Prospective StudentsCurrent StudentsAlumniParentsFaculty & StaffMedia
AdmissionsProgramsAboutResearch & ScholarshipAthleticsCareersGiving to Marquette
Marquette Central


Bulletin Home | A-Z Directory | Previous Bulletins | PDF Version



Chairperson: John R. Mantsch, Ph.D.
Department of Biomedical Sciences website

The Marquette University Department of Biomedical Sciences offers a biomedical sciences major and minor area of study for undergraduate students interested in pursuing careers in or related to health care professions and offers graduate courses for the Ph.D. specialization in neuroscience. In addition, the department offers three accelerated tracks to the Physician Assistant, Doctor of Physical Therapy, and Dental programs at Marquette University. The primary purpose of the major and minor is to provide human-oriented courses in areas such as anatomical sciences, biochemistry, neuroscience, microbiology, molecular biology, pathology, pharmacology and physiology. The course work provides students with the opportunity to acquire the concepts, principles, facts, and terminology fundamental to all health care professions and related fields.

Biomedical Sciences Student Association (BMSA)

All Biomedical Sciences students are eligible for membership in the Biomedical Sciences Student Association. The purpose of the organization is to provide students with opportunities to learn more about career options; interact with alumni; develop service opportunities; participate in fund-raising activities; and interact with other students and faculty in a more informal setting.

Academic Performance

All students must comply with the College of Health Sciences graduation requirements. Candidates for a degree must earn at least the minimum number of credits listed in their curriculum and a minimum GPA of 2.000. A student must earn a C or better in all major courses. Major courses completed with a CD or less do not count toward the total hour requirement for the major or minor but do count toward the total number of credit hours for graduation. A waiver request may be submitted by a student if a required BISC course taken in the senior year is completed with a CD or D grade, provided the student has completed at least 33 credits in the major with a C or better. A waiver request will be granted for no more than one senior-year course.

Graduation Requirements

Candidates for the baccalaureate degree must complete a minimum of 128 credit hours including the following requirements:

Area Credit Hours
UCCS Requirements 33-37
Required Science Cognates16-21
Medical Ethics and Health and Society Cognates 4-6
Major33
General Electivesto achieve 128 total credits

Core and Department Curriculum Requirements:

UCCS Rhetoric (R) *6
Rhetoric and Composition 1
Rhetoric and Composition 2
Contemporary Presentation
UCCS Mathematics and Reasoning (MR) One of the following:3-4
Modern Elementary Statistics
Psychological Measurements and Statistics
Social Statistics
UCCS Individual and Social Behaviors (ISB)3
General Psychology
UCCS Diverse Culture (DC)3
Any UCCS approved course
UCCS Science and Nature (SN)3
Any required cognate (see below) approved for SN:
UCCS History of Cultures and Societies (HCS)3
Any approved UCCS HCS course
UCCS Literature and Performaning Arts (LPA)3
Any approved literature LPA course except the following: ARSC 3370, MUSI 1020, MUSI 2420, THAR 1020 and any other non-literature LPA courses.
UCCS Human Nature and Ethics (HNE)6
Philosophy of Human Nature
Theory of Ethics
UCCS Theology (T)6
Introduction to Theology
One additional UCCS T approved course
Total Credit Hours36-37

*ENGL 1001 Rhetoric and Composition 1 and ENGL 1002 Rhetoric and Composition 2 are recommended for pre-professional students.

Required Science Cognates:

All students are required to complete:

BIOL 1001General Biology 13
BIOL 1002General Biology 23
CHEM 1001General Chemistry 14
CHEM 1002General Chemistry 24
CHEM 2111Organic Chemistry 11-4
or BISC 2050 Organic Chemistry for the Health Sciences
One of the following laboratory science courses:1-3
Principles of Biological Investigation
Concepts in Clinical Laboratory Medicine
Molecular Diagnostics: Laboratory Techniques
Kinesiology 1: The Upper Extremity (Only for students admitted to DPT program)
Total Credit Hours16-21

Required Health and Society Cognate (one course) and Medical Ethics (minimum 1 credit):

One of the following Health and Society courses:3
Social Justice Issues in Health Science (can be used as a Health and Society Cognate or BISC elective, but not both)
Modern Plagues: Addiction, Obesity and Stress (can be used as a Health and Society Cognate or BISC elective, but not both)
Public Health (can be used as a Health and Society Cognate or BISC elective, but not both)
Health Communication
Health, Science and Environmental Communication
Culture and Health (can be used as a Health and Society Cognate or UCCS DC requirement, but not both)
Women's Health
Primary Health Care Concepts
Health Psychology
Sociology of the Life Course
Culture, Health and Illness
Health Care Systems
Race, Gender and Medicine
Men, Masculinities and Health
Sociology of Aging
Introduction to Social Welfare and Justice
Advanced Spanish for the Health Professions
Introduction to Clinical Medicine (for students admitted to PHAS program)
Note: Biomedical Sciences often offers special topic courses (BISC 4930) which can be used to fulfill the Health and Society cognate. Students should confirm with their adviser if a section fulfills the requirement. A student must complete a Health and Society Course Approval Form, available in the department office, to receive credit towards the cognate.
One of the following medical ethics courses (minimum 1 credit):1-3
Applied Ethics for the Health Sciences
Biomedical Ethics
Medical Ethics
Total Credit Hours4-6

Students who are interested in pursuing a professional or graduate education (i.e. pre-med, pre-dental) should take the following courses:

Organic Chemistry 1
Organic Chemistry 2
General Physics 1
General Physics 2
Principles of Biological Investigation
Calculus for the Biological Sciences
Principles of Sociology

Biomedical Sciences Major

The following courses (33 credits) are required for undergraduate students not admitted to the PHAS, DPT or Pre-Dental Scholars programs:

BISC 2135Clinical Human Anatomy4
BISC 4145Human Physiology4
BISC 3115Human Microbiology3
BISC 4120Pharmacology3
BISC 3150General Pathology3
BISC 4160Molecular Pathology3
BISC 3213Biochemistry3-4
or BISC 2070 Biochemistry for the Health Professions
Additional courses from the Biomedical Sciences Electives list below:9-10

Biomedical Sciences Electives: Additional courses must be selected from the following list to reach a total of 33 credits in the major completed with a minimum grade of C.

BISC 1001Contemporary Issues in Biomedical Sciences (required course for all first semester freshman)1
BISC 1030Introduction to Dentistry (Can only be applied as an elective for Pre-Dental Scholars)1
BISC 2150Social Justice Issues in Health Science (can fulfill Health and Society Cognate or BISC elective, not both)3
BISC 3110Nutritional Aspects of Health3
BISC 3112Head and Neck Anatomy3
BISC 3136Gross Anatomy for the Biomedical Sciences2
BISC 3859Evolution3
BISC 4140Functional Neuroanatomy3
BISC 4155Diseases of the Brain3
BISC 4146Physiology In Depth: Contemporary Issues1
BISC 4173Principles of Human Embryology3
BISC 4275Modern Plagues: Addiction, Obesity and Stress (can fulfill Health and Society Cognate or BISC elective, but not both)3
BISC 4340Human and Applied Medical Genetics3
BISC 4514Human Microanatomy4
BISC 4931Topics in Biomedical Sciences1-3
BISC 4986Internship in Biomedical Sciences (Maximum 6 credits, 3 credits toward BISC major)1-3
BISC 4995Independent Study in Biomedical Sciences (Maximum 6 credits, 3 credits toward BISC major)1-6
BIOL 2201Genetics3
BIOL 2301Cell Biology3
BIOL 3202Experimental Genetics3
BIOL 3302Experimental Cell Biology3
BIOL 3501Neurobiology3
BIOL 3502Experimental Neurobiology3
BIOL 3702Experimental Physiology3
BIOL 4102Experimental Molecular Biology3
BIOL 4806Immunobiology3
CLLS 2050Forensic Science3
CLLS 2060Public Health (can fulfill Health and Society Cognate or BISC elective, not both)3
CLLS 3160Molecular Diagnostics: Laboratory Techniques3
DEIN 7110Foundations of Oral Health 1 (Only students admitted to Pre-Dental Scholars Program)3
PHAS 7110Clinical Medicine I (Only students admitted to the PA program)4
PHTH 7515Pathophysiology and Aging (Only students admitted to PT)4
PHTH 7558Neuroanatomy (Only students admitted to PT)4
A maximum of nine transfer credit hours can be applied toward the requirements for a major

Curricula Information

Typical Program for Biomedical Sciences Majors

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
ENGL 1001 (R)3ENGL 1002 or COMM 1100 (R)*3
CHEM 1001*4CHEM 1002*4
BIOL 1001 (SN)*3BIOL 1002*3
THEO 1001 (T)3PSYC 1001 (ISB)3
UCCS (HCS)3PHIL 10013
BISC 10011 
 17 16
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 21354PHIL 23103
CHEM 2111 or BISC 2050*1-4BISC 3213 or 20703-4
BIOL 2001 (or lab course)****3Statistics (MR)3-4
MATH 1410 (or elective)*3CHEM 2112 (or elective)4
Elective4SOCI 1001 (or elective)*3
 15 16
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
PHYS 1001 (or elective)*4PHYS 1002 (or elective)*4
BISC 31153BISC 41454
Health and Society requirement***3BISC 31503
BISC elective3Electives6
UCCS LPA (Literature)3 
 16 17
Senior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 41603BISC 41203
BISC elective3BISC elective3
PHIL 43361UCCS (T)3
UCCS (DC)3Electives6
Elective6 
 16 15
Total credit hours: 128
*

Courses required for many post-graduate/professional programs, consult with specific program(s) of interest to confirm prerequisites.

**

The biochemistry requirement can be satisfied by either BISC 2070 3 cr. (sophomore year) or BISC 3213 4 cr. (sophomore or junior year).

***

BISC 2150, BISC 4275, CLLS 2060. HEAL 1025, HEAL 2100, PSYC 3420, SOCI 2300, SOCI 3500, SOCI 3520, SOCI 3550, SOCI 3570, SOCI 4300 or SOWJ 100, SPAN 3715. Topics (4930/31) courses that relate to health and society may be approved on an individual basis. BISC 2150, BISC 4275 and CLLS 2060 can fulfill either the Health and Society Cognate or BISC elective, but not both.  HEAL 1025 can fulfill either the Health and Society Cognate or the UCCS Diverse Cultures requirement but not both.

****

The laboratory course requirement can be satisfied by either BIOL 2001, BISC 4165 (for students admitted to the MPA program), CLLS 1010, CLLS 3160 or PHTH 7525 (for students admitted to the DPT program).

Typical Program for Biomedical Sciences Majors - Pre-Physician Assistant Studies

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours 
ENGL 1001 (R)3ENGL 1002 or COMM 1100 (R)3 
CHEM 10014CHEM 10024 
BIOL 1001 (SN)3BIOL 10023 
UCCS (HCS)3PSYC 1001 (ISB)3 
THEO 1001 (T)3PHIL 10013 
BISC 10011  
 17 16
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours 
UCCS LPA (Literature)3CHEM 21124 
CHEM 21114BISC 32134 
BISC 21354PHIL 2310 (HNE)3 
UCCS (T)3BISC 20201 
UCCS (DC)3Statistics (MR)3-4 
 17 15
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHoursSummer TermHours
BISC 71305BISC 31503PHAS 7090**3
PHIL 43361BISC 41454PA Curriculum *12
BISC 43403BISC 41651 
PA Curriculum*9BISC 74104 
 PHTH 75584 
 PA Curriculum*2 
 18 18 15
Senior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours 
BISC 71204PA Curriculum*  
PHAS 71104  
PA Curriculum*4  
 12 0
Total credit hours: 128

Students who do not enter the PHAS program their Junior year will continue within the Biomedical Sciences major. The department has course outlines for those who will enter the PHAS program their Senior year and for those who will complete the traditional Bachelor’s degree. Please work with your advisor for the plan of study which best fits your situation.

*

See PA section of the Bulletin.  PA courses will fulfill remaining elective requirements to complete 128 credits required for the B.S. degree.  All courses completed prior to awarding of B.S. degree will count towards undergraduate gpa and the determination of academic honors.

**

Fulfills BISC Health and Society Cognate

Typical Program for Biomedical Sciences Majors - Direct Admit Physical Therapy Students

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 1001 (SN)3BIOL 10023
CHEM 10014CHEM 10024
ENGL 1001 (R)3ENGL 1002 or COMM 1100 (R)3
THEO 1001 (T)3PSYC 1001 (ISB)3
Elective3PHIL 10013
BISC 10011 
 17 16
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 20501BISC 20703
UCCS (HCS)3Elective6
UCCS LPA (Literature)3PHTH 1001*1
Elective9Statistics (MR)***3-4
 PHIL 2310 (HNE)3
 16 16
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
PHYS 10014PHYS 10024
BISC 31153BISC 41454
BISC elective 4BISC 31503
Elective3Health and Society Requirement**3
UCCS (T)3PHIL 43361
 17 15
Senior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
PHTH 7512 (DC)3PHTH 75042
PHTH 75033PHTH 75154
BISC 71305PHTH 75253
PHTH 75133PHTH 75282
BISC 41603BISC 41203
 17 14
Total credit hours: 128
*

Students who are not direct admit PT students are not required to complete PHTH 1001

**

BISC 2150, BISC 4275, CLLS 2060, HEAL 1025, HEAL 2100, PSYC 3420, SOCI 2300, SOCI 3500, SOCI 3550, SOCI 3550, SOCI 3570, SOCI 4300 or SOWJ 1001, SPAN 3715. Topics (4931) courses that relate to health and society may be approved on an individual basis. BISC 2150, BISC 4275 and CLLS 2060 can be used to fulfill the Health and Society Cognate or BISC electives, but not both.  HEAL 1025 can be used to fulfill the Heal and Society Cognate or the UCCS Diverse Cultures requirement but not both.

***

Any statistics course approved for math requirement of the UCCS

Typical Program for Biomedical Sciences Majors - Pre-Dental Scholars

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
ENGL 1001 (R)3ENGL 1002 (R)3
CHEM 10014CHEM 10024
BIOL 1001 (SN)3BIOL 10023
UCCS (HCS)3PSYC 1001 (ISB)3
THEO 1001 (T)3BISC 10301
BISC 10011PHIL 10013
 17 17
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
CHEM 21114CHEM 21124
MATH 14103PHIL 2310 (HNE)3
BIOL 20013BISC 20703
Elective3BISC 41454
UCCS (DC)3Elective3
 16 17
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
PHIL 43361BISC 41203
Health and Society Requirement*3UCCS (T)3
UCCA LPA (Literature)3BISC 31503
BISC 41603Statistics (MR)**3-4
PHYS 10014PHYS 10024
Elective3 
 17 16-17
Senior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 75144BISC 74104
BISC 75153BISC 75164
DEIN 71103Clinical curriculum*** 
Clinical curriculum***10 
 20 8
Total credit hours: 128-129
*

BISC 2150, BISC 4275, CLLS 2060, HEAL 1025, HEAL 2100, PSYC 3420, SOCI 2300, SOCI 3500, SOCI 3520, SOCI 3550, SOCI 3570, SOCI 4300 or SOWJ 1001, SPAN 3715. Topics (4930/31) courses that relate to health and society may be approved on an individual basis. BISC 2150, BISC 4275 and CLLS 2060 can be used to fulfill either the Health and Society Cognate or BISC elective, but not both.  HEAL 1025 can be used to fulfill the Health and Society Cognate or the UCCS Diverse Cultures requirement, but not both.

**

Any statistics course approved for math requirement of the UCCS

***

Individual courses listed above apply towards the BISC major requirements. The remaining clinical curriculum credits in D1 year will apply toward the 128 total credits required for the B.S. degree and be included in gpa calculations for the B.S. degree and academic honors.


 

Biomedical Sciences Minor

Choose any of the following courses for a total of 18 credits:

BISC 1030Introduction to Dentistry (Can only be applied as credit for Pre-Dental Scholars)1
BISC 1060Chemistry for the Health Professions3
BISC 2070Biochemistry for the Health Professions3
BISC 2135Clinical Human Anatomy4
BISC 2150Social Justice Issues in Health Science3
BISC 3110Nutritional Aspects of Health3
BISC 3112Head and Neck Anatomy3
BISC 3115Human Microbiology3
BISC 3150General Pathology3
BISC 3213Biochemistry4
BISC 3859Evolution3
BISC 4120Pharmacology3
BISC 4140Functional Neuroanatomy3
BISC 4145Human Physiology4
BISC 4155Diseases of the Brain3
BISC 4160Molecular Pathology3
BISC 4173Principles of Human Embryology3
BISC 4275Modern Plagues: Addiction, Obesity and Stress3
BISC 4340Human and Applied Medical Genetics3
BISC 4514Human Microanatomy4
BISC 4931Topics in Biomedical Sciences1-3
BISC 4995Independent Study in Biomedical Sciences Maximum of 3 credits applied toward the minor1-6
BISC 7130Human Gross Anatomy (PA and PT students only)5
CLLS 1010Concepts in Clinical Laboratory Medicine3
BISC 4146Physiology In Depth: Contemporary Issues1
A maximum of nine transfer credit hours can be applied toward the requirements for a minor

For students in non-science majors interested in pursuing a minor in biomedical sciences, it is strongly recommended that BISC 1015 Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, offered spring semester, is completed for the UCCS Science and Nature requirement. BISC 1060 Chemistry for the Health Professions (a fall semester course) and BISC 2070 Biochemistry for the Health Professions (a spring semester course) should be the first BISC minor courses completed. These two BISC minor courses fulfill the chemistry and biochemistry prerequisites for most other BISC minor courses.


 

Courses

BISC 1001. Contemporary Issues in Biomedical Sciences. 1 cr. hr.

Introduction to the field of biomedical sciences with a special emphasis on current topics in health and medicine, development of critical thinking skills, and professional development. S/U grading basis. Prereq: BISC major with Freshman stndg.

BISC 1010. Contemporary Issues in Nutrition. 3 cr. hrs.

Personalized nutrition applications for health promotion designed for non-science majors. Topics include scientific methods, nutrients, life cycle nutrition, weight management, disordered eating, dietary supplements (including botanicals) and nutrition and fitness. Not to be taken for credit by students who have had HEAL 2045 or BISC 3110.

BISC 1015. Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology. 5 cr. hrs.

Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology is an introduction to the structures and functions of the human body. Laboratory included.

BISC 1030. Introduction to Dentistry. 1 cr. hr.

An introduction to the diverse aspects of the dental profession, featuring guest speakers and hands-on laboratory techniques. S/U grade assessment. Prereq: Cons. of dept. ch.

BISC 1060. Chemistry for the Health Professions. 3 cr. hrs.

An introduction to general chemistry and organic chemistry stressing those aspects necessary for the health professions. Prereq: NURS major.

BISC 2015. Anatomy and Physiology for the Health Sciences 1. 3 cr. hrs.

The first module of a human anatomy and physiology course sequence for pre-professional students in the health sciences. Provides an introduction to the structures and functions of the human body. Laboratory included. Prereq: EXPH or ATTR major, or cons. of instr.

BISC 2016. Anatomy and Physiology for the Health Sciences 2. 3 cr. hrs.

The second module of a human anatomy and physiology course sequence for pre-professional students in the health sciences. Provides an introduction to the structures and functions of the human body. Laboratory included. Prereq: BISC 2015; or cons. of instr.

BISC 2020. Medical Terminology. 1 cr. hr.

A study of medical terminology organized by body systems with a focus on prefixes, suffixes, word roots and their combining form. Prereq: BISC 2135 and BISC major.

BISC 2050. Organic Chemistry for the Health Sciences. 1 cr. hr.

Structure and function of carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, amino acids, proteins, enzymes will be examined. This background information will be employed to explore cell signaling, cellular metabolism, and biological information flow (genetics). Prereq: CHEM 1001 and CHEM 1002.

BISC 2070. Biochemistry for the Health Professions. 3 cr. hrs.

Survey course of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, enzymes, bioenergetics, metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleotides. Emphasis placed on health and disease. Prereq: BISC 1060; or courses in general and organic chemistry; or cons. of instr.

BISC 2135. Clinical Human Anatomy. 4 cr. hrs.

A regional approach to human anatomy where all body systems are integrated. Correlations between structure and function are emphasized. Laboratory included. Prereq: BIOL 1001 and Soph. stndg. or cons. of instr.

BISC 2150. Social Justice Issues in Health Science. 3 cr. hrs.

Current state of the US health care system, with an emphasis on the health care safety net and access to care issues; global health issues; comparison of international health plans and the bioethics of health care rationing. Community health care providers, administrators and political advocates guest lecture to provide first-hand knowledge of the current issues and potential solutions, and serve as models for careers that make a difference. Prereq: Soph. stndg.

BISC 3110. Nutritional Aspects of Health. 3 cr. hrs.

Basic principles and fundamentals of human nutrition. Nutrients are discussed in terms of sources, absorption, metabolism and utilization, deficiency, requirements, and assessment of status. Life cycle nutrition and nutrition in disease states. Intended audience: future health care professionals. Prereq: A course in Biochemistry and BISC major; or cons. of instr. Not to be taken for credit by students who have had BISC 1010 or HEAL 2045.

BISC 3112. Head and Neck Anatomy. 3 cr. hrs.

Survey of neuroanatomy, sensory systems and speech, muscular and vascular systems, and osteology of the head and neck. An emphasis is placed on functional anatomy and significant clinical correlates. Laboratory included. Prereq: BISC 2135 and BISC major; or cons. of instr.

BISC 3115. Human Microbiology. 3 cr. hrs.

Provides foundational knowledge of infectious agents of human medical importance and how the body responds to those pathogens. Covers the physiology, genetics and pathogenesis of diseases caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites as well as their diagnosis, prevention and treatment. Microbial control, antibiotics and vaccination are also covered. Immunology and host-pathogen interactions are highlighted throughout the course. Prereq: A Biochemistry course, which may be taken concurrently; or cons. of instr.

BISC 3136. Gross Anatomy for the Biomedical Sciences. 2 cr. hrs.

This undergraduate human gross anatomy laboratory course takes a regional approach to the dissection of human cadaveric material and includes all body structures/systems. Space reserved for Biomedical Sciences majors in good standing. Enrollment is limited based upon specimen availability. Prereq: BISC 2135 and cons. of instr.

BISC 3150. General Pathology. 3 cr. hrs.

Overview of cellular degenerations, inflammation and neoplasia. Various organ systems and their primary disease states will then be presented. These systems include musculoskeletal, nervous, cardiovascular, pulmonary, reproductive, digestive, endocrine, and integument. Taught using lecture note handouts, Power Point, websites and examination objectives. Prereq: Courses in anatomy and physiology, which may be taken concurrently; or PHTH major; or PHAS major; or cons. of instr.

BISC 3213. Biochemistry. 4 cr. hrs.

The chemistry of cells in health and disease. Structure and function of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids; enzyme function, cell signaling, cellular metabolism, and biological information flow (genetics). Prereq: CHEM 2112 or CHEM 2114, can be taken concurrently; or PHAS major.

BISC 3859. Evolution. 3 cr. hrs.

Evolution consists of describing its history and analyzing its causes and mechanisms. Emphasizes the general principles of evolution, the hypotheses about the causes of evolutionary change that apply to the most organisms, and the major patterns of change that have characterized many different groups. Prereq: BIOL 1001 and BIOL 1002, a biochemistry course, and cons. of instr.

BISC 4120. Pharmacology. 3 cr. hrs.

This course covers the fundamentals of human pharmacology and the basic principles dictating drug action within the human body. The course focuses on the therapeutic actions and clinical applications of various drug classes with emphasis on cellular mechanisms, physiological responses, adverse reactions, and clinical indications, accompanied by general discussion on the pathological conditions for which common therapeutic agents are used. Prereq: A course in Biochemistry and BISC 1015; or a course in Biochemistry and BISC 4145.

BISC 4140. Functional Neuroanatomy. 3 cr. hrs.

Examines the basic structure and function of the central nervous system from spinal cord to cerebral cortex. Material will be presented within both clinical and basic contexts. Based on the understanding of the normal circuitry and function of the brain, clinically relevant neurological disorders and basic neuroanatomical methods will also be explored. Laboratory included. Prereq: BISC 2135 or BISC 7130.

BISC 4145. Human Physiology. 4 cr. hrs.

Human physiology including blood and circulation, muscular, neuronal and sensory systems, renal and respiratory systems, digestion, metabolism, reproduction, their control by the endocrine and central nervous systems, and clinical correlates. Prereq: BISC 2135; and BISC 2070 or BISC 3213.

BISC 4146. Physiology In Depth: Contemporary Issues. 1 cr. hr.

In depth treatment of selected topics in physiology with an emphasis on contemporary news relevant to health and physiology. Prereq: Cons. of instr.

BISC 4155. Diseases of the Brain. 3 cr. hrs.

Primary objective is to better understand brain function by examining pathological states involving the central nervous system. In the process of developing a deeper understanding of the neurosciences, presented are opportunities to develop critical thinking skills, utilize the scientific method and explore how research and contemporary approaches to drug development impact human health. By focusing on diseases of the brain, explores how deficits in cognition and other aspects of brain function provides insight as to what it means to be human. Prereq: BISC 2135.

BISC 4160. Molecular Pathology. 3 cr. hrs.

Cellular and molecular basis of human diseases, therapeutic interventions and current research efforts. Prereq: A course in biochemistry, which may be taken concurrently; cons. of instr.

BISC 4165. Microbiology Laboratory. 1 cr. hr.

Introduction to various topics of microbiology laboratory including the isolation, cultivation, enumeration and characterization of bacteria of human medical importance. Brightfield, darkfield, and phase contrast microscopy are utilized. Specialized techniques include antibiotic susceptibility testing, anaerobic cultivation and immunological assays. Prereq: BISC 7410, which may be taken concurrently; or BISC 3115; consent of instructor required.

BISC 4173. Principles of Human Embryology. 3 cr. hrs.

System by system approach to the understanding of the sequence of human embryonic and fetal development. Early events include gametogenesis, implantation and placentation are covered to give a foundation for discussing the development of major organ systems. Discusses the underlying causes of morphological errors in the development which lead to congenital malformations. Stresses the effects of harmful (teratogenic) substances early in the developmental period. Provides a basic understanding of early inductive influences on major organ systems. Prereq: BIOL 1002 and BISC 2135.

BISC 4275. Modern Plagues: Addiction, Obesity and Stress. 3 cr. hrs.

Focuses on the interrelationship and connections between addiction, obesity and stress and their common underlying mechanisms. The approach will be primarily physiological/neurobiological rather than psychological/sociological. Prereq: BISC 4145 or cons. of instr.

BISC 4340. Human and Applied Medical Genetics. 3 cr. hrs.

Provides an overview of genetic principles that are relevant to human health and disease. Topics include: packaging and sequence architecture of the human genome, Human Genome Project, patterns of Mendelian inheritance in humans, development, genetic alterations and metabolic disease hemoglobinopathies, immunogenetics, genetic testing and gene therapy. Consists of didactic lectures with interspersed clinical cases. Intended for students interested in a career in medical professions. Prereq: BISC 3213 or BIOL 4101; or PHAS major; or cons. of instr.

BISC 4514. Human Microanatomy. 4 cr. hrs.

A study of the microscopic structure of cells, tissues and organs of the human body. Emphasis is placed on structure-function relationships and on the interaction of various cell types, tissues and organ systems. Includes laboratory. Prereq: BIOL 1001 and BISC 2135; or cons. of instr.

BISC 4931. Topics in Biomedical Sciences. 1-3 cr. hrs.

Selected topics in biomedical sciences. Specific topics will be designated in the Schedule of Classes.

BISC 4986. Internship in Biomedical Sciences. 1-3 cr. hrs.

Co-op or intern experience in the biomedical industry. Features educational activity and productive work related to health care delivery or industrial or administrative aspects of health care. S/U grade assessment. Limited to a maximum of 6 credits with a maximum 3 credits applied towards the BISC major. Prereq: Cons. of dept. via Internship Director.

BISC 4995. Independent Study in Biomedical Sciences. 1-6 cr. hrs.

Research on a selected topic under the direction of a faculty member of the Department of Biomedical Sciences. Can be taken for a maximum total of 6 credits, maximum of 3 credits can be applied towards BISC major. Prereq: Cons. of dept. ch.

BISC 7120. Medical Pharmacology. 4 cr. hrs.

Fundamentals of human pharmacology and basic principles dictating drug actions within the human body with emphasis on applications in general medicine. Focuses on the therapeutic actions and clinical applications of various drug classes. Topics include: cellular mechanisms, physiological responses, adverse reactions, drug-drug interactions, and clinical indications, accompanied by discussion on the pathological conditions for which common therapeutic agents are used. Applications of pharmacology commonly encountered by physician assistants are presented and are reinforced through interactive clinically correlated lectures presented by practicing physicians and physician assistants. Prereq: BISC 3213, BISC 4145 and PHAS major.

BISC 7130. Human Gross Anatomy. 5 cr. hrs.

A human gross anatomy course including lecture and a cadaver dissection laboratory. Anatomy of the limbs, back, thorax, abdomen, pelvis, and head and neck is approached on a regional basis. Lectures emphasize regional anatomical relationships, functional aspects of the systems, and provide a guide to the dissections. Prereq: PHTH major; or PHAS major only.

BISC 7213. Clinical Biochemistry. 4 cr. hrs.

Examines biochemistry of human cells. Examines the chemistry of amino acids, proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids. Explores the metabolism and metabolic regulation or these molecules, as well as changes in disease states. When necessary, compares and contrasts human biochemistry with that of bacterial cells. Prereq: General and organic chemistry.

BISC 7410. Microbiology. 4 cr. hrs.

This course focuses on infectious agents of human medical importance and on the host pathogen interaction. Topic areas include the general characteristics of bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites as well as the etiology, pathogenesis, laboratory identification, and epidemiology of selected diseases. Control of microorganisms is discussed in terms of sterilization, disinfection, chemotherapy and immunization. The immune system and the immune response are discussed. Prereq: School of Dentistry or PHAS major.

BISC 7514. General Histology. 4 cr. hrs.

This course is a study of the normal microscopic structure and function of human cells, tissues and organs. The structural basis for various physiological and pathological processes such as inflammation and endocrine cycles is presented. The student is also introduced to tissues of the oral region that are studied in detail in DENT 7121. Laboratory exercises promote visual identification of structure. Prereq: School of Dentistry only.

BISC 7515. Biomedical Systems 1. 3 cr. hrs.

Provides an introduction to human anatomy of the head and neck region. Topics include the skull, temporomandibular joint, muscles of mastication and facial expression and an overview of the orbital and cervical regions. Structural and functional relationships between the cranial nerves and central neuroanatomical pathways are presented along with selected clinical correlations. Begins to build the foundational knowledge of the biomedical systems that is necessary for dental students as they start patient rounds during the first semester. Prereq: School of Dentistry only.

BISC 7516. Biomedical Systems 2. 4 cr. hrs.

A human gross anatomy course for dental students that integrates lecture with a cadaver dissection laboratory. Follows the neurocranial anatomy course with expanded topics and detailed dissections of the head and neck regions. Lectures and dissections of the thorax, abdomen and pelvis, along with lectures on the upper and lower extremities are included. Part of a biomedical systems course sequence integrating anatomy, physiology, pathology, and dental clinical correlates. Prereq: School of Dentistry only.

BISC 7517. Biomedical Systems 3. 4 cr. hrs.

Module 3 of a systems-based course integrating anatomy, physiology and pathology including dental clinical correlates. Prereq: School of Dentistry only.

BISC 7518. Biomedical Systems 4. 4 cr. hrs.

Module 4 of a systems-based course integrating anatomy, physiology and pathology including dental clinical correlates. Prereq: School of Dentistry only.

BISC 7520. Dental Pharmacology. 4 cr. hrs.

Fundamentals of human pharmacology and basic principles dictating drug actions within the human body with emphasis on applications in dentistry. Focuses on the therapeutic actions and clinical applications of various drug classes. Topics include: cellular mechanisms, physiological responses, adverse reactions, drug-drug interactions, and clinical indications, accompanied by discussion on the pathological conditions for which common therapeutic agents are used. Applications of pharmacology commonly encountered by dentists are presented and are reinforced through interactive clinically correlated lectures presented by dental professionals. Prereq: School of Dentistry only.

BISC 7550. Remediation:. 0-6 cr. hrs.

Variable credits. Variable titles.0 credit will be SNC/UNC grade assessment; 1-6 credits will be graded.

BISC 7995. Independent Study in Biomedical Sciences. 1-6 cr. hrs.

Research on a selected topic under the direction of a faculty member of the Department of Biomedical Sciences. Can be taken for a maximum total of 6 credits, maximum of 3 credits can be applied towards BISC major.