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Academic Integrity

Statement on Academic Integrity

We, the scholars of Marquette University, recognize the importance of personal integrity in all aspects of life and work. We commit ourselves to truthfulness, honor, and responsibility by which we earn the respect of others. We support the development of good character in our academic community, and commit to uphold the highest standards of academic integrity as an important aspect of personal integrity. Our commitment obliges us as students, faculty, and staff to conduct ourselves according to the Marquette University Honor Code set forth below. We do this in pursuit of Marquette University’s mission, which is the search for truth, the discovery and sharing of knowledge, the fostering of personal and professional excellence, the promotion of a life of faith, and the development of leadership expressed in service to others.

Students are asked to commit to academic integrity through the following honor pledge. Faculty may require students to sign the pledge in their courses or for any individual assignment.

I recognize the importance of personal integrity in all aspects of life and work. I commit myself to truthfulness, honor, and responsibility, by which I earn the respect of others. I support the development of good character, and commit myself to uphold the highest standards of academic integrity as an important aspect of personal integrity. My commitment obliges me to conduct myself according to the Marquette University Honor Code.

Marquette University Honor Code

The honor code obliges students:

  1. To fully observe the rules governing exams and assignments regarding resource material, electronic aids, copying, collaborating with others, or engaging in any other behavior that subverts the purpose of the exam or assignment and the directions of the instructor.
  2. To turn in work done specifically for the paper or assignment, and not to borrow work either from other students, or from assignments for other courses.
  3. To give full and proper credit to sources and references, and to acknowledge the contributions and ideas of others relevant to academic work.
  4. To report circumstances that may compromise academic honesty, such as inattentive proctoring or premature posting of answers.
  5. To complete individual assignments individually, and neither to accept nor give unauthorized help.
  6. To accurately represent their academic achievements, which may include their grade point average, degree, honors, etc., in transcripts, in interviews, in professional organizations, on resumes and in the workplace.
  7. To report any observed breaches of this honor code and academic honesty.

Academic integrity is a matter of great importance to the entire Marquette community and as such the honor code obliges others on campus as well.

The honor code obliges instructors:

  1. To monitor and design exams and assignments so that honest students will not be disadvantaged by other students who might choose to cheat if given the opportunity.
  2. To report circumstances that may compromise academic honesty, such as inattentive proctoring or premature posting of answers.
  3. To follow all published procedures regarding cases of academic misconduct.
  4. To report any observed breaches of this honor code and academic honesty.

The honor code obliges researchers:

  1. To give full and proper credit to sources and references, and to acknowledge the contributions and ideas of others relevant to research.
  2. To conduct research experiments according to professional standards of objectivity conscientiousness, reliability and transparency.
  3. To conduct all experiments according to professional ethical standards, and, when applicable, to submit all proposed investigations to the relevant oversight bodies.
  4. To provide sufficient documentation of research methodology so that other researchers in the field may replicate work.
  5. To observe all duties required by copyright and patent regulations.
  6. To follow all published procedures regarding cases of personal and academic misconduct.
  7. To report any observed breaches of this honor code and academic honesty.

The honor code obliges staff:

  1. To interpret procedures and regulations in the spirit of furthering the highest standards of personal and academic integrity.
  2. To report circumstances that may compromise academic honesty, such as inattentive proctoring or premature posting of answers.
  3. To follow through on reporting, punishment, and record-keeping on all incidents of personal and academic misconduct.
  4. To follow all published procedures regarding cases of personal and academic misconduct.
  5. To report any observed breaches of this honor code and academic honesty.

Academic Integrity Best Practices

In addition to the honor code, members of the Marquette University community commit to the following set of best practices.

As students we strive to come to class on time and to be prepared for the material at hand. This includes all readings and assignments. We strive to devote our full attention to the class proceedings and to be fully engaged in class discussions and activities. We recognize the importance of asking questions about material we don’t understand, as it helps other students who may not have thought of the question but need to hear the answer, and it gives the instructor valuable feedback. We respect the views of classmates and instructors, and we avoid distracting the class and instructor with irrelevant conversations or behavior. We strive to prepare for exams in a timely manner, and to seek help from the instructor when necessary during the preparation. We start preparing papers, projects, and homework assignments early enough to have sufficient time to do the best we can.

As instructors we strive to be prepared and current with respect to the content and conduct of our courses, and to plan the course and class sessions to achieve the course objectives effectively. We strive to answer questions honestly and completely, and to acknowledge when we do not have an answer. We strive to give all students equal opportunity to participate in class discussions and activities. We respect students’ views on issues of judgment, and we clearly distinguish between our personal opinions and our professional expertise. We are available during office hours or at arranged times to work with students individually to help them to master course material. We strive to develop and update exams and assignments so that they are meaningful tests of understanding and progress toward achieving course objectives. Finally, we give due and careful consideration to students’ answers and submissions when evaluating them and assigning grades.

As researchers we strive to be honest, accurate, efficient, objective, and accountable in conducting and reporting our research efforts. Where applicable, we aim to publish in outlets accessible to other professionals in the field for the greatest possible dissemination of creative scholarly research.

As staff we strive to serve all faculty and students within the confines of Marquette University policy and procedure. We recognize the importance of serving all faculty and students fairly and on a timely basis, while maintaining confidentiality. We respect teaching and learning, and support faculty and students in this endeavor every day.

The Marquette Academic Integrity philosophy expressed above is incorporated within the Academic Honest Policy outlined below.

Academic Honesty Policy

Preamble

Marquette University is committed to developing the whole person, spiritually, mentally, physically, socially and ethically. As an institution of higher education, love of truth is at the center of the university’s enterprise, and academic honesty, in all its forms, is an explicit value of the university. The development and practice of academic honesty and integrity, both inside and outside the classroom, are expectations for all members of the university community. In order to cultivate academic honesty in its students, instructors take every opportunity to help students appreciate both the process and the principles of academic integrity.

Academic honesty can be best understood by academic ethical standards guiding faculty in their work. That is to say, an individual’s contributions, in terms of words and scholarly findings, belong to him or her alone. Furthermore, the integrity of that which one claims to be scholarly knowledge rests on the accurate demonstration of the assumptions and reasoning that produced it. These standards are used as the implicit basis for teaching and learning in the university.

In order for instructors to fairly assess the quality and quantity of a student’s learning as determined by work that students represent as their own, a relationship of trust between instructor and student is essential. Because violations of academic integrity most often involve, but are not limited to, efforts to deceive instructors, they represent a breach of the trust relationship between instructor and student, and undermine the core values of the university.

Responsibility for Academic Honesty

This policy applies to all undergraduate programs and to students and faculty in programs under the auspices of the Graduate School of Management.  Graduate School of Management students should appeal to the Graduate School of Management while professional students should appeal to the appropriate person in their college or school, i.e., Graduate School or College of Health Sciences. School of Dentistry and Law School students must follow the appeal processes put forth by their respective schools.

ACADEMIC HONESTY consists of truth telling and truthful representations in all academic contexts. All members of the academic community have a responsibility to ensure that academic honesty is maintained. In what follows the wording “chair” refers to either a department chair or an equivalent official, “associate dean” refers to either an associate dean or an equivalent official, or in the case of the Graduate School it will refer to the assistant vice provost for graduate programs, the word “college” refers to a college, school, or other academic unit, and the words “assigned college” refers to the degree granting college or school (i.e. Graduate School of Management).

Faculty have primary responsibility for:

  1. Upholding and enforcing university-wide principles of academic honesty and integrity and informing students of these principles including any qualifications that may be operative in the classes they are teaching.
  2. Minimizing opportunities for academic dishonesty in their courses.
  3. Confronting students suspected of academic dishonesty in a way that respects student privacy.
  4. Affording students accused of academic dishonesty the right to appeal any resulting disputes to disinterested parties for hearing and resolution.
  5. Assigning an appropriate grade to a student who engages in academic dishonesty.
  6. Reporting all instances of academic dishonesty to the associate dean of the college offering the course.
  7. Protecting the anonymity of any student reporting an incident of academic dishonesty to the extent permitted by due process required for the accused and other legal requirements.

Students have responsibility for:

  1. Refraining from cheating and plagiarism.
  2. Refusing to aid or abet any form of academic dishonesty.
  3. Notifying professors and/or their adviser about observed incidents of academic misconduct. The anonymity of a student reporting an incident of academic dishonesty will be protected to the extent permitted by law.

Definitions of Academic Dishonesty

ACADEMIC DISHONESTY applies equally to electronic media and print, and involves text, images and ideas. It includes but is not limited to the following examples:

Cheating

  1. Copying from others during an examination.
  2. Communicating exam answers with other students during an examination.
  3. Offering another person’s work as one’s own.
  4. Taking an examination for another student or having someone take an examination for oneself.
  5. Sharing answers for a take home examination or assignment unless specifically authorized by the instructor.
  6. Tampering with an examination after it has been corrected, and then returning it for more credit.
  7. Using unauthorized materials during an examination.
  8. Allowing others to do the research and writing of an assigned paper (including use of the services of a commercial term paper company).

Dishonest Conduct

  1. Stealing or attempting to steal an examination or answer key from the instructor.
  2. Changing or attempting to change academic records without proper sanction.
  3. Submitting substantial portions of the same work for credit in more than one course without consulting all instructors involved.
  4. Intentionally disrupting the educational process in any manner.
  5. Allowing another student to copy off one’s own work during a test.

Plagiarism

Plagiarism is intellectual theft. It means use of the intellectual creations of another without proper attribution. Plagiarism may take two main forms, which are clearly related: 1. To steal or pass off as one’s own the ideas or words, images, or other creative works of another and 2.To use a creative production without crediting the source, even if only minimal information is available to identify it for citation.

Credit must be given for every direct quotation, for paraphrasing or summarizing a work (in whole, or in part, in one’s own words) and for information that is not common knowledge.

Collusion

Any student who knowingly or intentionally helps another student perform any of the above acts of cheating, dishonest conduct or plagiarism is subject to discipline for academic dishonesty.

Research Misconduct

Marquette University has a duty to ensure the integrity of research and will respond to any allegation of research misconduct in a thorough, competent, timely, objective, and fair manner. Research misconduct is defined as fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism in proposing, performing, or reviewing research, or in reporting research results. The University Research Misconduct Policy applies to faculty, students, and others who are employed by or affiliated with Marquette University. Students who are accused of misconduct related to grant-funded research shall be governed by the procedures outlined in the research misconduct policy. Students who are accused of misconduct related to research that is not grant-funded and is a part of a student’s academic program will be governed by the University Academic Honesty Policy of this bulletin. Any uncertainty related to which policy will govern a given situations will be decided by the research integrity officer.

Consequences of Academic Dishonesty

Regardless of how alleged acts of academic dishonesty are brought to light, faculty and instructors retain the responsibility and the authority to investigate all allegations, although, as outlined below, university administrators may lead these investigations. Because the consequences for academic dishonesty can be severe, the decision to penalize a student for such infractions must be the result of a thorough review. The procedures to be used for adjudicating suspected acts of academic dishonesty are determined by the nature of the misconduct and the seriousness of the offense.

Procedures for Incidents of Academic Dishonesty

Students found committing acts of academic dishonesty will be subject to the Marquette University procedures for incidents of academic dishonesty. In what follows the wording “chair” refers to either a department chair or an equivalent official, “associate dean” refers to either an associate dean or an equivalent official, or in the case of the Graduate School of Management it shall refer to the executive associate dean, the word “college” refers to a college, school, or other academic unit, and the words “assigned college” refers to the college granting the degree (i.e. for graduate students the assigned college is the Graduate School of Management).

First Offenses

Many, perhaps most, incidents of academic dishonesty involve accusations which are based on clear evidence and which are not contested by the accused student. In such cases, if the infraction is relatively minor and there is no indication that the accused student has previously been involved in such incidents, it is most appropriate that the matter be resolved between the student, the faculty member, and the chair of the department offering the course.

When a faculty member has evidence of a student’s academic dishonesty, the faculty member must initiate communication with the student within 15 calendar days of discovering evidence of academic dishonesty. The faculty member must then present the evidence to the student in a private meeting, always with a facilitator present (e.g., department chair or designee). This meeting should take place within 15 calendar days of the student being notified of the allegation or as soon thereafter as possible. If, after this meeting, it is decided that the student did participate in academic dishonesty the faculty member may follow up with one or more of the following actions:

  1. Issue a reprimand to the student
  2. Require repetition of the questionable work or examination
  3. Reduce the grade on the questionable work or examination (faculty can reduce the grade down to and including an F or zero)
  4. Recommend that the student be administratively withdrawn from the course
  5. Recommend that the student be given a final grade of F for the course

The faculty must maintain careful documentation of the incident.

It is essential that any disciplinary action be reported in writing to the student in a letter from the faculty member. The faculty member is strongly encouraged to consult with his or her associate dean for questions about appropriate discipline and the form and content of the letter sent to the student. Reference to the “Marquette University Policies on Academic Honesty” should be included in the letter. The letter to the student must be sent out within 15 calendar days of the meeting and may be sent by email with settings for “notify sender of receipt and of opening”. At the same time the letter is sent to the student, a copy must be sent to the department chair and executive associate dean of the college offering the course. In turn, within 5 working days, the executive associate dean of the college offering the course will communicate in writing details of the incident to the associate dean of the student’s assigned college, to ensure that penalties assessed are commensurate with the offense and that repeated infractions can be detected and dealt with appropriately. The executive associate dean of each college is responsible for maintaining confidential records concerning academic dishonesty of students enrolled in that college. All letters reporting faculty imposed academic penalties for academic misconduct will be included in these files.

In most incidents the disciplinary response and procedure for incidents of academic dishonesty concludes at this step.

Student’s Appeal

Students have the right of appeal of the allegations of academic dishonesty and the disciplinary actions of the instructor if the student believes the alleged incident of academic dishonesty and/or resultant academic discipline to be unfounded, biased or capricious. In this case the student should submit a formal written appeal stating the grounds for appeal and available documentation to the executive associate dean of the college offering the course within 15 calendar days of the notification of the instructor’s decision. Upon receipt of the appeal the executive associate dean may convene a review of the student’s actions by a college panel. The executive associate dean and/or panel reviews the details of the student’s actions and may ask to speak to the student, the instructor, the chair of the department offering the course, executive associate deans, and others. The executive associate dean of the college offering the course will determine the appropriate disciplinary action and, within 15 calendar days of receipt of the appeal, will provide a written statement to all parties concerned.

Disciplinary Recommendations by Faculty of ADW or F

If the faculty member recommends that the student be administratively withdrawn from the course and assigned a final grade of ADW or that a final grade of F be assigned, the executive associate dean of the student’s assigned college will review the details of the incident and make the final decision within 5 working days of receipt of the request, and provide a written statement to all parties concerned.

Students have the right to appeal the decision of the executive associate dean to issue grades of ADW or F to the dean of the student’s assigned college.  This appeal must be made within 15 calendar days of the notification of the grade change. The final decision to uphold or modify the action of the executive associate dean will be provided to the student and executive associate dean within 15 calendar days of receipt of the appeal. The decision of the dean is final.

Repeat or More Serious Offenses

When the executive associate dean of the Graduate School of Management/College of Business Administration is aware of or determines that the student has engaged in multiple incidents of academic dishonesty or the incident in question is of a more serious nature he/she will convene a review of the student’s actions by a college panel within 15 calendar days of learning of the most recent incident. In the case of graduate students, such a panel will be composed of a sub-committee of the University Board of Graduate Studies. More serious incidents may involve repeat offenses, cause injury or harm to others outside the academic community, or other actions deemed to warrant additional consideration. These incidents of academic dishonesty call for more serious disciplinary action up to and including campus wide sanctions of suspension or expulsion. Where incidents involve possible violations of the University Code of Conduct, in addition to the alleged academic dishonesty, consultation with the Office of Student Development is recommended.

Each college will have guidelines for the composition and selection of the college panel to assure a review by experienced faculty and/or administrators not directly involved in the incident(s). The panel reviews all aspects of the student’s record, the details of the student’s behavior and may ask the student, instructor(s), and others to speak with the panel. Within 15 calendar days of being given the charge, the panel will forward its recommendations for appropriate and just disciplinary action to the executive associate dean of the student’s assigned college with a copy to the dean. All disciplinary decisions that involve a campus wide sanction, such as suspension or expulsion, will be made by the dean of the student’s assigned college with all other actions being taken by the associate dean.

Within 15 calendar days of receiving the panel’s recommendation, the executive associate dean or dean, as appropriate, makes the decision known to the student via written documentation that includes a description of the academic dishonesty, the process the decision went through, the resulting decision and appeal procedures. A copy of the decision is placed in the student’s academic file located in the Office of the Registrar.

Students have the right of appeal of the allegation of academic dishonesty and the disciplinary actions of the executive associate dean or the dean of the student’s assigned college. Such appeals must be made within 15 calendar days of receipt of the letter. Actions taken by the executive associate dean should be appealed to the dean of the student’s assigned college. The final decision to uphold or modify the action of the executive associate dean will be provided to the student and executive associate dean within 15 calendar days of receipt of the appeal. The decision of the dean is final.

For actions of the dean involving campuswide sanctions, such as suspension or expulsion, students have the right of appeal to the Office of the Provost. A formal written appeal stating the grounds for appeal and available documentation is to be submitted to the Office of the Provost within 15 calendar days of the notification of the decision of the dean. The provost or designee will conduct a review of the appeal materials, may seek additional information, and may consult with the student, faculty, chair(s), executive associate dean(s), deans and others. The final decision to uphold or modify the action of the dean will be provided to the student and to the dean and executive associate dean of the student’s assigned college within 15 calendar days of receipt of the appeal. A copy of the provost’s decision will be placed in the student academic file maintained in the Office of the Registrar. The decision of the provost is final.

Other Considerations

The executive associate dean may exclude students who have on file recorded acts of academic dishonesty, as defined by this policy, from consideration for academic honors at graduation. Exclusion from consideration for honors is not for the purposes of this policy to be considered a campuswide sanction.

Maintenance of Disciplinary Records

Records relating to academic dishonesty will be maintained by the Office of the Registrar to promote consistency of penalties for academic dishonesty and to ensure appropriate action against repeat offenders. The university will not release a student's disciplinary records to any other person and/or entity, unless authorized to do so by the student in question or when authorized by law.

Professional Ethics and Standards

These procedures do not supersede or take the place of procedures established for students who violate professional standards applicable to a particular program or college. Separate procedures and/or outcomes may be invoked when students are found in violation of professional standards or codes of ethics related to special programs, licensure or certification as determined by the program’s external or internal professional requirements. It is the student’s responsibility to know and follow these standards/codes of ethics, which are part of the student’s academic program. These special expectations and procedures, including the appeals process, will be provided to the student upon enrollment in the program, and are available in published form in the administrative offices overseeing these programs.

This policy evolved from a collaborative effort that included members of the Marquette University Committee on Academic Procedures, Marquette University Board of Undergraduate Studies, and the Marquette University Board of Graduate Studies. These groups would like to express their gratitude to the University of California–Irvine whose UCI Academic Senate Policy on Academic Honesty provided the framework for the resulting document.

Academic Review

Every academic unit evaluates the academic performance of its graduate students at the close of each term, adhering to the standards of the Graduate School of Management and any additional standards promulgated by the unit.

Graduate students must maintain a grade point average of at least 3.000 in all course work, including prerequisites, foundations, core, elective core, elective courses, whether they apply toward the degree or not. Specific attention is given to those admitted on Probationary Status. Those who do not meet the requirements outlined on their admission letter may be recommended for disenrollment. This is a university requirement and minimum standard for graduate courses and graduate students. Students are responsible for awareness of these standards, which are listed in the program section of the Graduate School of Management bulletin.

Students that have below average or unsatisfactory work will be sent official notification to their Marquette email account from the Graduate School of Management. Marquette University email is considered an official form of communication. The results of this review are reported to the Office of the Registrar and noted on student records.

Satisfactory academic work is not, however, determined exclusively by course grades. All Graduate School of Management degree students, including those registered for Continuation courses must make substantial and visible progress toward their degrees. This includes successful completion of such program requirements as the master’s professional project and comprehensive examination.

All students enrolled in Graduate School of Management courses are subject to the standards stated within the Graduate School of Management including, but not limited to degree, non-degree, exchange students and others taking our courses. All students must maintain professional behavior at all times.

Examples of unsatisfactory work include, but are not limited to: 1) any difficulty maintaining the required 3.000 grade point average, such as a weak first or second term, multiple incompletes, accumulating three Cs (nine hours) or a combination of four BCs and Cs (12 hours), or one grade of F or U; 2) a term without substantial and visible progress toward completion of program requirements, such as professional project, comprehensive exam, course work; 3) violation of probation requirements; 4) unprofessional behavior in a class, or professional setting representing Marquette University.

If, in the judgment of the academic unit, a student does not meet the non-academic standards, either a warning letter will be issued by the department to the student, or a recommendation will be made to the dean of the Graduate School of Management that the student be dropped from the graduate program.

Academic Review communication will be directed to your Marquette email.

Academic Censure

There are five categories of student performance problems that can lead to some form of censure. These problems may be identified at any point during the academic year, though a systematic review of all students’ course grades is also conducted at the end of each academic term. The review of other, non-course grade problems is typically conducted on an individual basis as issues arise. A finding of significant problems in any of these areas can result in a warning, probation, suspension, dismissal, or expulsion, depending on the nature and severity of the problems identified. All of these statuses are maintained permanently on the student’s academic record; only dismissal and expulsion, however, appear permanently on Marquette University’s official transcript. If a student is reinstated following a dismissal, that notation will also permanently appear on the student’s official transcript. The statuses that will appear permanently on a student’s official transcript include those listed (in bold type) below.
  • Required to Withdraw for Academic Reasons (RWAR)
  • Required to Withdraw for Academic Misconduct
  • Required to Withdraw for Non-Academic Reasons (e.g., violations of the Student Conduct Code)
  • Required to Withdraw for Unsatisfactory Degree Progress
  • Required to Withdraw for Professional Performance Reasons
  • Required to Withdraw for Professional Integrity Reasons
  • Reinstated on Probation (following a successful appeal of a dismissal)

Academic Standing

Graduate School of Management students must maintain a cumulative grade point average of 3.000 or above in all course work, including prerequisites, foundations, core, elective core, and elective courses, whether they apply toward the degree or not. Specific attention is given to those admitted on Probationary Status. Those who do not meet the requirements outlined on their admission letter may be recommended for disenrollment. This is a university requirement and minimum standard for graduate courses and graduate students. Students are responsible for awareness of these standards, which are listed in the program sections of the Graduate School of Management Bulletin.

Good Standing

A graduate student is in good standing whenever the student’s cumulative grade point average is at least 3.000, and the student has not warranted a warning or probation status as noted below.

Warning

Warning Level 1: Students that earn a grade below a B in any given enrollment period,but who maintain a 3.000 cumulative grade point average and do not meet warning or probation status (see below) will be sent a letter from the Graduate School of Management that their performance is below expectations.

Warning Level 2: Students that earn multiple BCs or Cs in a given term or over their graduate career but have not reached the limits of dismissal, will receive a letter of warning or probation depending on the severity of the situation.

Academic Probation

Academic probation includes, but is not limited to: 7-11 credits of BC/C grades, 6-8 credits of C grades, 1-2 credits of F or U grade, a second term and/or overall grade point of less than 3.000. Academic probation is determined on a term-by-term basis and will not be applied to any subsequent term, as long as the student satisfies the conditions for Good Standing for each term in which the student is enrolled.

Dismissal

Students that have unsatisfactory coursework are subject to academic dismissal (Required to Withdraw for Academic Reasons - RWAR) from their graduate program and the Graduate School of Management. In addition, these students will also be ineligible for financial aid due to failure to maintain Satisfactory Academic Progress.

Unsatisfactory work includes:

  • 9 attempted units of C grades.
  • 12 attempted units of BC or C grades. (This includes either 12 units of BC grades; 12 units of C grades; or 12 credits of some combination of BC and C grades.)
  • 3 attempted units of F, U or UNC grades. (This includes 3 units of F grades; 3 units of U grades; 3 units of UNC grades; or 3 units some combination of F, U and UNC grades.)
  • Attempted 9 or fewer total units and have less than a 2.500 Cum GPA.
  • Attempted greater than 9 total units and have less than a 3.000 Cum GPA.

Refer to the complete Financial Aid Satisfactory Academic Progress policy on the Office of Student Financial Aid website.

Students may initiate an appeal to the academic dismissal (RWAR) in writing by following the deadlines outlined in the academic dismissal letter and utilizing the GSM Appeal Academic Dismissal/Satisfactory Academic Progress form located on the Marquette Central academic forms website and following all of the instructions therein.  This appeal is submitted to the Associate Dean of the Graduate School of Management, who will confer with the director of the student’s program.  The Associate Dean has three business days in which to respond to the appeal. If the dismissal is upheld, the student has three business days to further appeal any dismissal in writing to dean of the College of Business Administration.  The decision of the dean is final.  Students who do not appeal the RWAR by the deadline will have all classes dropped from any subsequent terms in which they are enrolled.

College Academic Alert (CAA)

The Graduate School of Management reserves the right to dismiss students for issues other than RWAR. These dismissals will result in the academic censure status of College Academic Alert (CAA).  Students will be barred from future registrations and may be dropped from any classes in future terms.  The school looks at the following to determine this alternative dismissal.

  • Multiple incompletes.
  • A term without substantial and visible progress toward completion of program requirements, such as professional project or comprehensive exam.
  • Violation of probation requirements.
  • Unprofessional behavior in a class, or professional setting representing Marquette University.
  • Breach of academic integrity, including, but not limited to: cheating, dishonest conduct, plagiarism, collusion or research misconduct.

Students may initiate an appeal to this alternative dismissal in writing, by following the deadlines outlined in the dismissal letter.  Students who do not appeal the alternative dismissal by the deadline, will have all classes dropped from any subsequent terms in which they are enrolled.  Appeals are made in writing to the director of the program (for M.B.A. students, send to the GSM associate dean). The director has three business days to review the request and respond to the student in writing. If the dismissal is upheld by the director of the program, the student has three business days to further appeal any dismissal in writing to the associate dean. (for M.B.A. students, the second appeal is sent to the executive associate dean, who will also respond in three business days).  If needed, a third appeal may be sent in writing to the dean of the Graduate School of Management. The dean will respond in writing within three business days. The dean of the Graduate School of Management’s decision is final.  If the dismissal is upheld, all classes will be dropped from any subsequent enrolled terms.

Dismissed students may apply for readmission through the normal admission process. A period of at least one semester may be required by the academic department before readmission will be considered. If so required, the department may specify conditions that must be met during this period. No student may be readmitted to a program that is no longer active at the time of readmission. The student must send a written request for readmission to the associate dean of the Graduate School of Management who will, in turn, forward the student’s file to the academic program for overview and recommendation on readmission. The request for readmission must include a statement by the student addressing previous weaknesses, steps taken to correct the weaknesses and an explanation of why the student feels he or she has the ability to succeed in graduate studies. The student's transcripts will indicate dismissal if such should occur.  If the student is subsequently granted readmission, the grade point average will continue from the previous calculation and the student must obtain a 3.000 grade point average within a designated time frame after a new sequence of academic probation.

Academic Programs Defined

An academic program is a combination of courses and related activities organized for the achievement of specific learning outcomes as defined by the university. This includes programming at both the undergraduate, graduate and professional level and consists of degrees, majors, minors, concentrations, specializations and certificates.

Degree Program: An academic program of study leading to a bachelor’s, master’s, Ph.D. or professional degree. All degree programs require a minimum number of semester credit hours, as referenced in the official bulletins of the university that are produced each academic year.

  • Major: A comprehensive course of study in a given discipline at the undergraduate level. A minimum of 30 semester credit hours must be earned in the major.
  • Minor: A course of study in a discipline or interdisciplinary cluster at the undergraduate level that is other than the student’s major area of study. A minimum of 18 semester credit hours must be earned in the minor.
  • Concentration: A sub-set of a discipline organized in clusters of focused courses taken within an undergraduate major. A minimum of 9 semester credit hours must be earned in the concentration.
  • Specialization: An integrated, coherent set of courses that define a limited topic or field of study at the graduate level that is taken within the degree program. A minimum of 12 semester credit hours must be earned in the specialization.
  • Certificate: A post-baccalaureate or post-master program of study offered at the graduate or professional level, in which a specific skill set is demonstrated at the end of the program, usually culminating in a capstone course. In order to earn a certificate, the program of study must be offered apart from a degree; however, the courses in a certificate program may be applied toward a graduate or professional degree program. A minimum of 12 semester credit hours must be earned in a certificate program.

Advising

The Graduate School of Management sends the name and telephone number of an academic adviser to each student in the letter of admission. A student is required to meet or talk with the adviser before their first registration for classes. The Graduate School of Management strongly recommends that students meet regularly with their adviser; an adviser plays an important role in the graduate student’s course of study. Non-degree and temporary non-degree student must seek advising and permission numbers prior to registration. Students who register for course work without adviser approval assume full responsibility for their registration. Courses that do not satisfy the requirements of their plan of study will not be applied toward the degree.

No classes may be attended for which a student is not properly registered. Proper registration includes the payment of all tuition and fees.

Appeals

In the Graduate School of Management, the final responsibility to resolve student appeals rests with the dean of the Graduate School of Management (or, when delegated, the executive associate dean). Possible matters of appeal include, but are not limited to, terminations from programs, disenrollments, graduation decisions, failure of economics master’s comprehensive examination or professional project, and accusations of academic dishonesty. Before an appeal is made to the Graduate School of Management, every effort must have been made to resolve the matter informally, and appeal procedures at the program level must have been exhausted.

Appeals to the Graduate School of Management must be made in writing to the dean of the Graduate School of Management within 6 days of notification of the action being appealed. The appeal must be specific and substantiated. The dean of the Graduate School of Management reserves the right to appoint a committee to hear the appeal. During an appeal, the student may maintain graduate status. This status is maintained through either course work or less than half-time continuous enrollment at the discretion of the Graduate School of Management or the student’s graduate program. See the specific process on the Graduate School of Management website.

Attendance

The Marquette University Graduate School of Management considers regular class attendance an important component of the learning process. Students are expected to attend scheduled class meetings; excessive absences may have adverse consequences, ranging from a lowered course grade to forced withdrawal from the course. Excessive absence is generally defined as missing more than 10-15 percent of the regularly scheduled class time. Please consult the instructor's course syllabus for additional details regarding a particular course.

Background Checks, Drug Testing

Some degrees, majors and/or courses may require a student to submit to a criminal background check and/or drug testing. The results of those checks and/or tests may affect the student’s eligibility to continue in that degree, major and/or course.

Commencement

Commencement at Marquette is a symbolic ceremony provided for students, faculty and families in celebration of our students’ accomplishments. Following is the policy regulating participation in the University Commencement.

  1. Marquette offers one Commencement per year. Commencement is held in May, following the spring term.
  2. Spring Graduates:
    • Undergraduate/Master's/Health Sciences Professional students: Students who are in good academic standing, have met the appropriate graduation application deadline and will complete all degree requirements, including the official recording of any transfer work/credit by the end of the spring term, may participate in Commencement held in the same calendar year.
    • Dental students: Students who are in good academic standing, have met the appropriate graduation application deadline and will complete all degree requirements, including the official recording of any transfer work/credit by the end of the spring term, will participate in Commencement held in the same calendar year.
    • Doctoral students: Candidates must have met the appropriate graduation application deadline, have any transfer work/credit officially recorded, successfully defended their dissertation, received approval by their Dissertation Committee for any required revisions, submitted their dissertation to the Graduate School and received approval of the dissertation format by the Graduate School before the published deadline in order to participate in the Commencement held in the same calendar year.
    • Law students: Students who are in good academic standing, have met the appropriate graduation application deadline and will complete all degree requirements, including the official recording of any transfer work by the end of the spring term, will participate in Commencement and be hooded and honored at the May Law School Hooding Ceremony of the same calendar year.
  3. Summer and Fall Graduates:
    • Undergraduate/Master's/Health Sciences Professional students: Students who are in good academic standing, have met the appropriate graduation application deadline and will complete all degree requirements, including the official recording of any transfer work/credit after the Commencement of a given year, may participate in Commencement held in the same calendar year, or may choose to participate in the Commencement held in the following calendar year.
    • Doctoral students: Candidates who complete their degree/dissertation (see 2. above) after Commencement of a given year, may be hooded and honored at a December Hooding Ceremony hosted by the Graduate School, or may choose to participate in Commencement held in the following calendar year.
    • Law students:
      • Summer graduates: Students who are in good academic standing, have met the appropriate graduation application deadline and will complete all degree requirements, including the official recording of any transfer work in the summer term after Commencement of a given calendar year, may participate in Commencement of the same calendar year, or may choose to participate in the Commencement held in the following calendar year.
      • Fall graduates: Students who are in good academic standing, have met the appropriate graduation application deadline and will complete all degree requirements, including the official recording of any transfer work by the end of the fall term may be hooded and honored in the December Hooding Ceremony, hosted by the Law School in the same calendar year; or may choose to participate in Commencement and be hooded and honored at the May Hooding Ceremony, hosted by the Law School in the following calendar year.
  4. Students' names/degrees will appear in the Commencement Program in which they participate; however, those students who are in degree programs that award graduation honors and choose to participate in commencement before completion of all degree requirements, will not have honors noted in the program.
  5. Degree conferral is certified by the official Marquette transcript noting the degree completion. Receipt of a diploma or participation in the Commencement ceremony does not constitute certification of degree conferral.
  6. Any exceptions to this policy must be approved by the provost.

Commencement Notification

The Office of the President sends one invitation/announcement to the name indicated on the Graduation Application each graduating student submits online via the Student Center in their CheckMarq account.   However, there is no limit to the number of family members and friends who may attend the university-wide Commencement exercises; tickets are not needed.    For further information on the university-wide commencement contact University Special Events at (414) 288-7431 or visit the University Commencement website.   The Graduate School of Management ceremony may require tickets.  For further information on the Graduate School of Management ceremony, contact the GSM office.

Communication

As a new student, you automatically have a Marquette University email account on eMarq. eMarq is accessible on and off campus on any computer with Internet access.

Graduate School of Management communication will be sent to your Marquette University email account, including, but not limited to registration information, deadlines and academic review notifications. Marquette University email is an official means of communication. Students are expected to utilize this tool for all Marquette University communication. For further information, see the email information in this bulletin.

Continuous Enrollment

Students enrolling in a continuation course must register to activate their desired status. All continuation classes, which are graded on the SNC/UNC basis, require the consent of the student’s department which must be secured prior to registering. The Graduate School of Management offers continuation courses to secure less-than-half-time status for all Graduate School of Management programs, course number 9970.

Graduate Assistants may utilize course number 9976 Graduate Assistant Research Continuation if approved by their adviser and associate dean. Graduate Economics students should seek advising regarding continuation course options specific to the M.S.A.E. program.  Registration for Professional Project Continuation requires completion of a registration form, identification of the type and amount of work to be done, and the approval of the student's advisor and Graduate School of Management.

To apply for a Graduate School of Management continuation option, follow these procedures:

1. The student and his/her adviser must complete the Graduate School of Management’s Continuation Course Enrollment Registration Form and request the section that is most appropriate to the student’s needs. The form is available on the Graduate School of Management forms website.

2. Submit completed and signed form to the Graduate School of Management for review.

3. If approved by the Graduate School of Management, the student will be given a permission number to be used during the registration process.

4. Students are billed by the Office of the Bursar for the continuation enrollment fee.

Conduct

Professional Integrity

To function properly and maintain high standards, academic and professional disciplines expect members to adhere to standards of conduct and professionalism. Marquette expects its graduate students, from the beginning of their work at Marquette, to demonstrate the utmost personal integrity and the highest standards of professionalism, including adherence to any commonly recognized codes of conduct or professional standards in the graduate student’s discipline. In dealing with the public or campus community, in clinics, practica, internships, classrooms or elsewhere, graduate students must adhere to these standards. Violations of these standards may be grounds for dismissal or other penalties.

Professional Performance

All students in professional, laboratory, or clinical settings must maintain fully professional behavior at all times. If, in the judgment of the academic unit, a student is not living up to the non-academic standards, and that deficiency is a first offense or an offense deemed to be less serious in nature, a warning letter may be issued by the department to the student. If, however, the unsatisfactory behavior is a repeat offense or is more serious in nature, a recommendation will be made to the dean of the Graduate School or the Graduate School of Management, as applicable, that the student be dropped from the graduate program.

Student Conduct Code and Procedures

Graduate students are responsible for complying with the regulations and/or procedures of the Graduate School of Management, as well as those set forth in the online At Marquette student handbook. Violations of regulations found in the student handbook will be administered by the Office of Student Development. If there is a conflict between the two applicable regulations or procedures, the Graduate School of Management's will govern. If there are multiple components to the case, they may be separated and reviewed independently by the appropriate authorities.

Confidentiality of Proprietary Information

The university recognizes that the primary purpose of research and scholarship is to train future scholars and disseminate new knowledge for the benefit of humankind. However, commercially valuable inventions and discoveries also may result. Graduate students, during the course of their studies and work at the university, may receive access to confidential or proprietary information from the university, its faculty and employees, and/or private companies. A student, both while a student and thereafter, is expected to respect and maintain the confidentiality of such information. In certain unusual cases, a student may be asked to sign an additional confidentiality agreement. Unauthorized use or dissemination of another’s confidential or proprietary information is subject to appropriate legal recourse and/or academic discipline, including termination from the program.

Intellectual Property

Students will acquaint themselves with the University's Intellectual Property Policy. Marquette University students are subject to the policy when, working for pay or for academic credit, they participate in faculty research programs.

Credit

The semester hour is the unit of academic credit used by Marquette University. Following is the minimally required contact hours for classes and is based on a 15-week semester:

  1. Classroom Based Courses: must meet a minimum of 50 minutes per credit, per week. In addition, it is expected that an additional workload will be assigned to equal 2 hours of course work outside the classroom for each 50 minutes of meeting time (e.g., a total of 170 minutes per credit, per week).
  2. Blended and Non-Classroom Based Courses: must include some form of instruction, and/or homework, and/or activity that equals a minimum of 170 minutes per credit, per week.
  3. Those courses that meet in a compressed format (i.e., fewer than 15 weeks), must make up the minimum of 170 minutes per credit, per week within the timeframe of the course offering.

Semester hour credit is given only in accordance with descriptions for individual courses, as published in the Graduate Bulletin. No credit is given for a course in which a student has never registered.

Course Load

The maximum academic course load for a graduate student is thirteen semester hours of course work for fall or spring term. Seven hours are the maximum permitted for each of the summer sessions but no more than 13 credits for the entire summer term. Assistants may register for a maximum of ten semester hours each fall or spring term and seven hours for each of the summer sessions. Overloads must have the approval of the Graduate School of Management. Overload requests must be in writing indicating all courses anticipated for the semester and brief rationale for the overload along with your name and student MUID number.

Deadlines

All graduate students are responsible for ascertaining and meeting all deadlines listed in the Academic Calendar. This includes, but is not limited to: deadlines for registration, withdrawing from courses, financial aid applications, graduation applications, comprehensive exams and professional projects.

Diplomas

Diplomas for Spring graduates are distributed at the May Commencement ceremonies. Any special arrangements for the mailing or pick-up of May diplomas must be made using the Diploma/Certificate Request forms on the Marquette Central academic forms website. Likewise, all Summer and Fall diplomas are available for pick up or can be requested by mail in the same manner.

Enrollment Status

Every graduate student, except those with non-degree status, must be enrolled as a full-time, half-time or less than half-time student each fall and spring term to maintain his or her status. All degree graduate students must enroll in either adviser-approved course work or one of the continuation courses; or a combination of the above. Degree students who fail to enroll for every fall and spring term must contact the Graduate School of Management and may have to apply for readmission to their program. (See Readmission policy below).

A full-time graduate student is defined as one who: a) registers for seven or more credit hours of cumulative* course work in one or more sessions of a fall term, spring term or summer term, or b) registers in the departmental continuation course.

A half-time graduate student is defined as one who: a) registers for four or more but fewer than seven credit hours of cumulative* course work in one or more sessions of a fall term, spring term or summer term, or b) registers in the departmental continuation course.

A less than half-time graduate student is defined as one who: a) registers for fewer than four credit hours of cumulative* course work in one or more sessions of a fall term, spring term or summer term, or b) registers in the departmental continuation course.

* “Cumulative” means adding all credits taken in all sessions within any one term. International students should confer with the Office of International Education for additional constraints due to additional federal regulations

Family Education Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)

In compliance with the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act, Marquette University notifies its students each term of their rights to inspect, amend and prevent disclosure of their education records. In addition, Marquette’s policy regarding education records can be found in the FERPA policy on the Marquette Central academic policies website.

Grade Appeals

Students should make every attempt to resolve grade appeals directly with the faculty member involved. If a student is unable to resolve a grade issue with the faculty, the process to follow is listed below.  In all cases an official grade appeal must be initiated by the deadline to remove an incomplete grade for the term in which the course was taught.
 
For Graduate School of Management courses, the process is as follows:

  1. Students unable to resolve the issue with the faculty member make a formal, written appeal to the chairperson of the department in which the course was taught.
  2. If unable to resolve the issue with the chairperson, the student has the right to appeal in writing to the executive associate dean.
  3. If still unresolved, the student may appeal in writing, to the dean of the Graduate School of Management in writing.
  4. The dean’s decision is final and no further appeal is available.
  5. See more information on the Graduate School of Management current students website.

For courses taught by other academic colleges/schools, the process is as follows:

  1. These grade appeals are heard by the school or college that teaches the course and follow the procedures for that school or college.
  2. The decision of the other academic college/school is final, and no further appeal is available.

Grading System

The following letter grades and their achievement equivalents are used by instructors in the Graduate School of Management to evaluate a student’s performance in a course. Grade points corresponding to each letter grade determine a student’s academic average and eligibility to graduate. Each grade, A through F, has a specific grade point value. The grade points earned in any course equal the grade point value of the grade multiplied by the number of semester hours credited. The grade point average (GPA) is found by dividing the total grade points earned by the total number of semester hours credited in those courses for which grade points have been assigned. Determination of the cumulative GPA will be based on all courses taken during the student's graduate career, including prerequisite and repeated courses, if any. Note: Credits that are accepted for a Marquette degree, if transferred from another university, will not be included when calculating the student’s grade point average. The official Marquette GPA of all students is calculated by the student information system and this GPA will not be rounded up or down for any reason.

All graduate students must maintain a grade point average of at least 3.000 to graduate. The official Marquette GPA of all students is calculated by the student information system and this GPA will not be rounded up or down for any reason.(For the effect of F and U grades, refer to Academic Review.) Graduate students may not be assigned a CD or a D grade in any course whatsoever, including undergraduate courses.

Letter grades, with or without grade points, are used by marquette faculty to evaluate a stduent's performance in a course.  All grades described below, with the exception of the I, IC and IE are permanent grades. No additional work may be submitted by the student once permanent grades are assigned during final grading for the session in which the class is offered. Likewise, no additional work may be submitted once the deadline to change the temporary grades of I, IC or IE has passed. 

Grade Achievement Grade Points
ASuperior4.000
AB3.500
BGood3.000
BC2.500
CMinimally acceptable on a limited basis for graduate credit2.000
CDNot approved for graduate students
DNot approved for graduate students
FFailure0
Grade Defined
ADWAdministrative Withdrawal; a permanent grade indicating student was withdrawn from the course for administrative reasons, as determined by approved personnel of the university, including but not limited to the dean, or personnel of a committee involved in formal hearing and/or appeal process.
AUAudit; a permanent grade indicating excluded from attempted credits.
AUAAudit; a permanent grade indicating included in attempted credits.
CRCredit; a permanent grade indicating equivalent work of C or better.
IIncomplete; a temporary grade, assigned on a pre-arranged basis, indicating inability to complete the course and/or take the final exam, due to circumstances beyond the control of the student; and, therefore, completion of assignments/exam will be allowed after the term has ended.
ICCourse Incomplete; a temporary grade indicating the course is not completed by the end of the term in which the course is scheduled; assigned to all students enrolled in the course.
IEIncomplete Extension; a temporary grade indicating an extension to the I grade removal deadline; assigned by the college office to those students who, due to circumstances beyond their control were unable to complete the required work by the I grade removal deadline.
NCNo Credit; a permanent grade indicating equivalent work of less than C.
PIPermanent Incomplete; a permanent grade indicating student did not remove the I grade by the published deadline, or the IC and IE grades by the deadlines indicated below.
SNCSatisfactory completion; a permanent grade indicating equivalent work of C or better in a course bearing no credit.
UNCUnsatisfactory completion; a permanent grade indicating equivalent work of less than C in a course bearing no credit.
SSatisfactory completion; a permanent grade indicating equivalent work of C or better in a credit bearing, competency-based course.
SYSatisfactory completion; a permanent grade indicating equivalent work of C or better in the first term of a series of year-long courses, where grades are assigned only in the final course in the series.
UUnsatisfactory completion; a permanent grade indicating equivalent work of less that C in a credit bearing, competency-based course.
UWUnexcused withdrawal; a permanent grade indicating withdrawal initiated by the faculty or college office when a student registered for a course, never attended and failed to officially withdraw.
UYUnsatisfactory completion; a permanent grade indicating equivalent work of less than C in the first term of a series of year-long courses, where grades are assigned only in the final course in the series.
WOfficial withdrawal; a permanent grade indicating withdrawal initiated by the student, with approval of the college office.
WAWithdrawn-Excessive Absences; a permanent grade indicating withdrawal initiated by the faculty or college office due to excessive absences in the course.

ADW Grade

Any student who is administratively withdrawn from the university will receive this grade in all classes for the term/session. Likewise, any student who is administratively withdrawn from a single class will receive this grade in the class. Administrative withdrawal is an action normally taken by the university for disciplinary, conduct, lack of professional competence, or academic reasons other than low grades or lack of degree progress. This grade is assigned by the Graduate School of Management or the Office of the Registrar, depending on the reason and the office requesting the administrative withdrawal. This grade will take precedence over any other grade assigned to the student. Students assume responsibility for all consequences that ensue as a result of receiving any withdrawal grade. These consequences may include, but are not limited to: a delay in graduation, external institutions/agencies viewing these grades as failing grades, loss of eligibility for certain scholarships and/or financial aid, loss of full-time status and/or loss of a refund.

Audit

Students must first register for a course via CheckMarq, then request the audit option from the Graduate School of Management, using the Registration Change Request form on the Graduate School of Management forms website is used for this request. The deadline to request the audit option for each session is listed on the Academic Calendar. Students who have requested this option prior to the deadline for the session in which the class is offered are assigned the AU grade; students who have requested this option after the deadline for the session in which the class is offered are assigned the AUA grade. The AUA grade may affect the ability to repeat a class and satisfactory academic progress. Classes being audited are not charged at the normal tuition rate. Refer to the Tuition, Fees and Housing section of this bulletin for information on tuition rates.

CR/NC Grading

Under no circumstances may the undergraduate CR/NC option be exercised by a graduate student taking an undergraduate course for graduate credit.

S/U Grading

Graduate students required to take undergraduate courses as prerequisites or to remedy deficiencies may not take those courses for S/U grades, as this option is not available.

However, a few select graduate courses are offered for S/U grades only. Courses of this type usually are limited to practica, department colloquia or special seminar courses. Students should check the individual course descriptions in this bulletin and the grading basis when conducting a class search in CheckMarq to determine whether a course is offered on this basis.

For the effect of U grades, refer to Academic Review in this section.

UW Grade

This withdrawal is initiated by the faculty or college office when a student registered for a course, never attended and failed to officially withdraw.

The fact that a student did not attend class, does not relieve that student of the obligation to pay any tuition and/or fees that are due. Students assume responsibility for all consequences that ensue as a result of receiving any withdrawal grade. Theses consequences may include, but are not limited to: a delay in graduation, external institutions/entities viewing these grades as failing grades loss of eligibility for certain scholarships and/or financial aid, loss of full-time status and/or loss of the 100% refund. Refund calculation for this grade will be based on the date the University is first informed of the non-attendance.

W Grade

This grade is initiated by the student. Students assume responsibility for all consequences that ensue as a result of receiving any withdrawal grade. These consequences include, but are not limited to: a delay in graduation, external institutions/entities viewing these grades as failing grades, loss of eligibility for certain scholarships and/or financial aid, loss of full-time status and/or loss of a refund.

WA Grade

This grade is initiated by the faculty or college office and is assigned due to excessive absences in the course; once assigned, the WA grade cannot be overwritten by a W grade. As with the W grade, students assume responsibility for all consequences that ensue as a result of receiving this grade.

Grade Changes

There are two types of grade adjustments: changing a temporary grade (I, IC or IE) to a permanent grade and correcting a permanent grade.

Temporary Grades — I, IC and IE

Graduate students who do not complete course requirements during the term in which the class is offered may be given one of two temporary grades:  an I when the course work and/or final examination has not been completed; an IE, when the removal of an I grade deadline extension is needed.

The I grade will only be approved for these conditions:  The student was unable to complete the course and/or take the final exam due to circumstances beyond the control of the student, the I grade was approved by the faculty member prior to the grading deadline for the term in which the course is offered and the student's performance merits this exception.  If these conditions are not met, the instructor will assign the grade that reflects both the quality of the work completed and the significance of the work/exam that has not been completed.

The IE grade will only be approved for these conditions:  The student was unable to complete the course and/or take the final exam due to circumstances beyond the control of the student by the deadline to remove the I grade and the extension has been approved via student request prior to the deadline to remove the I grade, as published in the Academic Calendar. The Request for Extension of I Grade Deadline is located on the Graduate School School of Management forms website.

The IC grade is issued when the course extends beyond the grading period of the term in which the class started and is assigned to all students in the class, i.e., may not be used for individual students in a class with more than one student enrolled.

It is the responsibility of the faculty member to submit a grade change form, found in the Faculty Center in CheckMarq, to change an I, IC or IE to a permanent grade. The grade change deadline listed in the Academic Calendar pertains to the I grade. For this grade, the student is obligated to submit all missing work to the instructor by the deadline, or request an extension to the Graduate School before  the deadline. The IE grade must be removed by the deadline, as outlined to the student at the time the IE grade was approved. The IC grade removal is faculty initiated and must be removed once the class is complete; however, in all cases the IC grade must be changed within one year of the assigned IC grade. Once the deadline has passed for the I, IE or IC without a grade change, these grades will become a permanent grade of PI.

It is the responsibility of the faculty member to initiate the grade change procedure for the I grade by the deadline listed in the Academic Calendar and the grade change for the IE grade. Grades of I or IE that are not resolved by the deadlines outlined above will become permanent grades of PI on the student’s record. Change of the IC grade is faculty initiated, once the class is completed. In all cases, the IC grade must be changed within one year of the assigned IC grade, or the permanent grade of PI will be assigned.

Correcting a Permanent Grade

Changing a permanent grade, because of miscalculation on the part of the instructor or a misunderstanding between the instructor and the student, may be initiated by either the student or the instructor. Changing a permanent grade should be done within six months of the end of the term.

Graduate Credit

A student can earn graduate credit for a course only if a) the course has been approved for graduate credit and b) he or she has been accepted, through an official letter of admission, into the Graduate School of Management. Students taking courses while in non-degree status may request the transfer of credits to their degree program (see Transfer of Credit section below).

Graduate credit may be earned for curriculum approved 5000 level courses and above. Students are encouraged to seek advising prior to registering for courses outside their curriculum to verify they meet program requirements.

No student may register for a 5000-6000 level course unless he or she has been admitted to the Graduate School of Management or has the approval of the student’s home college and the department offering the course.

Graduation

All students must apply for graduation by the deadline specified in the Academic Calendar. Graduation Application forms for Graduate School of Management students are available in the Student Center of the CheckMarq account. Graduation deadlines are scheduled well in advance of the date of Commencement to allow time for student academic audits and for printing diplomas, graduation invitations and program booklets.

The awarding of a degree or certificate is contingent upon the student’s successful completion of all program requirements prior to the date of graduation. Participation in commencement does not mean a student has graduated.  A cumulative grade point average of 3.000 or above is also required to graduate. Any exceptions to the total credits and minimum grade point average requirements for any degree and/or certificate must be approved by the provost. If a student fails to graduate at the time originally anticipated, he or she must reapply online for the next graduation before the appropriate deadline stated in the Academic Calendar.

Students who have completed all of their degree or certificate requirements prior to a specific graduation date, but who have missed the graduation application deadline, may request a letter from the Graduate School certifying the completion of their program; however, the student must still apply for graduation and the diploma will reflect the next graduation date.  Furthermore, the university reserves the right to graduate a student without a graduation application on file, once all requirements are complete.

Immunization and Tuberculosis Screening Requirements

All newly admitted and readmitted undergraduate, graduate, and professional students are required to provide proof of certain immunizations and complete a TB Screening questionnaire for tuberculosis. Prior to arrival on campus all new and readmitted students will supply this information to the Marquette Health Clinic (formerly Student Health Service). Proof of immunization and/or prior disease for Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR), Varicella (chicken pox), Tetanus/Diphtheria and completion of a tuberculosis screening questionnaire is required. Immunization and tuberculosis screening forms must be completed electronically. The forms and directions can be found on the Marquette University Medical Clinic forms website (formerly Student Health Service). Failure to submit the required immunization documentation and TB screening questionnaire within 30 days of the start of the student’s first term or the readmitted term at Marquette will result in the placement of a registration “hold” on future registrations. The hold will be removed once the immunization and screening requirements have been met. Health Sciences, Nursing and Dental students may be required by their departments or colleges to receive additional immunizations. Contact your department or college for specific requirements.

Inactive Files

Incomplete and inactive admission files are discarded after one year.

Independent Study

Independent Study (6995) courses provide students the opportunity to study and investigate areas of interest not available through normal course offerings. A 6995 course is taken on the recommendation of the student’s adviser and with the approval of the department chairperson and associate dean of the Graduate School of Management. The approval form and outline, which must be completed for each 6995 course, is available on the Marquette Central academic forms website. Normally, no more than six credits of 6995 course work can be included in a master’s degree program.

Inter-University Visitation

Marquette University participates in two programs, detailed below, by which its students may take courses at another university or college in order to expand the breadth of their education.

Marquette–UWM

Marquette University has agreements with the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee. The course being taken at UW-Milwaukee must not be available at Marquette and directly relevant toward the degree requirements. In no case will more than six credits taken at UWM be counted toward degree completion at Marquette. The students must apply for admission to the host institution as a special student; the application fee is waived. A Marquette student must complete an Inter-University Exchange Course Approval and Manual Registration Form, found online on the Graduate School of Management forms website, get their adviser’s approval, and finally submit the completed form to the Graduate School of Management. This will register the student for the course (UWM course), which is a variable title and variable credit course (1-3 credits) that reflects the title and number of credits of the course at the host institution. The student must also register for the courses at the host institution. Tuition is paid at the home institution for the BUAD 6932 course. The course at the host institution is tuition-free. Only degree-seeking graduate students in good standing are eligible to participate. A maximum of two of these exchange courses for a maximum of 6 credits may be included in the required minimum course work for the student's program of study at Marquette University. This course typically extends beyond the Marquette term; students receive an IC grade initially. The IC grade will be changed to an A-F grade at the end of the course. Successful completion and posting of the final grade is required as a graduation requirement and may impact the term of graduation. Interested students should contact the Graduate School of Management office for additional information and enrollment forms.

Students must seek their grade, request transcripts, etc. via official means within Marquette University. Visit the Marquette Central Grades and Transcript website for information about this process.

Jesuit Multilateral Agreement (Jesuit M.B.A.)

The Society of Jesus (Jesuits) was founded in 1540 by Saint Ignatius of Loyola. It is the largest religious order of the Roman Catholic Church. For centuries, Jesuits have influenced mathematics, business, astronomy, architecture, law, medicine and most academic pursuits. A primary mission of the Jesuits is education.

In 1996 a group of M.B.A. directors and administrators from Jesuit and Jesuit-friendly universities decided to work together to promote the many benefits of Jesuit business education. This consortium of 28 Jesuit and a subset of Jesuit-friendly schools include some of the most revered names in business education. The collective of resources of these schools provides you with a unique competitive advantage.

Across the United States, twenty one AACSB accredited Jesuit and three Catholic, non-Jesuit universities formed a multilateral agreement. Students in the Graduate School of Management may, if necessary, transfer credits from a member of the multilateral agreement. The student applies for admission at the Jesuit M.B.A. school as a ‘Jesuit Multilateral’ applicant and submits all required application materials for the receiving school. The Graduate School of Management completes the Multilateral Agreement Form along with a letter of ‘good standing’ and forward this to the receiving school upon written notification from the student. The student benefits with a continued Jesuit education, ability to continue with the Marquette University M.B.A. and is not restricted to six transfer credits. Students must earn a B or better grade to transfer courses. Students earn the M.B.A. degree from the school that granted more than 50% of the credits. Students are encouraged to complete the Approved Non-MU Study Continuation form reflecting their appropriate registration status. The Continuation registration will keep the student active as a Marquette University student. Continuous registration is required every fall and spring semester from a student’s first registration through graduation. The continuation form is available on the Graduate School of Management website.  Additional Jesuit M.B.A. information can be found on the Jesuit MBA website.

Law Student Consent to take a GSM course

Law students not pursuing the joint M.B.A./J.D. degree are eligible to take a maximum of 9 credits in the GSM pending approval from both the Law School and Graduate School of Management. Law students complete the Consent to Take Graduate School of Management course form posted to the Graduate School of Management forms website, obtain all required consents (i.e. Law School) and forward the form to the GSM office. If approved, the GSM will forward the student permission numbers to assist in the registration. Many GSM courses have prerequisites. It may be necessary for a law student to provide a copy of undergraduate transcripts for the GSM to review for prerequisites. Likewise, the Transcript Forwarding Request form can be found on the Graduate School of Management forms website.

Law students may pursue the joint M.B.A./J.D. degree. Further information is posted in the M.B.A. section of the bulletin.

Readmission

See Readmission in the Admission and Readmission section of this bulletin.

Registration/Enrollment Changes

Changes in a graduate student’s enrollment are under the jurisdiction of the Graduate School of Management. Most enrollment changes, i.e., adding and dropping courses, can be done using CheckMarq, the online registration system. Instructions for adding or dropping from courses are available on the Marquette Central Course Registration website.

After the close of registration each term, the dropped course becomes a withdrawal from the course and the student must notify the Graduate School of Management directly and complete appropriate forms before any enrollment change will become effective. It is not sufficient for a student to notify the course instructor or someone in the department office. The Course Drop or Withdrawal Form is available on the Graduate School of Management forms website.

Students must be registered by the deadline to register for each session in which a class is offered, as outlined in the Academic Calendar. A student is responsible to ensure that his/her course schedule for each term accurately reflects the courses he/she plans to attend and may not attend courses in which he/she has not officially registered. The University does not retroactively register students for courses after the deadline to register for a session or after a term is completed and reserves the right to deny credit to any student who fails to officially register in any course within these time limitations. All courses for which the student is registered are subject to tuition and in some cases, additional fees. The student is responsible for any payment due on all officially registered courses, regardless of attendance.

Adding Courses

Students who wish to add one or more courses after the close of registration must contact the Graduate School of Management at (414) 288-7145 or by email (mba@marquette.edu) and request to add a course. Courses are not routinely added and late registration is not guaranteed. Because the deadline to register was missed, the Graduate School of Management reserves the right to deny any late registration, based on the circumstance that caused the student's need for a late registration request. If a student has missed the first class or the class was otherwise not available to the student, including an existing wait list, the course will not be added to a student record.

Dropping Courses

Students who, after the close of registration, decide to withdraw from one or more, but not all, courses in a particular term or summer session must complete the Graduate School of Management’s Course Drop or Withdrawal form available on the Graduate School of Management forms website. (See also Withdrawing From All Courses, below.) It is extremely important that the student contact the Graduate School of Management as soon as the decision to withdraw is made. Tuition refunds (refer to Refunds and Adjustments on the Tuition, Fees and Housing section of this bulletin) and W (Withdrawal) grades will be based on the date that the student submits the Course Drop or Withdrawal form to the Graduate School of Management, not on the date that the student last attended classes or signed the form.

A student who wishes to withdraw from a course with a W (Withdrawal) grade must do so before the deadline date listed in the Academic Calendar. Due to excessive absences or other reasons, including failure to formally withdraw before the deadline, a student may be administratively withdrawn from a course and incur a grade of either ADW (Administrative Withdrawal), UW (Unexcused Withdrawal), WA (Withdrawn-Excessive Absences) or F (Failure).  If a ADW, UW or WA grade has already been assigned, it will not be replaced with the W grade.

Failure to officially withdraw from classes, according to established procedures and the withdrawal timelines, as published by the Bursar's Office, will not relieve the student of responsibility to pay for any tuition/fees owed for such classes. In addition, the student’s financial aid may be adjusted as required by federal and state refund calculations and institutional policy based on the official withdrawal date, and the student’s withdrawal will be reported to the National Student Clearinghouse for purposes of canceling any loan deferments the student may be receiving at the time of withdrawal.

Students are urged to contact the Graduate School of Management at (414) 288-7145 or email (mba@marquette.edu), if there are questions regarding course withdrawal. When withdrawing from any portion of a course load, students must carefully consider the ability of their remaining enrollment to satisfy any enrollment requirements to which they might be subject due to applications for student loans, loan repayment deferments, visas, etc. In the case of a UW grade, the fact that a student did not attend class, does not relieve that student of the obligation to pay any tuition and/or fees that are due. Students assume responsibility for all consequences that ensue as a result of receiving any withdrawal grade. The consequences may include, but are not limited to: a delay in graduation, dismissal from the degree program, external institutions/entities viewing these grades as failing grades, loss of eligibility for certain scholarships and/or financial aid, loss of full-time status and/or loss of any refund.

Withdrawing From All Courses

Students enrolled for one or more classes who, after the close of registration, decide to discontinue study for the term must notify the Graduate School of Management via the Course Drop or Withdrawal form available on the Graduate School of Management forms website and request a complete withdrawal from all courses. The same rules, procedures and cautions for partial withdrawals also apply to complete withdrawals. Withdrawing from all courses will not automatically withdraw a student from a graduate program, but it might affect the student’s eligibility to register in subsequent terms.

Repeated Courses

Students in the Graduate School of Management (GSM) cannot repeat courses to improve grades.  However, if a student has failed a course and is allowed to continue studies, or has been readmitted, and the course is required in their degree requirements, the student must retake the course.  All grades received, including an F grade, remain in the GSM grade point average.  A minimum grade point average of 3.000 is required to graduate.

GSM students who must repeat a course need approval to do so.  Approval will be granted under certain conditions:

  1. Normally, the repeated course is taken at Marquette.
  2. The repeated course is identical to the original course in subject, catalog number, title, subtitle and credits.
  3. The repeated course is graded with the same grading options as the original, i.e., students may not exercise a different grading option for a repeated course, unless it is now a required grading scheme.
  4. These courses allow repeats:  colloquiums, continuation, placeholder, independent study/research, internships, seminar/reading, studio/workshops, study abroad and variable title courses (e.g., topics) as appropriate to degree requirements.

Should a student need to take a course more than once, other than those reference in item #4 above, the student must file the Repeat a Course Permission form, found on the Marquette Central academic forms website.

Temporary Withdrawal from a Graduate Program

Graduate School of Management degree students who must temporarily discontinue their graduate studies for one or more terms must request this before leaving their program. Students are urged to be extremely cautious in this request. During the temporary withdrawal period, students do not have enrollment status for purposes such as health insurance, loan deferment or access to academic facilities on campus, such as library and computer services.

Only written requests that include specific information about why the temporary withdrawal is being requested and the expected date of return will be considered. There is no guarantee that a request will be granted. All temporary withdrawals must be approved by the department director of graduate studies or chair, and the associate dean of the Graduate School of Management. The Temporary Withdrawal from a Graduate Program request form is available on the Graduate School of Management forms website.

Time Limitations

Students must complete all requirements for a master’s degree within six years of their first term of registration in the program. Students who are unable to complete their degree within the six-year limit may petition the Graduate School of Management for an extension; Request for Extension of Time forms are available on the Graduate School of Management forms website. To ensure timely consideration, the Extension of Time form should be filed early in the term in which the time limit expires. If the extension is approved, the student is notified of the expectations for progress and completion of the degree. If the extension is denied, the student is terminated from the graduate program.

Failure to complete the program or to obtain an approved extension of time may result in an administrative withdrawal from the program. These students must follow the guidelines for readmission (see Readmission).

Transcripts-Official

A transcript is a complete and unabridged copy of all academic work attempted at Marquette and includes only those courses attempted at Marquette. Transfer and test credits accepted toward a Marquette degree are recorded, but the grades earned are not on the Marquette transcript. Course and grade information contained on the transcript is released only upon written consent from the student, as required by the federal Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (FERPA), or as required by law. See the University FERPA Policy located on the Marquette Central academic policies website.

The university accepts only official transcripts for the purposes of posting transfer credit or courses to the Marquette record and/or verification of a degree, diploma or certificate completion at another institution. Official transcripts are those that are printed on security paper and come directly via U.S. Mail from another institution's record/registrar office to the Office of the Registrar (OTR), the Graduate School or are delivered electronically directly to these offices via a secured third party method that has been verified by the sending institution. All other transcripts are considered unofficial and will not be accepted or processed. Once an official transcript is received, the transcript will be used to determine credits accepted toward the graduate degree.

The following notations will appear on the permanent academic record of the student, including the official transcripts of the university:

  1. Required to Withdraw for Academic Misconduct: Student was dismissed due to academic dishonesty. "Required to Withdraw for Academic Misconduct" appears on both unofficial and official transcripts. If the student is allowed to return after this dismissal, "Reinstated to University" will also permanently appear on transcript.
  2. Required to Withdraw for Academic Reasons: Student was dismissed due to academic performance. "Required to Withdraw for Academic Reasons" appears on both unofficial and official transcripts. If the student is allowed to return after this dismissal, "Reinstated on Probation" will also permanently appear on transcript.
  3. Required to Withdraw for Non-Academic Reasons-Expulsion: Student was dismissed due to student conduct violation. "Required to Withdraw for Non-Academic Reasons:Expulsion" appears on both unofficial and official transcripts. If the student is allowed to return after this dismissal, "Reinstated to University" will also permanently appear on transcript.
  4. Required to Withdraw for Non-Academic Reasons-Suspension: Student was dismissed due to student conduct violation. "Required to Withdraw for Non-Academic Reasons:Suspension" appears on both unofficial and official transcripts. If the student is allowed to return after this dismissal, "Reinstated to University" will also permanently appear on transcript.
  5. Required to Withdraw for Professional Integrity Reasons: Student was dismissed due to lack of integrity in a professional setting, such as a clinical or field placement. "Required to Withdraw for Professional Integrity" appears on both unofficial and official transcripts. If the student is allowed to return after this dismissal, "Reinstated to University" will also permanently appear on transcript.
  6. Required to Withdraw for Professional Peformance Reasons: Student was dismissed due to poor performance in a professional setting, such as a clinical or field placement. "Required to Withdraw for Professional Performance" appears on both unofficial and official transcripts. If the student is allowed to return after this dismissal, "Reinstated to University" will also permanently appear on transcript.
  7. Required to Withdraw for Unsatisfactory Degree Progress: Student was dismissed due to lack of degree progress. "Required to Withdraw for Unsatisfactory Degree Progress" appears on both unofficial and official transcripts. If the student is allowed to return after this dismissal, "Reinstated to University" will also permanently appear on transcript.

Transfer of Credit

Limits are placed on the number of credit hours that may be transferred from other institutions in order to protect the integrity of the Marquette degree programs. Only credits directly applicable to a student’s Marquette degree program will be considered for transfer, and there is no guarantee that these will be approved. Accounting, Business Administration and Economics require all transfer credits to be from AACSB accredited schools. Students are encouraged to have courses pre-approved for transfer prior to registering for courses outside the Marquette University Graduate School of Management. Credits that are accepted for a Marquette degree, if transferred from another university, will not be included when calculating the student’s GPA. However, credits taken at Marquette in another program, if accepted for transfer into a degree program, will be included in the student’s GPA. Only courses in which a grade of B or above has been earned may be transferred for credit into a master’s program. Students are strongly urged to consult their advisers before requesting or taking any course for which they will want to transfer credits.

Normally, six credit hours of approved graduate work from an outside AACSB accredited master’s program will be transferred with the consent the associate dean of the Graduate School of Management. Exceptions to this limit are rare and must be submitted in writing to the director of your master’s program and the associate dean of the Graduate School of Management. A student can anticipate a maximum transfer of credit only in unusual or compelling circumstances. (See the Jesuit Transfer Agreement for exception.) Credits approved for transfer must have been earned within the previous five years at an AACSB accredited school, and will affect the time limits for completing a Marquette program.

Only credits for courses directly comparable in content to the requirements of the current degree program will be considered for transfer, and no credits will be considered until the student has completed the Graduate School of Management’s Master’s Degree Transfer of Credit Request form, available on the Graduate School of Management forms website. The student must also have met the following conditions: 1) completed six credits (nine credits if admitted on probation) as a degree-status student in his or her Marquette master’s program; 2) taken the courses requested for transfer at the graduate level and for graduate credit; 3) earned a grade of B or above in each of the courses; 4) course must have been completed within five years; and 5) official transcripts are on file in the Graduate School of Management from the institutions involved, if other than Marquette.

Credits approved from a school using a quarter-system will transfer as two-thirds credit each when converted to Marquette’s term system. Semester credit equivalents for transfers from schools using a trimester system will vary by school and must be evaluated individually. Students who are less than one credit short of graduation requirements after such transfers will need no additional course work. A student short one full credit or more for graduation must take additional course work.

Graduate level credits earned at Marquette, as a degree student in a different graduate program or as a non-degree student, may transfer following the same request and approval procedures outlined above. Students are responsible for initiating this process. Credits transferred between Marquette programs or statuses are included as part of the credit transfer limit with the exception of the second master’s degree.

Transfer credits taken the same semester as projected graduation may be problematic. Official transcripts sent directly from the attending school to the Graduate School of Management is required by the deadline posted in the bulletin. This deadline may be earlier than the completion of the semester for which classes are being taken. It may be necessary for the student to reapply for a future graduation and diploma.

Transfer credits do not apply toward GSM specializations.

To transfer credits from courses taken within Marquette University (i.e. earning a 2nd master’s degree from Marquette University or transfer of credits from non-degree temporary to degree status) the following limits are in place: a maximum of 9 credits may transfer for a master’s degree of 36 or fewer credits, a maximum of 12 credits for a master’s degree of 37-48 credits, a maximum of 15 credits for a master’s degree of 49 or more credits. (See Earning a Second Master’s Degree for additional information.)

Members of the Jesuit Multilateral Agreement (see Jesuit Multilateral Agreement) may transfer more than 6 credits of pre-approved course work.

Transfer of Credit form and the Transfer of Credit Checklist can be found on the Graduate School of Management forms website.

Undergraduate Students in Graduate Courses

An undergraduate senior may, with the permission of his or her home college and the department offering the course, register for a 5000 or higher-level graduate course if the student has a B (3.000) or higher overall grade point average. To register for a graduate course, the undergraduate student must complete the Permission to Enroll in a Graduate School of Management Course form, available on the Graduate School of Management forms website. Once all signatures of approval have been obtained and the student has received the permission number from the Graduate School of Management, the student must then register for the course online through CheckMarq. Graduate level courses begin at 5000. Cross listed courses starting in the 4000 series are undergraduate courses and under no circumstances apply toward graduate credit. The course cannot be taken under the CR/NC or S/U option. Consent must be obtained and the registration posted to the student records prior to the start of the course. A change will not be applied to a student records after the close of late registration, whether moving to or from graduate level class.

A maximum of 16 credits can be taken the semester in which a graduate class is taken. An undergraduate student may take a maximum of 6 graduate level classes in any given semester. For undergraduate business students, a maximum of 6 credits may double count - apply both toward undergraduate and graduate requirements. The maximum graduate credits transferable from undergraduate to a GSM degree, pending approval and overall program requirements is: Accounting (M.S.A.) - 9 credits, Economics (M.S.A.E.) - 9 credits, Human Resources (M.S.H.R.) - 9 credits), Business Administration (M.B.A.) - 9-12 credits. A “B” or better grade must be earned to transfer the course into a graduate program. Successful completion of graduate courses does not guarantee admission to graduate studies. A student has five years to be admitted and start graduate studies. Transfer credits will not apply if courses are 5 or more years old. See Transfer of Credit for additional information.

Waivers

Core and Elective Core Course Waivers

Graduate School of Management M.B.A. students are eligible to be waived from a core or elective core course if all of the following are met: a) they request the waiver in writing, b) have an undergraduate or graduate major from an accredited school in the academic area requesting to be waived from within the last 5 years, and c) professional experience in the area. The form to request a core or elective core waiver is posted on the Graduate School of Management forms website.

To fulfill the waiver, the student must take an elective or elective core in the area of the waiver (i.e., a student waived from the core course MARK 6100 Marketing Management, must take an elective or elective core in the area of Marketing, such as Marketing Ethics.) A student that takes the elective or elective core course within the required number of electives of the program does not need to replace the three credits of the core course and reduces the total number of credits required to complete the M.B.A. program. If a student has taken all of their electives in another academic areas and still needs to fulfill the required elective in the core course area, the student will be required to take an additional elective to fulfill the waiver.

Foundation Course Waivers

Waiver Exams are available for the five foundation courses:

ACCO 6000Accounting Foundations2
ECON 6000Economics Foundations2
INTE 6000Information Technology Foundations2
MANA 6000Mathematics Foundations2
MANA 6001Statistics Foundations2
Total Credit Hours10

Recommended review guides are available on our website.

Waiver Exams must be taken with the first year of study as a GSM student. The cost of each waiver exam is $100. The waiver exam may be taken once per subject. Information regarding the waiver exam may be obtained through the Graduate School of Management office at (414)288-7145, via email at mba@marquette.edu, or on the Graduate School of Management forms website.

Successful completion of the waiver exam exempts the foundation course. Neither the waiver exam results nor the exemption appear on student transcripts.

Withdrawals

See Registration/Enrollment Changes in this section of the bulletin.

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