The courses listed in this section of the bulletin do not constitute a program or degree offering, but are placed under the Graduate School heading for convenience and because they do not belong to any one graduate program.

Students interested in taking any of the GRAD courses must contact the the Graduate School in order to register.

Anthropology Courses

ANTH 5144. The Rise of Agriculture. 3 cr. hrs.

Process and variation in the development of farming and herding societies. Archaeological record pertaining to domestication of plants and animals in North and South America, Near East, Africa and East Asia.

ANTH 5245. Archaeology of Complex Societies. 3 cr. hrs.

Patterns of processes involved in the development of complex social systems. Archaeological records of state formation and urbanization in Egypt, Mesopotamia and Mesoamerica.

ANTH 5247. Bioarchaeology: Linking Bones and Behavior. 3 cr. hrs.

Reconstruct patterns of human behavior from integrated biological data sets. Archaeological evidence drawn from human skeletal, plant and faunal remains. Addresses questions of nutrition, pathology, occupation and mortuary ritual.

ANTH 5251. Human Osteology and Odontology. 3 cr. hrs.

The anatomy of the skeleton and teeth. Methods of analysis of biological dynamics of past populations including reconstruction of population structure and patterns of disease.

ANTH 5252. Origins of the Human Species. 3 cr. hrs.

The biological past of the species sapiens. The biological legacy of the non-human primate past and the fossils which exemplify the evolutionary trends of our species.

ANTH 5253. Forensic Anthropology. 3 cr. hrs.

Survey of the applications of human biology in criminalistics, including forensic applications of skeletal analysis, dermatoglyphics, DNA and hair. Studies methods of handling and analyzing these evidentiary materials, as well as the probative value each has in the criminal justice system. Special emphasis on the methods of personal identification. Reviews case studies of mass disasters, human rights abuses and homicides to demonstrate the utility of techniques taught in the course.

ANTH 5255. Sex and Evolution. 3 cr. hrs.

The evolutionary significance of sex. Mechanisms of reproduction and sexual reproduction as a source of variation. Reproductive anatomy, sexual strategies and adaptation as well as sexual selection in the order Primates.

ANTH 5316. Culture Change and Development. 3 cr. hrs.

Societal changes analyzed from holistic anthropological perspective. Recognizing factors of long-term cultural change; modernization of the West and Third World countries; ecological and social problems related to development in the contemporary world.

ANTH 5320. Culture, Law and Violence. 3 cr. hrs.

Compares legal cultures around the globe with respect to the state's use of violence to intervene in violence. Case studies include domestic violence, sexual assault and incarceration. Focuses on theories and field methods for researching legal sites.

ANTH 5420. Refugees and Migration. 3 cr. hrs.

Examines the figure of the refugee in anthropological studies, forces contributing to migration and the ways in which displacement shapes the refugee life course. Familiarizes students with institutional approaches to refugee-related interventions and the challenges and ethics of migration.

ANTH 5931. Topics in Anthropology. 3 cr. hrs.

Various topics are designated in the Schedule of Classes. May be taken a maximum of two times.

ANTH 5964. Archaeological Fieldwork. 3 cr. hrs.

An introduction to methods used in the excavation and analysis of prehistoric sites. Surveying techniques, stratigraphy, analyses of soils and landforms, analytical fundamentals of prehistoric material remains. Summer term offering only.

Criminology & Law Studies Courses

CRLS 5000. Criminological Theory. 3 cr. hrs.

Analysis of the nature and consequences of delinquency and crime. Classical and contemporary examinations of criminal behavior. The effects of social interaction, social class, social organization, small groups and other variables on crime patterns and efforts to cope with crime. Relationship of criminological theory to social policy issues.

CRLS 5100. Ultimate Penalties in the Criminal Justice System. 3 cr. hrs.

A critical look at the rationales and history of corporal punishment, capital punishment and life imprisonment without possibility of parole in order to understand the endurance of these types of sanctions in modern society. Focuses on the philosophical, legal, social and political aspects of the punishments. Presents research on ultimate punishments, such as frequency of use, characteristics of offenses and offenders. Examines the experience of sentenced offenders and their families, and correctional staff in implementing the punishments.

CRLS 5110. Media Perspectives on Urban Crime. 3 cr. hrs.

Historical overview of how urban crime has been portrayed in the media. Analysis of contemporary media presentations of urban crime, criminals, and the criminal justice system (including police, courts, and the correctional system). Social scientific theory and analysis regarding media portrayals of crime, criminals, and the criminal justice system.

CRLS 5120. Comparative Justice Systems. 3 cr. hrs.

The nature and character of police, prosecutorial, court and correctional activity and operations in world legal systems. An examination of common law, civil law, socialist, and Islamic systems of law and social control.

CRLS 5130. Women, Crime, and Criminal Justice. 3 cr. hrs.

Examination of the roles of women in the criminal justice system. Critical analysis of the relationship of women as offenders, as victims, and as agents of social control. Review of relevant theories and practices and both historical and contemporary issues.

CRLS 5170. Organized Crime. 3 cr. hrs.

Examination of the political, social, and economic conditions involved in the appearance and expansion of organized crime in the United States. Descriptions of structures as well as internal and external dynamics, including incentives and penalties employed by criminal groups. Explanation of investigative techniques and impact of police, courts, and correctional agencies.

CRLS 5180. Empathy, Crime and Justice. 3 cr. hrs.

Social justice approach to the study of empathy as it relates to crime and justice; explore and cultivate various modes of empathic knowing, specifically as these relate to criminal defendants, victims of crime, and various actors in the criminal justice system.

CRLS 5340. Financial Crime Investigation. 3 cr. hrs.

Introduces current perspectives and procedures used by the financial investigator in detecting and resolving financial crimes. Includes specific study of: methods of tracing funds, financial record keeping, accounting, interviewing techniques and law and evidence as they relate to financial investigations.

CRLS 5350. Neighborhoods and Crime. 3 cr. hrs.

Surveys theoretical and empirical literature on the role that neighborhood characteristics play in crime, and to examine the utility of crime prevention strategies for reducing neighborhood crime rates. Also works on developing the skills necessary to investigate Milwaukee neighborhood crime patterns and to create and deliver professional presentations and technical reports.

CRLS 5360. Crime Mapping. 3 cr. hrs.

A technological introduction to the basic functionality of ESRI’s ArcGIS for mapping and analyzing crime data. Students learn skills to create crime maps and analyze crime patterns and develop a solid base upon which to build further expertise in geographic information system (GIS) software and spatial analysis.

CRLS 5400. Criminal Law and Procedure. 3 cr. hrs.

Studies criminal substantive law; constitutional limits and principles of criminal law and liability; defenses to criminal liability; definitions and classification; criminal procedure of crimes; constitutional limits and protections of criminal procedure.

CRLS 5550. Crime Control. 3 cr. hrs.

Contemporary issues in criminal justice and social control. Evaluates the effectiveness of various crime control strategies and explore their social utility and implications for social stratification. Discusses crucial socio-legal questions and philosophical debates concerning crime control policies.

CRLS 5600. Evidence. 3 cr. hrs.

Basic principles of the law of evidence. Presentation of oral and demonstrative evidence in the trial process. The quantum of proof in criminal proceedings.

CRLS 5640. Family Violence and Public Intervention. 3 cr. hrs.

Analysis of maltreatment of children, youth, spouses, and seniors within the family. Examination of causes and intervention methods emphasizing the response of actors and government agencies.

CRLS 5660. Criminal Violence in America. 3 cr. hrs.

Analysis of violent crime in American society and ways in which the criminal justice system responds to it. Examination of the causes of violent crime, its prevention, treatment and public policy ramifications. Historical and contemporary understanding of the significance of violence in American culture. Critical evaluation of methods utilized to deal with violent offenders.

CRLS 5700. Ethics in Criminal Justice. 3 cr. hrs.

An overview of prevailing ethical controversies confronting the process and agencies of contemporary criminal justice. Special attention given to concrete ethical issues and dilemmas, which are encountered regularly by participants in the major components of the criminal justice system. Attention is given to another emerging trend in the field: evidence-based criminal justice policy that relies heavily on criminal justice analytics, algorithms and predictive statistical modeling.

CRLS 5931. Topics in Criminology and Law. 3 cr. hrs.

Lectures and discussions in a broad area which, because of its topicality, is not the subject of a regular course. The special topics will be designated in the Schedule of Classes. May be taken a maximum of two times.

CRLS 6100. Advanced Social Statistics. 3 cr. hrs.

An advanced statistics course examining multivariate regression models for the social sciences and common statistical software packages including STATA. Builds upon basic mathematical functions for advanced-level statistics. Develops advanced skills in multivariate linear OLS, GLS and nonlinear models with categorical dependent variables. Examines techniques in regression diagnostics and tests of robustness. Concludes with model specification of two-way interaction effects. Prereq: SOCI 2060 or equiv.

CRLS 6200. Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS). 3 cr. hrs.

An introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Designed to provide students with a working knowledge of GIS. Gives instruction on how to use GIS analytical tools to expand and enhance the understanding of spatially referenced phenomena. Examines foundational concepts behind Geographic Information Science (GIScience) to properly use GIS analytical tools. Incorporates diverse learning activities including lectures, PowerPoint presentations, instructor-led skills training and student practice sessions.

CRLS 6975. Criminal Justice Data Analytics Practicum. 3 cr. hrs.

Serves as the CJDA capstone experience. Practical application of knowledge and skills in a crime and intelligence/crime analysis unit of a criminal justice agency. Topic determined by the instructor in conjunction with a community partner from a criminal justice-related institution, agency or organization within the Milwaukee community. Designed to afford graduate students the opportunity to use their skills to solve to an organizational problem and to cultivate relationships with community partners. Prereq: CRLS 6100 and admitted to the CJDA program.

Graduate Courses

GRAD 6933. Exchange/University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. 1-5 cr. hrs.

In conjunction with the exchange program established between Marquette University and the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, students may enroll in a graduate-level course at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee while enrolled in the master's or doctoral program at Marquette. The UWM course title and credits are identified by this GRAD exchange course. A maximum of two of these GRAD exchange courses may be included in the required minimum course work for the student's program of study at Marquette. This course extends beyond the Marquette term; students receive an IC grade initially. The IC will be changed to an A-F grade at the end of the course. Prereq: Cons. of dept. ch.; written cons. of the dept. and the Graduate School.

GRAD 6934. Exchange/University of Notre Dame. 1-5 cr. hrs.

As part of the consortium of Midwest Catholic Graduate Schools, students may enroll in a graduate-level course at the University of Notre Dame while enrolled in the master's or doctoral program at Marquette. The Notre Dame course title and credits are identified by this GRAD exchange course. A maximum of two of these GRAD exchange courses may be included in the required minimum course work for the student's program of study at Marquette. This course extends beyond the Marquette term; students receive an IC grade initially. The IC will be changed to an A-F grade at the end of the course. Prereq: Cons. of dept. ch.; written cons. of the dept. and the Graduate School.

GRAD 6935. Exchange/Loyola University Chicago. 1-5 cr. hrs.

As part of the consortium of Midwest Catholic Graduate Schools, students may enroll in a graduate-level course at Loyola University Chicago while enrolled in the master's or doctoral program at Marquette. The Loyola course title and credits are identified by this GRAD exchange course. A maximum of two of these GRAD exchange courses may be included in the required minimum course work for the student's program of study at Marquette. This course extends beyond the Marquette term; students receive an IC grade initially. The IC will be changed to an A-F grade at the end of the course. Prereq: Cons. of dept. ch.; written cons. of the dept. and the Graduate School.

GRAD 6936. Exchange/Saint Louis University. 1-5 cr. hrs.

As part of the consortium of Midwest Catholic Graduate Schools, students may enroll in a graduate-level course at Saint Louis University while enrolled in the master's or doctoral program at Marquette. The Saint Louis course title and credits are identified by this GRAD exchange course. A maximum of two of these GRAD exchange courses may be included in the required minimum course work for the student's program of study at Marquette. This course extends beyond the Marquette term; students receive an IC grade initially. The IC will be changed to an A-F grade at the end of the course. Prereq: Cons. of dept ch.; written cons. of the dept. and the Graduate School.

GRAD 6945. Exchange/Medical College of Wisconsin. 1-5 cr. hrs.

In conjunction with the exchange program established between Marquette University and the Medical College of Wisconsin, students may enroll in a graduate-level course at the Medical College of Wisconsin while enrolled in the master's or doctoral program at Marquette. The Medical College course title and credits are identified by this GRAD exchange course. A maximum of two of these GRAD exchange courses may be included in the required minimum course work for the student's program of study at Marquette. This course extends beyond the Marquette term; students receive an IC grade initially. The IC will be changed to an A-F grade at the end of the course. Prereq: Cons. of dept. ch.; written cons. of the dept. and the Graduate School.

GRAD 9983. Graduate Research: Full Time. 0 cr. hrs.

Fee. SNC/UNC grade assessment. Prereq: Cons. of dept. ch.

Physics Courses

PHYS 5012. Quantum Mechanics. 3 cr. hrs.

Quantum states, state vectors, observables and operators. The formal structure of quantum mechanics. Time evolution of the state vector. The Hamiltonian. Position and momentum representations, and the wave function. One-dimensional wave mechanics and the harmonic oscillator. Three-dimensional wave mechanics. Symmetry, angular momentum, and the hydrogen atom. Fermions, and bosons. Perturbation methods.

PHYS 5024. Modern Optics. 3 cr. hrs.

Geometric optics, classical wave theory of optics, interference, diffraction, polarization, electromagnetic theory of light, interaction of light and matter, lasers and coherence.

PHYS 5031. Electricity and Magnetism 1. 3 cr. hrs.

Electrostatics: Coulomb's law and Gauss' law. The electric field in dielectric materials. Microscopic theory of Ohm's law and steady state currents. The magnetic field, Biot-Savart law, Ampere's law, the vector potential. Magnetic materials. Electromagnetic induction, Faraday's law. Maxwell's equations and electromagnetic waves.

PHYS 5032. Electricity and Magnetism 2. 3 cr. hrs.

Boundary value problems: The solution of electrostatic and magnetostatic problems in continuous media. Microscopic theories of the dielectric and magnetic properties of materials. Electromagnetic waves in bounded regions. Reflection, refraction and dispersion. Radiation from accelerated charges. Antennae. Electrodynamics and the theory of special relativity.

PHYS 5034. Modern Optics. 3 cr. hrs.

Applications of Maxwell's Equations to vacuum and material propagation. Both long wavelength and short wavelength limits (physical and geometric optics) are analyzed along with cavity solutions (lasers) and wave guides (microwave propagation and fiber optics).

PHYS 5046. The Physical Basis of the Biological Environment. 3 cr. hrs.

The molecular processes of life occur in a complex aqueous molecular environment. Biological molecules and their environments are governed by the principles of physics. Presents and explains physical techniques and models based on mechanics, thermodynamics, and electricity and magnetism. Shows how these apply to help characterize and understand the environments in which cells and biological molecules operate, while also helping to explain cellular and physiological processes.

PHYS 5062. Introduction to Thermodynamics. 3 cr. hrs.

Fundamental concepts of thermodynamics: temperature, internal energy, entropy and thermodynamic potentials. Laws of thermodynamics, their consequences and applications. Introduction to statistical thermodynamics.

PHYS 5065. Experimental Methods in Molecular Biophysics. 3 cr. hrs.

An introduction to the field of biological physics which develops the science and illustrates the applications of the techniques of X-ray diffraction and spin resonance to problems of biological interest: protein structural dynamics, ion channels and transport through cell membranes.

PHYS 5071. Atomic Physics. 3 cr. hrs.

Quantum mechanics of one and many electron atoms. Spin, orbital, and total angular momentum. Atoms in electric and magnetic fields, the Stark effect and the Zeeman effect. Atomic transitions, symmetry and selection rules. The periodic table and shell structure. Modern spectroscopy.

PHYS 5072. Introduction to Nuclear and Elementary Particle Physics. 3 cr. hrs.

Experimental methods in nuclear and particle physics. Theories of nuclear structure, radioactivity, decay schemes, fission and fusion models, conservation laws. Elementary particle classifications and the Standard Model.

PHYS 5075. Introduction to Solid State Physics. 3 cr. hrs.

Crystal structure of solids, the reciprocal lattice and diffraction. Lattice vibrations and thermal properties. Electrons in metals, band structure and semiconductors. The Fermi surface. Dielectric and magnetic properties of solids. Superconductivity.

PHYS 5931. Topics in Contemporary Physics. 3 cr. hrs.

Topics drawn from areas of current interest, such as: astrophysics, atmospheric physics, condensed matter physics or particle physics.

Social Welfare and Justice Courses

SOWJ 5300. Advanced Practice in Social Welfare and Justice. 3 cr. hrs.

Students strengthen their skills in interviewing, data collection, problem appraisal, and the development of contracts for planned change. Competence is developed in carrying out contract plans, evaluating results, renegotiating contracts and terminating contracts. Working with families and groups is further examined.

SOWJ 5500. Ethics in Social Welfare and Justice. 3 cr. hrs.

An in-depth examination of ethical issues and special challenges that characterize the fields of social work, social welfare and social justice. Explores value dilemmas, stresses and frustrations that may confront professionals in theses fields.

SOWJ 5600. Faith-based Activism. 3 cr. hrs.

Analyzes sociologically a range of historic and contemporary faith-based movements through the lens of social movement theory. Examines variations in goals, framing, strategies, mobilization, engagement of symbols and movement cultures as they are recorded in movement literature, oral histories, archives, films and scholarly studies. Prereq: SOWJ 1001 or cons. of instr.

SOWJ 5700. Global Aid and Humanitarianism. 3 cr. hrs.

Introduction to governmental, nongovernmental and volunteer efforts in global aid and humanitarianism. Explores ethical and practical dilemmas in solving internationally identified social problems, such as child soldiers, sex trafficking and global hunger. Examines how aid and humanitarian systems can be part of the problem rather than the solution. Additional areas of debate may include global health as a right and achievable goal, tensions between cultural relativism and human rights and "voluntourism.".

SOWJ 5931. Topics in Social Welfare and Justice. 3 cr. hrs.

Special areas and themes. Specific topics will be designated in the Schedule of Classes.

Sociology Courses

SOCI 5050. Urban Ethnography: The City as Laboratory. 3 cr. hrs.

Explores urban processes and institutions "from the inside." Initially focuses on the study of various ethnographies. Next, requires "hands-on" research, involving: observing human interaction, preparing field notes, conducting focused interviews, analyzing the collected data, and preparing a data-based research paper.

SOCI 5100. Urban Life. 3 cr. hrs.

Social psychological aspects of urban life and experience. Implications of urbanization for individuals and groups. Ecological, cultural and institutional influences. Interpersonal and intergroup relations in urban settings. Topics may include conflict, alienation and diversity.

SOCI 5130. Sociology of Human Values. 3 cr. hrs.

Definitions of values in economics, linguistics, communication and sociology. The value system of selected sociologists. Values and sociocultural pluralism.

SOCI 5200. Personal Troubles and Public Issues. 3 cr. hrs.

Deals with the social realities of troubles, which range from circumstances that we treat as irksome to major traumas in our lives that become social problems. Focuses on the commonalities shared by these various social constructions. Draws from a variety of disciplines, notably sociology, social work, anthropology, history, psychology, linguistics and rhetorical studies.

SOCI 5250. African-American Social Thought. 3 cr. hrs.

Examination of historical and contemporary writings of Black social theorists. The impact of historical, social, economic, and cultural factors on Blacks in the United States and alternative strategies for change.

SOCI 5270. Urban Sociology. 3 cr. hrs.

Urban society with special consideration of the problems of dealing with the structures, institutions, agencies and decision-making units in a metropolitan area.

SOCI 5300. Sociology of Aging. 3 cr. hrs.

The place of the aged in contemporary society. Disengagement and the social integration of older persons. Roles linking older persons to society and roles in hospitals, nursing homes and homes for the aged.

SOCI 5400. Social Inequality. 3 cr. hrs.

Theories and systems of social class in modern society. Societal structures and processes resulting from stratification phenomena.

SOCI 5420. Sociology of Religion. 3 cr. hrs.

The sociological study of religious groups, institutions and behavior, including relationships between religion and other areas of social life.

SOCI 5430. Christianity and Sexuality in the U.S.. 3 cr. hrs.

Explores the very recent historical development of sexuality and its intersections with U.S. Christianity. Engages readings from multiple disciplines, emphasizing intersectional perspectives on religion, gender, sexuality, race and social class through U.S. history.

SOCI 5440. Sociology of Education. 3 cr. hrs.

Sociological analysis of educational institutions with primary emphasis on contemporary U.S. urban education, student subcultures, school-community relations and innovations.

SOCI 5450. Sociology of Sex and Gender. 3 cr. hrs.

Biological and cultural bases of sex and gender patterns. Impact of major social institutions and processes on maintenance of gender patterns, with questions of power and dominance central to discussion. Benefits and costs of stereotypic gender patterns. Mechanisms and alternative directions for change. Historical and cross-cultural research included.

SOCI 5460. Sociology of Work and Occupations. 3 cr. hrs.

The diverse ways in which human beings make their livings in both industrialized and nonindustrialized societies. Career patterns and work problems. Theories about work and workers. Proposals for improving the quality of modern work.

SOCI 5480. Complex Organizations. 3 cr. hrs.

Theories and research on the sociology of organization. The social functions, structures and processes of formal and informal organizational systems in modern society and their relationships to social behavior. The nature and place of bureaucracies in complex societies.

SOCI 5600. The Social Reality of Crime and Justice. 3 cr. hrs.

A critical examination of the ways in which crime is defined, how crime control policies are established, and how the criminal justice system responds to the problem of crime. Specific attention is given to the social and political context in which crime is talked about and responded to. Alternative approaches to crime control, such as peacemaking criminology and restorative justice, are examined.

SOCI 5660. Law and Society. 3 cr. hrs.

The social components of legal organizations and procedural systems. The role of law as an instrument of social control and social change.

SOCI 5680. Sociology of Mental Illness. 3 cr. hrs.

Review of major sociological and social psychological models of madness. Analysis of definitions and responses to mental illness. Study of the social processing involved in the production, recognition and treatment of mental illness.

SOCI 5700. Political Sociology. 3 cr. hrs.

The interrelationship of politics and society. Special consideration of leadership analysis, party systems, public opinion, electoral behavior and conflict situations.

SOCI 5720. Sociology of Community. 3 cr. hrs.

Discussion of contemporary problems of rural, urban and suburban communities including ecological and communication patterns, problems of identity, organization and motivation.

SOCI 5730. Capitalism and Society. 3 cr. hrs.

Explores the relationship between capitalism and society. Examines the ways in which capitalism is an engine for freedom, prosperity and efficiency and a source of exploitation and inequality. Topics may include the role of capitalism in the environment, the health care system, economic inequality and government.

SOCI 5740. Social Change. 3 cr. hrs.

Selected topics dealing with models and theories of innovation, diffusion, resistance to change and associated conflict in and between social systems. Content varies; subtitles indicate precise contents.

SOCI 5931. Topics in Sociology. 3 cr. hrs.

Lectures and discussions in an area which, because of its topicality, is not the subject of a regular course. Specific topics are designated in the Schedule of Classes.