Chairperson: April L. Harkins, Ph.D., MT(ASCP)
Department of Medical Laboratory Science website

The mission of the Department of Medical Laboratory Science (MLSC) is to educate persons who will be highly skilled in laboratory medicine and who will possess those professional qualities necessary for the practice of medical laboratory science. The degree awarded in this department qualifies one to work as a medical laboratory scientist or technologist (aka, clinical laboratory scientist or technologist) in hospital laboratories, clinics, physicians’ offices, research and teaching laboratories, as well as in biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies and public health labs. The course work provides the foundations necessary for individuals to qualify for medical school, graduate schools and other professional programs.

The Medical Laboratory Science major is an integrated four-year curriculum leading to a bachelor of science degree. The first three years are spent in classrooms and labs on campus. The teaching laboratories on the university campus are structured to simulate a clinical setting and students have opportunities to experiment with modern technologies and diagnostic instrumentation. The clinical practicum required for this degree occurs during the fourth year and involves clinical rotations in laboratories in the Metro Milwaukee area.

Accreditation

The Medical Laboratory Science Program is accredited by the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences; 5600 N. River Road, Suite 720; Rosemont, IL 60018; (773) 714-8880. Upon successful completion of the course work and practicum, students are eligible for the appropriate certification and/or licensure examinations. The university assumes no responsibility for the success of its students in obtaining professional certification or other types of professional licensure.

Admission Requirements

Applicants to the Medical Laboratory Science major are expected to fulfill the university admission requirements. Entering freshmen are accepted to the fall term. In addition to the university admission requirements, applicants must have completed two laboratory sciences, one of which must be chemistry. Three years of advanced high school mathematics and high school physics are also recommended. For students applying for admission with advanced standing from another institution or as transfers from within the university, the general university regulations apply. The number of students admitted with advanced standing or as transfers with any classification depends upon available openings in the class for which the applicant qualifies. Advanced standing or transfer students are never accepted for admission to the senior year only.

Certain essential functions represent the non-academic requirements of the program that students must possess to successfully complete the program and become employable. These include the ability to distinguish colors, the ability to learn to perform and interpret highly complex testing methods and the ability to disseminate information in an accurate and confidential manner. Students must have good tactile skills, possess adequate physical and emotional health to work under stress and time constraints and demonstrate respect and care for others. Students must also be able to work efficiently and accurately in a laboratory environment that often includes:

  • Loud noises
  • Strong odors
  • Biohazardous materials
  • Repetitive motions
  • Standing for long periods of time

Due to the nature of the content of the following courses, students who have already completed these courses must repeat them if five or more years have lapsed between the time the course was completed and the date of enrollment in the senior year.

BISC 2070Biochemistry for the Health Professions3
BISC 3213Biochemistry4
MLSC 4124Medical Bacteriology4
MLSC 4127Medical Microbiology4

Ordinarily, the following courses are not accepted from other institutions, except with approval of the department chair. These courses must be taken during the year immediately preceding the senior year:

MLSC 4124Medical Bacteriology4
MLSC 4127Medical Microbiology4
MLSC 4163Clinical Chemistry and Concepts 14
MLSC 4173Clinical Chemistry and Concepts 24
MLSC 4174Clinical Hematology 14

Professional Standards

In addition to being evaluated through the use of written examinations and assignments, class participation and practical examinations, medical laboratory science students are also evaluated with respect to their professional qualities. The instructors in most medical laboratory science courses complete a written evaluation of each student. Students who fail to comply with the rules and regulations of the department with respect to immunizations, health insurance, safety, honesty or whose conduct or health is unsatisfactory may be dismissed from the MLSC major.

During the senior year, students are subject to academic and professional policies of the department as well as the rules and regulations of the affiliating clinical facility to which they are assigned. Students in the senior year who are in violation of the rules and regulations of the clinical facility are subject to dismissal from that facility. This action is under the jurisdiction of the authorities of that institution in consultation with the university department chair.

In medical laboratory science courses, students who in any way acts dishonestly in class assignments or examinations are in violation of the University Academic Misconduct Policy and are subject to the procedures outlined within the policy and may be subject to dismissal from the program. 

For the safety of patients, peers and themselves, students are required to dress appropriately while attending clinical laboratory science sessions for all courses.

Academic Progression

Successful program progression requires students to complete each term in a lock-step sequence with a grade of C or higher in all major courses. Each course is only offered once each academic year and should students fall out of sequence, they are delayed one year to continue. Students who fail to maintain progress necessary to meet the minimum requirements because of grade point average or excessive failure (F or U) grades are subject to review by the MLSC Progress and Promotions Committee, and they may be dismissed from the MLSC major.

During the senior year the academic actions taken are varied in severity dependent upon the scholastic and/or professional deficiency. These actions are the following: written academic warning, clinical academic warning, clinical censure and required to withdraw. The method of making up unacceptable grades during the senior year which have resulted in the issuing of an action of clinical academic warning or clinical censure are determined by mutual agreement between the university department chair and the affiliation clinical program director. The MLSC Progress and Promotions Committee prescribes, in writing, conditions under which these students are allowed to continue. Students who do not meet the conditions thus stipulated are dismissed from the major.

Junior students must have a criminal background check prior to beginning their clinical assignments. Some clinical sites may have requirements beyond those of the university (e.g. physical examination, drug testing, etc.). Seniors are expected to participate in the profession's state conference.

Degree Requirements

Candidates for the baccalaureate degree with a major in Medical Laboratory Science must complete a minimum of 128 credit hours including the requirements listed below. Courses completed with a grade below a C (C- or below) do not count toward the total hour requirement for a major or minor, but do fulfill the subject matter requirement and do count towards the total number of credit hours for graduation. Students must have a cumulative GPA of 2.200 and at least a 2.000 in their required science mathematics and MLSC courses at the conclusion of their junior year to continue in the program.

Course requirements and regulations are subject to change on an annual basis and depend upon the demands of the profession and requirements for accreditation and/or certification. Students are subject to these changes regardless of the date of their matriculation in the major.

Degree Credits must meet the following requirements: 

Area Credit Hours
Marquette Core Curriculum (MCC) Requirements 30
Cognates for the MLSC Major 29
Major 56
General Electives to achieve 128 total credits

Marquette Core Curriculum (MCC) - 30 Credits

Refer to the Marquette Core Curriculum (MCC) in the University section of this bulletin for courses that will meet requirements.  The university allows a maximum of two courses in the Discovery Tier to apply towards a primary major.

MLSC Science and non-science Cognate Requirements:

BIOL 1001General Biology 13
BIOL 1002General Biology 23
CHEM 1001General Chemistry 14
CHEM 1002General Chemistry 2 14
CHEM 2111Organic Chemistry 14
A course in biochemistry: 13
Biochemistry for the Health Professions (3 credits)
Biochemistry (4 credits)
A course in physiology: 13
Human Physiology (4 credits)
Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology (5 credits)
Human Physiology (4 credits)
Principles of Human Physiology
A course in statistics:3
Modern Elementary Statistics (3 credits)
Psychological Measurements and Statistics (4 credits)
Statistical Methods (3 credits)
Biostatistical Methods and Models (3 credits)
Medical Ethics Cognate1
Bioethics for Healthcare: Foundations, Dilemmas and Decision-Making (3 credits)
Biomedical Ethics (3 credits)
Applied Ethics for the Health Sciences (1 credit)
Medical Ethics (3 credits)
Total Credit Hours:28

Major and Essential Course Requirements

Students must also achieve a grade of C or better in all MLSC major courses and the essential courses identified above.

MLSC major courses and essential cognate courses in which grades lower than a C are earned must be repeated or students demonstrate proficiency in the discipline by some other method as approved by the promotions committee. Students who complete guided study (MLSC 1100 Guided Study in Medical Laboratory Science) to establish proficiency are issued a grade of SNC/UNC. Students are not normally permitted to repeat more than two of these courses.

Medical Laboratory Science Major

The following courses constitute the Medical Laboratory Science major:

Major Course Requirements:

MLSC 1200Professional Issues in MLSC0
MLSC 2200Concepts in Medical Laboratory Medicine3
MLSC 4124Medical Bacteriology4
MLSC 4127Medical Microbiology4
MLSC 4163Clinical Chemistry and Concepts 14
MLSC 4173Clinical Chemistry and Concepts 24
MLSC 4174Clinical Hematology 14
MLSC 4180Concepts in Clinical Education Methods and Practicum2
MLSC 4181Modern Management Concepts for the Medical Laboratory and Practicum2
MLSC 4183Clinical Chemistry and Practicum 6
MLSC 4184Clinical Hematology 2 and Practicum 4
MLSC 4185Clinical Hemostasis and Practicum3
MLSC 4186Clinical Immunohematology and Practicum 6
MLSC 4187Clinical Immunology and Practicum2
MLSC 4188Clinical Microbiology and Practicum 6
MLSC 4189Clinical Urinology and Practicum 2
Total Credit Hours:56

Typical Program for Medical Laboratory Science Majors

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 10013BIOL 10023
CHEM 10014CHEM 10024
MLSC 12000MATH 1700 or OTHER APPROVED STATS3
ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)3PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3
PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3ENGL 1001 or ESSV1 (MCC)3
Elective3
 16 16
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
MLSC 22003BISC 20703
CHEM 21114BISC 10155
CORE 1929 (MCC)3DSCV (MCC)1, 23
DSCV (MCC)1, 23DSCV (MCC)1, 23
Elective3Elective3
 16 17
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
MLSC 41244MLSC 41274
MLSC 41634MLSC 71734
Medical Ethics1MLSC 41744
DSCV (MCC)1, 23CORE 4929 (MCC)3
Elective3 
 15 15
Senior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
MLSC 418032MLSC 718636
MLSC 418132MLSC 718732
MLSC 418336MLSC 718836
MLSC 418434MLSC 718932
MLSC 418533 
 17 16
Total Credit Hours: 128

Typical Program for Medical Laboratory Science Majors -  Pre-medical

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 10013BIOL 10023
CHEM 10014CHEM 10024
MLSC 12000MATH 1700 or OTHER APPROVED STATS3
ENGL 1001 (MCC)3PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3
PHIL 1001 or THEO 1001 (MCC)3CORE 1929 (MCC)3
SOCI 1001 (ESSV1 MCC)3 
 16 16
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
CHEM 21114BIOL 20013
MLSC 22003CHEM 21124
PHYS 10014PHYS 10024
DSCV (MCC)1, 23DSCV (MCC)1, 23
DSCV (MCC)1, 23DSCV (MCC)1, 23
 17 17
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 32134BISC 41454
MLSC 41244MLSC 41274
MLSC 41634MLSC 41734
PSYC 10013MLSC 41744
CORE 4929 (MCC)3PHIL 43361
 18 17
Senior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
MLSC 418032MLSC 418636
MLSC 418132MLSC 418732
MLSC 418336MLSC 418836
MLSC 418434MLSC 418932
MLSC 418533 
 17 16
Total Credit Hours: 134

Courses

MLSC 1001. Introduction to Medical Laboratory Methods. 1 cr. hr.

Fundamental concepts in laboratory analysis and data correlation. Topics limited to specific disease entities. Laboratory exercises include certain aspects of clinical chemistry, clinical hematology and clinical microbiology. (Saturdays). Prereq: Enrolled in MLSC Young Scholar Program.

MLSC 1100. Guided Study in Medical Laboratory Science. 2 cr. hrs.

Analysis of selected topics under faculty supervision. Primarily for undergraduate students who wish to enhance their knowledge in selected disciplines through guided study. 0 credit is SNC/UNC grade assessment; 1-2 credits is graded. Prereq: MLSC major; or cons. of dept. ch.

MLSC 1200. Professional Issues in MLSC. 0 cr. hrs.

Introduction to Medical Laboratory Science as a profession and to the department and major at Marquette. Includes topics to assist the student in a successful transition to college including the advising process. SNC/UNC grade assessment. Prereq: MLSC major.

MLSC 2050. Forensic Science. 3 cr. hrs.

An introduction to the principles of forensic science. An overview of criminal law, the crime scene, evidence collection and processing, forensic medicine (pathology) drugs and toxins, firearms, questioned documents, trace evidence, fingerprints and DNA as evidence. Emphasis on the investigatory role of the forensic scientist. Laboratory sessions reinforce information from lectures and provide hands-on experiences, including homicide scene investigation techniques, molecular biology procedures.

MLSC 2060. Public Health. 3 cr. hrs.

An exploration and overview of public health medicine and its contribution to prevention and control of disease. Provides familiarization with epidemiology surveillance and investigation methods, including statistical tools. Included is an introduction to the following components of public health medicine: communicable and non-communicable disease diagnosis and monitoring, environmental and foodborne health concerns, social and behavioral health issues, community health services, and the bioterrorism response network. Prereq: Soph stndg.

MLSC 2200. Concepts in Medical Laboratory Medicine. 3 cr. hrs.

Introduction to pathophysiology and the basic laboratory techniques of clinical pathology. Lecture and laboratory sessions limited to selected topics in hematology, immunohematology and clinical chemistry. Prereq: MLSC major and BIOL 1001 & 1002(BIOL 1002 can be taken concurrently); and CHEM 1001 & 1002(CHEM 1002 can be taken concurrently).

MLSC 4124. Medical Bacteriology. 4 cr. hrs.

Emphasis on the theoretical foundations and methodologies needed in a medical bacteriology laboratory. Topics include: cultivation, isolation, microscopy, and antibiotic susceptibility testing. Morphological, cultural, biochemical, and immunological characteristics of bacteria examined as a basis for their differentiation and identification. Epidemiology, pathogenicity, and treatment of bacterial infections explored. Concepts of the immune response included. Lab fee. Prereq: MLSC major and biochemistry course, which may be taken concurrently.

MLSC 4127. Medical Microbiology. 4 cr. hrs.

Study of the identification and differentiation of pathogens and normal flora of humans based upon correlation of morphological, biochemical, immunological and molecular characteristics. Epidemiology, pathogenicity and treatment modalities are also investigated. Fungi, parasites, viruses and bacteria are studied. Laboratory involves isolation and identification of medically important microorganisms, including proper patient specimen processing. Lab fee. Prereq: MLSC major and MLSC 4124.

MLSC 4163. Clinical Chemistry and Concepts 1. 4 cr. hrs.

Introduces students to medical and forensic molecular biology, including a review of DNA structure and function. Immunology and basic electronic instrumentation are also introduced. Relevant laboratory techniques are performed by the students, which includes isolation of genomic DNA from various samples, PCR, Gel Electrophoresis, Immunologic techniques, Southern Blotting, RFLP testing for the diagnosis of cancer, identification of inherited diseases, Bioethics case studies and Bioinformatics. Students learn and perform these techniques and interpret the results of each test performed as well as troubleshoot the mechanism. Prereq: MLSC major and a course in biochemistry, which can be taken concurrently (BIOL 3101, BISC 2070 or BISC 3213).

MLSC 4173. Clinical Chemistry and Concepts 2. 4 cr. hrs.

Utilizing the chemical constituents of blood and other body fluids in the clinical laboratory, principles of the methods are used in the qualitative and quantitative determination of these constituents. Treatment of the theoretical aspects of instrumentation is also used in these determinations. Prereq: MLSC major and MLSC 4163.

MLSC 4174. Clinical Hematology 1. 4 cr. hrs.

Study of identification and differentiation of blood and bone marrow cells with emphasis on morphology, function and pathology of these cells. Includes the study of blood parasites. Principles of methodologies used and their relationship to diagnosis and treatment of disease. Laboratory provides experience in identification of cellular elements in normal and disease states. Prereq: MLSC major and biochemistry course.

MLSC 4180. Concepts in Clinical Education Methods and Practicum. 2 cr. hrs.

Educational concepts especially appropriate to instruction in a clinical setting using clinical materials. Concepts discussed include: writing learning objectives, learning styles, testing and evaluation methods and use of audio-visuals. Prereq: MLSC major and MLSC 4173.

MLSC 4181. Modern Management Concepts for the Medical Laboratory and Practicum. 2 cr. hrs.

Comparison of management theories and styles for effective leadership. Principles and methods of communication essential to the delivery of quality health care. Strategic financial planning ensuring cost effectiveness in the diagnostic laboratory. Statistical analysis comparing alternative methodologies for selection of reliable laboratory procedures. Selected projects relating managerial practices to clinical laboratory organization and use of laboratory data systems for health care delivery. Prereq: MLSC major and MLSC 4173.

MLSC 4183. Clinical Chemistry and Practicum. 6 cr. hrs.

The chemical constituents of blood and other body fluids in health and disease. Principles of the methods used in qualitative and quantitative determination of these constituents. Treatment of the theoretical aspects of instrumentation used in these determinations. Prereq: MLSC major and MLSC 4173.

MLSC 4184. Clinical Hematology 2 and Practicum. 4 cr. hrs.

Quantitative and qualitative study of blood, bone marrow and body fluid cells and alterations present in disease. Principles of procedures used. Methods of obtaining and preserving blood specimens with consideration of the theory and practice of aseptic technique. Prereq: MLSC major and MLSC 4173.

MLSC 4185. Clinical Hemostasis and Practicum. 3 cr. hrs.

The components in the blood related to the hemostatic mechanisms, the principles of the procedures involved and their relationship to the diagnosis and treatment of disease. Prereq: MLSC major and MLSC 4173.

MLSC 4186. Clinical Immunohematology and Practicum. 6 cr. hrs.

Therapeutic and diagnostic aspects of immunohematology. Aspects of blood transfusion and of methods used in preservation and selection of properly matched blood for transfusion. Lab fee. Prereq: MLSC major and MLSC 4173.

MLSC 4187. Clinical Immunology and Practicum. 2 cr. hrs.

The diagnostic procedures used to determine immune system status and diagnosing immunodeficiency, autoimmunity and immunoproliferative diseases. The use of immunoassays to diagnose bacterial and viral infections and malignancies. Basic immunology is reviewed. Prereq: MLSC major and MLSC 4173.

MLSC 4188. Clinical Microbiology and Practicum. 6 cr. hrs.

Advanced study of pathogenic and normal flora microorganisms having medical importance. Includes methods for obtaining and handling specimens for culture as well as principles of current instrumentation. Identification protocol include cultural, morphological, biochemical, immunological, and molecular characteristics. Examines pathophysiology of infectious diseases caused by bacteria, fungi, parasites and viruses. Prereq: MLSC major and MLSC 4124, MLSC 4127 and MLSC 4173.

MLSC 4189. Clinical Urinology and Practicum. 2 cr. hrs.

Physical, chemical and microscopic study of urine with emphasis on the changes exhibited in disease with related physiology. Prereq: MLSC major and MLSC 4173.

MLSC 4931. Topics in Medical Laboratory Science. 1-4 cr. hrs.

Selected topics in medical laboratory science. Specific topics determined each term.

MLSC 4995. Independent Study in Medical Laboratory Studies. 1-4 cr. hrs.

Faculty-supervised, independent study/research of a specific area or topic in Medical Lab Science. Prereq: Cons. of dept. ch.

MLSC 7124. Medical Bacteriology. 4 cr. hrs.

Emphasis on the theoretical foundations and methodologies needed in a medical bacteriology laboratory. Topics include: cultivation, isolation, microscopy, and antibiotic susceptibility testing. Morphological, cultural, biochemical, and immunological characteristics of bacteria examined as a basis for their differentiation and identification. Epidemiology, pathogenicity, and treatment of bacterial infections explored. Concepts of the immune response included. Lab fee. Prereq: Admitted to MLSC certificate program.

MLSC 7127. Medical Microbiology. 4 cr. hrs.

Study of the identification and differentiation of pathogens and normal flora of humans based upon correlation of morphological, biochemical, immunological and molecular characteristics. Epidemiology, pathogenicity and treatment modalities are also investigated. Fungi, parasites, viruses and bacteria are studied. Laboratory involves isolation and identification of medically important microorganisms, including proper patient specimen processing. Lab fee. Prereq: Admitted to MLSC certificate program; MLSC 7124.

MLSC 7163. Clinical Chemistry and Concepts 1. 4 cr. hrs.

Introduces students to medical and forensic molecular biology, including a review of DNA structure and function. Immunology and basic electronic instrumentation are also introduced. Relevant laboratory techniques are performed by the students, which includes isolation of genomic DNA from various samples, PCR, Gel Electrophoresis, Immunologic techniques, Southern Blotting, RFLP testing for the diagnosis of cancer, identification of inherited diseases, Bioethics case studies and Bioinformatics. Students learn and perform these techniques and interpret the results of each test performed as well as troubleshoot the mechanism. Prereq: Admitted to the MLSC certificate program.

MLSC 7173. Clinical Chemistry and Concepts 2. 4 cr. hrs.

Utilizing the chemical constituents of blood and other body fluids in the clinical laboratory, principles of the methods are used in the qualitative and quantitative determination of these constituents. Treatment of the theoretical aspects of instrumentation is also used in these determinations. Prereq: Admitted to the MLSC certificate program.

MLSC 7174. Clinical Hematology 1. 4 cr. hrs.

Study of identification and differentiation of blood and bone marrow cells with emphasis on morphology, function and pathology of these cells. Includes the study of blood parasites. Principles of methodologies used and their relationship to diagnosis and treatment of disease. Laboratory provides experience in identification of cellular elements in normal and disease states. Prereq: Admitted to the MLSC certificate program.

MLSC 7180. Concepts in Clinical Education Methods and Practicum. 2 cr. hrs.

Educational concepts especially appropriate to instruction in a clinical setting using clinical materials. Concepts discussed include: writing learning objectives, learning styles, testing and evaluation methods and use of audio-visuals. Prereq: Admitted to MLSC certificate program; MLSC 7173.

MLSC 7181. Modern Management Concepts for the Medical Laboratory and Practicum. 2 cr. hrs.

Comparison of management theories and styles for effective leadership. Principles and methods of communication essential to the delivery of quality health care. Strategic financial planning ensuring cost effectiveness in the diagnostic laboratory. Statistical analysis comparing alternative methodologies for selection of reliable laboratory procedures. Selected projects relating managerial practices to clinical laboratory organization and use of laboratory data systems for health care delivery. Prereq: Admitted to the MLSC certificate program; MLSC 7173.

MLSC 7183. Clinical Chemistry and Practicum. 6 cr. hrs.

The chemical constituents of blood and other body fluids in health and disease. Principles of the methods used in qualitative and quantitative determination of these constituents. Treatment of the theoretical aspects of instrumentation used in these determinations. Prereq: Admitted to the MLSC certificate program; MLSC 7173.

MLSC 7184. Clinical Hematology 2 and Practicum. 4 cr. hrs.

Quantitative and qualitative study of blood, bone marrow and body fluid cells and alterations present in disease. Principles of procedures used. Methods of obtaining and preserving blood specimens with consideration of the theory and practice of aseptic technique. Prereq: Admitted to the MLSC certificate program; MLSC 7173.

MLSC 7185. Clinical Hemostasis and Practicum. 3 cr. hrs.

The components in the blood related to the hemostatic mechanisms, the principles of the procedures involved and their relationship to the diagnosis and treatment of disease. Prereq: Admitted to the MLSC certificate program; MLSC 7173.

MLSC 7186. Clinical Immunohematology and Practicum. 6 cr. hrs.

Therapeutic and diagnostic aspects of immunohematology. Aspects of blood transfusion and of methods used in preservation and selection of properly matched blood for transfusion. Lab fee. Prereq: Admitted to MLSC certificate program; MLSC 7173.

MLSC 7187. Clinical Immunology and Practicum. 2 cr. hrs.

The diagnostic procedures used to determine immune system status and diagnosing immunodeficiency, autoimmunity and immunoproliferative diseases. The use of immunoassays to diagnose bacterial and viral infections and malignancies. Basic immunology is reviewed. Prereq: Admitted to the MLSC certificate program; MLSC 7173.

MLSC 7188. Clinical Microbiology and Practicum. 6 cr. hrs.

Advanced study of pathogenic and normal flora microorganisms having medical importance. Includes methods for obtaining and handling specimens for culture as well as principles of current instrumentation. Identification protocol include cultural, morphological, biochemical, immunological, and molecular characteristics. Examines pathophysiology of infectious diseases caused by bacteria, fungi, parasites and viruses. Prereq: Admitted to MLSC certificate program; MLSC 7124, MLSC 7127 and MLSC 7173.

MLSC 7189. Clinical Urinology and Practicum. 2 cr. hrs.

Physical, chemical and microscopic study of urine with emphasis on the changes exhibited in disease with related physiology. Prereq: Admitted to the MLSC certificate program; MLSC 7173.

MLSC 7995. Independent Study in Medical Laboratory Studies. 1-4 cr. hrs.

Faculty-supervised, independent study/research of a specific area or topic in Medical Lab Science. Prereq: Admitted to the MLSC certificate program; cons. of dept. ch.