Chairperson: April L. Harkins, Ph.D., MT(ASCP)
Department of Clinical Laboratory Science website

The mission of the Department of Clinical Laboratory Science is to educate persons who will be highly skilled in laboratory medicine and who will possess those professional qualities necessary for the practice of clinical laboratory science. The degree awarded in this department qualifies one to work as a clinical laboratory scientist (aka, medical laboratory scientist or medical technologist) in hospital laboratories, clinics, physicians’ offices, research and teaching laboratories, as well as in biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies and public health labs. The course work provides the foundations necessary for individuals to qualify for medical school, graduate schools and other professional programs.

The Clinical Laboratory Science major is an integrated four-year curriculum leading to a bachelor of science degree. The first three years are spent in classrooms and labs on campus. The teaching laboratories on the university campus are structured to simulate a clinical setting and students have opportunities to experiment with modern technologies and diagnostic instrumentation. The clinical practicum required for this degree occurs during the fourth year and involves clinical rotations in laboratories in the Metro Milwaukee area.

Accreditation

The Clinical Laboratory Science Program is accredited by the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences; 5600 N. River Road, Suite 720; Rosemont, IL 60018; (773) 714-8880. Upon successful completion of the course work and practicum, students are eligible for the appropriate certification and/or licensure examinations. The university assumes no responsibility for the success of its students in obtaining professional certification or other types of professional licensure.

Admission Requirements

Applicants to the Department of Clinical Laboratory Science are expected to fulfill the university admission requirements. Entering freshmen are accepted to the Fall term. In addition to the university admission requirements, applicants must have completed two laboratory sciences, one of which must be chemistry. Three years of advanced high school mathematics and high school physics are also recommended. For students applying for admission with advanced standing from another institution or as transfers from within the university, the general university regulations apply. The number of students admitted with advanced standing or as transfers with any classification depends upon available openings in the class for which the applicant qualifies. Advanced standing or transfer students are never accepted for admission to the senior year only.

Certain essential functions represent the non-academic requirements of the program that a student must possess to successfully complete the program and become employable. These include the ability to distinguish colors, the ability to learn to perform and interpret highly complex testing methods and the ability to disseminate information in an accurate and confidential manner. Students must have good tactile skills, possess adequate physical and emotional health to work under stress and time constraints and demonstrate respect and care for others. Students must also be able to work efficiently and accurately in a clinical laboratory environment that often includes:

  • Loud noises
  • Strong odors
  • Biohazardous materials
  • Repetitive motions
  • Standing for long periods of time

Ordinarily, the following courses are not accepted from other institutions:

CLLS 2200Concepts in Clinical Laboratory Medicine3
CLLS 4124Medical Bacteriology4
CLLS 4127Medical Microbiology4
CLLS 4140Laboratory Instrumentation3
CLLS 4173Analytical and Clinical Chemistry4
CLLS 4174Clinical Hematology 14
Total Credit Hours22

Due to the nature of the content of the following courses, a student who has already completed these courses must repeat them if five or more years has lapsed between the time the course was completed and the date of enrollment in the senior year.

BISC 2070Biochemistry for the Health Professions3
BISC 3213Biochemistry4
CLLS 4124Medical Bacteriology4
CLLS 4127Medical Microbiology4
Total Credit Hours15

Ordinarily, the following must be taken during the year immediately preceding the senior year:

CLLS 4124Medical Bacteriology4
CLLS 4127Medical Microbiology4
CLLS 4140Laboratory Instrumentation3
CLLS 4173Analytical and Clinical Chemistry4
CLLS 4174Clinical Hematology 14
Total Credit Hours19


Professional Standards

In addition to being evaluated through the use of written examinations and assignments, class participation and practical examinations, clinical laboratory science students are also evaluated with respect to their professional qualities. The instructors in most clinical laboratory science courses complete a written evaluation of each student. Students who fail to comply with the rules and regulations of the department with respect to immunizations, health insurance, safety, honesty or whose conduct or health is unsatisfactory may be dismissed from the CLLS major.

During the senior year, students are subject to academic and professional policies of the department as well as the rules and regulations of the affiliating clinical facility to which they are assigned. Students in the senior year who are in violation of the rules and regulations of the clinical facility are subject to dismissal from that facility. This action is under the jurisdiction of the authorities of that institution in consultation with the university department chair.

In clinical laboratory science courses, a student who in any way acts dishonestly in class assignments or examinations is in violation of the University Academic Misconduct Policy and is subject to the procedures outlined within the policy and may be subject to dismissal from the program. 

For the safety of patients, peers and themselves, students are required to dress appropriately while attending clinical laboratory science sessions for all courses.

Academic Progression

Successful program progression requires students to complete each term in a lock-step sequence with a grade of C or higher in all major courses. Each course is only offered once each academic year and should a student fall out of sequence, they are delayed one year to continue. Students who fail to maintain progress necessary to meet the minimum requirements because of grade point average or excessive failure (F or U) grades are subject to review by the CLLS Progress and Promotions Committee, and they may be dismissed from the CLLS major.

During the senior year the academic actions taken are varied in severity dependent upon the scholastic and/or professional deficiency. These actions are the following: written academic warning, clinical academic warning, clinical censure and required to withdraw. The method of making up unacceptable grades during the senior year which have resulted in the issuing of an action of clinical academic warning or clinical censure are determined by mutual agreement between the university department chair and the affiliation clinical program director. The CLLS Progress and Promotions Committee prescribes, in writing, conditions under which these students are allowed to continue. Students who do not meet the conditions thus stipulated are dismissed from the major.

Junior students must have a criminal background check prior to beginning their clinical assignments. Some clinical sites may have requirements beyond those of the university (e.g. physical examination, drug testing, etc.). Seniors are expected to participate in the state clinical laboratory science conference.

Degree Requirements

Candidates for the baccalaureate degree in Clinical Laboratory Science must complete a minimum of 128 credit hours including the following requirements. 

Course requirements and regulations are subject to change on an annual basis and depend upon the demands of the profession and requirements for accreditation and/or certification. Students are subject to these changes regardless of the date of their matriculation in the major.

Core Curriculum Requirements

Students majoring in Clinical Laboratory Science must complete a minimum of 37 semester hours of core curriculum requirements. The University Core of Common Studies (UCCS) curriculum is included in the Clinical Laboratory Science (CLS) Core Curriculum requirements. Students must have a cumulative GPA of 2.200 and at least a 2.00 in their required science, mathematics, and CLS courses at the conclusion of their junior year to continue in the program.

Area Credit Hours
UCCS Requirements 33-36
Required Science and Medical Ethics Cognates23-25
Major56
General Electivesto achieve 128 total credits

Core Curriculum Requirements:

UCCS Rhetoric (R)*6
Any approved UCCS Rhetoric courses
UCCS Mathematical Reasoning (MR)3
Modern Elementary Statistics
Psychological Measurements and Statistics
UCCS Diverse Cultures (DC)3
Any approved UCCS DC course
UCCS Histories of Cultures and Societies (HCS)3
Any approved UCCS HSC course
UCCS Individual and Social Behavior (ISB)3
Any approved UCCS ISB course
UCCS Literature and Performing Arts (LPA)3
Any approved UCCS LPA course
UCCS Science and Nature (SN)3
General Biology 1
UCCS Human Nature and Ethics (HNE)6
Philosophy of Human Nature
Theory of Ethics
UCCS Theology (T)6
Introduction to Theology
One additional approved UCCS Theology course
Total Credit Hours36

*ENGL 1001 Rhetoric and Composition 1 and ENGL 1002 Rhetoric and Composition 2 are recommended for pre-professional students.

Science and Medical Ethics Cognate Requirements:

PHIL 4336Applied Ethics for the Health Sciences1
BIOL 1002General Biology 23
CHEM 1001General Chemistry 14
CHEM 1002General Chemistry 2 *4
CHEM 2111Organic Chemistry 14
A course in biochemistry:3-4
Biochemistry for the Health Professions *
Biochemistry *
A course in physiology:4-5
Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology *
Human Physiology *
Total Credit Hours23-25
*

Indicates essential cognate courses, the subject matter of which is deemed essential to the understanding of clinical laboratory science course work, which must be completed with a grade of C or better.

Major and Essential Course Requirements

Students must also achieve a grade of C or better in all CLLS major courses and the essential courses identified above.

CLLS major courses and essential cognate courses in which grades lower than a C have been earned must be repeated or the student demonstrate proficiency in the discipline by some other method as approved by the promotions committee. Students who complete guided study (CLLS 1100 Guided Study in Clinical Laboratory Science) to establish proficiency are issued a grade of CR. A student will not normally be permitted to repeat more than two of these courses.

Clinical Laboratory Science Major

The following courses constitute the Clinical Laboratory Science major:

Major Course Requirements:

CLLS 1200Professional Issues in CLLS0
CLLS 2200Concepts in Clinical Laboratory Medicine3
CLLS 3160Molecular Diagnostics: Laboratory Techniques3
CLLS 4124Medical Bacteriology4
CLLS 4127Medical Microbiology4
CLLS 4140Laboratory Instrumentation3
CLLS 4174Clinical Hematology 14
CLLS 4173Analytical and Clinical Chemistry4
CLLS 4180Concepts in Clinical Education Methods and Practicum1
CLLS 4181Modern Management Concepts for the Clinical Laboratory and Practicum1
CLLS 4183Clinical Chemistry and Practicum 6
CLLS 4184Clinical Hematology 2 and Practicum 4
CLLS 4185Clinical Hemostasis and Practicum3
CLLS 4186Clinical Immunohematology and Practicum 6
CLLS 4187Clinical Immunology and Practicum2
CLLS 4188Clinical Microbiology and Practicum 6
CLLS 4189Clinical Urinology and Practicum 2
Total Credit Hours56

General Electives - 12 credits

Students may choose from any university offerings to earn a total of 12 credits of general electives. Upon arrival at Marquette University the student’s adviser works out a program that is best suited to the needs of the student. The science requirements are subject to revision.

Typical Program for Clinical Laboratory Science Majors

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours 
BIOL 1001 (SN)*3BIOL 1002**3 
CHEM 10014CHEM 10024 
CLLS 11000ENGL 1002 or COMM 1100 (R)3 
ENGL 1001 (R)3MATH 17003 
UCCS (ISB)3Elective3 
Elective3  
 16 16
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours 
CHEM 21114BISC 2070 (**)3 
CLLS 22003BISC 10155 
UCCS (HCS)3UCCS (LPA)3 
PHIL 1001 (HNE)3PHIL 2310 (HNE)3 
THEO 1001 (T)3  
 16 14
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHoursSummer TermHours
CLLS 3160*3CLLS 41274CLLS 41734
CLLS 41244CLLS 41403 
UCCS (DC)3CLLS 41744 
UCCS (T)3PHIL 43361 
Elective3Elective3 
 16 15 4
Senior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours 
CLLS 41801CLLS 41866 
CLLS 41811CLLS 41872 
CLLS 41836CLLS 41886 
CLLS 41844CLLS 41892 
CLLS 41853  
 15 16
Total credit hours: 128

The senior year (clinical phase) consists of 38 consecutive weeks usually beginning in the Summer term.

*

Offered only in the Fall term of each academic year.

**

Offered only in the Spring term of each academic year.

+

Must be taken in the term immediately preceding the clinical phase.

Typical Program for Clinical Laboratory Science Majors -  Pre-medical

Freshman
First TermHoursSecond TermHours 
CLLS 11000BIOL 1002**3 
BIOL 1001 (SN)*3CHEM 10024 
CHEM 10014ENGL 1002 (R)3 
ENGL 1001 (R)3MATH 1700 (MR)3 
THEO 10013PSYC 1001 (ISB)3 
SOCI 10013  
 16 16
Sophomore
First TermHoursSecond TermHours 
CHEM 21114BIOL 20013 
CLLS 22003CHEM 21124 
PHYS 10014PHYS 10024 
PHIL 1001 (HNE)3PHIL 23103 
UCCS LPA3UCCS HCS/DC (dual application)3 
 17 17
Junior
First TermHoursSecond TermHoursSummer TermHours
BISC 3213*4BISC 41454CLLS 41734
CLLS 3160*3CLLS 41274 
CLLS 41244CLLS 41403 
PHIL 43361CLLS 41744 
UCCS (T)3  
 15 15 4
Senior
First TermHoursSecond TermHours 
CLLS 41801CLLS 41866 
CLLS 41811CLLS 41872 
CLLS 41836CLLS 41886 
CLLS 41844CLLS 41892 
CLLS 41853  
 15 16
Total credit hours: 131
*

Offered only in the Fall term of each academic year.

**

Offered only in the Spring term of each academic year.

+

Must be taken in the term immediately preceding the clinical phase.

Courses

CLLS 1001. Introduction to Clinical Laboratory Methods. 1 cr. hr.

Fundamental concepts in laboratory analysis and data correlation. Topics limited to specific disease entities. Laboratory exercises include certain aspects of clinical chemistry, clinical hematology and clinical microbiology. (Saturdays). Prereq: Enrolled in CLLS Young Scholar Program.

CLLS 1100. Guided Study in Clinical Laboratory Science. 0-2 cr. hrs.

Analysis of selected topics under faculty supervision. Primarily for undergraduate students who wish to enhance their knowledge in selected disciplines through guided study. 0 credit will be SNC/UNC grade assessment; 1-2 credits will be graded. Prereq: CLLS major; or cons. of dept. ch.

CLLS 1200. Professional Issues in CLLS. 0 cr. hrs.

Introduction to Clinical Laboratory Science as a profession and to the department and major at Marquette. Includes topics to assist the student in a successful transition to college including the advising process. SNC/UNC grade assessment. Prereq: CLLS major.

CLLS 2050. Forensic Science. 3 cr. hrs.

An introduction to the principles of forensic science. An overview of criminal law, the crime scene, evidence collection and processing, forensic medicine (pathology) drugs and toxins, firearms, questioned documents, trace evidence, fingerprints and DNA as evidence. Emphasis on the investigatory role of the forensic scientist. Laboratory sessions reinforce information from lectures and provide hands-on experiences, including homicide scene investigation techniques, molecular biology procedures.

CLLS 2060. Public Health. 3 cr. hrs.

An exploration and overview of public health medicine and its contribution to prevention and control of disease. Provides familiarization with epidemiology surveillance and investigation methods, including statistical tools. Included is an introduction to the following components of public health medicine: communicable and non-communicable disease diagnosis and monitoring, environmental and foodborne health concerns, social and behavioral health issues, community health services, and the bioterrorism response network.

CLLS 2200. Concepts in Clinical Laboratory Medicine. 3 cr. hrs.

Introduction to pathophysiology and the basic laboratory techniques of clinical pathology. Lecture and laboratory sessions limited to selected topics in hematology, immunohematology and clinical chemistry. Prereq: CLLS major and BIOL 1001 & 1002(BIOL 1002 can be taken concurrently); and CHEM 1001 & 1002(CHEM 1002 can be taken concurrently).

CLLS 3160. Molecular Diagnostics: Laboratory Techniques. 3 cr. hrs.

Medical and forensic molecular biology, including a review of DNA/RNA structure and function, will be covered. Relevant laboratory techniques include isolation of genomic DNA from various tissue samples, PCR RFLP, molecular diagnosis of cancer, detection of infectious agents and identification of inherited diseases. Prereq: CLLS or BISC major & biochemistry (can be taken concurrently).

CLLS 4124. Medical Bacteriology. 4 cr. hrs.

Emphasis on the theoretical foundations and methodologies needed in a medical bacteriology laboratory. Topics include: cultivation, isolation, microscopy, and antibiotic susceptibility testing. Morphological, cultural, biochemical, and immunological characteristics of bacteria examined as a basis for their differentiation and identification. Epidemiology, pathogenicity, and treatment of bacterial infections explored. Concepts of the immune response included. Prereq: CLLS major and biochemistry course, which may be taken concurrently.

CLLS 4127. Medical Microbiology. 4 cr. hrs.

Study of the identification and differentiation of pathogens and normal flora of humans based upon correlation of morphological, biochemical, immunological, and molecular characteristics. Epidemiology, pathogenicity, and treatment modalities are also investigated. Fungi, parasites, viruses, and bacteria are studied. Laboratory involves isolation and identification of medically important microorganisms, including proper patient specimen processing. Prereq: CLLS major and CLLS 4124.

CLLS 4140. Laboratory Instrumentation. 3 cr. hrs.

Application of the principles of basic electronics, spectrophotometry, flurometry, electrochemistry, flame emission, atomic absorption and flow cytometry to laboratory instruments used in diagnostic and research laboratories. Selected laboratory experiments investigate these applications as related to clinical chemistry and hematology. Background in quality assurance is provided. Focuses on team problem-solving and instrument trouble-shooting. Prereq: CLLS major and biochemistry course, which may be taken concurrently.

CLLS 4173. Analytical and Clinical Chemistry. 4 cr. hrs.

Concepts of analytical chemistry including mathematical treatment of data, chemical and acid-base equilibria, buffers and electrochemistry. Application of theoretical aspects to measurement and evaluation of acid-base and electrolyte balance in the human body. Principles and application of electrophoretic and chromatographic analysis of clinical specimens. The components of blood and body fluids and their chemical analysis in disease states. Selected laboratory exercises emphasize quality assurance and integration of automated and manual clinical methods. Prereq: Biochemistry and physiology courses and CLLS major.

CLLS 4174. Clinical Hematology 1. 4 cr. hrs.

Study of identification and differentiation of blood and bone marrow cells with emphasis on morphology, function and pathology of these cells. Includes the study of blood parasites. Principles of methodologies used and their relationship to diagnosis and treatment of disease. Laboratory provides experience in identification of cellular elements in normal and disease states. Prereq: CLLS major and biochemistry course.

CLLS 4180. Concepts in Clinical Education Methods and Practicum. 1 cr. hr.

Educational concepts especially appropriate to instruction in a clinical setting using clinical materials. Concepts discussed include: writing learning objectives, learning styles, testing and evaluation methods and use of audio-visuals. Prereq: CLLS major and CLLS 4173.

CLLS 4181. Modern Management Concepts for the Clinical Laboratory and Practicum. 1 cr. hr.

Comparison of management theories and styles for effective leadership. Principles and methods of communication essential to the delivery of quality health care. Strategic financial planning ensuring cost effectiveness in the diagnostic laboratory. Statistical analysis comparing alternative methodologies for selection of reliable laboratory procedures. Selected projects relating managerial practices to clinical laboratory organization and use of laboratory data systems for health care delivery. Prereq: CLLS major and CLLS 4173.

CLLS 4183. Clinical Chemistry and Practicum. 6 cr. hrs.

The chemical constituents of blood and other body fluids in health and disease. Principles of the methods used in qualitative and quantitative determination of these constituents. Treatment of the theoretical aspects of instrumentation used in these determinations. Prereq: CLLS major and CLLS 4173.

CLLS 4184. Clinical Hematology 2 and Practicum. 4 cr. hrs.

Quantitative and qualitative study of blood, bone marrow and body fluid cells and alterations present in disease. Principles of procedures used. Methods of obtaining and preserving blood specimens with consideration of the theory and practice of aseptic technique. Prereq: CLLS major and CLLS 4173.

CLLS 4185. Clinical Hemostasis and Practicum. 3 cr. hrs.

The components in the blood related to the hemostatic mechanisms, the principles of the procedures involved and their relationship to the diagnosis and treatment of disease. Prereq: CLLS major and CLLS 4173.

CLLS 4186. Clinical Immunohematology and Practicum. 6 cr. hrs.

Therapeutic and diagnostic aspects of immunohematology. Aspects of blood transfusion and of methods used in preservation and selection of properly matched blood for transfusion. Prereq: CLLS major and CLLS 4173.

CLLS 4187. Clinical Immunology and Practicum. 2 cr. hrs.

The diagnostic procedures used to determine immune system status and diagnosing immunodeficiency, autoimmunity and immunoproliferative diseases. The use of immunoassays to diagnose bacterial and viral infections and malignancies. Basic immunology is reviewed. Prereq: CLLS major and CLLS 4173.

CLLS 4188. Clinical Microbiology and Practicum. 6 cr. hrs.

Advanced study of pathogenic and normal flora microorganisms having medical importance. Includes methods for obtaining and handling specimens for culture as well as principles of current instrumentation. Identification protocol include cultural, morphological, biochemical, immunological, and molecular characteristics. Examines pathophysiology of infectious diseases caused by bacteria, fungi, parasites and viruses. Prereq: CLLS major and CLLS 4124, CLLS 4127 and CLLS 4173.

CLLS 4189. Clinical Urinology and Practicum. 2 cr. hrs.

Physical, chemical and microscopic study of urine with emphasis on the changes exhibited in disease with related physiology. Prereq: CLLS major and CLLS 4173.

CLLS 4931. Topics in Clinical Laboratory Science. 1-4 cr. hrs.

Selected topics in clinical laboratory science. Specific topics determined each term.

CLLS 4995. Independent Study in Clinical Laboratory Studies. 1-4 cr. hrs.

Advanced study of a selected topic under the direction of a faculty member from the Department of Clinical Laboratory Science. Prereq: Cons. of dept. ch.

CLLS 7124. Medical Bacteriology. 4 cr. hrs.

Emphasis on the theoretical foundations and methodologies needed in a medical bacteriology laboratory. Topics include: cultivation, isolation, microscopy, and antibiotic susceptibility testing. Morphological, cultural, biochemical, and immunological characteristics of bacteria examined as a basis for their differentiation and identification. Epidemiology, pathogenicity, and treatment of bacterial infections explored. Concepts of the immune response included. Prereq: Admitted to certificate program in clinical laboratory science.

CLLS 7127. Medical Microbiology. 4 cr. hrs.

Study of the identification and differentiation of pathogens and normal flora of humans based upon correlation of morphological, biochemical, immunological, and molecular characteristics. Epidemiology, pathogenicity, and treatment modalities are also investigated. Fungi, parasites, viruses, and bacteria are studied. Laboratory involves isolation and identification of medically important microorganisms, including proper patient specimen processing. Prereq: Admitted to certificate program in clinical laboratory science; CLLS 7124.

CLLS 7140. Laboratory Instrumentation. 3 cr. hrs.

Application of the principles of basic electronics, spectrophotometry, flurometry, electrochemistry, flame emission, atomic absorption and flow cytometry to laboratory instruments used in diagnostic and research laboratories. Selected laboratory experiments investigate these applications as related to clinical chemistry and hematology. Background in quality assurance is provided. Focuses on team problem-solving and instrument trouble-shooting. Prereq: Admitted to certificate program in clinical laboratory science.

CLLS 7173. Analytical and Clinical Chemistry. 4 cr. hrs.

Concepts of analytical chemistry including mathematical treatment of data, chemical and acid-base equilibria, buffers and electrochemistry. Application of theoretical aspects to measurement and evaluation of acid-base and electrolyte balance in the human body. Principles and application of electrophoretic and chromatographic analysis of clinical specimens. The components of blood and body fluids and their chemical analysis in disease states. Selected laboratory exercises emphasize quality assurance and integration of automated and manual clinical methods. Prereq: Admitted to certificate program in clinical laboratory science.

CLLS 7174. Clinical Hematology 1. 4 cr. hrs.

Study of identification and differentiation of blood and bone marrow cells with emphasis on morphology, function and pathology of these cells. Includes the study of blood parasites. Principles of methodologies used and their relationship to diagnosis and treatment of disease. Laboratory provides experience in identification of cellular elements in normal and disease states. Prereq: Admitted to certificate program in clinical laboratory science.

CLLS 7180. Concepts in Clinical Education Methods and Practicum. 1 cr. hr.

Educational concepts especially appropriate to instruction in a clinical setting using clinical materials. Concepts discussed include: writing learning objectives, learning styles, testing and evaluation methods and use of audio-visuals. Prereq: Admitted to certificate program in clinical laboratory science; CLLS 4173.

CLLS 7181. Modern Management Concepts for the Clinical Laboratory and Practicum. 1 cr. hr.

Comparison of management theories and styles for effective leadership. Principles and methods of communication essential to the delivery of quality health care. Strategic financial planning ensuring cost effectiveness in the diagnostic laboratory. Statistical analysis comparing alternative methodologies for selection of reliable laboratory procedures. Selected projects relating managerial practices to clinical laboratory organization and use of laboratory data systems for health care delivery. Prereq: Admitted to certificate program in clinical laboratory science; CLLS 7173.

CLLS 7183. Clinical Chemistry and Practicum. 6 cr. hrs.

The chemical constituents of blood and other body fluids in health and disease. Principles of the methods used in qualitative and quantitative determination of these constituents. Treatment of the theoretical aspects of instrumentation used in these determinations. Prereq: Admitted to certificate program in clinical laboratory science; CLLS 7173.

CLLS 7184. Clinical Hematology 2 and Practicum. 4 cr. hrs.

Quantitative and qualitative study of blood, bone marrow and body fluid cells and alterations present in disease. Principles of procedures used. Methods of obtaining and preserving blood specimens with consideration of the theory and practice of aseptic technique. Prereq: Admitted to certificate program in clinical laboratory science; CLLS 7173.

CLLS 7185. Clinical Hemostasis and Practicum. 3 cr. hrs.

The components in the blood related to the hemostatic mechanisms, the principles of the procedures involved and their relationship to the diagnosis and treatment of disease. Prereq: Admitted to certificate program in clinical laboratory science; CLLS 7173.

CLLS 7186. Clinical Immunohematology and Practicum. 6 cr. hrs.

Therapeutic and diagnostic aspects of immunohematology. Aspects of blood transfusion and of methods used in preservation and selection of properly matched blood for transfusion. Prereq: Admitted to certificate program in clinical laboratory science; CLLS 7173.

CLLS 7187. Clinical Immunology and Practicum. 2 cr. hrs.

The diagnostic procedures used to determine immune system status and diagnosing immunodeficiency, autoimmunity and immunoproliferative diseases. The use of immunoassays to diagnose bacterial and viral infections and malignancies. Basic immunology is reviewed. Prereq: Admitted to certificate program in clinical laboratory science; CLLS 7173.

CLLS 7188. Clinical Microbiology and Practicum. 6 cr. hrs.

Advanced study of pathogenic and normal flora microorganisms having medical importance. Includes methods for obtaining and handling specimens for culture as well as principles of current instrumentation. Identification protocol include cultural, morphological, biochemical, immunological, and molecular characteristics. Examines pathophysiology of infectious diseases caused by bacteria, fungi, parasites and viruses. Prereq: Admitted to certificate program in clinical laboratory science; CLLS 7124, CLLS 7127 and CLLS 7173.

CLLS 7189. Clinical Urinology and Practicum. 2 cr. hrs.

Physical, chemical and microscopic study of urine with emphasis on the changes exhibited in disease with related physiology. Prereq: Admitted to certificate program in clinical laboratory science; CLLS 7173.

CLLS 7995. Independent Study in Clinical Laboratory Studies. 1-4 cr. hrs.

Advanced study of a selected topic under the direction of a faculty member from the Department of Clinical Laboratory Science. Prereq: Admitted to certificate program in clinical laboratory science; cons. of dept. ch.