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Mission

Our mission is to develop physician assistants in the Jesuit tradition who realize their full potential as excellent clinicians and national leaders. We pursue this for ad majorem Dei gloriam, the greater glory of God, and the benefit of the human community.

An ideal graduate of our program is well-rounded, clinically and intellectually competent, committed to professional growth, spiritually centered, compassionate and dedicated to doing justice in generous service to others.  Our graduates will be leaders in promoting health, wellness and preventing disease in diverse healthcare settings and in their communities.

Educational Goals

These goals prepare each student intellectually, socially, and affectively to:

  • Identify true emergencies and respond appropriately.
  • Be responsive and committed members of the health care team and adhere to the team concept of health care delivery.
  • Develop a commitment to lifelong learning.
  • Demonstrate allegiance to the profession through participation in professional organizations.
  • Contribute to the education of future PA students by participating in physician assistant training.

Learning Outcomes

Graduates of the Physician Assistant program will be able to:

  • Perform an appropriate history and physical exam on individuals that concludes with a working diagnosis and initial treatment plan.
  • Apply the evidence-based principles of medicine to accurately diagnose and manage acute and chronic disease states and/or medical emergencies.
  • Function effectively as a member of the health care team in respect to interpersonal relations, team skills and written and oral communication.
  • Demonstrate a commitment to life-long learning by participation in professional development activities on a continuing basis.
  • Demonstrate cultural understanding and sensitivity in interactions with patients of diverse socioeconomic, ethnic, and alternative backgrounds.
  • Synthesize the medical literature on a given topic and present both an oral and written review.

Undergraduate Admission Requirements

Students can apply for admittance into the Physician Assistant Studies program as early as the fall term of their sophomore year. They are required to complete the two-year, pre-PA phase of the Physician Assistant Studies program and be enrolled in the College of Health Sciences to ensure that they have completed the appropriate prerequisite courses that will make them eligible for a degree in biomedical sciences within the PA program (see BISC/pre-PA curriculum in the Biomedical Sciences Department).  Following acceptance into the PA program, students follow the curriculum as outlined for the three-year Physician Assistant Program.

The intensity of the program and the skills necessary for practice as a physician assistant require the program to seek applicants with an excellent academic background, along with strong interpersonal skills and maturity. Prior health care experience is also an indicator of a career commitment to clinical practice. The program’s admission process will consider each applicant’s strengths and select for competitive candidates best qualified to meet the program’s mission.

Selection factors considered in the admission process include the following:

  1. Cumulative GPA of 3.000 or greater.
  2. Motivation, maturity, ability to work with people and suitability for clinical practice.
  3. Minimum of two hundred patient contact hours or other health related experience.
  4. Knowledge of the PA profession and the profession’s role in the health care system.
  5. Graduate Record Exam scores for applicants with a degree; SAT or ACT scores for applicants entering the program without a completed bachelor’s degree.
  6. Three letters of recommendation.
  7. Personal interviews.

Academic Regulations

Academic Progress

To achieve satisfactory academic progress leading to promotion in the Physician Assistant Program, the student must achieve a GPA of 2.800 in each term (summer, fall, spring). In addition, the student may receive no single grade in any course less than a C. The PA program considers a grade below C to represent unsatisfactory academic progress. Unsatisfactory academic progress may result in conditional promotion, student-initiated withdrawal from the program, or dismissal from the program. Students who earn grades of CD, D, F or UNC in any course in the PA program may be dismissed.  This may also lead to withdrawal of financial aid.

In the clinical portion of the program (third year) the semester GPA is compiled from an aggregate of clinical rotation grades completed in that semester (summer, fall, spring).

Students may not participate in Physician Assistant clinical rotations until they have successfully completed all the required courses in the didactic curriculum.

In addition, at intervals during each semester and at its conclusion, the Progress and Promotion Committee will review the progress of each student. The committee determines whether the student shall be promoted, conditionally promoted, (as described below); or be subject to other action as described earlier in this section. See the PA Program Didactic and Clinical Student Handbooks for the policies.

If remediation is required, students must satisfy all requirements of any remediation protocols in the defined timeframe.  These protocols are defined in the PA Program Didactic and Clinical Student Handbooks.  If a student does not meet the remediation requirements, s/he may be subject to dismissal with College Academic Alert (CAA).

Counseling

Directing a student to seek appropriate counseling is within the purview of the Progress and Promotion Committee (P&P Committee). In such cases, referrals will be made to the PA Program's Academic Counseling Subcommittee.  While it is advisable for students to seek assistance from instructors and faculty as a course proceeds, there may be circumstances where support is needed to understand certain concepts and to make up work lost for extraordinary reasons such as illness. The Academic Counseling Subcommittee can recommend the student establish a collaborative plan with the faculty to complete selected course objectives and incomplete work. Students will be notified of this recommendation by letter from the program director or the Academic Counseling Subcommittee. This letter will remain a part of the student’s permanent file.

In specific situations involving financial or personal elements, the Progress and Promotion Committee may recommend outside resources be utilized to satisfy this category of promotion. When medical or psychiatric consultation is required or recommended, the P&P Committee will respect patient/provider confidentiality. However, documentation of enrollment and/or completion may be required by the committee.

Warning Letter

A warning is a written letter to a student for non-acceptable academic progress during the semester (usually at mid-semester). A warning may come from the course instructor or the program director on behalf of the course instructor.  The purpose of the warning letter is to make the student aware of impending academic jeopardy. Warnings are reported to the Progress and Promotion Committee and program director for informational purposes. Students may also be placed on College Academic Alert (CAA) upon receipt of the warning letter.

Academic Censure (Dismissal/Probation/Academic Alert)

Overview

There are certain categories of student performance problems that can lead to some form of censure. These problems may be identified at any point during the academic year, though a systematic review of all students' course grades is also conducted at the end of each academic term. The review of other, non-course grade problems is typically conducted on an individual basis as issues arise.  A finding of significant problems in any of these areas can result in probation, suspension, or dismissal, depending on the nature and severity of the problems identified.  All of these statuses are maintained permanently on the student’s academic record; only dismissal, however, appears permanently on Marquette University’s official transcript.  If a student is reinstated following a dismissal, that notation will also permanently appear on the student’s official transcript.  The statuses that will appear permanently on a student’s official transcript include those listed (in bold type) below:

Required to Withdraw for Academic Reasons (RWAR) – dismissal for deficient academic performance as described below.

Reinstated on Probation - following successful appeal of academic dismissal.

Required to Withdraw for Professional Integrity Reasons (RWPI) – dismissal for violation of Professional Integrity standards as described below.

Required to Withdraw for Academic Misconduct (RWAM) –dismissal for violation of the academic honesty policy as outlined in the Academic Regulation section of this bulletin.

1.  Academic Dismissal – Required to Withdraw for Academic Reasons (RWAR):

Health Science Professional Students (HESP) in the Master of Physician Assistant Studies program must achieve a cumulative GPA of 2.800 by the end of the second semester in the program, and maintain a cumulative GPA of 2.800 each semester thereafter.  In addition, students will be RWAR’ed for any course attempted with a final grade below a C (CD, D or F) or an unsatisfactory grade (U/UNC).  The Office of the Registrar (OTR) and the Office of Student Financial Aid (OSFA) will monitor the program academic requirements at the end of each term (fall, spring and summer).  A student who does not meet these academic requirements will be academically dismissed by the college (coded as RWAR by OTR) and his/her record coded as failure to maintain Satisfactory Academic Progress (SAP) by OSFA.

The college office will communicate the RWAR and OSFA will communicate the SAP via Marquette email.  As per university email policy, it is the student’s responsibility to monitor his/her email at all times.  A RWAR/SAP student will be dropped from any classes in which he/she is subsequently registered.

An Undergraduate student in the Physician Assistant Studies must meet requirements listed above to continue in the Physician Assistant Studies Program.  A student that is not allowed to continue in the Physician Assistant studies program, but remains in good standing at the University as an undergraduate student, will be allowed to continue with their undergraduate degree course of study.

In addition, there are other SAP conditions for which the student is responsible and will be applied to all students in this program, both professional and undergraduate. The complete SAP policy is available on the OSFA website.

RWAR/SAP Appeal Process

A RWAR/SAP student must appeal both RWAR/SAP by sending one form, which addresses both RWAR and SAP issues.  The Academic Censure Appeal form is located on the Marquette Central academic forms website.  The form includes all of the required information the student must submit in order to have his/her appeal reviewed.

  • The form is submitted to the College of Health Science main office for initial review for completeness of forms.  Completed appeal forms are then forwarded to the chair of the Department of Physician Assistant Studies.  The department chair, in consultation with the Progress and Promotion Committee, has the final decision on all RWAR/SAP appeals.
  • If the appeal is approved by the Progress and Promotion Committee, the student may be decelerated or 'Reinstated on Probation' and the Progress and Promotion Committee will establish an academic probation plan for the student to regain his/her satisfactory academic and degree progress standing, and the student’s eligibility for financial aid will be restored.
  • The plan must be measurable and ensure that the student is able to meet Marquette's SAP standards by a specific point in time. Plans should include courses to be taken, expected grades and a timeframe to complete the outlined objectives.
  • The plan will be monitored by the department (Progress and Promotion Committee).
  • Should the student not fulfill all of his/her academic obligations as outline in the academic probation plan, the student’s performance will be evaluated by the committee and a determination will be made as to whether the College Academic Alert (see below) process will be instituted; however, the student will again be coded with SAP for that term.

2.    Physician Assistant Studies Probation and College Academic Alert (CAA)

Physician Assistant Studies College Academic Alert (CAA)

Academic performance is monitored carefully by the Progress and Promotion Committee of the Department of Physician Assistant Studies program, and students either not maintaining steady progress or not demonstrating adequate academic progress at midterm as defined earlier in the bulletin will be barred from future registration in the program and placed on College Academic Alert (CAA).

Within a semester where remediation is required, students who fail to comply with the remediation standards will be placed on College Academic Alert (CAA).  All students where conditions of probation have been established will be subject to Progress and Promotion Committee review and possible CAA action should they fail to fulfill the conditions.  It is possible that a student be barred from registration for academic reasons even though the student’s cumulative GPA exceeds 2.800.  Students concerned about their academic progress should consult the remediation protocol defined in the PA student handbook.

A student placed on College Academic Alert cannot register for subsequent courses in the Physician Assistant Studies program and will be removed from any such classes for future terms in which he/she is registered.  Students will be notified by CAA letter via email of the Progress and Promotion Committee’s decision and of the appeal process.  Undergraduate students that are not allowed to continue in the Physician Assistant Studies program, but remain in good standing at the university, will be allowed to continue in their undergraduate degree course of study.

3.    Academic Dismissal – Professional Integrity

Students may be dismissed from the Physician Assistant Studies program for failure to maintain professional integrity standards, which may include, but are not limited to:

A.    Failure to comply with the Physician Assistant Studies Program Honor Code and Professional Code of Conduct.

B.    Failure to comply with learning objectives set forth in a professional behavior learning contract between the student and the program.

C.    Clinical misconduct, including, but not limited to:

a. Conduct that constitutes harassment, threats or abuse of, or discrimination against peers, faculty, patients or others.

b. Provision of services at any point in the Physician Assistant Studies program while under the influence of an illegal substance and/or alcohol.

c. Breach of patient/client confidentiality.

d. Failure, during a clinical experience, to comply with the policies and procedures of the clinical facility.

e. Failure to comply with the Physician Assistant Studies program departmental Policies outlined in the student handbook.

f. Failure to comply with the Physician Assistant Ethical Guidelines to Professional Conduct (www.nccpa.net and www.aapa.org).

Violations of the professional integrity requirements will result in a hearing with the Progress and Promotion Committee.  Findings of misconduct to self, faculty, the university clinical placements and/or patient may result in failure in the assignment, failure in the course or dismissal from the program.  For instances of dismissal from the program, a notation of “Required to Withdraw for Program Integrity Reasons” will be placed on the student’s permanent academic record and transcript.

4.      Academic Dismissal - Academic Misconduct:

Dismissal for academic misconduct (RWAM) is determined per the Academic Honesty policy found in the Academic Regulation section of this bulletin. Once this determination has been made, the student will be dismissed from the university. This action results in ineligibility to register at Marquette. Reinstatement criteria for the student who is dismissed, if applicable, will be outlined in the dismissal notice. If the student is allowed to return to the university, a permanent notation of ‘Reinstated to the University’ will appear on the student’s academic record and Marquette’s official transcript.

Temporary Withdrawal from Program

Students who find it necessary to request a temporary withdrawal from their program must submit a written request to the program director.

The Progress and Promotion Committee may recommend, and must approve, the temporary withdrawal. The temporary withdrawal may be indicated under circumstances unique to specific problems of a given student, however, the temporary withdrawal shall extend no longer than a single calendar year.

Normally, a student will be readmitted to the program at the end of his/her leave if the Progress and Promotion Committee, believes the purpose of the temporary withdrawal has been successfully achieved. The committee may require the student to repeat course work before reentry after a prolonged absence.

The Physician Assistant program must be completed in no more than four years. Therefore, if a second temporary withdrawal is requested, the student may be dismissed from the program or required to reapply to the program.

Re-entry Policy

Students who find it necessary to withdraw from the Physician Assistant program may reenter at that level only with concurrence of the P&P Committee and the program director and on a space-available and case-by-case basis.

Tuition/Financial Aid for Physician Assistant Studies program

Students enrolled in the Physician Assistant Studies program upon completion of their baccalaureate degree will be moved into the professional division of Health Sciences and will no longer be eligible for undergraduate financial aid.

Physician Assistant Studies

Curricula information

Typical Three-Year Professional Phase - Master's of Physician Assistant Studies

First Year
First TermHoursSecond TermHoursSummer TermHours
PHIL 43361BISC 31503PHAS 70504
BISC 32134BISC 41454PHAS 70851
BISC 43403BISC 41651PHAS 70903
BISC 71305BISC 74104PHAS 70952
PHAS 70802PHTH 75584PHAS 72651
PHAS 71172PHAS 72452PHAS 72704
 17 18 15
Second Year
First TermHoursSecond TermHoursSummer TermHours
BISC 71204PHAS 71123PHAS 7997 Capstone0
PHAS 71104PHAS 71162PHAS 7986 Internships8
PHAS 71113PHAS 72203 
PHAS 71154PHAS 72302 
PHAS 72002PHAS 72354 
PHAS 72552PHAS 72504 
 PHAS 72603 
 19 21 8
Third Year
First TermHoursSecond TermHours 
PHAS 7997 Capstone0PHAS 7997 Capstone7 
PHAS 7986 Internships12PHAS 7986 Internships12 
 12 19
Total credit hours: 129

A master’s degree in physician assistant studies requires successful completion of minimum total credits of 129. This includes 32 credits of clinical clerkship experiences, in addition to a 7 credit master’s capstone project. Required clinical clerkship experiences include family practice, internal medicine, emergency medicine, general surgery, pediatrics, women's health, behavioral medicine and electives. PHAS 7986 Internship in Physician Assistant Studies: may be offered for letter grade or S/U grading, as determined by the program.

Courses

PHAS 7050. Introduction to Medical History and Physical Examination. 4 cr. hrs.

Consists of two phases. The first portion of the course develops the student's interviewing skills eliciting a complete medical history. The second portion of the course instructs the student in the methods and modalities to complete an entire adult wellness exam. At the conclusion of the course, the student is expected to be competent in eliciting a complete medical history and physical exam, appropriately documenting the exam including all positive and negative findings. Medical terminology is reviewed throughout the course. Prereq: PHAS major; admitted to PA program.

PHAS 7080. Evidence-Based Medicine. 2 cr. hrs.

Provides a practical approach to making sound medical decisions based on current evidence in medical literature. Using a series of didactic presentations, group exercises, independent inquiry and reading, students learn the basic principles of evidence-based medicine. Basic skills in accessing MEDLINE and other medical databases will be emphasized and practiced. Research principles, research ethics, and basic statistical analysis are introduced. Students use their foundation in EBM throughout their didactic and clinical education. Skills learned will be essential in formulating and completing the capstone project in the 3rd year of the physician assistant program. Prereq: PHAS major; admitted to PA program.

PHAS 7085. Science Writing. 1 cr. hr.

A study of the writing process and the fundamentals of effective scientific writing for physician assistants. Instruction will focus on the process of writing and publishing scientific manuscripts. Grant writing will also be addressed. Prereq: PHAS major.

PHAS 7090. Introduction to Clinical Medicine. 3 cr. hrs.

Introduction to preventative medicine healthcare with focus on screening guidelines and treatment protocols throughout the lifecycle. Emphasis on disease prevention with attention given to the unique needs of diverse and underserved patient populations. Clinical genetics and immunogenetics are introduced linking current research to practical clinical medicine in advancing the understanding of the molecular basis of genetic concepts to practical clinical application. Introduction to oncology, it's clinical presentation, diagnostics, and therapeutics, as well as the role of preventative medicine in cancer, is addressed incorporating basic knowledge of gene expression and genetic patterns. Prereq: PHAS major; admitted to PA program.

PHAS 7095. Public Health. 2 cr. hrs.

A study of the overview of public health and commonly encountered chronic diseases that have public health implications. Topics include an overview of noncommunicable disease, violence, chronic stress, obesity / food-related health disorders, food safety, antibiotic stewardship, exercise prescription, principles of addiction, and environmental health. Prereq: PHAS major.

PHAS 7110. Clinical Medicine I. 4 cr. hrs.

The first course in a 3-course Clinical Medicine series that provides a comprehensive presentation of the various disease processes commonly encountered in primary care across the spectrum of clinical medicine. Employs a system-oriented, problem based approach and clinical information is presented in conjunction with appropriate, correlative lectures or labs in anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, pathology, radiology, laboratory diagnostics, and nutrition. Students acquire basic life support certification (CPR). Prereq: PHAS major; admitted to PA program.

PHAS 7111. Clinical Medicine II. 3 cr. hrs.

The second course in a 3-course Clinical Medicine series that provides a comprehensive presentation of the various disease processes commonly encountered in primary care across the spectrum of clinical medicine. Employs a system-oriented, problem based approach and clinical information is presented in conjunction with appropriated, correlative lectures or labs in anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, pathology, radiology, laboratory diagnostics, nutrition, and preventative approaches. Prereq: PHAS major; admitted to PA program.

PHAS 7112. Clinical Medicine III. 3 cr. hrs.

The final course in the three-course clinical medicine series, provides a comprehensive presentation of the disease processes commonly encountered in Clinical Medicine in specialties of Neurology, Psychiatry, Endocrinology, Dermatology, and Infectious Disease. The course is organized by systems. Clinical information is presented by core faculty and guest lecturers who work in a particular specialty, and are presented in conjunction with appropriate, correlative lectures and classes in anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, pathology, radiology, laboratory diagnostics, nutrition and patient education. Whenever possible the course is coordinated with the concurrent Emergency Medicine, Geriatrics, and Clinical Therapeutics courses. Prereq: PHAS major.

PHAS 7115. Clinical Decision Making I. 4 cr. hrs.

Students develop a systematic approach to solving clinical problems. Emphasis is on gaining familiarity with the commonly-encountered clinical problems and exercising the thought process used to work from a broad differential diagnosis to a single diagnosis and treatment plan. Utilizes small group cases, problem based learning, group discussions, individualized assignments, clinical skills labs and standardized patient encounters. Builds on prior skills and competencies in the basic sciences, pathophysiology, history taking, interviewing & physical examination skills, ordering and interpreting diagnostic tests and documenting SOAP notes. Students develop the ability to orally present cases succinctly. Prereq: PHAS major; admitted to Physician Assistant Studies.

PHAS 7116. Clinical Decision Making II. 2 cr. hrs.

A 2-credit semester continuation of PHAS 7115 that focuses on application and further development of the student's approach to working-up and solving medical problems. Intended to build upon, refine and integrate basic clinical skills and competencies that students have acquired in previous coursework. Provides an opportunity for students to interact with patients in the clinical setting, and document and present the case to faculty and peers. Bridges the transition between academic learning and clinical practice during the clerkship year. Prereq: PHAS major; admitted to PA program.

PHAS 7117. Cultural Diversity in Health Care. 2 cr. hrs.

Introduction to healthcare delivery to diverse patient populations. Explores various culturally influenced perspectives on health and illness as well as identifying health disparities among certain cultural groups and minority populations. Students work toward becoming culturally competent practitioners by exploring their personal reactions to culturally based medical scenarios. Prereq: PHAS major; admitted to professional phase of Physician Assistant Studies.

PHAS 7200. Interpersonal Communication. 2 cr. hrs.

A 2-credit semester course intended to build upon basic interviewing skills that were introduced in PHAS 7050. Consists of a series of patient-encounters, classroom discussions and readings relevant to working constructively with problems in clinician/patient communications. Common types of difficult patient interactions will be addressed. Self-awareness is emphasized as the basis upon which clinicians develop an enhanced capacity for empathic listening and responsiveness. Prereq: PHAS major; admitted to PA program.

PHAS 7220. Clinical Pharmacotherapeutics. 3 cr. hrs.

A focused clinical pharmacology course designed specifically to develop an extensive understanding of the medications routinely used in inpatient and outpatient care. Presented in a case study format using patient scenarios to develop clinical pharmacology knowledge. Prereq: PHAS major, BISC 7120, and admitted to PA program.

PHAS 7230. Geriatric Medicine. 2 cr. hrs.

An introduction into the biological aspects of aging, latency of disease, clinical geriatric syndromes, atypical disease presentations, drug prescribing and long term care of the elderly. Students develop an understanding of the special considerations and knowledge needed for clinical assessment and management of this special patient population. Prereq: PHAS major; admitted to PA program.

PHAS 7235. Emergency Medicine. 4 cr. hrs.

A comprehensive introduction to diagnosis and treatment of common and life-threatening adult and pediatric problems in the Emergency Department. Information and skills are delivered and developed in a series of lectures, skills labs and small group case discussions led by an emergency medicine physician and EM PAs. Integrates prior and current developing knowledge of clinical medicine, history and physical exam taking, pediatrics, pharmacology, public health, surgery, and women's health. Students obtain certification in ACLS: Advanced Cardiac Life Support. Prereq: PHAS major; admitted to Physician Assistant Studies.

PHAS 7245. Professional and Ethical Issues. 2 cr. hrs.

Emphasizes current issues facing the profession, including legal and ethical problems, and the unique place of PAs within the health care system. Familiarizes students with the history and traditions of the PA profession. Complemented by information about certification, licensure, employment, professional organizations and political/legislative topics. A significant portion of the course confronts ethical issues facing today's Physician Assistants. Prereq: PHAS major; admitted to PA program.

PHAS 7250. Surgical Principles and Procedures. 4 cr. hrs.

An introduction to the role of the physician assistant in surgery and surgical procedures commonly performed in post-operative care. Employs a system-oriented, problem based approach and clinical information is presented in conjunction with appropriate, correlative lectures or labs in anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, pathology, radiology, laboratory diagnostics, and nutrition. Prereq: PHAS major; admitted to PA program.

PHAS 7255. Women's Health. 2 cr. hrs.

Provides practical information on routine gynecologic and obstetric care for women. It explores various gynecological diseases, obstetric complications, and preventative care for women of all ages. Employs a system-oriented, problem based approach in which clinical information is presented to include basic anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, pathology, radiology, and laboratory diagnostics. Includes a physical exam lab practicum. Prereq: PHAS major; admitted to PA program.

PHAS 7260. Pediatric Medicine. 3 cr. hrs.

An introduction to pediatric medicine. Covers the well child exam from birth through adolescence, and common medical problems encountered in the pediatric setting. Employs a system-oriented, problem based approach and clinical information is presented in conjunction with appropriate, correlative lectures or labs in anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, pathology, radiology, laboratory diagnostics, and nutrition. Prereq: PHAS major; admitted to Physician Assistant Studies.

PHAS 7265. Medical Coding and Health Care Systems. 1 cr. hr.

Begins with and in-depth look at the medical coding system and teaches the students how and why to code properly. Students are familiarized with the Typhon system of patient documentation and practice using it in conjunction with cases done in PHAS 7115. The remainder of the course focuses on the ever changing health care marketplace. Various health care system models and reimbursement methods will be compared and contrasted. Students research and present various topics to include more information on specific local and regional programs influencing health care delivery. Prereq: PHAS major; admitted to PA program.

PHAS 7270. Diagnostics Technology. 4 cr. hrs.

Consists of three distinct class sections: a 12-Lead ECG interpretation section, a radiology section, and a laboratory section. Provides a broad introduction to these topics that are expanded upon in PHAS 7110, 7111, and 7115. The ECG interpretation section will provide students with a systematic methods of interpreting a 12-Lead ECG with respect to rate, rhythm and blocks, electrical axis determination, hypertrophy (atria and ventricles), ischemia/injury/infarction, and miscellaneous drug, electrolyte, disease, and pacemaker effects. The radiology section will provide students with a systematic method of interpreting common radiographic studies seen in primary care. The laboratory section emphasizes the utilization of laboratory methods for the diagnosis and treatment of disease. The content focuses on those aspects pertinent to the provision of ambulatory primary care. Prereq: PHAS major; admitted to PA program.

PHAS 7931. Special Topics in Physician Assistant Studies. 1-6 cr. hrs.

Used for special topics course.

PHAS 7986. Internship in Physician Assistant Studies. 2-6 cr. hrs.

May be offered graded or S/U. Prereq: PHAS major; admitted to PA program.

PHAS 7995. Independent Study in Physician Assistant Studies. 1-6 cr. hrs.

Prereq: Admitted to PA program.

PHAS 7997. Master's Capstone Project. 0-8 cr. hrs.

A unique course executed throughout the final year of the professional PA curriculum (Clinical Year) which provides the program with a final evaluation of the readiness and eligibility of every student to graduate. This on-going assessment process encompasses multiple components including: Observed Simulated Patient Examination (OSCEs), Case Presentations, a comprehensive summative examination, and the completion of a master's paper and presentation. 0 credit will be SNC/UNC grade assessment; 1-8 credits will be graded. Prereq: PHAS major; admitted to PA program.