Chairperson: Edward Blumenthal, Ph.D.
Department of Biological Sciences website

The Department of Biological Sciences offers or participates in six different majors, five of which lead to a B.S. degree and one which leads to a B.A. degree. The purpose of all of these degree programs is to provide instruction in the diverse disciplines that make up modern biology. A major emphasis of these degree programs is to familiarize students with the practice of designing, performing and analyzing biological experiments; toward this goal, stand-alone laboratory courses taught by faculty are a central component of the curriculum for each major. The degree programs teach students critical thinking skills and prepare them for a wide variety of careers including medicine, dentistry, research, biotechnology, pharmacy/pharmacology, public health, and environmental and sustainability studies.

The major in Biological Sciences (BSCI) provides a comprehensive education in biology, including courses in cell biology, genetics, evolutionary biology, physiology, neurobiology, biochemistry, molecular biology, immunobiology, ecology, microbiology and plant biology.

The Physiological Sciences major (PHSC) offers students a course of study that is more focused on human and animal structure and function. After introductory courses in cell biology and genetics, students in this major concentrate on physiology, neurobiology, and anatomy. Concentrations within this major are specifically designed for Direct-admit Physical Therapy (D.P.T.) students and for students in the Predental Scholars program.

The major in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (BIMB) is offered jointly with the Department of Chemistry. Courses in biochemistry, cell biology, genetics, physical chemistry, and quantitative analysis allow students to understand both complex biological phenomena and the underlying chemical mechanisms.

Students in the College of Education with a desire to teach high school biology can earn a B.S. degree with a second major, Biology for the Professions.

Bioinformatics is a field that lies at the intersection of biology, statistics, and computer science, which is focused on the generation and analysis of large biological datasets. The interdisciplinary Bioinformatics major (INBI), offered jointly with the Department of Mathematics, Statistics & Computer Science, provides sufficient depth in both biology and computer science in order to approach problems in bioinformatics from the perspective of both parent fields Biology and Computer Science. The program is designed to prepare individuals to use the computational tools of bioinformatics to solve problems or analyze datasets in biological sciences. For more information about the interdisciplinary Bioinformatics major (INBI), visit the College of Arts and Sciences Interdisciplinary Majors and Minors section of the Undergraduate Bulletin.

The interdisciplinary major in Environmental Studies (INES), leads to a B.A. degree and prepares students to address pressing environmental issues using an interdisciplinary approach. The curriculum of this major allows students to understand the science of the environment and the political, social, economic, philosophical and ethical issues related to restoring and protecting the environment. This is an ideal major for students who intend to pursue a career that focuses on the environment (e.g., environmental management, restoration, mitigation, consulting, policy, economics), or who intend to pursue graduate or professional school in environmental science, law, business, policy, economics, philosophy, theology or ethics. For more information about the interdisciplinary Environmental Studies major (INES), visit the College of Arts and Sciences Interdisciplinary Majors and Minors section of the Undergraduate Bulletin.

In addition, together with the Graduate School of Management, the Department of Biological Science offers a five-year B.S./M.B.A. accelerated degree program.

Notes:

  • BIOL 1003 Biology Matters is strongly recommended for all students who are considering a major in Biological Sciences, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, and Physiological Sciences. This is a one credit survey course to introduce students to diverse career options in the area of Biological Sciences.

  • With recent changes to the MCAT exam, pre-health majors are advised to take the following courses as part of their undergraduate program: BIOL 4101 Biochemistry and the Molecular Basis of Biology, MATH 4740 Biostatistical Methods and Models, PSYC 1001 General Psychology and SOCI 1001 Principles of Sociology.

Major in Biological Sciences

The major in Biological Sciences consists of four required courses (12 credits), three lab courses (8-9 credits) and five elective courses (15-16 credits) for a total of 35-37 credit hours as well as the cognate course requirements (30-32 credits) in chemistry, physics, and mathematics or computer science chosen from the lists below.

Notes:

  • Majors are encouraged to take upper-division lab courses, although one lower-division lab course may be used to satisfy this requirement.

For elective courses*

  • Selection can also be from any laboratory courses not previously taken, including BIOL 4987 or a second BIOL 4956.
  • A maximum of one course from the Department of Biomedical Sciences in a subject that is not offered by the Department of Biological Sciences.
  • By consent of instructor and departmental chairperson, any biological sciences graduate course.
Required:12
General Biology 1
General Biology 2
Genetics
Cell Biology
Lab Courses - Choose three of the following:8-9
Foundations in Biological Inquiry
Principles of Biological Investigation
Experimental Genetics
Experimental Cell Biology
Experimental Ecology and Field Biology
Experimental Neurobiology
Experimental Vertebrate Anatomy and Development
Experimental Physiology
Experimental Microbiology
Experimental Molecular Biology
Laboratory Research Project in Biological Sciences
Applying the Internship Experience
* Electives - Choose five of the following:15-16
Ecology
Advanced Ecology
Evolutionary Biology
Plant Biology
Neurobiology
Animal Development
Human Physiology
Microbiology
Biochemistry and the Molecular Basis of Biology #
Genomics and Bioinformatics
Exercise Physiology
Immunobiology
Independent Study in Biology
Total Credit Hours35-37
Cognate Course Requirements:
Chemistry courses:
CHEM 1001General Chemistry 14
or CHEM 1013 General Chemistry 1 for Majors
CHEM 1002General Chemistry 24
or CHEM 1014 General Chemistry 2 for Majors
CHEM 2111Organic Chemistry 14
or CHEM 2113 Organic Chemistry for Majors 1
CHEM 2112Organic Chemistry 24
or CHEM 2114 Organic Chemistry for Majors 2
Physics courses:
PHYS 1001General Physics 14
or PHYS 1003 General Physics with Introductory Calculus 1
PHYS 1002General Physics 24
or PHYS 1004 General Physics with Introductory Calculus 2
Mathematics and Computer Science:
MATH 1410Calculus for the Biological Sciences3-4
or MATH 1450 Calculus 1
MATH or COSC Course - Choose one additional course ##3-4
Total Credit Hours30-32
#

For students applying to medical school, BIOL 4101 Biochemistry and the Molecular Basis of Biology is recommended as a Biological Sciences elective, MATH 4740 Biostatistical Methods and Models is recommended as a math elective, PSYC 1001 General Psychology is recommended to satisfy the University Core Individual and Social Behavior (ISB) requirement, and SOCI 1001 Principles of Sociology is recommended as a general elective.

##

If choosing statistics as a MATH course, MATH 4740 Biostatistical Methods and Models is strongly recommended. PSYC 2001 Psychological Measurements and Statistics or SOCI 2060 Social Statistics may also fulfill this requirement.

Typical Program for Biological Science Majors

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 10013BIOL 10023
CHEM 1001 or 10134CHEM 1002 or 10144
ENGL 10013ENGL 10023
UCCS-Indiv. Soc. Behavior*3MATH 1410#3
 BIOL 1101 (Optional)+2
 BIOL 1003 (Recommended)1
 13 16
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 2001 (or elective)+3BIOL 22013
BIOL 23013CHEM 2112 or 21144
CHEM 2111 or 21134THEO 10013
MATH 4740**3Elective3
PHIL 10013UCCS-Hist. of Cultures & Soc.3
 16 16
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL elective***3BIOL elective3
PHYS 1001 or 10034BIOL lab3
UCCS-Lit./Performing Arts3PHYS 1002 or 10044
PHIL 23103UCCS-Theology 3
Elective3Elective3
 16 16
Senior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL elective3BIOL elective3
BIOL elective (or BIOL lab)3BIOL lab (or BIOL elective)3
Electives6Electives6
UCCS-Diverse Cultures3 
 15 12
Total credit hours: 120

Note: A minimum of 120 credits is required for the degree.

+

Students who take BIOL 1101 Foundations in Biological Inquiry cannot take BIOL 2001 Principles of Biological Investigation.

#

Students wishing to take MATH 1450 instead of MATH 1410 are recommended to take Math in the fall term and a UCCS Ind. Soc. Behavior course in the spring term.

*

PSYC 1001 General Psychology and SOCI 1001 Principles of Sociology both satisfy the University Core Individual and Social Behavior (ISB) requirement and are both recommended for students considering medical school.

**

For students intending to apply to medical school, MATH 4740 Biostatistical Methods and Models is recommended as a math elective.

***

For students intending to apply to medical school, BIOL 4101 Biochemistry and the Molecular Basis of Biology is recommended as a Biological Sciences Elective.

Major in Biological Sciences: Pre-dental Scholars

This major in biological sciences is open to students who were directly admitted to the Pre-dental Scholars Program or students who were accepted into the program after their freshman year. In this program, students complete three years of courses in the College of Arts and Sciences for a minimum of 96-97 credits (depending on courses) by the end of the third year. The fourth year of the program consists of Dental School course requirements, which typically consist of approximately 44 credit hours.

The major consists of six required biology courses (17-18 credit hours), one laboratory course (3 credit hours) and the first year Dental School course requirements, as well as eight cognate course requirements (30-31 credit hours) in chemistry, mathematics and physics chosen from the lists below. Certain courses in the first year dental curriculum are counted toward completion of the major in Biological Sciences (BISC 7410 Microbiology, BISC 7514 General Histology, BISC 7515 Biomedical Systems 1, BISC 7516 Biomedical Systems 2 and DEIN 7121 Oral Biology); in addition, other courses (i.e.DEIN 7114 Introduction to Clinical Practice 1 DEIN 7118 Dental Rounds 1, DEIN 7124 Introduction to Clinical Practice 2, DEIN 7128 Dental Rounds 2, DEGD 7113 Dental Anatomy and Occlusion 1, DEGD 7123 Dental Anatomy and Occlusion 2) count toward the total credit hour requirement for the Bachelor of Science degree as well as for dental school requirements. After successful completion of these dental courses a B.S. degree is conferred.

Note:

  • Dental curriculum for all dental students is determined by the Dental School and is subject to change.

  • Students must achieve a grade of C or better in those courses in order to count them toward the B.S. completion.

Required Courses:
BIOL 1001General Biology 13
BIOL 1002General Biology 23
BIOL 2001Principles of Biological Investigation2-3
or BIOL 1101 Foundations in Biological Inquiry
BIOL 2201Genetics3
BIOL 2301Cell Biology3
BIOL 4101Biochemistry and the Molecular Basis of Biology3
Laboratory Courses - Choose one of the following:3
Experimental Genetics
Experimental Cell Biology
Experimental Ecology and Field Biology
Experimental Neurobiology
Experimental Vertebrate Anatomy and Development
Experimental Physiology
Experimental Microbiology
Experimental Molecular Biology
Laboratory Research Project in Biological Sciences
Total Credit Hours20-21
Cognate Course Requirements:
Chemistry Courses:
CHEM 1001General Chemistry 14
or CHEM 1013 General Chemistry 1 for Majors
CHEM 1002General Chemistry 24
or CHEM 1014 General Chemistry 2 for Majors
CHEM 2111Organic Chemistry 14
or CHEM 2113 Organic Chemistry for Majors 1
CHEM 2112Organic Chemistry 24
or CHEM 2114 Organic Chemistry for Majors 2
Mathematics Courses:
MATH 1410Calculus for the Biological Sciences3-4
or MATH 1450 Calculus 1
MATH 4740Biostatistical Methods and Models ##3
or MATH 1700 Modern Elementary Statistics
Physics Courses:
PHYS 1001General Physics 14
or PHYS 1003 General Physics with Introductory Calculus 1
PHYS 1002General Physics 24
or PHYS 1004 General Physics with Introductory Calculus 2
Total Credit Hours30-31
##

MATH 4740 Biostatistical Methods and Models is strongly recommended. PSYC 2001 Psychological Measurements and Statistics or SOCI 2060 Social Statistics are accepted.

Typical Program for Biological Sciences Major - Pre-dental Scholars Curriculum

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 10013BIOL 10023
CHEM 1001 or 10134CHEM 1002 or 10144
ENGL 10013ENGL 10023
UCCS-Indiv. & Soc. Behav.3MATH 1410*3
Elective3BIOL 1101 (Optional) or Elective+2-3
 BISC 1030 (Recommended)1
 16 16-17
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 2001 (or elective)+3BIOL 22013
BIOL 23013CHEM 2112 or 21144
CHEM 2111 or 21134THEO 10013
MATH 47403UCCS-Hist. of Cultures & Soc.3
PHIL 10013UCCS-Lit./Performing Arts3
 16 16
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 41013Biology lab (upper division)3
UCCS-Diverse Cultures3PHYS 1002 or 10044
PHYS 1001 or 10034Elective3
UCCS-Theology 3Elective3
Elective3PHIL 23103
 16 16
Total credit hours: 96-97
  • Must complete a minimum of 96 or 97 credits, depending on number of electives.

*

Students wishing to take MATH 1450 instead of MATH 1410 are recommended to take Math in the fall term and a UCCS Ind. Soc. Behavior course in the spring term.

+

Students who take BIOL 1101 Foundations in Biological Inquiry cannot take BIOL 2001 Principles of Biological Investigation.

Year One - Dental Curriculum

First Year
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 74104BISC 75164
BISC 75144BISC 75174
BISC 75153BISC 75184
DEGD 71123DEGD 71223
DEGD 71132DEGD 71232
DEIN 71103DEIN 71203
DEIN 71143DEIN 71214
DEIN 71181DEIN 71242
 DEIN 71281
 23 27
Total credit hours: 50

Note: Dental curriculum for all dental students is determined by the Dental School. This represents a sample year one schedule and is subject to change. The curriculum for years two through four are also the same as other dental students. Certain courses in the first year dental curriculum are counted toward completion of the bachelor of science degree as well as for dental school requirements. Students must achieve a grade of C or better in those courses in order to count them toward the B.S. completion.

Biological Sciences B.S. /M.B.A. Accelerated Degree Programs

The Department of Biological Sciences together with the Graduate School of Management offers an accelerated degree program which allow students to earn their B.S. in Biological Sciences, and a master of business administration (M.B.A.), all within in a five-year time period.

During the first four years of the program, students complete both their coursework requirements for their B.S. degree and the necessary prerequisite courses for the M.B.A. degree in the College of Business Administration. In addition, undergraduate students begin their M.B.A. graduate work in their senior year by taking two graduate level courses.

To be considered for admission to the B.S./M.B.A. five-year program, applicants must formally apply to the Graduate School of Management during their junior year at Marquette University. For more detailed information and details of a typical five-year coursework plan, please refer to the Graduate School of Management Bulletin and contact the Department of Biological Sciences or the Graduate School of Management.

Major in Biology for the Professions

Biology for the Professions is a second major for students in the College of Education who wish to teach biology at the high school level. The major consists of five required courses (14-15 credit hours), one additional Biology course (3-4 credit hours), one lab course (3 credit hours) and three elective courses (9 credit hours) for a total of 29-31 credit hours as well as the cognate course requirements in chemistry, physics, mathematics or computer science (22 credit hours) chosen from the lists below.

Required:
BIOL 1001General Biology 13
BIOL 1002General Biology 23
BIOL 2001Principles of Biological Investigation2-3
or BIOL 1101 Foundations in Biological Inquiry
BIOL 2201Genetics3
BIOL 2301Cell Biology3
Choose one additional course from the following:3-4
Plant Biology
Human Physiology
Microbiology
Lab Courses - Choose one of the following:3
Experimental Genetics
Experimental Cell Biology
Experimental Ecology and Field Biology
Experimental Neurobiology
Experimental Vertebrate Anatomy and Development
Experimental Physiology
Experimental Microbiology
Experimental Molecular Biology
* Electives - Choose three of the following:9
Plants, Pathogens and People
Biology of Human Disease
Ecology
Advanced Ecology
Evolutionary Biology
Plant Biology
Neurobiology
Animal Development
Human Physiology
Microbiology
Biochemistry and the Molecular Basis of Biology
and Organic Chemistry 2 (CHEM 2112 prerequisite taken concurrently)
Genomics and Bioinformatics
Immunobiology
Total Credit Hours29-31

Notes: *Electives

  • Any lab course from the lab course listing above not previously taken.
  • With consent of instructor and department chairperson any Biological Sciences graduate course.
  • One Biomedical Sciences course not offered by Biological Sciences.
  • Courses offered by other departments with consent of department chairperson.
Cognate courses: six courses required:
Chemistry: three courses required
CHEM 1001General Chemistry 14
or CHEM 1013 General Chemistry 1 for Majors
CHEM 1002General Chemistry 24
or CHEM 1014 General Chemistry 2 for Majors
CHEM 2111Organic Chemistry 14
or CHEM 2113 Organic Chemistry for Majors 1
Mathematics: two courses required
MATH 4740Biostatistical Methods and Models ##3
MATH 1410Calculus for the Biological Sciences (highly recommended)3-4
or MATH 1450 Calculus 1
Physics: one course required
PHYS 1001General Physics 13-4
or PHYS 1008 Astronomy and Space Physics
or PHYS 1009 Earth and Environmental Physics
or ARSC 1020 Major Concepts in Modern Science 1
Total Credit Hours21-23
##

For MATH cognate course, MATH 4740 is strongly recommended, however MATH 1700, PSYC 2001, SOCI 2060, or equivalent will be accepted.

Typical Program for Biology for the Professions Majors

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 10013BIOL 10023
CHEM 1001 or 10134CHEM 1002 or 10144
EDUC 12103EDUC 12203
ENGL 10013ENGL 10023
UCCS-Lit./Performing Arts3UCCS-Indiv. & Soc. Behav.3
 16 16
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 23013Biology elective3
CHEM 21114BIOL 22013
EDUC 22273EDUC 40373
UCCS-Hist. of Cultures & Soc.3UCCS-Diverse Cultures3
THEO 10013PHIL 10013
 16 15
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 20013Biology lab3
EDUC 42173Biology elective3
MATH 4740##3EDUC 42974
PHYS 1001, 1008, 1009, or ARSC 10203-4EDUC 42403
PHIL 23103UCCS-Theology 3
 15-16 16
Senior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 3406, 3701, or 38013-4EDUC 496515
Biology elective3 
EDUC 45403 
Advanced Methods3 
 12-13 15
Total credit hours: 121-123

Major in Physiological Sciences

Provides students interested in physiology and neurobiology a strong foundation in biological sciences, cell biology and biochemistry and further studies in neurobiology, human physiology and anatomy, muscle and exercise physiology. The major consists of eight required courses (25 credit hours), one anatomy course (3-4 credit hours) and three elective courses (8-9 credit hours) for a total of 36-38 credit hours as well as the cognate course requirements (33-34 credit hours) in chemistry, physics, mathematics, and philosophy or theology chosen from the lists below.

Required:
BIOL 1001General Biology 13
BIOL 1002General Biology 23
BIOL 2201Genetics3
BIOL 2301Cell Biology3
BIOL 3501Neurobiology3
BIOL 3502Experimental Neurobiology3
BIOL 3701Human Physiology4
BIOL 3702Experimental Physiology3
One of these anatomy courses:3-4
Experimental Vertebrate Anatomy and Development
Clinical Human Anatomy
Electives - Choose three courses from the following:8-9
Foundations in Biological Inquiry
Principles of Biological Investigation
Experimental Genetics
Experimental Cell Biology
Advanced Ecology
Experimental Ecology and Field Biology
Evolutionary Biology
Plant Biology
Animal Development
Experimental Vertebrate Anatomy and Development
Microbiology
Experimental Microbiology
Biochemistry and the Molecular Basis of Biology #
Experimental Molecular Biology
Genomics and Bioinformatics
Exercise Physiology
Immunobiology
Laboratory Research Project in Biological Sciences
Applying the Internship Experience
Independent Study in Biology
Total Credit Hours36-38
#

For students intending to apply to medical school: BIOL 4101 Biochemistry and the Molecular Basis of Biology is recommended as a Biological Sciences elective, MATH 4740 Biostatistical Methods and Models is recommended as a math elective, PSYC 1001 General Psychology is recommended to satisfy the University Core Individual and Social Behavior (ISB) requirement, and SOCI 1001 Principles of Sociology is recommended as a general elective.

Cognate Course Requirements:

Chemistry Courses:
CHEM 1001General Chemistry 14
or CHEM 1013 General Chemistry 1 for Majors
CHEM 1002General Chemistry 24
or CHEM 1014 General Chemistry 2 for Majors
CHEM 2111Organic Chemistry 14
or CHEM 2113 Organic Chemistry for Majors 1
CHEM 2112Organic Chemistry 24
or CHEM 2114 Organic Chemistry for Majors 2
Mathematics Courses:
MATH 1410Calculus for the Biological Sciences3-4
or MATH 1450 Calculus 1
MATH 4740Biostatistical Methods and Models ##3
Philosophy or Theology courses:
PHIL 4335Biomedical Ethics3
or THEO 4450 Medical Ethics
Physics Courses:
PHYS 1001General Physics 14
or PHYS 1003 General Physics with Introductory Calculus 1
PHYS 1002General Physics 24
or PHYS 1004 General Physics with Introductory Calculus 2
Total Credit Hours33-34
##

For MATH cognate courses, MATH 4740 Biostatistical Methods and Models is the preferred statistics course, however MATH 1700 Modern Elementary Statistics, PSYC 2001 Psychological Measurements and Statistics, SOCI 2060 Social Statistics, or equivalent is accepted.

Typical Program for Physiological Sciences Majors

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 10013BIOL 10023
CHEM 1001 or 10134CHEM 1002 or 10144
ENGL 10013ENGL 10023
UCCS-Indiv. & Soc. Behav.*3MATH 1410**3
 BIOL 1101 (optional)+2
 BIOL 1003 (Recommended)1
 13 16
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 23013BIOL 22013
CHEM 2111 or 21134CHEM 2112 or 21144
MATH 4740***3UCCS-Hist. of Cultures & Soc.3
UCCS-Lit./Performing Arts3THEO 10013
PHIL 10013Elective3
 16 16
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 37014BIOL 35013
BIOL 37023BIOL 35023
Elective***3PHYS 1002 or 10044
PHYS 1001 or 10034PHIL 43353
PHIL 23103Elective3
 17 16
Senior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
Biology elective****3Biology electives6
BISC 21354Electives6
UCCS-Diverse Cultures3 
UCCS-Theology3 
Elective3 
 16 12
Total credit hours: 122
+

Students who take BIOL 1101 Foundations in Biological Inquiry cannot also take BIOL 2001 Principles of Biological Investigation.

*

PSYC 1001 General Psychology and SOCI 1001 Principles of Sociology both satisfy the University Core Individual and Social Behavior (ISB) requirement and are both recommended for students considering medical school.

**

 Students wishing to take MATH 1450 instead of MATH 1410 are recommended to take Math in the first semester and a UCCS Ind. Soc. Behavior course in the second semester.

***

For MATH cognate courses, MATH 4740 Biostatistical Methods and Models is strongly recommended, however MATH 1700 Modern Elementary Statistics, PSYC 2001 Psychological Measurements and Statistics, SOCI 2060 Social Statistics is accepted.

****

For students intending to apply to medical school, BIOL 4101 Biochemistry and the Molecular Basis of Biology is recommended as a science elective.

Major in Physiological Sciences: Pre-dental Scholars

This major in physiological sciences is open to students who were directly admitted to the Pre-dental Scholars Program or students who were accepted into the program after their freshman year. In this program, students complete three years of courses in the College of Arts and Sciences for a minimum of 98 credits by end of third year. The fourth year of the program consists of Dental School course requirements, which typically consist of approximately 44 credit hours.

The major consists of seven required biology courses, including one laboratory course, and the first year Dental School course requirements, as well as nine cognate course requirements in chemistry, mathematics, philosophy or theology, and physics chosen from the lists below. Certain courses in the first year dental curriculum are counted toward completion of the Major in Physiological Sciences (BISC 7410 Microbiology, BISC 7514 General Histology, BISC 7515 Biomedical Systems 1, BISC 7516 Biomedical Systems 2 and DEIN 7121 Oral Biology); in addition, other courses (i.e., DEIN 7114 Introduction to Clinical Practice 1, DEIN 7118 Dental Rounds 1, DEIN 7124 Introduction to Clinical Practice 2, DEIN 7128 Dental Rounds 2; DEGD 7113 Dental Anatomy and Occlusion 1, DEGD 7123 Dental Anatomy and Occlusion 2) count toward the total credit hour requirement for the Bachelor of Science degree as well as for dental school requirements. After successful completion of these dental courses a B.S. degree is conferred.

Notes:

  • Dental curriculum for all dental students is determined by the Dental School and is subject to change.

  • Students must achieve a grade of C or better in those courses in order to count them toward the B.S. completion.

Required Courses:
BIOL 1001General Biology 13
BIOL 1002General Biology 23
BIOL 2301Cell Biology3
BIOL 3501Neurobiology3
BIOL 3701Human Physiology4
BIOL 4101Biochemistry and the Molecular Basis of Biology3
Laboratory Course Requirement:
BIOL 3502Experimental Neurobiology3
or BIOL 3702 Experimental Physiology
First Year Dental School Requirements for BS Completion:
BISC 7410Microbiology4
BISC 7514General Histology4
BISC 7515Biomedical Systems 13
BISC 7516Biomedical Systems 24
DEIN 7121Oral Biology4
DEIN 7114Introduction to Clinical Practice 13
DEIN 7124Introduction to Clinical Practice 22
DEGD 7113Dental Anatomy and Occlusion 12
DEGD 7123Dental Anatomy and Occlusion 22
DEIN 7118Dental Rounds 11
DEIN 7128Dental Rounds 21
Total Credit Hours52
Cognate Course Requirements:
Chemistry Courses:
CHEM 1001General Chemistry 14
or CHEM 1013 General Chemistry 1 for Majors
CHEM 1002General Chemistry 24
or CHEM 1014 General Chemistry 2 for Majors
CHEM 2111Organic Chemistry 14
or CHEM 2113 Organic Chemistry for Majors 1
CHEM 2112Organic Chemistry 24
or CHEM 2114 Organic Chemistry for Majors 2
Mathematics Courses:
MATH 1410Calculus for the Biological Sciences3-4
or MATH 1450 Calculus 1
MATH 4740Biostatistical Methods and Models ##3
Ethics Course - Choose one of the following:
PHIL 4335Biomedical Ethics3
or THEO 4450 Medical Ethics
Physics Courses:
PHYS 1001General Physics 14
or PHYS 1003 General Physics with Introductory Calculus 1
PHYS 1002General Physics 24
or PHYS 1004 General Physics with Introductory Calculus 2
Total Credit Hours33-34
##

For MATH cognate courses, MATH 4740 Biostatistical Methods and Models is the preferred statistics course, however MATH 1700 Modern Elementary Statistics, PSYC 2001 Psychological Measurements and Statistics, SOCI 2060 Social Statistics, or equivalent is accepted.

Typical Program for Physiological Sciences Majors - Pre-dental Scholars

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 10013BIOL 10023
CHEM 1001 or 10134CHEM 1002 or 10144
ENGL 10013ENGL 10023
UCCS-Indiv. & Soc. Behav.3MATH 1410**3
Elective3BISC 1030 (recommended)1
 Elective3
 16 17
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 23013CHEM 2112 or 21144
CHEM 2111 or 21134UCCS-Lit./Performing Arts3
THEO 10013UCCS-Theology 3
MATH 4740##3UCCS-Hist. of Cultures & Soc.3
PHIL 10013PHIL 23103
 16 16
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 37014BIOL 35013
BIOL 3702 ( or elective)3BIOL 3502 (or elective)3
BIOL 41013PHYS 1002 or 10044
PHYS 1001 or 10034PHIL 4335*3
Elective3UCCS-Diverse Cultures3
 17 16
Total credit hours: 98
  • Must complete a minimum of 98 credits, depending on courses.
*

If PHIL 4335 Biomedical Ethics or THEO 4450 Medical Ethics cannot be scheduled due to conflicts with other required courses, students are required to take a one credit medical ethics course (PHIL 4336 Applied Ethics for the Health Sciences).

**

Students wishing to take MATH 1450 instead of MATH 1410 are recommended to take Math in the fall term and a UCCS Individual and Social Behavior course in the second term.

##

For MATH cognate courses, MATH 4740 Biostatistical Methods and Models is the preferred statistics course, however MATH 1700 Modern Elementary Statistics, PSYC 2001 Psychological Measurements and Statistics, SOCI 2060 Social Statistics, or equivalent is accepted.

Year One - Dental Curriculum

First Year
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 74104BISC 75164
BISC 75144BISC 75174
BISC 75153BISC 75184
DEGD 71123DEGD 71223
DEGD 71132DEGD 71232
DEIN 71103DEIN 71203
DEIN 71143DEIN 71214
DEIN 71181DEIN 71242
 DEIN 71281
 23 27
Total credit hours: 50

Note: Dental curriculum for all dental students is determined by the Dental School. This represents a sample year one schedule and is subject to change. The curriculum for years two through four are also the same as other dental students. Certain courses in the first year dental curriculum are counted toward completion of the Bachelor of Science degree as well as for dental school requirements. Students must achieve a grade of C or better in those courses in order to count them toward the B.S. completion.

Major in Physiological Sciences: Physical Therapy

Open only to undergraduate students who have been admitted directly into the six year doctor of physical therapy degree program, are in good academic standing prior to the beginning of the professional phase of the program and want to earn a bachelor of science degree from the Klingler College of Arts and Sciences after four years of study. The major consists of 21 required courses (61 credit hours) as well as 11 cognate course requirements (39-40 credit hours) in chemistry, physics, mathematics, philosophy and psychology chosen from the lists below.

Note:

  • For information on the physical therapy program, please see the College of Health Sciences section in this bulletin. Students admitted directly to the doctoral PT program who are interested in the Physiological Sciences major should contact the Department of Biological Sciences as soon as possible, and then consult with an adviser in the Department of Physical Therapy.
Required:
Biology Courses:
BIOL 1001General Biology 13
BIOL 1002General Biology 23
BIOL 2201Genetics3
BIOL 2301Cell Biology3
BIOL 3501Neurobiology3
BIOL 3502Experimental Neurobiology3
BIOL 3701Human Physiology4
BIOL 3702Experimental Physiology3
Biomedical Sciences Courses:
BISC 2135Clinical Human Anatomy4
BISC 3150General Pathology3
BISC 4120Pharmacology3
BISC 7130Human Gross Anatomy5
Physical Therapy Courses:
PHTH 1001Introduction to Physical Therapy and Medical Terminology1
PHTH 7503Patient Management 13
PHTH 7504Patient Management 22
PHTH 7512Culture and Disability3
PHTH 7513Health Care Policy/Management3
PHTH 7515Pathophysiology 2
PHTH 7516Geriatric Rehabilitation2
PHTH 7525Kinesiology 1: The Upper Extremity3
PHTH 7528Physical Therapy Evaluation, Tests and Measures2
Total Credit Hours61
Cognate Course Requirements: 11 courses:
Chemistry courses:
CHEM 1001General Chemistry 14
or CHEM 1013 General Chemistry 1 for Majors
CHEM 1002General Chemistry 24
or CHEM 1014 General Chemistry 2 for Majors
CHEM 2111Organic Chemistry 14
or CHEM 2113 Organic Chemistry for Majors 1
CHEM 2112Organic Chemistry 24
or CHEM 2114 Organic Chemistry for Majors 2
Mathematics:
MATH 1410Calculus for the Biological Sciences3-4
or MATH 1450 Calculus 1
MATH 4740Biostatistical Methods and Models ##3
Ethics Course:
PHIL 4335Biomedical Ethics3
or THEO 4450 Medical Ethics
Physics Courses:
PHYS 1001General Physics 14
or PHYS 1003 General Physics with Introductory Calculus 1
PHYS 1002General Physics 24
or PHYS 1004 General Physics with Introductory Calculus 2
Psychololgy Courses:
PSYC 1001General Psychology3
PSYC 3101Developmental Psychology: Conception Through Adolescence3
or
Developmental Psychology: Adulthood and Aging
or
Abnormal Psychology
Total Credit Hours39-40
##

For MATH cognate courses, MATH 4740 Biostatistical Methods and Models is the preferred statistics course, however MATH 1700 Modern Elementary Statistics, PSYC 2001 Psychological Measurements and Statistics, SOCI 2060 Social Statistics, or equivalent is accepted.

Typical Program for Physiological Sciences Major - Physical Therapy Concentration

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 10013BIOL 10023
CHEM 1001 or 10134CHEM 1002 or 10144
ENGL 10013ENGL 10023
PSYC 10013MATH 1410**3
 THEO 10013
 13 16
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 23013BIOL 22013
BISC 21354CHEM 2112 or 21144
CHEM 2111 or 21134PHIL 10013
MATH 4740##3UCCS-Lit./Performing Arts3
UCCS-Hist. of Cultures & Soc.3UCCS-Theology 3
 17 16
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 37014BIOL 35013
BIOL 37023BIOL 35023
PHYS 1001 or 10034PHYS 1002 or 10044
PHIL 23103PHIL 4335*3
PSYC 3101 (or PSYC 3120 or PSYC 3401)3PHTH 10011
 17 14
Senior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BISC 71305BISC 31503
PHTH 75033BISC 41203
PHTH 7512 (UCCS-Diverse Cultures)3PHTH 75042
PHTH 75133PHTH 75152
 PHTH 75162
 PHTH 75253
 PHTH 75282
 14 17
Total credit hours: 124
*

If PHIL 4335 Biomedical Ethics or THEO 4450 Medical Ethics cannot be scheduled due to conflicts with other required courses, students are required to take a one credit medical ethics course (PHIL 4336 Applied Ethics for the Health Sciences).

**

Students wishing to take MATH 1450 instead of MATH 1410 are recommended to take Math in the fall term and a PSYC 1001 in the second term.

##

For MATH cognate courses, MATH 4740 Biostatistical Methods and Models is strongly recommended, however MATH 1700 Modern Elementary Statistics, PSYC 2001 Psychological Measurements and Statistics, SOCI 2060 Social Statistics, or equivalent is accepted.

Physiological Sciences B.S./M.B.A. Accelerated Degree Programs

The Department of Biological Sciences together with the Graduate School of Management offers accelerated degree programs which allow students to earn their B.S. in Physiological Sciences and a master of business administration (M.B.A.), all within in a five-year time period.

During the first four years of the program, students complete both their coursework requirements for their B.S. degree and the necessary prerequisite courses for the M.B.A. degree in the College of Business Administration. In addition, undergraduate students begin their M.B.A. graduate work in their senior year by taking two graduate level courses.

To be considered for admission to the B.S./M.B.A. five-year program, applicants must formally apply to the Graduate School of Management during their junior year at Marquette University. For more detailed information and details of a typical five-year coursework plan, please refer to the Graduate School of Management Bulletin and contact the Department of Biological Sciences or the Graduate School of Management.


 

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

The major in biochemistry and molecular biology consists of 53-59 credit hours in biology, chemistry and mathematics courses as listed below. Additional cognate courses in mathematics and physics are required.

Required Biological Sciences courses (18 cr. hrs.):
BIOL 1001General Biology 13
BIOL 1002General Biology 23
BIOL 2201Genetics3
BIOL 2301Cell Biology3
BIOL 4101Biochemistry and the Molecular Basis of Biology3
BIOL 4102Experimental Molecular Biology3
Required Chemistry Courses (23-26 cr. hrs.)
CHEM 1001General Chemistry 14
or CHEM 1013 General Chemistry 1 for Majors
CHEM 1002General Chemistry 24
or CHEM 1014 General Chemistry 2 for Majors
CHEM 3201Quantitative Analysis4
Organic Chemistry Sequence - Choose one of the following:8
Organic Chemistry 1
and Organic Chemistry 2
Organic Chemistry for Majors 1
and Organic Chemistry for Majors 2
Physical Chemistry - Choose one of the following:3-6
Physical Chemistry: Fundamentals with Applications in Biological Sciences
Physical Chemistry 1
and Physical Chemistry 2
Additional Laboratory Course Requirement - Choose option one or option two:3
Option 1:
Laboratory Research Project in Biological Sciences
Undergraduate Research in Chemistry
Option 2 (choose one of the following):
Experimental Genetics
Experimental Cell Biology
Experimental Neurobiology
Experimental Vertebrate Anatomy and Development
Experimental Physiology
Experimental Microbiology
Elective Courses - Choose any three of the following not previously taken:9-12
Biology Courses:
Experimental Genetics
Experimental Cell Biology
Advanced Ecology
Evolutionary Biology
Plant Biology
Neurobiology
Experimental Neurobiology
Animal Development
Experimental Vertebrate Anatomy and Development
Human Physiology
Experimental Physiology
Microbiology
Experimental Microbiology
Genomics and Bioinformatics
Exercise Physiology
Immunobiology
Laboratory Research Project in Biological Sciences
Applying the Internship Experience
Independent Study in Biology
Independent Study in Biomedical Sciences
Chemistry Courses:
Instrumental Analysis
Characterization of Organic Compounds
Inorganic Chemistry
Introduction to Quantum Chemistry
Introduction to Biochemistry
Undergraduate Research in Chemistry
Mathematics Courses:
Calculus 3
Differential Equations
Biostatistical Methods and Models
Statistical Methods
Psychological Measurements and Statistics
Total Credit Hours53-59

Notes:

  • Students who take CHEM 4433 Physical Chemistry 1, CHEM 4434 Physical Chemistry 2 and MATH 2450 Calculus 3 are required to take only one additional elective in biological sciences, chemistry or mathematics.
  • A second BIOL 4956 Laboratory Research Project in Biological Sciences course may be taken as an elective if BIOL 4956 previously taken as a laboratory course.
  • Honors courses are available from both departments by contract with the instructors. Courses available for honors credit are identified.

Cognate Course Requirements:

Mathematics Courses:
MATH 1450Calculus 14
MATH 1451Calculus 24
Physics Sequence - Choose one of the following:8
General Physics 1
and General Physics 2
General Physics with Introductory Calculus 1
and General Physics with Introductory Calculus 2
Total Credit Hours16

Typical Program for Biochemistry/Molecular Biology Majors

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 10013BIOL 10023
CHEM 1001 or 10134CHEM 1002 or 10144
MATH 14504MATH 14514
ENGL 10013ENGL 10023
 14 14
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
CHEM 2111 or 21134BIOL 22013
PHYS 1001 or 10034UCCS-Hist. of Cultures & Soc.3
BIOL 23013PHIL 23103
PHIL 10013CHEM 2112 or 21144
THEO 10013PHYS 1002 or 10044
 17 17
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 41013Biology lab (upper division)**3
CHEM 4431*3CHEM 32014
UCCS-Theology 3Elective3
UCCS-Lit./Performing Arts3UCCS-Indiv. & Soc. Behav.#3
Elective3 
 15 13
Senior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours
BIOL 41023Biochemistry/Molecular Biology electives6
Biochemistry/Molecular Biology elective3-4Electives9
Electives6 
UCCS-Diverse Cultures 3 
 15-16 15
Total credit hours: 120-121
*

Many students, including those continuing on to graduate school, should consider the option of two terms of physical chemistry CHEM 4433 Physical Chemistry 1 and CHEM 4434 Physical Chemistry 2 which require an additional term of calculus MATH 2450 Calculus 3. Students who take CHEM 4433 Physical Chemistry 1, CHEM 4434 Physical Chemistry 2, and MATH 2450 Calculus 3 are required to take only one additional elective in biological sciences, chemistry or mathematics.

**

BIOL 4956 Laboratory Research Project in Biological Sciences or CHEM 4956 Undergraduate Research in Chemistry may be substituted.

#

For students intending to apply to medical school: MATH 4740 Biostatistical Methods and Models is recommended as a math elective, PSYC 1001 General Psychology is recommended to satisfy the UCCS Individual and Social (ISB) requirement, and SOCI 1001 Principles of Sociology is recommended as a general elective.

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology B.S./M.B.A. Accelerated Degree Programs

The Departments of Biological Sciences and Chemistry together with the Graduate School of Management offer an accelerated degree programs which allow students to earn their B.S. in Biochemistry & Molecular Biology and a master of business administration (M.B.A.), all within in a five-year time period.

During the first four years of the program, students complete both their coursework requirements for their B.S. degree and the necessary prerequisite courses for the M.B.A. degree in the College of Business Administration. In addition, undergraduate students begin their M.B.A. graduate work in their senior year by taking two graduate level courses.

To be considered for admission to the B.S./M.B.A. five-year program, applicants must formally apply to the Graduate School of Management during their junior year at Marquette University. For more detailed information and details of a typical five-year coursework plan, please refer to the Graduate School of Management Bulletin and contact the Departments of Biological Sciences and/or Chemistry or the Graduate School of Management.

 

Minor in Biological Sciences

The minor in Biological Sciences consists of four required courses listed below (13 credit hours) and two electives chosen from Biological Sciences or one Biological Sciences elective and ANTH 2201 (6-7 credit hours) for a total of 19-20 credit hours.

Note:

  • BIOL 1009 Biology for Non-Science Majors, BIOL 1406 Plants, Pathogens and People, BIOL 1410 Biology of Human Disease, and BIOL 4956 Laboratory Research Project in Biological Sciences cannot be taken except with consent of department chair.
Required:
BIOL 1001General Biology 13
BIOL 1002General Biology 23
BIOL 2001Principles of Biological Investigation3
CHEM 1001General Chemistry 14
Electives - Choose two of the following:6-7
Human Evolutionary Process
Genetics
Cell Biology
Ecology
Advanced Ecology
Plant Biology
Neurobiology
Animal Development
Human Physiology
Microbiology
Biochemistry and the Molecular Basis of Biology
Genomics and Bioinformatics
Exercise Physiology
Immunobiology
Total Credit Hours19-20

Department of Public Instruction Certification

College of Education students wishing to pursue Department of Public Instruction Certification should follow the biological sciences minor. The minor consists of five required courses (15 credit hours) and one additional upper division elective course in Biological Sciences (3-4 credit hours) for a total of 18-19 credit hours as follows:

Required:
BIOL 1001General Biology 13
BIOL 1002General Biology 23
BIOL 2001Principles of Biological Investigation3
BIOL 2201Genetics3
BIOL 2301Cell Biology3
Elective - Choose one additional upper-division BIOL course.3-4
Total Credit Hours18-19

Courses

BIOL 1001. General Biology 1. 3 cr. hrs.

Covers the molecular basis of life, biology of the cell, genetics and evolution in a genetic context. 3 hrs. lec., disc.

BIOL 1001H. Honors General Biology 1. 3 cr. hrs.

Covers the molecular basis of life, biology of the cell, genetics and evolution in a genetic context. 3 hrs. lec., disc. Prereq: Admission to Marquette University Honors Program.

BIOL 1002. General Biology 2. 3 cr. hrs.

Covers the diversity of Life, plant form and function, animal form and function, ecology and evolution in context of diversity. 3 hrs. lec., disc. Prereq: BIOL 1001 or cons. of instr.

BIOL 1002H. Honors General Biology 2. 3 cr. hrs.

Covers the diversity of Life, plant form and function, animal form and function, ecology and evolution in context of diversity. 3 hrs. lec., disc. Prereq: BIOL 1001 or BIOL 1001H and CHEM 1001 or CHEM 1001H; or cons. of instr.; and admission to Marquette University Honors Program.

BIOL 1003. Biology Matters. 1 cr. hr.

A seminar to introduce students early in their academic careers to modern biological and biomedical research. Students learn about various career paths biological science graduates can take. Medical school, dental school, and graduate school will be discussed, along with the possibility of combining biology with disciplines such as law, finance and computer science. Primarily for freshmen and sophomores. S/U grade assessment.

BIOL 1009. Biology for Non-Science Majors. 3 cr. hrs.

Designed for non-science students, the course introduces biological concepts and will focus on how scientific knowledge is created. Special emphasis on cell function, evolutionary biology, genetics, and modern genetic methods. Topics covered will include inheritance of genetic traits, cloning, and biotechnology, nervous system evolution, speciation, and extinction. 3 hrs. lec., disc. May be counted toward the Natural Science requirement of the College Curriculum.

BIOL 1101. Foundations in Biological Inquiry. 2 cr. hrs.

Develop research questions based on hypothesis, design and conduct experiments, analyze data, and draw conclusions using basic biology research techniques and laboratory practices (pipetting, microscopy, solution preparation, sterile technique, spectrophotometry, PCR/DNA electrophoresis, data analysis and basic statistics etc.). 2 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIOL 1001 and cons. of instr.

BIOL 1406. Plants, Pathogens and People. 3 cr. hrs.

Plant diseases and their effects on food supplies and human history. Biology of plants and the pathogens that cause plant diseases. Controversies related to pesticide use, biological control, genetic engineering, biodiversity. Covers the major biology concepts. Hands-on activities and class discussions. Designed for nonscience students and Biology for the Professions. Does not fulfill biological sciences major requirements.

BIOL 1410. Biology of Human Disease. 3 cr. hrs.

Explores human physiology in relationship to health and disease. Topics include the cardiovascular system, heart disease, the immune system, infectious diseases, cancer, drug addiction, the brain, and neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease. Emphasis on understanding scientific reporting and critically assessing the value and importance of published findings. Students will be required to research, analyze, and critique an independent topic based on science in the news. Designed for nonscience students and Biology for the Professions. Does not fulfill biological sciences requirements except for Biology for the Professions.

BIOL 1420. Environmental Biology: From Macro to Micro Through the Lens of the Environment. 3 cr. hrs.

Intended for non-science majors and covers topics in global ecology and sustainability, from fossil fuels, greenhouse gasses, housing, food production and water. Challenges students to draw on their introspective skills to form positions for use in class discussions and debates. Explorations of ethical and spiritual issues surrounding topics provide a framework for deeper discussions in the tradition of Jesuit education.

BIOL 2001. Principles of Biological Investigation. 3 cr. hrs.

Introduction to selected instrumentation and techniques, including light microscopy, staining, aseptic procedures, spectrophotometry, gel electrophoresis, and immunoassays. Topics may include: photosynthesis, protein quantification, bacteria, fungi, nematodes, histology, evolution, embryo development, and physiology of the nervous system. Recommended for freshman and sophomores who have completed BIOL 1002 but may be taken concurrently. 1 hr. lec., 3 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIOL 1001.

BIOL 2201. Genetics. 3 cr. hrs.

Analysis of mechanisms of inheritance with emphasis on the nature of the gene, inheritance of genetic traits, and organisms with special advantages as model genetic systems. 3 hrs. lec., disc. Prereq: BIOL 1001 and BIOL 1002.

BIOL 2301. Cell Biology. 3 cr. hrs.

The cell is the basic unit of life; it is the fundamental unit from which all organisms are built. The concepts as well as the scientific evidence that underlie our current understanding of cellular organization and function are emphasized. Key cellular processes including membrane function, signaling, transcriptional regulation, protein targeting, vesicular trafficking, cytoskeleton, cell cycle regulation, and cell death are discussed. These processes will be related to our understanding of human disease. 3 hrs. lec., disc. Prereq: BIOL 1001 and BIOL 1002.

BIOL 2401. Ecology. 3 cr. hrs.

Introductory study of the complex interactions of living organisms, including both micro-and macro-organisms, with each other and with their chemical and physical environments. Emphasis on the scientific principles involved in these interactions. 3 hrs. lec., disc. Prereq: BIOL 1001 and BIOL 1002; or cons. of instr.

BIOL 2953. Entering Research 1. 1 cr. hr.

A one-credit seminar for undergraduate students that is the first in a two-course series, designed to complement the independent research experience. Students meet weekly to share their research experiences and to get feedback on the progress of their research projects.

BIOL 2954. Entering Research 2. 1 cr. hr.

A one-credit seminar for undergraduate students that is the second in a two course series, designed to complement the independent research experience. Students meet weekly to share their research experiences and to get feedback on the progress of their research projects.

BIOL 3202. Experimental Genetics. 3 cr. hrs.

Genetic organization, function, engineering, and inheritance in procaryotic and eucaryotic organisms. 1 hr. lec., 4 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIOL 2201, which may be taken concurrently; and cons. of dept. ch.

BIOL 3302. Experimental Cell Biology. 3 cr. hrs.

Molecular and biochemical studies of cellular structure and organization in relation to integrated cellular function. 1 hr. lec., 4 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIOL 2301 and cons. of dept. ch.

BIOL 3401. Advanced Ecology. 3 cr. hrs.

Studies the interactions of organisms with each other and their abiotic environments beyond the introductory level. Both mathematical models and the evolutionary genetics involved in ecologically important traits are emphasized. Ecological concepts in current and classical scientific literature are explored. Mathematical and computer models are used to analyze and understand ecological interactions and processes in population, community, ecosystem and evolutionary ecology. These are combined with advanced concepts in population and ecological genetics. 3 hrs. lec, disc. Prereq: BIOL 2401 or equiv.; or cons. of instr.

BIOL 3402. Experimental Ecology and Field Biology. 3 cr. hrs.

Experimental approach of both laboratory and field exercises designed to emphasize experimental design, ecological measurement, observation, modeling and statistical analyses of fundamental concepts in ecology. 1 hr. lec., 4 hr. lab. Prereq: BIOL 2401 or equiv.

BIOL 3404. Evolutionary Biology. 3 cr. hrs.

Evolution is integral to understanding all facets of the life sciences with scientist Theodosius Dobzhansky famously stating, “nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution.” Covers core topics in evolution including: the history of evolutionary thought in biology, genetic variation, development, population genetics, classification and phylogeny; the fossil record; biogeography, natural selection and adaptation, genetic drift, speciation, and sexual selection. Prereq: BIOL 2201; or cons. of instr.

BIOL 3406. Plant Biology. 3 cr. hrs.

Despite their tremendous diversity in form, seed plants share many similarities in their cellular organization, metabolism, and core development paradigms. Primary course objectives include student familiarity with organization, growth and development of vascular plants; application of genetic engineering to plants; and concepts of plant evolution and reproduction from algae to flowering plants. 3 hrs. lec. Prereq: BIOL 1002 or cons. of instr.

BIOL 3501. Neurobiology. 3 cr. hrs.

General principles of the organization and function of the vertebrate nervous system. Topics include the cellular and molecular mechanisms of cell excitability, synaptic transmission, and how neuromodulators regulate these functions in neuronal networks; mechanisms of learning and memory at the synaptic level; sensory systems from transduction to higher-order processing; and motor systems from the neuromuscular junction to voluntary movement to provide an integrative understanding of the nervous system. A functional approach to neuroanatomy will be integrated throughout the course. 3 hrs. lec., disc. Prereq: BIOL 1002.

BIOL 3502. Experimental Neurobiology. 3 cr. hrs.

Experimental analysis of synapses and neuronal circuitry using a variety of preparations and electrophysiological techniques. The basic electrical properties of excitable cells and chemical communication between cells are investigated. 1 hr. lec., 4 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIOL 3501, which may be taken concurrently, and cons. of dept. ch.; or BIOL 3701 and cons. of dept. ch.

BIOL 3601. Animal Development. 3 cr. hrs.

The study of the ordered formation of complex, multi-cellular organisms from a single cell. A multidisciplinary exploration of the integrative processes underlying animal development, incorporating techniques of cellular and molecular biology for the study of development. 3 hrs. lec. Prereq: BIOL 2301 or cons. of instr.

BIOL 3602. Experimental Vertebrate Anatomy and Development. 3 cr. hrs.

Study of vertebrate anatomy at both gross and microscopic levels, facilitated by dissection of representative mammals and examination of microscope slides. Includes a developmental component supported by a study of early chick embryos. Prereq: BIOL 1001 and BIOL 1002, or equiv. and cons. of dept. ch.

BIOL 3701. Human Physiology. 4 cr. hrs.

Designed to explain to students in Biological Sciences, Physiological Sciences and Physical Therapy curricula the systemic and cellular mechanisms responsible for cellular, organ, and system functions in the human organism. 4 hrs. lec., disc. Prereq: BIOL 1002; or cons. of instr. BIOL 2301 recommended.

BIOL 3702. Experimental Physiology. 3 cr. hrs.

Investigation of selected topics relating to the regulation of physiological activity in vertebrate organisms. Emphasis on use of modern recording systems and experimental preparation of the vertebrate for the study of integrated systemic functions. 1 hr. lec., 4 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIOL 3701, which may be taken concurrently, and cons. of dept. ch.

BIOL 3801. Microbiology. 3 cr. hrs.

Study of selected groups of microorganisms (algae, bacteria, and fungi). Topics include microbial morphology, taxonomy and metabolic activities, and the effect of microorganisms on man and on the earth. 3 hrs. lec., disc. Prereq: BIOL 1002.

BIOL 3802. Experimental Microbiology. 3 cr. hrs.

Basic modern approaches to the laboratory investigation of microorganisms. A major part of the course is in-depth analysis of unknown microorganisms that students isolate from the environment. Prereq: BIOL 1002 and cons. of dept. ch.

BIOL 3986. Internship in Biological Sciences - Part-time. 0 cr. hrs.

Experience with a business or not-for-profit organization that affords students an opportunity to apply and integrate the knowledge and skills they have gained in the classroom to the “real world”. Placement is for a minimum of 160 hours per term under the supervision of an internship mentor/supervisor. Prereq: Cons. of internship coordinator.

BIOL 3987. Internship in Biological Sciences - Full-time. 0 cr. hrs.

Experience with a business or not-for-profit organization that affords students an opportunity to apply and integrate the knowledge and skills they have gained in the classroom to the “real world”. Placement is for a minimum of 450 hours per term under the supervision of an internship mentor/supervisor. Prereq: Cons. of internship coordinator.

BIOL 4101. Biochemistry and the Molecular Basis of Biology. 3 cr. hrs.

Major themes in biochemistry are examined in the context of mammalian physiology. Topics include: protein structure and enzyme catalysis, carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in relation to energy production, protein and nucleic acid synthesis, and the nature of the genetic code. 3 hrs. lec., disc. Prereq: BIOL 1002 and CHEM 2111 or CHEM 2113 (can be taken concurrently). CHEM 2112 or CHEM 2114 are highly recommended; or cons. of instr.

BIOL 4102. Experimental Molecular Biology. 3 cr. hrs.

Purification, characterization and molecular analysis of proteins, nucleic acids, lipids and other biomolecules with emphasis on standard techniques widely used in research laboratories. 1 hr. lec., 4 hrs. lab. Prereq: BIOL 4101 which may be taken concurrently with cons. of instr.

BIOL 4201. Genomics and Bioinformatics. 3 cr. hrs.

The analysis of gene structure and genetic regulation in selected prokaryotes and plant and animal systems, as well as transgenic organisms. Introduction to the principles of bioinformatics and proteomics as applied to genome comparisons and protein structure and function. Models and algorithms for predictions of the biological properties of genetically modified neucleotide sequences and proteins. Prereq: BIOL 2201 or cons. of instr.

BIOL 4703. Exercise Physiology. 3 cr. hrs.

Study of the effects of acute and chronic exercise on selected organ systems. Particular emphasis will be placed on muscle, cardiovascular, respiratory, and environmental physiology. Prereq: BIOL 3701 or equiv., or cons. of instr.

BIOL 4806. Immunobiology. 3 cr. hrs.

Cellular and molecular mechanisms of the immune response. Nature of antigens and antibodies and their interactions. Special topics include complement, immediate and delayed hypersensitivity, transplantation and tumor immunobiology, immunosuppression, and immunological tolerance. 3 hrs. lec., disc. Prereq: BIOL 2301 or cons. of instr.

BIOL 4931. Topics in Biology. 1 cr. hr.

Analysis of selected topics under faculty supervision. S/U grade assessment. A maximum of 3 cr. hrs. of BIOL 4931 will be counted towards major. Prereq: Cons. of instr.

BIOL 4956. Laboratory Research Project in Biological Sciences. 1-3 cr. hrs.

Laboratory experience in experimental design and analysis of a selected research project with faculty guidance and supervision. A maximum of six cr. hrs. of BIOL 4995 and BIOL 4956 combined will be counted toward the major. Prereq: cons. of dept. ch.

BIOL 4987. Applying the Internship Experience. 3 cr. hrs.

A weekly seminar that follows the completion of a full-time or part-time internship experience. Students reflect on and share the skills and knowledge that they have gained during their internship experience through presentations, case studies and mentoring. In addition, students present their internship projects to a broader audience of students and faculty in the format of a scientific poster and hone their scientific and technical writing skills through collaborative revision of their final work reports. Prereq: BIOL 3986 or BIOL 3987, and cons. of internship coordinator.

BIOL 4995. Independent Study in Biology. 1-3 cr. hrs.

Readings and analyses of published papers on selected topics in biology. Prereq: Jr. or Sr. stndg., cons. of instr., and cons. of dept ch. A maximum of six (6) cr. hrs. of BIOL 4995 and BIOL 4956 combined will be counted toward the major.