factors and disease outcomes. Epidemiological approaches evaluate health services, population health and policy. Applies to either the Health and Society cognate or the BISC major electives, but not both. Prereq: Enrolled in the BISC pre-dental enhancement program.

BISC 7157. Global Health. 3 cr. hrs.

Disease knows no borders. The health of populations in one country can be affected by public health threats or events across the globe. Policy decisions made in a country regarding public health could impact the health of people beyond its borders. Globalization shapes public health challenges and has profound influence on the capacities of countries to respond to health threats that often lie outside the control of any nation and outside health sector. Simply, globalization on health and the transfer of health threats exist. Opportunities across national borders could be utilized to solve global health challenges. Learners are introduced to the world’s vast diversity of determinants of health and disease. Learners have an opportunity to critically appraise health systems in different parts of the world. Learners analyze current and emerging global health priorities, including infectious diseases, poverty, conflicts and emergencies, health inequity, principles and impact of health systems reforms, and major global initiatives for disease prevention and health promotion. Explores an understanding of a global health system and its shortcomings, challenges and ways of addressing global public health challenges. Importantly, helps learners to develop skills in critical thinking and problem solving in relation to health issues that gross geographical boundaries. Can apply to either the Health and Society cognate, or the BISC major electives, but not both. Prereq: Enrolled in the BISC pre-dental enhancement program.

BISC 7159. Public Health Program Planning, Implementation and Evaluation. 3 cr. hrs.

Offers insight on careful planning and evaluation of public health programs, essential competencies for public health professionals. Presents concepts of health equity and health promotion, identifying health problems in community settings, developing programs and identifying activities. With an outcome focus, students are challenged to initiate project ideas that consider the needs of communities, engage relevant stakeholders and incorporate community centered activities. By use of planning and evaluation frameworks, learners utilize tools to monitor program progress and evaluate short-, medium- and long-term success. Prereq: Cons. of instr.

BISC 7160. Foundations in Public Health. 3 cr. hrs.

Exploration of select public health issues with an emphasis on dental health disparities. Service learning experiences are incorporated to further the student's integration of public health issues with the dental profession. Prereq: Enrolled in the BISC pre-dental enhancement program.

BISC 7180. Clinical Neuroanatomy. 3 cr. hrs.

Fundamental neurocranial anatomical information essential to the practice of medicine. Students develop a 3-dimensional understanding of neurocranial structures, and their relationships, with an emphasis on critical thinking through clinical problem solving. Prereq: PHAS major or cons. of instr.

BISC 7213. Clinical Biochemistry. 4 cr. hrs.

Examines biochemistry of human cells. Examines the chemistry of amino acids, proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids. Explores the metabolism and metabolic regulation or these molecules, as well as changes in disease states. When necessary, compares and contrasts human biochemistry with that of bacterial cells. Prereq: General and organic chemistry and enrolled in the BISC pre-dental enhancement program.

BISC 7215. Clinical Microbiology with Lab. 4 cr. hrs.

Focuses on the general biology of bacterial, viral, fungal and parasitic pathogens of human medical importance and the response of the human host. Laboratory sessions reinforce content from lectures and introduce students to laboratory skills including isolation, cultivation, enumeration, and characterization of bacteria of human medical importance. Utilizes Brightfield microscopy. Specialized techniques include antibiotic susceptibility testing, anaerobic cultivation, biochemical tests and immunological assays. Prereq: Enrolled in the BISC pre-dental enhancement program.

BISC 7220. Medical Pharmacology. 3 cr. hrs.

Fundamentals of human pharmacology and basic principles dictating drug actions within the human body, with emphasis on applications in general medicine. Focuses on the therapeutic actions and clinical applications of various drug classes. Topics include cellular mechanisms, physiological responses, adverse reactions, drug-drug interactions, and clinical indications, accompanied by discussion on the pathological conditions for which common therapeutic agents are used. Applications of pharmacology commonly encountered by physician assistants are presented and are reinforced through interactive clinically-correlated lectures presented by practicing physicians and physician assistants. Prereq: PHAS major.

BISC 7230. Medical Anatomy. 6 cr. hrs.

The study of human gross anatomy, including a cadaver dissection laboratory. Anatomy of the limbs, back, thorax, abdomen, pelvis, and head and neck is approached on a regional basis, with a special focus on fundamental neuroanatomical information in a clinical context. Lectures emphasize regional anatomical relationships and functional aspects of the systems and provide a guide to the dissections. The ultimate objective is to attain a detailed understanding of structure-function relationships in the human body that underlie the practice of medicine. Prereq: PHAS major.

BISC 7235. Principles of Dental Gross Anatomy. 3 cr. hrs.

Provides students with a foundation in human anatomy, with focus on regions most relevant to dental medicine. Emphasizes correlations between structure, function, and clinical application. Includes laboratory. Prereq: Enrolled in the BISC pre-dental enhancement program.

BISC 7410. Microbiology. 4 cr. hrs.

Focuses on infectious agents of human medical importance and on the host pathogen interaction. Topics include the general characteristics of bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites as well as the etiology, pathogenesis, laboratory identification and epidemiology of selected diseases. Discusses control of microorganisms in terms of sterilization, disinfection, chemotherapy and immunization. Discusses the immune system and the immune response. Applies toward the Cell and Molecular Content Area. Prereq: School of Dentistry.

BISC 7514. Human Microanatomy. 4 cr. hrs.

A study of the microscopic structure of cells, tissues and organs of the human body. Emphasizes structure-function relationships and on the interaction of various cell types, tissues and organ systems. Includes laboratory. Applies toward the Anatomy and Systems Content Area. Prereq: School of Dentistry only.

BISC 7515. Biomedical Systems 1. 3 cr. hrs.

Provides an introduction to human anatomy of the head and neck region. Topics include the skull, temporomandibular joint, muscles of mastication and facial expression and an overview of the orbital and cervical regions. Structural and functional relationships between the cranial nerves and central neuroanatomical pathways are presented along with selected clinical correlations. Begins to build the foundational knowledge of the biomedical systems that is necessary for dental students as they start patient rounds during the first semester. Applies toward the Anatomy and Systems Content Area. Prereq: School of Dentistry only.

BISC 7516. Biomedical Systems 2. 4 cr. hrs.

A human gross anatomy course for dental students that integrates lecture with a cadaver dissection laboratory. Follows the neurocranial anatomy course with expanded topics and detailed dissections of the head and neck regions. Lectures and dissections of the thorax, abdomen and pelvis, along with lectures on the upper and lower extremities are included. Part of a biomedical systems course sequence integrating anatomy, physiology, pathology, and dental clinical correlates. Additional lab fee applies. Prereq: School of Dentistry only.

BISC 7517. Biomedical Systems 3. 4 cr. hrs.

Module 3 of a systems-based course integrating anatomy, physiology and pathology including dental clinical correlates. Prereq: School of Dentistry only.

BISC 7518. Biomedical Systems 4. 4 cr. hrs.

Module 4 of a systems-based course integrating anatomy, physiology and pathology including dental clinical correlates. Prereq: School of Dentistry only.

BISC 7520. Dental Pharmacology. 4 cr. hrs.

Fundamentals of human pharmacology and basic principles dictating drug actions within the human body with emphasis on applications in dentistry. Focuses on the therapeutic actions and clinical applications of various drug classes. Topics include: cellular mechanisms, physiological responses, adverse reactions, drug-drug interactions, and clinical indications, accompanied by discussion on the pathological conditions for which common therapeutic agents are used. Applications of pharmacology commonly encountered by dentists are presented and are reinforced through interactive clinically correlated lectures presented by dental professionals. Prereq: School of Dentistry only.

BISC 7550. Remediation. 6 cr. hrs.

Variable credits. Variable titles.0 credit will be SNC/UNC grade assessment; 1-6 credits will be graded. Prereq: Cons. of dept. ch. only.

BISC 7931. Topics in Biomedical Sciences. 1-3 cr. hrs.

Selected topics in biomedical sciences. Specific topics will be designated in the Schedule of Classes.

BISC 7995. Independent Study in Biomedical Sciences. 1-6 cr. hrs.

Research on a selected topic under the direction of a faculty member of the Department of Biomedical Sciences. Can be taken for a maximum total of 6 credits, maximum of 3 credits can be applied towards BISC major.

BISC 9002H. Honors Student Study/Research Placeholder in Biomedical Sciences. 0 cr. hrs.

Used to enroll a honors student who is not enrolled in the term, but is on campus for an educational experience other than academic credit, such as work in a lab or clinic. Used for tracking purposes only. SNC/UNC grade assessment. Prereq: cons. of dpt. ch.